Essay - AIDS This Research Will Attempt to Coalesce the Most Recent...

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***** research will attempt to coalesce the most recent and up-*****-date information about AIDS available.

A positive HIV test result means that one is infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Being ***** with HIV does not mean ***** ***** person has AIDS. But if it is left untreated, HIV infection can damage one's immune system and become *****.

AIDS is the most serious stage of HIV *****, resulting in the destruction of ***** infected *****'s immune system. If the ***** system ***** ***** working, one is at risk for serious and life-threatening infections or cancer.

***** attacks and destroys disease fighting cells, leaving the body open to **********. The CD4 ***** are ***** white blood cells that fight infection. They are also called *****+T cells ***** CD4 T lymphocytes. A CD4 count is the number ***** those cells in ***** blood sample. The HIV virus enters the CD4 cells ***** uses those cells to make copies of itself, destroying the cells in ***** process. A low ***** cell count ***** that the immune system is weakened, as it has fewer CD4 cells with which to fight infections and cancer.

AIDS is diagnosed by counting ***** CD4 *****. ***** there are ***** than 200 cells/mm3, or if one develops an AIDS-defining condition (an unusual illness in someone not ***** with HIV), then they ***** considered to have *****. The illnesses that define AIDS conditions are:


***** c*****cer (invasive)

Coccidioidomycosis, Cryptococcosis, Cryptosporidiosis

***** diseaseinfection

Encephalopathy (HIV-related)

Herpes simplex (severe infection)


Kaposi's sarcoma

Lymphoma (certain types)

Mycobacterium avium complex

Pneumocystis carinii/jiroveci pneumonia

***** (recurrent)

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Salmonella septicemia (recurrent)

Toxoplasmosis of the brain


Wasting syndrome.

The best known clinical picture of AIDS in Africa is "slim," ***** term given by people in rural Uganda to the HIV wasting syndrome (Newly 2006)

Early manifestations of HIV disease ***** weight loss, fever, night sweats, and diarrhea. Skin disorders are frequent early *****, especially varicella zoster, fungal infections, ***** pruriginous dermatitis, an itchy rash consisting initially of papules, which become shal***** ulcers due to scratching and finally heal, leaving pigmented macules. In addition, other diseases ***** related ***** AIDS:

***** is the most important infection complicating ***** infection in third-world countries, and may present at any *****.

An inadequately recognized manifestation of HIV disease in developing countries has been bacterial septicemia.

Cerebral toxoplasmosis ***** cryptococcal meningitis are probably more frequent causes of ***** HIV related disease in ***** industrialized countries. Cerebral toxoplasmosis most often presents as a lesion of the brain, and cryptococcosis as chronic meningitis.

The ********** between tropical *****s and ***** infection ***** only been studied to a limited degree. Theoretic*****lly, HIV infection could increase ***** incidence of tropical diseases, and alter their history, expression, and response to treatment.

***** has been related in studies ***** a large variety ***** ***** ***** may be more ***** ***** first imag*****ed, but on June 5, 1981, when the Centers for Disease Control


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