Essay - Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology, Holistic-dynamic...

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Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology,

Holistic-Dynamic Personality Theory

Abstract: Abraham ***** is often thought of as the father of ***** Psychology and is credited with the inception of *****ory that departed from the traditional psychoanalytic approach ***** the behavioral models. With in this paper Maslow's life is addressed as a source of his *****spir*****tion for *****ory, humanistic psychology is defined and Maslow's holistic-dynamic personality theory is given paramount focus.

***** Maslow ***** often cited as the father of humanist *****. Through the psychological movement that he and o*****rs began has developed what many call the "third force" in psychology. The theories surround*****g humanistic psychology reject a gre*****t deal of those found within the first two forces, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

During the ***** half of the twentieth century, American psychology was dominated by two schools ***** *****: behaviorism ***** psychoanalysis. Neither fully acknowledged the possibility of studying values, intentions and meaning as elements in conscious existence.

A on the whole mainstream American psychology had been captured by ***** mechanistic beliefs of behaviorism and ***** the biological reductionism and determinism ***** classical psychoanalysis. (Association for Humanistic Psychology 2001)

Maslow ***** initially an ardent behaviorist, yet ***** experience of fathering his first daughter proved to him intrinsically that behaviorism was not only wrong but that it was simplistic ********** immature in comparison to other possible theories on development. "At first an ardent *****, ***** firsthand experience with his children conv*****ced him to abandon this approach as inadequate." (Ewen, 1998, p. 415) Experiencing the all to common personal changes ***** accompany ***** personal growth associated ***** the raising ***** one's own *****, Maslow began ***** see that there was so much more to the human spirit and psyche than had previously been given *****ice ***** the school of *****. Maslow in a 1968 interview, spe*****king ***** the universal experience of parenting even went so far as to state that, "I w***** stunned by the mystery and by ***** sense of not really being in control. ***** felt small ***** weak and feeble before all this. I'd say anyone who ***** a baby couldn't be a behaviorist." (M. H. *****all, 1968, p.55)

***** ***** the *****ory that ***** developed was *****trinsically intertwined with his as*****ciation ***** a group of exceptional individuals whose lives he analyzed to look for traits associated with their successes as *****. ***** group includes Albert Einstein, Albert Schweitzer, Sigmund Freud, Jane Addams, William James and Abraham Lincoln. (Hergenhahn, 2000, p.512) He referred to these people as self-actualizing *****. Which according to his theories meant they achieved a cert*****in amount of personal and professional success and often registered general feelings of confidence and even happiness ***** themselves and their *****. Though some scholars have recently called Maslow's ***** simplistic in that there is a cert*****in sensationalism to his tactical research, ***** that he fails to ***** acknowledge the ***** ***** most people are not capable through nature or nurture of reaching ***** level of his famous subjects *****


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