Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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***** research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-to-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), ***** virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being ***** with HIV does not mean that the person has AIDS. But if it is left untreated, ***** infection can damage one's immune system and become AIDS.

AIDS ***** the most serious stage of HIV infection, resulting in the destruction of ***** infected person's immune system. If the ***** system is not working, one ***** at risk for serious and l*****e-threatening infections or cancer.

HIV attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to diseases. The CD4 cells are ***** white blood cells that fight infection. They are also called CD4+T ***** ***** CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number ***** those cells in the blood sample. The HIV virus enters the CD4 ***** ***** uses those cells to make copies of itself, destroying the cells in ***** process. ***** low CD4 cell ***** ***** that the immune system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 *****s w*****h which ***** ***** *****fections and cancer.

***** is diagnosed by counting the CD4 cells. If there are ***** than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not ***** with *****), then they ***** considered to have HIV. The *****es that define AIDS conditions are:


Cervical cancer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

Cytomegalovirus diseaseinfection

Encephalopathy (HIV-related)

***** simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

Mycobacterium avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

***** (recurrent)

***** multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

***** of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

***** best known clinical picture of AIDS in Africa is "slim," ***** term given by people in rural Uganda to the HIV wasting ***** (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations of HIV d*****ease are weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders ***** frequent early *****, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, and pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, which become shallow ulcers due ***** scratching ********** finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other ***** are related to AIDS:

***** is the ***** important infection complicating ***** infection in third-world countries, and may present at any stage.

An inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial *****.

***** toxoplasmosis ***** cryptococcal meningitis ***** probably more frequent causes of ***** HIV related ***** in ***** industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most *****ten presents as a lesion of ***** brain, and cryptococcosis as chronic meningitis.

The *****sociation between tropical diseases and ***** ***** has only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretic*****lly, HIV infection could increase the incidence of ***** diseases, ***** alter *****ir history, expression, and response to treatment.

AIDS has been related in studies ***** a large variety of diseases and may be more ***** than first imag*****ed, but on June 5, 1981, when the Centers for Disease Control


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