Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...


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AGING OUT OF FOSTER CARE AND THE OPTIONS AVAILABLE

STATEMENT OF THESIS

As youth age out of foster care, the options available to *****m are presently limited.

INTRODUCTION

Y*****h who are aging out of the formal foster care program are considered to be at high risk in several *****as, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting statistics, the existing gaps are clear and only recently policy makers have begun to acknowledge these gaps in funding and service provision.

*****. AGING OUT OF ***** CARE (SHERMAN, 2004)

***** report of Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out ***** Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live in foster *****. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 ***** between the ages of 18 and 21 'aged out' of the ***** care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report ***** ***** these young individuals leave foster care with "few resources and very little support." (Sherman, 2004) Stated to be factors that potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, ***** inadequate health care." (*****, 2004) These youth are able ***** derive ********** "from opportunities to develop the skills necessary for independent living and from access to support services ***** can help them navigate the transition ***** adulthood." (Sherman, 2004) Services and programs that ***** assist *****se youth in this transition to development *****to adults that are self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local funding sources to assist youth ***** ***** aging out of foster care ***** this includes Title IV-E funds, as well as state and private *****. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation that provides a framework ***** assistance to ***** who are aging ***** of ***** foster c***** program. One of these is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) whi*****h was authorized by PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title ***** of the Social Security Act and which was reauthorized indefinitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 legislation provided authorization of federal fund*****g amount to $70 million each years to enable states ***** make provision of services to youth in the age range ***** 16 to 18 ***** assist ***** ***** this *****. Additionally, the ***** Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the ***** Living Program as the Chafee Foster Care Independence ***** (CFCIP) and expanded eligibility for independent living services to youth in ***** ***** range between 18 and 21 who have aged out ***** the foster care program. ***** ***** doubled the state funding ***** provision of ********** services to the ***** of $140 million. (Sherman, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that states contributing 20% in funds to match yet many states "have not drawn down the full amount of ***** federal funds because they have ***** contributed the ***** match amount." (Sherman, 2004) Many of these ***** ***** localities are stated ***** ***** the choice to provide

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