Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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***** research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-to-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being ***** with HIV does not mean ***** the person has *****. But if it is left untreated, HIV infection can damage *****'s immune system and become AIDS.

AIDS ***** the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of the infected person's ***** system. If the immune system is ***** working, one is at risk for serious ***** life-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to diseases. The CD4 cells are the white blood cells that fight infection. They ***** also called *****+***** cells ***** CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number of those cells in ***** blood sample. The HIV virus enters the CD4 ***** ***** uses those cells to make copies of itself, destroying the cells in the process. ***** low CD4 cell count ***** that the immune system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 cells w*****h which ***** ***** *****fections and cancer.

AIDS is diagnosed by counting the CD4 cells. ***** there are ***** than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not infected with *****), then they are considered to have HIV. The *****es that define AIDS conditions are:


***** c*****cer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

Cytomegalovirus diseaseinfection

***** (HIV-related)

Herpes simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

Mycobacterium avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

***** (recurrent)

***** multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

Toxoplasmosis of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

***** best known clinical picture of ***** in Africa is "slim," the term given by people in rural Uganda to the HIV wasting syndrome (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations of HIV d*****ease ***** weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders are frequent early *****, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, ***** pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, which become shallow ulcers due ***** scratching ********** finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other ***** are related to AIDS:

Tuberculosis is the ***** important infection complicating HIV infection in third-world countries, and may present at any *****.

An inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial *****.

Cerebral toxoplasmosis ***** cryptococcal meningitis ***** probably more frequent causes of ***** HIV related ***** in developing industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most often presents as a lesion of ***** brain, and cryptococcosis as chronic *****.

The ********** between tropical diseases ***** ***** infection ***** only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretic*****lly, HIV ***** could increase the incidence of tropical diseases, and alter their history, expression, and response to treatment.

***** has been related in studies ***** a large variety of diseases ***** may be more ***** than first imag*****ed, but on June 5, 1981, when the C***** for Disease Control


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