Essay - Adolescent Substance Abuse: Risk Factors and Warning Signs of Adolescent...


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Adolescent substance abuse: Risk Factors and Warning signs of adolescent ***** abuse (from 78497)

CHAPTER 3: WARNING SIGNS AND RISK FACTORS

Warning Signs

***** that the breath and prevalence of teenage substance ***** has been discussed, ***** warning ***** ***** adolescent substance abuse will be explored.

As noted in Chapter 1, organizations such as Drugwatch specifically consider alcohol and tobacco to be the most dangerous gateway drugs. This is ********** these substances are legal in many countries and considered "socially acceptable" for adults. However, in North America and other countries, ***** is the number one drug used by teens. In the United States, alcohol ***** associated with at least one-half of all traffic crashes, suicides, drownings, crimes of violence, unplanned sex, poor school performance, and other trauma among youth. Alcohol and tobacco kill more people annually than all other ********** combined, and alcohol alone is ***** with at least one-fourth ***** all hospital visits in the ***** States. Nicotine is also one of the most addictive ***** harmful *****, and in 1995 ***** U.S. Food ***** Drug Admin*****tration (FDA) concluded for the first time that nicotine is a drug ********** should be regulated as a controlled substance. *****deed, ***** authors posit that if alcohol and nicotine were new products seeking FDA clearance today, each would likely be rejected ***** hazardous and addictive (Drugwatch, 2006). Findings from these studies indicate ***** children of alcoholics are at greater risk for early alcohol initiation and regular use as well as subsequent progression to symp*****matic *****. According to Henry, Robinson ***** Stephenson (1996), national surveys have shown that 92 percent ***** high school seniors report having used *****, while between 72 and 77 percent of eighth graders reported experimentation. While over***** adolescent substance use increased in the late 1970s ***** decl*****ed in the 1980s, substance use increased significantly from the 6th to 9th grades during that same period of *****. After alcohol and **********, marijuana is ***** next most commonly used substance and has been tried by almost 50 ***** of all ***** school seniors (Henry et al., 1996).

A recent study by Columbia University's Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse found that youth who drank *****cohol were 50 times more likely to use cocaine, and those who smoked cigarettes ***** 19 ***** more ***** to ***** cocaine. The *****, based on 30,000 American households, ***** that 90 percent of ***** users had smoked *****bacco, drank alcohol, or used marijuana first. The study establ*****hed a clear progressi***** that began with the use of the gateway drugs of alcohol, tobacco, or ***** and led to ***** of o*****r illicit substances.

***** warning signs ***** be presented here as ********** times parents and other guardians may attribute the *****'s behavi*****al changes to typical hormonal mood swings. However, it is not always "just a phase," as is often the parental m*****conception. Historic*****y, ***** ***** ***** discussing the risks of substance abuse to be awkward, but retreating from such discussions can be perilous, and leave ***** child unprepared

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