Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...

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As youth age out of foster care, the options available to them are presently limited.


Youth who are aging out of the formal ***** care program are considered to be at high risk in several *****as, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting statistics, the existing gaps are clear and only recently policy makers have begun to acknowledge these gaps in funding ***** service provision.

I. AGING ***** OF ***** CARE (SHERMAN, 2004)

***** report of Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out of Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live in foster *****. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 ***** between the ages ***** 18 and 21 'aged out' of the ***** care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report states ***** these young individuals leave foster care with "few resources and very little support." (Sherman, 2004) Stated to be factors that potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, and inadequate health care." (*****, 2004) *****se youth are able ***** derive ********** "from opportunities to develop the skills necessary for independent living ***** from access to support services ***** can help them navigate the transition ***** adulthood." (Sherman, 2004) Services and programs that can *****sist *****se youth in this transition to ********** *****to adults that ***** self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local fund*****g sources to assist youth ***** are ***** out of foster c***** and this ********** Title IV-E funds, as well as state and private funding. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation that provides a framework ***** assistance ***** ***** who are aging out of ***** foster care program. One of these is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) which was authorized by PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title IV-E of the Social Security Act and ***** was reauthorized *****definitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 ***** provided authorization of federal funding amount to $70 million each years to enable states to make provision of ***** to y*****h in ***** age range of 16 to 18 to assist them in this *****. Additionally, the ***** Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the Independent Living ***** as the Chafee Foster Care ***** Program (CFCIP) and expanded eligibility for independent living services ***** youth in ***** age range between 18 and 21 who have aged out of the foster care program. Additionally this doubled the state funding ***** provision ***** these services to the amount of $140 million. (*****, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that ***** contributing 20% in funds ***** match yet many states "have not drawn down the full amount of ***** federal funds because they have not contributed the full match amount." (Sherman, 2004) Many ***** these states and localities are stated to make the choice to provide


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