Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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***** research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-to-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being infected with HIV does not mean that the person has AIDS. But if it is left untreated, HIV infection can damage one's immune system and become AIDS.

AIDS is the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of the ***** person's immune system. If the immune system ***** not working, one is at risk for serious and l*****e-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to **********. The CD4 cells are ***** white blood cells that fight infection. They ***** also called CD4+T cells or CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number ***** those cells in the blood sample. The HIV virus enters ***** CD4 cells ***** uses those cells to make copies of itself, destroying the cells in the process. ***** low CD4 cell ***** means that the ***** system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 cells w*****h which ***** ***** *****fections and cancer.

AIDS is diagnosed by counting the CD4 *****. ***** there are fewer than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not infected with HIV), then they ***** considered to have HIV. The *****es that define AIDS conditions are:


Cervical cancer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

***** diseaseinfection

Encephalopathy (HIV-related)

Herpes simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

***** avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

***** (recurrent)

Progressive mult*****ocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

***** of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

***** best known clinical picture of ***** in Africa is "slim," ***** term given by people in rural Uganda to the HIV wasting syndrome (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations ***** ***** disease are weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders ***** frequent early manifestations, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, and pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, ***** become shal***** ulcers due to scratching and finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other diseases are related ***** AIDS:

Tuberculosis is the ***** important infection complicating HIV infection in third-world countries, and may present at any *****.

An inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial septicemia.

***** toxoplasmosis ***** cryptococcal meningitis ***** probably more frequent causes of ***** HIV related ***** in developing industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most ********** presents as a lesion of ***** brain, and cryptococcosis ***** chronic meningitis.

The association between tropical diseases and HIV ***** has only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretically, HIV infection could increase the incidence of tropical diseases, ***** alter *****ir history, expression, and response to treatment.

***** has been related in studies to a large variety ***** diseases and may be more *****vasive than first imagined, but on June 5, 1981, when the Centers for Disease Control


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