Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...


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AGING OUT OF FOSTER CARE AND THE OPTIONS AVAILABLE

STATEMENT OF THESIS

As youth age out of foster care, the options available to *****m are presently limited.

INTRODUCTION

Youth who are aging out of the formal foster care program are considered to be at high risk in several areas, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting st*****istics, the existing gaps ***** clear and only recently policy makers have begun ***** acknowledge these gaps in funding ***** service provision.

*****. AGING OUT OF ***** CARE (SHERMAN, 2004)

The report ***** Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out of Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live ***** foster care. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 ***** between the ages of 18 and 21 'aged out' of ***** foster care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report ***** ***** these young individuals leave ***** care with "few resources ***** very little support." (Sherman, *****) Stated to be factors that potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, and inadequate health care." (Sherman, 2004) ********** youth are able ***** derive benefit "from opportunities to develop the skills necessary for independent living and from access to support ********** that can help them navigate the transition ***** adulthood." (*****, 2004) Services and programs that can *****sist ********** youth in this transition to ********** *****to adults that are self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local ***** sources to assist youth who ***** ***** out of foster care and this *****s Title IV-E funds, as well ***** state ***** private fund*****g. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation that provides a framework for assistance ***** ***** who are aging out of ***** foster c***** program. One of these is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) whi*****h was authorized by PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title IV-E of ***** Social Security Act and which was reauthorized *****definitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 legislation provided authorization of federal fund*****g amount to $70 million each years to enable states to make provision of services to youth in the age range ***** 16 ***** 18 to assist ***** ***** this transition. Additionally, the ***** Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the ***** Living ***** as the Chafee Foster Care ***** Program (CFCIP) ***** expanded eligibility for independent living services to youth in ***** ***** range between 18 and 21 who have aged out ***** the foster care program. ***** this doubled the state fund*****g for provision of ***** services ***** the amount of $140 million. (Sherman, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that ***** contributing 20% in funds to match yet many states "have not drawn down the full ***** of ***** federal funds because they have ***** contributed the full match amount." (Sherman, 2004) Many ***** these states ***** localities are stated ***** make the choice to provide

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