Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...


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AGING OUT OF FOSTER CARE AND THE OPTIONS AVAILABLE

***** OF THESIS

As youth age out of foster care, the options available to them are presently limited.

INTRODUCTION

Y*****h who are aging out of the formal ***** care program are considered to be at high risk in several *****as, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting st*****istics, the existing gaps are clear and only recently policy makers have begun ***** acknowledge these gaps in funding ***** service provision.

I. AGING OUT OF FOSTER CARE (SHERMAN, 2004)

***** report ***** Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out of Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live in foster care. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 ***** between the ages of 18 and 21 'aged out' ***** ***** ***** care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report ***** ***** these young individuals leave foster care with "few resources ***** very little support." (Sherman, 2004) Stated to be factors that potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, and inadequate health *****." (*****, 2004) ********** youth are able ***** derive benefit "from opportunities to develop the skills necessary for independent living ***** from access to support services ***** can help them navigate the transition ***** adulthood." (Sherman, 2004) Services and programs that can assist these youth in this transition to development *****to adults that ***** self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local ***** sources to assist youth who are ***** out of foster c***** ***** this includes Title IV-E funds, as well ***** state and private funding. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation that provides a framework ***** assistance to ***** who are aging out of ***** foster care program. One of these is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) which was authorized ***** PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title ***** of ***** Social Security Act ***** ***** was re***** indefinitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 ***** provided authorization of federal funding amount to $70 million each years to enable states ***** make provision of services to y*****h in the age range ***** 16 ***** 18 to assist them in this transition. Additionally, the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the Independent Living ***** as the Chafee Foster Care Independence Program (CFCIP) and expanded eligibility for independent living services to youth in ***** ***** range between 18 and 21 who have aged out ***** the foster ***** program. ***** ***** doubled the state funding ***** provision of these services to the ***** of $140 million. (*****, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that ***** contributing 20% in funds ***** match yet many states "have not drawn down the full amount of ***** federal funds because they have ***** contributed the full match amount." (Sherman, 2004) Many ***** these ***** and localities are stated to ***** the choice to provide

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