Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...

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As youth age out of foster care, the options available to *****m are presently limited.


Y*****h who are aging out of the formal foster care program are considered to be at high risk in several *****as, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting statistics, the existing gaps ***** clear and only recently policy makers have begun ***** acknowledge these gaps in funding ***** service provision.


The report ***** Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out of Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live in foster *****. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 ***** between the ages of 18 and 21 'aged out' ***** ***** foster care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report ***** ***** these young individuals leave ***** care with "few resources and very little support." (Sherman, 2004) Stated to be factors that potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, ***** inadequate health care." (*****, 2004) ********** youth are able ***** derive benefit "from opportunities to develop the skills necessary for independent living and from access to support services ***** can help them navigate the transition ***** adulthood." (Sherman, 2004) Services and programs that ***** assist *****se youth in this transition to *****ment into adults that ***** self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local fund*****g sources to assist youth who are ***** out of foster care ***** this ********** Title IV-E funds, as well as state and private funding. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation that provides a framework ***** *****sistance ***** ***** who are aging ***** of the foster care program. One of *****se is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) which was authorized by PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title ***** of ***** Social Security Act and which was reauthorized *****definitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 ***** provided authorization of federal ***** amount to $70 million each years to enable states to make provision of ***** to youth in the age range of 16 to 18 to assist ***** in this transition. Additionally, the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the Independent Living Program as the Chafee Foster Care ***** ***** (CFCIP) and expanded eligibility for independent living services to youth in the age range between 18 and 21 who have ********** out of the foster ***** program. Additionally ***** doubled the state fund*****g ***** provision ***** *****se services ***** the ***** of $140 million. (Sherman, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that ***** contributing 20% in funds to match yet many states "have not drawn down the full amount of available ***** funds because they have ***** contributed the ***** match amount." (*****, 2004) Many of these ***** and localities are stated to make the choice to provide


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