Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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***** research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-*****-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), ***** virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being ***** with HIV does not mean ***** the person has AIDS. But if it is left untreated, HIV infection can damage *****'s immune system and become *****.

AIDS ***** the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of the infected person's ***** system. If the immune system is ***** working, one ***** at risk for serious ***** l*****e-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to diseases. The CD4 ***** are the white blood cells that fight infection. They are also called CD4+T ***** or CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number ***** those cells in ***** blood sample. *****he HIV virus enters the CD4 ***** and uses those cells to make copies of itself, destroying the cells in ***** process. A low CD4 cell count means that the immune system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 *****s w*****h which to ***** infections ***** cancer.

AIDS is diagnosed by counting ***** CD4 cells. ***** there are fewer than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not ***** with HIV), then they are considered to have HIV. The *****es that define AIDS conditions are:


Cervical cancer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

Cytomegalovirus diseaseinfection

Encephalopathy (HIV-related)

Herpes simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

Mycobacterium avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

Pneumonia (recurrent)

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

***** of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

The best known clinical picture of ***** in Africa is "slim," the term given by people in rural Uganda to ***** HIV wasting syndrome (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations ***** HIV d*****ease ***** weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders are frequent early *****, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, and pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, ***** become shallow ulcers due to scratching *****d finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other ***** ***** related to AIDS:

Tuberculosis is the ***** important infection complicating HIV infection in third-world countries, and may present at any stage.

An inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial *****.

***** toxoplasmosis ***** cryptococcal meningitis are probably more frequent causes of ***** HIV related ***** in developing industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most *****ten *****s as a lesion of the brain, and cryptococcosis ***** chronic *****.

The association between tropical diseases ***** ***** infection ***** only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretic*****lly, HIV ***** could increase the incidence of tropical diseases, and alter *****ir history, expression, and response to treatment.

***** has been related in studies ***** a large variety ***** ***** ***** may be more ***** ***** first imagined, but on June 5, 1981, when the Centers for Disease Control


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