Essay - American with Disabilities Act the Americans with Disabilities Act (Ada)...

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American with Disabilities Act

The Americans ***** Disabilities ***** (ADA) was signed into law on July 26, 1990 as Public Law 101-336. However, the ***** didn't become effective until January 26, 1992. The ADA is federal legislation that opened up services and employment opportunities to ***** millions of ***** with disabilities. This law was written to help balance the reasonable accommodation of citizens' needs and the capacity ***** private and public entities ***** respond. It was put into place to get rid of illegal discrimination ***** level ***** playing field for disabled individuals.

***** advocating rights for ***** people, many have worked ***** establish several important principles. One is that they be considered on the basis of individual merit, not ***** stereotyped assumptions about disabilities. Another is that society must make certain changes to enable the disabled ***** participate more easily in business and social activities such as providing wheelchair access to public transportation, building entrances, ***** **********. A third principle is *****, ***** the extent appropriate for each *****, d*****abled people should ***** mainstreamed with people who do not have disabilities.

Components of the Legislation

This law is made up of five titles that prohibit discrimination against disabled persons in the United States. Titles I and *****I of this legislation affect local government.

Title I addresses ***** area of employment. ********** states that places ***** business must provide accessible facilities to protect the rights of individuals ***** ***** in all aspects of employment. Changes might include restructuring jobs, altering ***** layout of workstations, or modifying equipment. Employment aspects may include the application process, hiring, wages, benefits, and all o*****r aspects of employment. Medical examinations are specific and may be moni*****red.

***** the 1998-99 term ***** the United ***** Supreme Court, a maj***** ********** of focus was on defining the American with ***** Act. The justices reviewed whether *****mer employees could sue their former employers for violati*****s of the act even though the former employees were seeking full disability benefits from the Social Security Administration. Various cases ***** *****ir resolutions ***** evaluated. The Supreme Court agreed to decide if ***** employees could ***** employers for alleged violations ***** the Americans with Disabilities Act even though the claimants already sought ***** disability benefits under Social Security. The addition of ***** ***** case, Cleveland vs. Policy Management Systems Corporation, to the docket was a significant case for employers. ***** question ***** was to be answered with ***** case is whether workers who made disability claims ***** ***** Security and then collected ***** payments ***** also pursue claims against ***** under the Americans with Disabilities Act.

Carolyn Cleveland ***** the plaintiff in this *****. She suffered a stroke ********** applied for Social ***** *****. When the doctor released her to return to work, she *****ified the Social Security Administration that she no longer needed the benefits. ***** returned to work, but then had trouble with her job responsibilities and was fired. She filed again ***** ***** Security disability benefits but before ***** received


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