Essay - Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology, Holistic-dynamic...

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Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology,

Holistic-Dynamic Personality Theory

Abstract: Abraham Maslow is often thought of as the father of Human*****tic Psychology and is credited with the inception of *****ory that departed from the traditional psychoanalytic approach and the behavioral models. With in this paper M*****low's life is addressed as a source of his ********** for *****ory, humanistic psychology is defined and Maslow's holistic-dynamic personality theory is given paramount focus.

***** Maslow is often cited as the ***** of human*****t psychology. Through the psychological movement that he and o*****rs began has developed what many call t***** "third force" in *****. The theories surrounding humanistic psychology reject a gre*****t deal ***** those found within the first two forces, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

During the ***** half of the twentieth century, American psychology was dominated by two schools ***** *****: behaviorism ***** psychoanalysis. Neither fully acknowledged the possibility of studying values, intentions and meaning as elements in conscious existence.

***** on the whole mainstream ***** psychology had been captured by ***** mechanistic beliefs of behaviorism and by the biological reductionism ***** determinism ***** classical psychoanalysis. (Association for Humanistic Psychology 2001)

Maslow ***** initially an ardent behaviorist, yet the experience of fathering his first daughter proved ***** him intrinsically that behaviorism was not only wrong but that it was simplistic *****d immature in comparison to other possible theories on development. "At first an ardent behaviorist, Maslow's firsthand experience with his children conv*****ced him ***** abandon this ***** as inadequate." (Ewen, 1998, p. 415) Experiencing the all to common personal changes that accompany ***** ***** growth associated ***** the raising ***** one's own *****, Maslow began ***** see ***** there was so much more to the human spirit and psyche than had previously ***** given notice ***** the school of *****. Maslow in a 1968 interview, speaking ***** ***** universal experience of parenting even went ***** far as to state that, "I was stunned by the mystery and by the sense of not really being in control. I felt small and weak and feeble before all this. ********** say anyone who ***** a baby couldn't be a *****." (M. H. **********, 1968, p.55)

***** of ***** theory that ***** developed was ***** *****tertwined with his association with a group of exception*****l individuals whose lives he analyzed to look for traits associated with their successes as *****. The group includes Al*****rt Einstein, Albert Schweitzer, Sigmund Freud, Jane Addams, William James and Abraham Lincoln. (Hergenhahn, 2000, p.512) He referred to these people as self-actualizing *****. Which according ***** his theories meant they achieved a cert*****in amount ***** personal and professional success and often registered general feelings of confidence and ***** happiness with themselves and their lives. Though some scholars have recently called Maslow's ***** simplistic in that there is a cert********** sensationalism to his tactical research, ***** that he fails to even acknowledge the possibility ***** most people are not capable through nature or nurture of reaching the level ***** ***** famous subjects of


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