Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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This research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-*****-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being ***** with ***** does not mean ***** ***** person has AIDS. But if it is left untreated, HIV infection can damage one's immune system and become *****.

AIDS is the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of the infected person's ***** system. If the immune system ***** not working, one is at r*****k for serious and life-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to diseases. The CD4 cells are the white blood cells that fight infection. They ***** also called *****+***** cells or CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number of those cells in the blood sample. *****he HIV virus enters ***** CD4 cells ***** uses those cells to make copies ***** itself, destroying the cells in the process. A low ***** cell ***** ***** that the ***** system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 *****s with which to ***** infections and cancer.

***** is diagnosed by counting the CD4 cells. ***** there are fewer than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not infected with *****), then they are considered to have HIV. The *****es that define AIDS conditions are:


***** c*****cer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

Cytomegalovirus diseaseinfection

***** (HIV-related)

***** simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

***** avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

Pneumonia (recurrent)

***** mult*****ocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

Toxoplasmosis of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

The best known clinical picture of ***** in Africa is "slim," ***** term given by people in rural Uganda to the HIV wasting syndrome (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations of ***** d*****ease are weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders ***** frequent early *****, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, and pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, ***** become shallow ulcers due ***** scratching and finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other ***** are related to AIDS:

***** is the ***** important infection complicating HIV infection in third-world countries, and may present at any stage.

An inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial *****.

Cerebral *****xoplasmosis and cryptococcal meningitis are probably more frequent causes of ***** HIV related disease in developing industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most often presents as a lesion of ***** brain, ***** cryptococcosis ***** chronic *****.

The association between tropical diseases and HIV ***** ***** only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretic*****lly, HIV infection could increase the incidence of tropical diseases, and alter *****ir history, expression, and response to treatment.

***** has been related in studies to a large variety of ***** ***** may be more *****vasive ***** first imagined, but on June 5, 1981, when the Centers for Disease Control


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