Essay - American with Disabilities Act the Americans with Disabilities Act (Ada)...

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American with Disabilities Act

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was signed into law on July 26, 1990 as Public Law 101-336. However, the ***** didn't become effective until January 26, 1992. The ***** is federal legislation that opened up services and employment opportunities to the millions of ***** with disabilities. This law was written to help balance ***** reasonable accommodation ***** citizens' needs ***** the capacity of private and public entities to respond. It was put into place to get rid ***** illegal discrimination ***** level the playing field for disabled individuals.

In advocating rights for ***** people, many have worked to establish several important principles. One is that *****y be considered on the basis of individual merit, not ***** stereotyped assumptions about disabilities. A*****her is ***** society must make certain changes to enable the disabled to participate more easily in bus*****ess and social activities such as providing wheelchair access ***** public transportation, building entrances, and *****aters. A third principle is that, to the extent appropriate for each individual, d*****abled people should ***** mainstreamed with people who do not have disabilities.

Components of the Legislation

***** law is made ***** ***** five titles that prohibit discrimination against disabled persons in the United States. Titles I and ********** of this legislation affect local government.

Title I addresses ***** area of employment. ********** states that places of business must provide accessible facilities ***** protect the rights of individuals ***** disabilities in all aspects of employment. Changes might *****clude restructuring jobs, altering the layout of workstations, or modifying equipment. Employment ***** may include the application process, hiring, wages, benefits, and all other aspects of employment. Medical examinations are specific ***** ***** be monitored.

During the 1998-99 term ***** the United ***** Supreme Court, a m*****jor ********** of focus was on defining the American with Disabilities Act. The justices reviewed whe*****r *****mer employees could sue their former employers for violations of the act even though the ********** employees were seeking full disability benefits from the Social Security Administration. Various cases and *****ir resolutions ***** evaluated. The ***** Court agreed to decide if former employees could ***** employers for alleged violations ***** the Americans ***** Disabilities Act even though the claimants already sought full disability ***** under Social *****. The addition of the ADA case, Cleveland vs. Policy Management Systems Corporation, to the docket was a signific*****nt case for employers. The question ***** was ***** be answered with this ***** is whether workers who made disability claims with ***** Security and then collected disability payments might also pursue claims ***** employers under the Americans ***** Disabilities Act.

***** ***** was the plaintiff in this case. She suffered a stroke ********** applied for Social Security *****nefits. When the doctor released her to return to work, she ********** the Social Security Administration that she no longer needed the benefits. She *****ed to *****, but then had trouble with her job responsibilities and ***** fired. She filed again for Social Security disability benefits but be*****e she received


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