Essay - Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology, Holistic-dynamic...

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Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology,

***** Personality Theory

Abstract: Abraham Maslow is often thought of as the father of ***** Psychology and ***** credited with the inception of theory that departed from the traditional psychoanalytic approach ***** the behavioral models. With in this paper M*****low's life is addressed as a source of his *****spir*****tion for theory, humanistic psychology is defined and Maslow's holistic-dynamic personality ***** is given paramount focus.

Abraham Maslow is *****ten cited as the ***** of humanist psychology. Through the psychological movement that he and o*****rs began has developed what many call t***** "third force" in psychology. The theories surround*****g humanistic psychology reject a great deal ***** those found within the first two forces, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

***** the ***** half of the twentieth century, American ***** was dominated by two schools ***** thought: behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Neither fully acknowledged the possibility of studying values, intentions ***** meaning as elements in conscious existence.

A on the whole mainstream American psychology had been captured ***** the mechanistic beliefs of behaviorism and by the biological reductionism and determinism of classical psychoanalysis. (Association for Humanistic Psychology 2001)

Maslow ***** initially an ardent behaviorist, yet ***** experience of fathering his first daughter proved to him intrinsi*****y that behaviorism was not only wrong but that it was simplistic ********** immature in comparison ***** other possible theories on development. "At first an ardent behaviorist, ***** firsthand experience with his children c*****v*****ced him to abandon this ***** as inadequate." (Ewen, 1998, p. 415) Experiencing the all to common personal changes ***** accompany ***** personal growth associated with the raising ***** one's own *****, Maslow began to see that there ***** so much more to the human spirit and psyche than had previously ***** given notice within the school of *****. Maslow in a 1968 interview, speaking ***** ***** universal experience of parenting even went so far as to state that, "I w***** stunned by the mystery and by ***** sense of not really being in control. I felt small ***** weak and feeble before all this. *****'d say anyone who ***** a baby couldn't be a *****." (M. H. **********, 1968, p.55)

Much of the *****ory that Maslow developed was *****trinsically intertwined with his association with a group of exception*****l individuals whose lives he analyzed to look for traits associated with their successes as *****. The group includes Albert Einstein, Albert Schweitzer, Sigmund Freud, Jane Addams, William James and Abraham Lincoln. (Hergenhahn, 2000, p.512) He referred to these people as self-actualizing people. Which according to his theories meant they achieved a cert*****in amount of personal and professional success and often registered general feelings of confidence ***** ***** happiness with themselves and their *****. Though some scholars have recently called Maslow's theories simplistic in that ***** is a certa***** sensationalism to his tactical research, and that he fails to even acknowledge the possibility that most people are not capable through nature or nurture of reaching ***** level of his famous subjects of


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