Essay - Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology, Holistic-dynamic...


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Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology,

***** Personality Theory

Abstract: Abraham ***** is often thought of as the father of ***** Psychology and ***** credited with the inception of *****ory that departed from the traditional psychoanalytic approach and the behavioral models. With in this paper M*****low's life is addressed as a source of his ********** for theory, humanistic psychology is defined and Maslow's holistic-dynamic personality theory is given paramount focus.

***** Maslow ***** *****ten cited as the ***** of humanist *****. Through the psychological movement that he and o*****rs began has developed what many call t***** "third force" in psychology. The theories surrounding humanistic psychology reject a great deal ***** those found within the first two forces, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

***** the first half of the twentieth century, American ***** was dominated by two schools of thought: behaviorism ***** psychoanalysis. Neither fully acknowledged the possibility of studying values, intentions and meaning as elements in conscious existence.

A on the whole mainstream American psychology had been captured by ***** mechanistic beliefs of behaviorism and by the biological reductionism ***** determinism of classical psychoanalysis. (Association for Humanistic Psychology 2001)

Maslow ***** initially an ardent behaviorist, yet the experience of fa*****ring his ***** daughter proved ***** him intrinsically that behaviorism was not only wrong but that it was simplistic ********** immature in comparison to other possible theories on development. "At first an ardent *****, Maslow's firsth*****d experience with ***** children conv*****ced him to abandon this ***** as inadequate." (Ewen, 1998, p. 415) Experiencing the all to common personal changes ***** accompany the personal growth associated with the raising ***** one's own *****, Maslow began to see that there ***** so much more to the human spirit and psyche than had previously been given *****ice within the school of psychology. Maslow in a 1968 interview, spe*****king of ***** universal experience of parenting even went so far as to state that, "I was stunned by the mystery and by the sense of not really being in control. ***** felt small ***** weak and feeble before all this. I'd say anyone who ***** a baby couldn't be a *****haviorist." (M. H. Hall, 1968, p.55)

***** of the theory that ***** developed was *****trinsically intertwined with his association ***** a group of exception*****l individuals whose lives he analyzed to look for traits associated with their successes as *****. The group includes Albert Einstein, ***** Schweitzer, Sigmund Freud, Jane Addams, William James and Abraham Lincoln. (Hergenhahn, 2000, p.512) He referred to these people as self-actualizing people. Which according to his theories meant they achieved a cert*****in amount of personal and professional success and often registered general feelings of confidence and ***** happiness with themselves and their lives. Though some scholars have recently called Maslow's theories simplistic in ***** there is a certain sensationalism to his tactical research, and that he fails to even acknowledge the possibility that most people are not capable through nature or nurture of reaching ***** level ***** his famous subjects of

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