Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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This research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-*****-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), ***** virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being ***** with HIV does not mean ***** the person has *****. But if it is left untreated, ***** infection can damage one's immune system and become AIDS.

AIDS ***** the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of the infected person's ***** system. If the immune system is not working, one is at risk for serious and life-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to **********. The CD4 cells are ***** white blood cells that fight infection. They ***** also called CD4+T cells ***** CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number of those cells in ***** blood sample. The HIV virus enters the CD4 ***** ***** uses those cells to make copies ***** itself, destroying the cells in the process. ***** low CD4 cell count means that the immune system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 cells w*****h which to ***** *****fections and cancer.

AIDS is diagnosed by counting ***** CD4 *****. ***** there are fewer than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not infected with *****), then they are considered to have HIV. The *****es that define AIDS conditions are:


***** cancer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

***** diseaseinfection

***** (HIV-related)

***** simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

***** avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

Pneumonia (recurrent)

Progressive mult*****ocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

***** of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

The best known clinical picture of AIDS in Africa is "slim," ***** term given by people ***** rural Uganda to the HIV wasting syndrome (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations of HIV disease are weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders are frequent early manifestations, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, ***** pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, which become shal***** ulcers due to scratching and finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other diseases are related ***** AIDS:

***** is the most important infection complicating HIV infection in third-world countries, ***** may present at any stage.

An inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial septicemia.

***** toxoplasmosis and cryptococcal meningitis ***** probably more frequent causes ***** severe HIV related ***** in ***** industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most often presents as a lesion of ***** brain, ***** cryptococcosis as chronic *****.

The ********** between tropical diseases and HIV infection has only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretically, HIV ***** could increase the incidence of ***** diseases, and alter *****ir history, expression, and response to treatment.

***** has been related in studies to a large variety of diseases ***** may be more invasive than first imagined, but on June 5, 1981, when the C***** for Disease Control


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