Essay - Aging Out of Foster Care and the Options Available Statement...

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As youth age out of foster care, the options available to *****m are presently limited.


Youth who are aging out of the formal ***** care program are considered to be at high risk in several areas, as this research study will show. While there are conflicting statistics, the existing gaps ***** clear and only recently policy makers have begun ***** acknowledge these gaps in funding ***** service provision.

*****. AGING ***** OF FOSTER CARE (SHERMAN, 2004)

***** report ***** Rachel H. Sherman entitled; "Serving Youth Aging Out of Foster Care" states that in excess of 500,000 American children live in foster *****. The most current federal data indicate that more than 19,000 youth between the ages of 18 and 21 'aged out' ***** ***** foster care system in fiscal 2001." (2004) This report ***** that these young individuals leave foster care with "few resources ***** very little support." (Sherman, *****) Stated to be factors ***** potentially disrupt the "successful transition to adulthood include unemployment, incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, unwanted pregnancy, limited education, and inadequate health *****." (*****, 2004) These youth are able to derive benefit "from opportunities ***** develop the skills necessary for independent living and from access to support services that can help them navigate the transition ***** adulthood." (Sherman, 2004) Services and programs that ***** *****sist these youth in this transition to development *****to adults that ***** self-sufficient however, the problem that exists is the differences in state and local ***** sources to assist youth ***** are ag*****g out of foster care and this includes Title IV-E funds, as well ***** state and private funding. Programs that have been created by Federal legislation ***** provides a framework ***** assistance to y*****h who are aging out of the ***** care program. One of ********** is the federal Independent Living Program (ILP) which was authorized by PL 99-272 in 1985 under Title ***** of the Social Security Act and which was reauthorized indefinitely by P.L. 103-66 in 1993. This 1993 legislation provided authorization of federal ***** amount to $70 million each years to enable states to make provision of ***** to youth in the age range ***** 16 ***** 18 to assist ***** ***** this transition. Additionally, the ***** Care Independence Act of 1999 (P.L. 106-169) which effectively renamed the Independent Living ***** as the Chafee Foster Care ***** Program (CFCIP) ***** expanded eligibility for independent living services ***** youth in ***** age range between 18 and 21 who have *****d out ***** the foster care program. Additionally ***** doubled the state fund*****g ***** provision of *****se services to the ***** of $140 million. (*****, 2004; paraphrased) The requirement is that states contributing 20% in funds ***** match yet many states "have not drawn down the full amount of ***** ***** funds because they have not contributed the full match amount." (Sherman, 2004) Many of these ***** ***** localities are stated to ***** the choice to provide


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