Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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***** research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-*****-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), ***** virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being infected with HIV does not mean ***** the person has AIDS. But if it is left untreated, ***** infection can damage one's immune system and become AIDS.

AIDS is the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of ***** infected person's immune system. If the immune system is ***** working, one is at risk for serious and life-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to **********. The CD4 ***** are the white blood cells that fight infection. They are also called *****+***** cells or CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number of those cells in the blood sample. The HIV virus enters ***** CD4 ***** and uses those cells to make copies ***** itself, destroying the cells in the process. ***** low CD4 cell count means that the immune system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 cells with which to ***** infections and cancer.

***** is diagnosed by counting ***** CD4 *****. If there are ***** than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not infected with *****), then they ***** considered to have HIV. The *****es that define AIDS conditions are:


Cervical cancer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

***** diseaseinfection

Encephalopathy (HIV-related)

***** simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

***** avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

***** (recurrent)

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

***** of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

The best known clinical picture of ***** in Africa is "slim," the term given by people ***** rural Uganda to ***** HIV wasting ***** (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations of HIV d*****ease are weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders ***** frequent early *****, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, ***** pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, which become shal***** ulcers due to scratching ********** finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other diseases are related ***** AIDS:

Tuberculosis is the ***** important infection complicating HIV infection in third-world countries, and may present at any *****.

An inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial septicemia.

***** toxoplasmosis and cryptococcal meningitis are probably more frequent causes of severe HIV related ***** in ***** industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most *****ten *****s as a lesion of the brain, ***** cryptococcosis as chronic meningitis.

The ********** between tropical diseases and HIV infection ***** only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretically, HIV infection could increase ***** incidence of ***** diseases, ***** alter their history, expression, and response to treatment.

***** has been related in studies to a large variety of diseases ***** may be more ***** ***** first imag*****ed, but on June 5, 1981, when the C***** for Disease Control


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