Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...


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AGING OUT OF FOSTER CARE AND THE OPTIONS AVAILABLE

***** OF THESIS

As youth age out of foster care, the options available to *****m are presently limited.

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Y*****h who are aging out of the formal foster care program are considered to be at high risk in several areas, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting statistics, the existing gaps are clear and only recently policy makers have begun to acknowledge these gaps in funding and service provision.

*****. AGING ***** OF ***** CARE (SHERMAN, 2004)

***** report of Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out ***** Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live in foster *****. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 ***** between the ages of 18 and 21 'aged out' ***** ***** foster care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report states ***** these young individuals leave ***** care with "few resources ***** very little support." (Sherman, *****) Stated to be factors that potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, and inadequate health care." (Sherman, 2004) *****se youth are able ***** derive ********** "from opportunities to develop the skills necessary for independent living and from access to support services that can help them navigate the transition to adulthood." (Sherman, 2004) Services and programs that ***** *****sist these youth in this transition to ********** into adults that are self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local fund*****g sources to assist youth who ***** aging out of foster care ***** this includes Title IV-E funds, as well as state and private funding. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation that provides a framework ***** assistance to youth who are aging out of the foster care program. One of ***** is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) which was authorized ***** PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title IV-E of ***** Social Security Act ***** which was re***** ********** by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 legislation provided authorization of federal fund*****g amount to $70 million each years to enable states to make provision of services to ***** in the age range of 16 to 18 to assist ***** ***** this transition. Additionally, the ***** Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the ***** Living Program as the Chafee Foster Care Independence ***** (CFCIP) and expanded eligibility for independent living services ***** youth in the age range between 18 and 21 who have ********** out of the foster care program. ***** this doubled the state funding ***** provision of ********** services to the amount of $140 million. (*****, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that ***** contributing 20% in funds ***** match yet many states "have not drawn down the full amount of ***** ***** funds because they have not contributed the ***** match amount." (Sherman, 2004) Many of these states and localities are stated to make the choice to provide

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