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Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology,

Holistic-Dynamic Personality Theory

Abstract: Abraham ***** is often thought of as the father of ***** Psychology and is credited with the inception of theory that departed from the traditional psychoanalytic approach and the behavioral models. With in this paper Maslow's life is addressed as a source ***** his inspir*****tion for theory, humanistic psychology is defined and Maslow's holistic-dynamic personality theory is given paramount focus.

Abraham Maslow ***** often cited as the ***** of humanist psychology. Through ***** psychological movement ***** he and others began has developed what many call the "third force" in *****. The theories surrounding humanistic psychology reject a great deal ***** those found within the first two forces, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

During the first half of the twentieth century, American ***** was dominated by two schools ***** *****: behaviorism ***** psychoanalysis. Neither fully acknowledged the possibility of studying values, intentions and meaning as elements in conscious existence.

A on the whole mainstream ***** psychology had been captured by the mechanistic beliefs of behaviorism and by the biological reductionism and determinism ***** classical psychoanalysis. (Association for Humanistic Psychology 2001)

Maslow was initially an ardent behaviorist, yet the experience of fa*****ring his first daughter proved to him intrinsi*****y that behaviorism was not only wrong but that it was simplistic ********** immature in comparison to other possible theories on development. "At first an ardent behaviorist, ***** firsthand experience with his children c*****vinced him to abandon this ***** as inadequate." (Ewen, 1998, p. 415) Experiencing the all to common personal changes ***** accompany the personal growth associated with the raising ***** one's own children, Maslow began ***** see that there was so much more to the human spirit and psyche than had previously been given *****ice within ***** school of psychology. Maslow in a 1968 interview, spe*****king ***** the universal experience of parenting even went so far as to state that, "I was stunned by the mystery and by the sense ***** not really being in control. ***** felt small ***** weak and feeble before all this. I'd say anyone who had a baby couldn't be a *****." (M. H. *****all, 1968, p.55)

Much of ***** theory that ***** developed was ********** intertwined with his as*****ciation with a group of exceptional individuals whose lives he analyzed to look for traits associated with their successes as *****. The group includes Al*****rt Einstein, Albert Schweitzer, Sigmund Freud, Jane Addams, William James and Abraham Lincoln. (Hergenhahn, 2000, p.512) He referred to these people as self-actualizing *****. Which according to his theories meant they achieved a cert*****in amount of personal ***** professional success and often registered general feelings of confidence ***** ***** happiness ***** themselves and their *****. Though some scholars have recently called Maslow's ***** simplistic in that ***** is a certa***** sensationalism ***** his tactical research, ***** that he fails to even acknowledge the ***** ***** most people are not capable through nature or nurture of reaching ***** level ***** ***** famous subjects of


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