Essay - Adolescent Substance Abuse: Risk Factors and Warning Signs of Adolescent...


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Adolescent substance abuse: Risk Factors and Warning signs of adolescent substance abuse (from 78497)

CHAPTER 3: WARNING SIGNS AND RISK FACTORS

Warning Signs

***** that the breath and prevalence of teenage substance abuse has been discussed, ***** warning signs of ***** ***** abuse will be explored.

As noted in Chapter 1, organizations such as Drugwatch specifically consider alcohol ***** tobacco to be the most dangerous gateway drugs. This is because these substances are legal in many countries and considered "socially acceptable" for adults. However, in North America ***** other countries, alcohol is the number one drug used by teens. In the United States, alcohol ***** *****sociated with at least one-half ***** all traffic crashes, suicides, drownings, crimes of violence, unplanned sex, poor school per*****mance, and other trauma among youth. Alcohol and ***** kill more people annually than all other ********** combined, and alcohol alone is associated with at least one-fourth of all hospital visits in the ***** States. Nicotine is also one of ***** most addictive and harmful substances, and in 1995 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) concluded for the first time that nicotine is a drug ***** should be regul*****ted as a controlled substance. **********, the authors posit that if alcohol and nicotine were new products seeking FDA clearance today, each would likely ***** rejected as hazardous and ***** (Drugwatch, 2006). Findings from these studies indicate that children of *****ics are at greater risk for early alcohol initiation and regular use as well as subsequent progression to symptomatic *****. According to Henry, Robinson ***** Stephenson (1996), national surveys have shown ***** 92 percent ***** high school seniors report having used alcohol, while between 72 and 77 ***** of eighth graders reported experimentation. While overall adolescent substance use increased in the late 1970s ***** decl*****ed in the 1980s, substance ***** increased significantly ***** the 6th ***** 9th grades during that same period of *****. After ***** and tobacco, marijuana is ***** next most commonly used substance and ***** been tried by almost 50 percent of all ***** school ***** (Henry et al., 1996).

***** recent study by Columbia University's Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse found ***** youth who drank alcohol were 50 times ***** likely to use cocaine, and those who smoked cig*****ttes ***** 19 times more likely to ***** cocaine. The *****, based on *****0,000 American households, ***** that 90 ***** of cocaine users had smoked tobacco, drank alcohol, or used marijuana first. The study established a clear progressi***** that began with the use of the gateway drugs of alcohol, tobacco, or marijuana ***** led to use of other illicit *****s.

***** ***** signs ***** be presented here as ********** times parents and other guardians may attribute the adolescent's behavioral changes to typical hormonal mood swings. *****, it is not always "just a phase," as is often the parental m*****conception. His*****rically, ***** ***** ***** discussing ***** risks of substance abuse to be awkward, but retreating from such discussions can be perilous, and leave the child unprepared

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