Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...


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AGING OUT OF FOSTER CARE AND THE OPTIONS AVAILABLE

STATEMENT OF THESIS

As youth age out of foster care, the options available to ********** are presently limited.

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Youth who are aging out of the formal foster care program are considered to be at high risk in several areas, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting st*****istics, the existing gaps are clear and only recently policy makers have begun to acknowledge these gaps in funding ***** service provision.

I. AGING OUT OF ***** CARE (SHERMAN, 2004)

***** report of Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out of Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live in foster *****. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 youth between the ages of 18 and 21 'aged out' of ***** foster care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report ***** ***** these young individuals leave foster care with "few resources ***** very little support." (Sherman, 2004) Stated to be factors that potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, and inadequate health *****." (Sherman, 2004) These ***** are able ***** derive benefit "from opportunities to develop the skills necessary for independent living and from access to support services that can help them navigate the transition to adulthood." (Sherman, 2004) Services and programs that ***** assist ********** youth in this transition to *****ment into adults that ***** self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local fund*****g sources to assist youth who are aging out ***** foster c***** ***** this *****s Title IV-E funds, as well ***** state and private funding. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation that provides a framework for assistance ***** youth who are aging out of the foster c***** program. One of these is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) whi*****h was authorized by PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title IV-E of the Social Security Act and which was reauthorized *****definitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 ***** provided authorization of federal ***** amount to $70 million each years to enable states ***** make provision of services to y*****h ***** the age range of 16 ***** 18 to assist ***** in this *****. Additionally, the Foster Care Independence Act ***** 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the Independent Living ***** as the Chafee Foster Care Independence Program (CFCIP) and expanded eligibility for independent ***** services to youth in the ***** range between 18 and 21 who have aged out of the foster care program. Additionally ***** doubled the state funding ***** provision of ***** services to ***** ***** of $140 million. (Sherman, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that states contributing 20% in funds to match yet many states "have not drawn down the full amount of available federal funds because they have not contributed the full match amount." (*****, 2004) Many ***** these states and localities are stated to make the choice to provide

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