Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...


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AGING OUT OF FOSTER CARE AND THE OPTIONS AVAILABLE

STATEMENT OF THESIS

As youth age out of foster care, the options available to *****m are presently limited.

INTRODUCTION

Youth who are aging out of the formal ***** care program are considered to be at high risk in several areas, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting st*****istics, the existing gaps ***** clear and only recently policy makers have begun to acknowledge these gaps in funding ***** service provision.

I. AGING OUT OF FOSTER CARE (SHERMAN, 2004)

The report of Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out ***** Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live ***** foster *****. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 youth between the ages of 18 and 21 'aged out' ***** ***** foster care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report ***** ***** these young individuals leave foster care with "few resources ***** very little support." (Sherman, 2004) Stated to be factors that potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, and inadequate health *****." (Sherman, 2004) These youth are able ***** derive ********** "from opportunities to develop the skills necessary for independent living ***** from access to support *****s that can help them navigate the transition ***** adulthood." (Sherman, 2004) Services and programs that ***** assist these youth in this transition to ********** into adults that ***** self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local ***** sources to assist youth ***** are aging out of foster c***** ***** this includes Title IV-E funds, as well as state and private funding. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation that provides a framework ***** assistance ***** youth who are aging out of the foster care program. One of ***** is ***** federal Independent Living Program (ILP) which was authorized ***** PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title ***** of the Social Security Act ***** ***** was reauthorized *****definitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 ***** provided authorization of federal ***** amount to $70 million each years to enable states to make provision of services to y*****h ***** ***** age range ***** 16 to 18 to assist ***** in this *****. Additionally, the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the ***** Living Program as the Chafee Foster Care Independence ***** (CFCIP) and expanded eligibility for independent living services to youth in ***** ***** range between 18 and 21 who have aged out ***** the foster ***** program. ***** ***** doubled the state fund*****g ***** provision of ********** services ***** the ***** of $140 million. (*****, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that ***** contributing 20% in funds to match yet many states "have not drawn down the full amount of ***** federal funds because they have not contributed the ***** match amount." (Sherman, 2004) Many ***** these ***** ***** localities are stated ***** make the choice to provide

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