Essay - Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology, Holistic-dynamic...


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Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology,

***** Personality Theory

Abstract: Abraham ***** is often thought of as the father of ***** Psychology and is credited with the inception of *****ory that departed from the traditional psychoanalytic approach and the behavioral models. With in this paper Maslow's life is addressed as a source of his inspir*****tion for *****ory, humanistic psychology is defined and Maslow's holistic-dynamic personality theory is given paramount focus.

Abraham Maslow ***** often cited as the ***** of humanist psychology. Through ***** psychological movement that he and others began has developed what many call the "third force" in *****. The theories surrounding humanistic psychology reject a great deal of those found within the first two forces, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

***** the first half of the twentieth century, American psychology was dominated by two schools ***** thought: behaviorism ***** psychoanalysis. Neither fully acknowledged the possibility of studying values, intentions and meaning as elements in conscious existence.

***** on the whole mainstream ***** psychology had been captured ***** the mechanistic beliefs of behaviorism and by the biological reductionism and determinism ***** classical psychoanalysis. (Association for Humanistic Psychology 2001)

Maslow ***** initially an ardent behaviorist, yet ***** experience of fathering his first daughter proved ***** him intrinsi*****y that behaviorism was not only wrong but that it was simplistic and immature in comparison to other possible theories on development. "At first an ardent behaviorist, ***** firsth*****d experience with ***** children c*****v*****ced him ***** abandon this approach as inadequate." (Ewen, 1998, p. 415) Experiencing the all to common personal changes that accompany the personal growth associated with ***** raising ***** one's own *****, Maslow began ***** see that there was so much more to the human spirit and psyche than had previously ***** given ********** within ***** school of psychology. Maslow in a 1968 interview, speaking of the universal experience of parenting even went so far as to state that, "I was stunned by the mystery and by the sense of not really being in control. ***** felt small and weak and feeble before all this. I'd say anyone who ***** a baby couldn't be a **********." (M. H. H*****, 1968, p.55)

Much of the *****ory that ***** developed was *****trinsically intertwined with his as*****ciation ***** a group of exception*****l individuals whose lives he analyzed to look for traits associated with their successes as *****. ***** group includes Albert Einstein, ***** Schweitzer, Sigmund Freud, Jane Addams, William James and Abraham Lincoln. (Hergenhahn, 2000, p.512) He referred to these people as self-actualizing *****. Which according to his theories meant they achieved a certain amount of personal ***** professional success and often registered general feelings of confidence ***** ***** happiness with themselves and their lives. Though some scholars have recently called Maslow's theories simplistic in that there is a cert********** sensationalism ***** his tactical research, and that he fails to even acknowledge the ***** that most people are not capable through nature or nurture of reaching the level of ***** famous subjects *****

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