Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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This research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-*****-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being ***** with HIV does not mean ***** ***** person has AIDS. But if it is left untreated, HIV infection can damage one's immune system and become AIDS.

AIDS is the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of ***** infected person's ***** system. If the immune system is not working, one ***** at risk for serious ***** l*****e-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to diseases. The CD4 cells are ***** white blood cells that fight infection. They ***** also called CD4+T cells ***** CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number of those cells in the blood sample. *****he HIV virus enters ***** CD4 ***** and uses those cells to make copies ***** itself, destroying the cells in ***** process. A low ***** cell ***** ***** that the immune system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 cells w*****h which ***** ***** infections ***** cancer.

AIDS is diagnosed by counting ***** CD4 cells. If there are ***** than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not infected with *****), then they are considered to have HIV. The *****es that define AIDS conditions are:


***** cancer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

***** diseaseinfection

Encephalopathy (HIV-related)

***** simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

***** avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

Pneumonia (recurrent)

Progressive mult*****ocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

Toxoplasmosis of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

The best known clinical picture of AIDS in Africa is "slim," ***** term given by people ***** rural Uganda to the HIV wasting ***** (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations of ***** d*****ease are weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders are frequent early *****, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, and pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, ***** become shallow ulcers due ***** scratching and finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other diseases are related to AIDS:

***** is the ***** important infection complicating HIV infection in third-world countries, ***** may present at any *****.

An inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial *****.

***** *****xoplasmosis and cryptococcal meningitis are probably more frequent causes of ***** HIV related disease in ***** industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most ********** presents as a lesion of ***** brain, and cryptococcosis ***** chronic *****.

The association between tropical diseases ***** ***** ***** ***** only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretically, HIV infection could increase the incidence of ***** diseases, and alter *****ir history, expression, and response to treatment.

***** has been related in studies ***** a large variety ***** diseases ***** may be more invasive ***** first imagined, but on June 5, 1981, when the Centers for Disease Control


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