Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...


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AIDS

This research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-*****-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being infected with HIV does not mean ***** the person has AIDS. But if it is left untreated, HIV infection can damage one's immune system and become *****.

AIDS is the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of ***** infected person's ***** system. If the immune system is not working, one ***** at risk for serious and life-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to *****s. The CD4 cells are ***** white blood cells that fight infection. They ***** also called CD4+T cells ***** CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number ***** those cells in the blood sample. The HIV virus enters the CD4 ***** and uses those cells to make copies of itself, destroying the cells in the process. ***** low CD4 cell ***** means that the immune system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 ********** w*****h which to ***** infections and cancer.

AIDS is diagnosed by counting ***** CD4 cells. ***** there are ***** than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not infected with HIV), then they are considered to have HIV. The *****es that define AIDS conditions are:

Candidiasis*****).

***** cancer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

***** diseaseinfection

Encephalopathy (HIV-related)

Herpes simplex (severe infection)

*****

Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

Mycobacterium avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

***** (recurrent)

***** multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

Toxoplasmosis of the brain

*****

Wasting syndrome.

***** best known clinical picture of ***** in Africa is "slim," ***** term given by people in rural Uganda to the HIV wasting ***** (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations of ***** disease are weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders are frequent early *****, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, and pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, ***** become shal***** ulcers due ***** scratching ********** finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other diseases ***** related to AIDS:

***** is the most important infection complicating HIV infection in third-world countries, and may present at any stage.

An inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial septicemia.

Cerebral *****xoplasmosis ***** cryptococcal meningitis are probably more frequent causes ***** severe HIV related ***** in ***** industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most often *****s as a lesion of the brain, and cryptococcosis as chronic *****.

The association between tropical diseases ***** ***** infection has only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretic*****lly, HIV infection could increase ***** incidence of tropical diseases, and alter their history, expression, and response to treatment.

AIDS has been related in studies ***** a large variety of ***** and may be more ***** ***** first imag*****ed, but on June 5, 1981, when the C***** for Disease Control

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