Essay - Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology, Holistic-dynamic...


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Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology,

***** Personality Theory

Abstract: Abraham Maslow is often thought of as the father of Human*****tic Psychology and is credited with the inception of theory that departed from the traditional psychoanalytic approach and the behavioral models. With in this paper M*****low's life is addressed as a source ***** his inspiration for theory, humanistic psychology is defined and Maslow's holistic-dynamic personality ***** is given paramount focus.

***** Maslow is often cited as the ***** of human*****t psychology. Through the psychological movement that he and ot*****rs began has developed what many call the "third force" in *****. The theories surround*****g humanistic psychology reject a great deal ***** those found within the first two forces, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

During the ***** half of the twentieth century, American ***** was dominated by two schools of *****: behaviorism ***** psychoanalysis. Neither fully acknowledged the possibility of studying values, intentions and meaning as elements in conscious existence.

A on the whole mainstream ***** psychology had been captured ***** ***** mechanistic beliefs of behaviorism and by the biological reductionism and determinism ***** classical psychoanalysis. (Association for Humanistic Psychology 2001)

Maslow ***** initially an ardent behaviorist, yet the experience of fa*****ring his first daughter proved ***** him intrinsi*****y that behaviorism was not only wrong but that it was simplistic and immature in comparison to other possible theories on development. "At first an ardent *****, Maslow's firsth***** experience with ***** children convinced him to abandon this ***** as inadequate." (Ewen, 1998, p. 415) Experiencing the all to common personal changes ***** accompany ***** ***** growth associated ***** the raising ***** one's own *****, Maslow began ***** see that there was so much more to the human spirit and psyche than had previously ***** given notice ***** the school of psychology. Maslow in a 1968 interview, speaking ***** ***** universal experience of parenting even went ***** far as to state that, "I w***** stunned by the mystery and by ***** sense of not really being in control. I felt small and weak and feeble before all this. *****'d say anyone who had a baby couldn't be a behaviorist." (M. H. *****all, 1968, p.55)

***** ***** the theory that ***** developed was ********** intertwined with his association ***** a group of exceptional individuals whose lives he analyzed to look for traits associated with their successes as individuals. ***** group includes Albert Einstein, Albert Schweitzer, Sigmund Freud, Jane Addams, William James and Abraham Lincoln. (Hergenhahn, 2000, p.512) He referred to these people as self-actualizing people. Which according ***** his theories meant they achieved a certain amount ***** personal ***** professional success and often registered general feelings of confidence and ***** happiness with themselves and their lives. Though some scholars have recently called Maslow's theories simplistic in ***** there is a certain sensationalism to his tactical research, ***** that he fails to even acknowledge the ***** ***** most people are not capable through nature or nurture of reaching the level of his famous subjects *****

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