Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...


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AGING OUT OF FOSTER CARE AND THE OPTIONS AVAILABLE

***** OF THESIS

As youth age out of foster care, the options available to them are presently limited.

INTRODUCTION

Youth who are aging out of the formal ***** care program are considered to be at high risk in several *****as, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting statistics, the existing gaps ***** clear and only recently policy makers have begun to acknowledge these gaps in funding and service provision.

I. AGING OUT OF ***** CARE (SHERMAN, 2004)

***** report ***** Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out of Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live in foster *****. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 youth between the ages ***** 18 and 21 'aged out' of the foster care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report ***** ***** these young individuals leave ***** care with "few resources and very little support." (Sherman, 2004) Stated to be factors that potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, ***** inadequate health care." (Sherman, 2004) These youth are able ***** derive ********** "from opportunities to develop the skills necessary for independent living and from access to support services that can help them navigate the transition ***** adulthood." (*****, 2004) Services and programs that can assist these youth in this transition to *****ment *****to adults that are self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local ***** sources to assist youth ***** are ag*****g out of foster care ***** this ********** Title IV-E funds, as well ***** state and private funding. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation ***** provides a framework ***** assistance ***** y*****h who are aging out of the ***** care program. One of ***** is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) which was authorized by PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title ***** of the Social Security Act ***** ***** was re***** indefinitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 legislation provided authorization of federal funding amount to $70 million each years to enable states ***** make provision of services to y*****h in the age range ***** 16 to 18 to assist them in this *****. Additionally, the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the Independent Living Program as the Chafee ***** Care ***** Program (CFCIP) and expanded eligibility for independent living services to youth in the age range between 18 and 21 who have aged out of the foster ***** program. Additionally ***** doubled the state funding ***** provision of ********** services ***** the amount of $140 million. (Sherman, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that states contributing 20% in funds to match yet many states "have not drawn down the full ***** of available federal funds because they have ***** contributed the full match amount." (Sherman, 2004) Many ***** these states ***** localities are stated ***** make the choice to provide

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