Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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***** research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-to-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), ***** virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being infected with ***** does not mean ***** the person has *****. But if it is left untreated, HIV infection can damage *****'s immune system and become AIDS.

***** is the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of ***** infected *****'s immune system. If the ***** system is ***** working, one ***** at risk for serious ***** life-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to *****s. The CD4 ***** are the white blood cells that fight infection. They are also called CD4+T cells or CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number of those cells in the blood sample. The HIV virus enters ***** CD4 cells ***** uses those cells to make copies ***** itself, destroying the cells in ***** process. ***** low CD4 cell ***** means that the immune system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 cells with which to ***** infections and cancer.

***** is diagnosed by counting the CD4 cells. If there are ***** than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not infected with HIV), then they are considered to have HIV. The illnesses that define AIDS conditions are:


Cervical c*****cer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

Cytomegalovirus diseaseinfection

***** (HIV-related)

***** simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

***** avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

***** (recurrent)

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

***** of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

The best known clinical picture of AIDS in Africa is "slim," ***** term given by people in rural Uganda to the HIV wasting ***** (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations ***** ***** disease ***** weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders are frequent early *****, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, and pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, which become shallow ulcers due to scratching *****d finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other diseases ***** related ***** AIDS:

Tuberculosis is the most important infection complicating HIV infection in third-world countries, and may present at any *****.

***** inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial *****.

***** toxoplasmosis and cryptococcal meningitis are probably more frequent causes ***** severe HIV related ***** in ***** industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most often *****s as a lesion of the brain, ***** cryptococcosis as chronic *****.

The ********** between tropical diseases and HIV ***** has only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretic*****lly, HIV infection could increase the incidence of ***** diseases, and alter *****ir history, expression, and response to treatment.

***** has been related in studies ***** a large variety of ***** ***** may be more *****vasive than first imagined, but on June 5, 1981, when the C***** for Disease Control


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