Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...


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AIDS

***** research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-to-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), ***** virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being ***** with ***** does not mean that the person has *****. But if it is left untreated, HIV infection can damage one's immune system and become AIDS.

***** ***** the most serious stage of HIV infection, resulting in the destruction of ***** infected *****'s immune system. If the ***** system is not working, one is at risk for serious and l*****e-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to diseases. The CD4 cells are the white blood cells ***** fight infection. They ***** also called *****+T cells ***** CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number ***** those cells in ***** blood sample. *****he HIV virus enters the CD4 ***** and uses those cells to make copies of itself, destroying the cells in the process. ***** low CD4 cell count means that the immune system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 cells w*****h which ***** fight infections ***** cancer.

***** is diagnosed by counting the CD4 *****. ***** there are ***** than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not infected with HIV), then they ***** considered to have HIV. The illnesses that define AIDS conditions are:

CandidiasisSyndrome).

***** cancer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

Cytomegalovirus diseaseinfection

Encephalopathy (HIV-related)

***** simplex (severe infection)

*****

Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

***** avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

Pneumonia (recurrent)

Progressive mult*****ocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

***** of the brain

Tuberculosis

Wasting syndrome.

The best known clinical picture of ***** in Africa is "slim," the term given by people in rural Uganda to ***** HIV wasting ***** (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations ***** ***** disease are weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders ***** frequent early manifestations, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, ***** pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, ***** become shallow ulcers due to scratching and finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other diseases are related to AIDS:

Tuberculosis is the ***** important infection complicating HIV infection in third-world countries, ***** may present at any stage.

***** inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial septicemia.

Cerebral *****xoplasmosis and cryptococcal meningitis ***** probably more frequent causes ***** ***** HIV related disease in developing industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most often presents as a lesion of the brain, and cryptococcosis as chronic meningitis.

The *****sociation between tropical *****s and ***** infection ***** only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretic*****lly, HIV infection could increase ***** incidence of ***** diseases, ***** alter their history, expression, and response to treatment.

***** has been related in studies to a large variety ***** ***** ***** may be more ***** than first imagined, but on June 5, 1981, when the C***** for Disease Control

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