Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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***** research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-to-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being ***** with ***** does not mean that the person has *****. But if it is left untreated, HIV infection can damage one's immune system and become AIDS.

AIDS ***** the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of the infected person's immune system. If the ***** system is not working, one is at r*****k for serious ***** life-threatening infections or cancer.

HIV attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to *****s. The CD4 cells are ***** white blood cells that fight infection. They ***** also called CD4+T ***** ***** CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number of those cells in ***** blood sample. *****he HIV virus enters the CD4 ***** ***** uses those cells to make copies ***** itself, destroying the cells in the process. ***** low ***** cell count ***** that the immune system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 *****s w*****h which to ***** *****fections and cancer.

AIDS is diagnosed by counting the CD4 cells. If there are fewer than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not ***** with HIV), then they ***** considered to have HIV. The illnesses that define AIDS conditions are:


***** cancer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

Cytomegalovirus diseaseinfection

Encephalopathy (HIV-related)

***** simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

Mycobacterium avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

Pneumonia (recurrent)

Progressive mult*****ocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

***** of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

***** best known clinical picture of AIDS in Africa is "slim," the term given by people in rural Uganda to the HIV wasting ***** (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations ***** HIV disease are weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders are frequent early *****, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, ***** pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, ***** become shallow ulcers due to scratching and finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other diseases ***** related to AIDS:

Tuberculosis is the ***** important infection complicating HIV infection in third-world countries, and may present at any stage.

An inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial *****.

***** *****xoplasmosis and cryptococcal meningitis are probably more frequent causes of severe HIV related disease in ***** industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most *****ten *****s as a lesion of ***** brain, and cryptococcosis as chronic *****.

The association between tropical *****s and HIV ***** ***** only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretic*****lly, HIV infection could increase the incidence of ***** diseases, and alter *****ir history, expression, and response to treatment.

AIDS has been related in studies ***** a large variety ***** ***** ***** may be more ********** than first imagined, but on June 5, 1981, when the C***** for Disease Control


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