Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...

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As youth age out of foster care, the options available to them are presently limited.


Youth who are aging out of the formal ***** care program are considered to be at high risk in several *****as, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting st*****istics, the existing gaps are clear and only recently policy makers have begun ***** acknowledge these gaps in funding and service provision.


***** report of Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out of Foster C*****" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live in foster care. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 youth between the ages of 18 and 21 'aged out' ***** the ***** care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report ***** that these young individuals leave foster care with "few resources ***** very little support." (Sherman, 2004) Stated to be factors that potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, and inadequate health *****." (Sherman, 2004) *****se ***** are able to derive benefit "from opportunities ***** develop the skills necessary for independent living ***** from access to support *****s ***** can help them navigate the transition to adulthood." (*****, 2004) Services and programs that can *****sist *****se youth in this transition to development into adults that are self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local ***** sources to assist youth ***** are aging out of foster care and this ********** Title IV-E funds, as well ***** state ***** private funding. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation that provides a framework for assistance to y*****h who are aging out of the foster c***** program. One of *****se is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) which was authorized ***** PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title ***** of the Social Security Act and ***** was reauthorized indefinitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 ***** provided authorization of federal funding amount to $70 million each years to enable states to make provision of services to youth in ***** age range ***** 16 to 18 ***** assist ***** in this *****. Additionally, the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the Independent Living Program as the Chafee Foster Care Independence Program (CFCIP) ***** expanded eligibility for independent ***** services to youth in the ***** range between 18 and 21 who have aged out of the foster care program. Additionally ***** doubled the state funding ***** provision of these services ***** the ***** of $140 million. (Sherman, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that ***** contributing 20% in funds to match yet many states "have not drawn down the full amount of ***** federal funds because they have not contributed the full match amount." (*****, 2004) Many of these ***** and localities are stated to make the choice to provide


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