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Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology,

Holistic-Dynamic Personality Theory

Abstract: Abraham Maslow is often thought of as the father of Human*****tic Psychology and is credited with the inception of theory that departed from the traditional psychoanalytic approach ***** the behavioral models. With in this paper M*****low's life is addressed as a source of his *****spiration for *****ory, humanistic psychology is defined and Maslow's holistic-dynamic personality theory is given paramount focus.

***** Maslow ***** often cited as the ***** of humanist psychology. Through ***** psychological movement ***** he and others began has developed what many call the "third force" in *****. The theories surrounding humanistic psychology reject a gre*****t deal ***** those found within the first two forces, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

***** the ***** half of the twentieth century, American ***** was dominated by two schools of thought: behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Neither fully acknowledged the possibility of studying values, intentions ***** meaning as elements in conscious existence.

***** on the whole mainstream ***** psychology had been captured ***** ***** mechanistic beliefs of behaviorism and by the biological reductionism ***** determinism ***** classical psychoanalysis. (Association for Humanistic Psychology 2001)

Maslow was initially an ardent behaviorist, yet ***** experience of fathering his first daughter proved to him intrinsically that behaviorism ***** not only wrong but that it was simplistic and immature in comparison to other possible theories on development. "At first an ardent *****, ***** firsth*****d experience with ***** children c*****vinced him to abandon this ***** as inadequate." (Ewen, 1998, p. 415) Experiencing the all to common personal changes that accompany the personal growth associated with ***** raising ***** one's own children, Maslow began to see ***** there was so much more to the human spirit and psyche than had previously ***** given *****ice ***** ***** school of *****. Maslow in a 1968 interview, speaking ***** the universal experience of parenting even went ***** far as to state that, "I was stunned by the mystery and by the sense ***** not really being in control. I felt small ***** weak and feeble before all this. ********** say anyone who had a baby couldn't be a **********." (M. H. *****all, 1968, p.55)

Much of ***** theory that ***** developed was ********** intertwined with his association ***** a group of exceptional individuals whose lives he analyzed to look for traits associated with their successes as individuals. ***** group includes Albert Einstein, ***** Schweitzer, Sigmund Freud, Jane Addams, William James and Abraham Lincoln. (Hergenhahn, 2000, p.512) He referred to these people as self-actualizing *****. Which according ***** his theories meant they achieved a cert*****in amount ***** personal ***** professional success and often registered general feelings of confidence ***** even happiness with themselves and their *****. Though some scholars have recently called Maslow's theories simplistic in ***** there is a certa***** sensationalism to his tactical research, and that he fails to even acknowledge the possibility that most people are not capable through nature or nurture of reaching ***** level of his famous subjects *****


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