Essay - American with Disabilities Act the Americans with Disabilities Act (Ada)...

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American with Disabilities Act

The Americans ***** Disabilities ***** (ADA) was signed into law on July 26, 1990 as Public Law 101-336. However, the law didn't become effective until January 26, 1992. The ***** is federal legislation that opened up services and employment opportunities to ***** millions of Americans with disabilities. This law was written to help balance the reasonable accommodation ***** citizens' needs ***** the capacity of private and public entities ***** respond. It ***** put into place to get rid ***** illegal discrimination and level ***** playing field for disabled individuals.

***** advocating rights for ***** people, many have worked ***** establish several important principles. One is ***** they be considered on the basis of individual merit, not ***** stereotyped assumptions about disabilities. Another is that society must make certain changes to enable the disabled ***** participate more easily in business and social activities such as providing wheelchair access to public transportation, building entrances, and theaters. A third principle is that, to the extent appropriate for each individual, d*****abled people should be mainstreamed ***** people who do not have disabilities.

Components of the Legislation

This law is made ***** ***** five titles that prohibit discrimination against disabled persons in the United States. Titles I and ********** of this legislation affect local government.

Title I addresses the area of employment. It states that places ***** business must provide accessible facilities ***** protect the rights of *****s with disabilities in all ********** of employment. Changes might include restructuring jobs, altering ***** layout of workstations, or modifying equipment. Employment aspects may include the application process, hiring, wages, benefits, and all o*****r aspects of employment. Medical examinations are specific ***** may be monit*****ed.

***** the 1998-99 term ***** the United States Supreme Court, a m*****jor area of focus was on defining the American ***** Disabilities Act. The justices reviewed whe*****r *****mer employees could sue their former employers for violati*****s of the act even though the ***** employees were seeking full disability *****nefits from the Social Security Administration. Various cases and their resolutions were evaluated. The ***** Court agreed to decide if *****mer employees could sue employers for alleged violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act even though the claimants already sought full disability benefits under Social Security. The addition ***** ***** ADA case, Cleveland vs. Policy Management Systems Corporation, to the docket was a signific*****nt case for *****. ***** question ***** was to be answered with this ***** is whether workers who made disability claims ***** Social Security and then collected ***** payments might also pursue claims against employers under the Americans with ***** Act.

Carolyn Cleveland ***** the plaintiff in this case. She suffered a stroke and applied for Social ***** *****nefits. When the doctor released her to return to work, she ********** the Social Security Administration that she no longer needed the benefits. She *****ed to *****, but ***** had trouble with her job responsibilities ***** was fired. ***** filed again for ***** Security disability benefits but before she received


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