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Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology,

Holistic-Dynamic Personality Theory

Abstract: Abraham ***** is often thought of as the father of ***** Psychology and is credited with the inception of *****ory that departed from the traditional psychoanalytic approach ***** the behavioral models. With in this paper M*****low's life is addressed as a source ***** his *****spir*****tion for theory, humanistic psychology is defined and Maslow's holistic-dynamic personality ***** is given paramount focus.

***** Maslow ***** often cited as the father of humanist *****. Through the psychological movement ***** he and o*****rs began has developed what many call t***** "third force" in psychology. The theories surrounding humanistic psychology reject a gre*****t deal of those found within the first two forces, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

During the ***** half of the twentieth century, American ***** was dominated by two schools ***** thought: behaviorism ***** psychoanalysis. Neither fully acknowledged the possibility of studying values, intentions and meaning as elements in conscious existence.

A on the whole mainstream ***** psychology had been captured ***** ***** mechanistic beliefs of behaviorism and by the biological reductionism ***** determinism ***** classical psychoanalysis. (Association for Humanistic Psychology 2001)

Maslow ***** initially an ardent behaviorist, yet the experience of fathering his first daughter proved ***** him intrinsically that behaviorism was not only wrong but that it was simplistic and immature in comparison to other possible theories on development. "At first an ardent *****, Maslow's firsth*****d experience with his children conv*****ced him to abandon this approach as inadequate." (Ewen, 1998, p. 415) Experiencing the all to common personal changes that accompany the personal growth associated ***** the raising of one's own *****, Maslow began to see ***** there ***** so much more to the human spirit and psyche than had previously ***** given notice ***** ***** school of *****. Maslow in a 1968 interview, spe*****king ***** the universal experience of parenting even went so far as to state that, "I w***** stunned by the mystery and by ***** sense of not really being in control. ***** felt small ***** weak and feeble before all this. I'd say anyone who had a baby couldn't be a **********." (M. H. **********, 1968, p.55)

***** of the theory that Maslow developed was ********** intertwined with his association ***** a group of exceptional individuals whose lives he analyzed to look for traits associated with their successes as *****. The group includes Albert Einstein, ***** Schweitzer, Sigmund Freud, Jane Addams, William James and Abraham Lincoln. (Hergenhahn, 2000, p.512) He referred to these people as self-actualizing *****. Which according to his theories meant they achieved a certain amount ***** personal and professional success and often registered general feelings of confidence and even happiness ***** themselves and their lives. Though some scholars have recently called Maslow's theories simplistic in that ***** is a cert*****in sensationalism ***** his tactical research, and that he fails to even acknowledge the possibility that most people are not capable through nature or nurture of reaching the level of his famous subjects of

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