Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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***** research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-to-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), ***** virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being infected with HIV does not mean ***** the person has *****. But if it is left untreated, ***** infection can damage one's immune system and become AIDS.

AIDS is the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of ***** infected *****'s ***** system. If the immune system ***** ***** working, one is at risk for serious and l*****e-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to *****s. The CD4 ***** are ***** white blood cells that fight infection. They are also called *****+***** cells ***** CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number of those cells in ***** blood sample. *****he HIV virus enters the CD4 cells ***** uses those cells to make copies ***** itself, destroying the cells in ***** process. ***** low ***** cell count ***** that the ***** system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 ********** with which to ***** infections and cancer.

***** is diagnosed by counting the CD4 cells. ***** there are fewer than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not ***** with *****), then they are considered to have HIV. The *****es that define AIDS conditions are:


***** cancer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

***** diseaseinfection

Encephalopathy (HIV-related)

***** simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

***** avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

Pneumonia (recurrent)

***** mult*****ocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

***** of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

The best known clinical picture of ***** in Africa is "slim," the term given by people ***** rural Uganda to the HIV wasting ***** (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations ***** ***** disease ***** weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders are frequent early *****, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, and pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, ***** become shallow ulcers due to scratching *****d finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other diseases are related to AIDS:

Tuberculosis is the most important infection complicating HIV infection in third-world countries, and may present at any stage.

***** inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial *****.

Cerebral *****xoplasmosis and cryptococcal meningitis ***** probably more frequent causes ***** severe HIV related disease in developing industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most often presents as a lesion of ***** brain, and cryptococcosis as chronic meningitis.

The association between tropical diseases and ***** infection has only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretically, HIV ***** could increase the incidence of tropical diseases, and alter their history, expression, and response to treatment.

AIDS has been related in studies to a large variety ***** ***** ***** may be more ***** ***** first imagined, but on June 5, 1981, when the Centers for Disease Control


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