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Abraham Maslow and His Contributions to Psychology: Humanistic Psychology,

Holistic-Dynamic Personality Theory

Abstract: Abraham Maslow is often thought of as the father of Human*****tic Psychology and is credited with the inception of *****ory that departed from the traditional psychoanalytic approach and the behavioral models. With in this paper Maslow's life is addressed as a source ***** his *****spiration for theory, humanistic psychology is defined and Maslow's holistic-dynamic personality theory is given paramount focus.

Abraham Maslow is often cited as the ***** of humanist *****. Through ***** psychological movement ***** he and ot*****rs began has developed what many call the "third force" in psychology. The theories surround*****g humanistic psychology reject a great deal ***** those found within the first two forces, psychoanalysis and behaviorism.

During the first half of the twentieth century, American psychology was dominated by two schools of thought: behaviorism ***** psychoanalysis. Neither fully acknowledged the possibility of studying values, intentions and meaning as elements in conscious existence.

A on the whole mainstream ***** psychology had been captured ***** the mechanistic beliefs of behaviorism and by the biological reductionism and determinism ***** classical psychoanalysis. (Association for Humanistic Psychology 2001)

Maslow was initially an ardent behaviorist, yet the experience of fathering his first daughter proved ***** him intrinsi*****y that behaviorism ***** not only wrong but that it was simplistic and immature in comparison to other possible theories on development. "At first an ardent behaviorist, Maslow's firsthand experience with his children convinced him to abandon this ***** as inadequate." (Ewen, 1998, p. 415) Experiencing the all to common personal changes that accompany the ***** growth associated with ***** raising ***** one's own children, Maslow began to see ***** there was so much more to the human spirit and psyche than had previously ***** given ********** ***** the school of psychology. Maslow in a 1968 interview, spe*****king of the universal experience ***** parenting even went ***** far as to state that, "I w***** stunned by the mystery and by ***** sense of not really being in control. I felt small ***** weak and feeble before all this. ********** say anyone who had a baby couldn't be a behaviorist." (M. H. Hall, 1968, p.55)

Much of the *****ory that Maslow developed was intrinsically intertwined with his association ***** a group of exceptional individuals whose lives he analyzed to look for traits associated with their successes as *****. ***** group includes Albert Einstein, Albert Schweitzer, Sigmund Freud, Jane Addams, William James and Abraham Lincoln. (Hergenhahn, 2000, p.512) He referred to these people as self-actualizing people. Which according to his theories meant they achieved a cert*****in amount of personal ***** professional success and often registered general feelings of confidence and even happiness with themselves and their lives. Though some scholars have recently called Maslow's theories simplistic in that ***** is a certain sensationalism ***** his tactical research, ***** that he fails to ***** acknowledge the possibility that most people are not capable through nature or nurture of reaching the level of ***** famous subjects of


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