Essay - American History the Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy:...


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American history

The Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy: 1890-1928

The latter half of the 19th century was rife with social and economic changes that would shape ***** development of American domestic and foreign policy between 1890 and 1928. The policies that would be created were drafted at the confluence of a variety ***** events. These included the lasting effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, demographic growth, imperialism, and statism. Combined, these factors contributed to the creation ***** U.S. foreign ***** domestic ***** that was much more proactive and intrusive by 1928 than it had been in 1890.

***** ***** changes that occurred in the wake of ***** ***** War during the Reconstruction Era are well-documented. Newly emancipated slaves changed social and ***** conditions in the South, their freedom crippl*****g a plantation-based agricultural economy. At the same time, however, industrialization ***** taking powerful hold in the North--particularly the Northeast. By 1894, the United States had been transformed from a former British holding into the largest manufacturing nation in the world (Johnson 531).

Fueling this industrial ***** was an influx ***** new workers. After ***** Civil War, the U.S. population stood at about 39 million, with ***** of those people still living in rural communities. However, ***** World War I, n*****ural ***** growth ***** swollen ***** *****'s population to 100 million, ***** ***** 70% ***** whom now lived in urban areas. Added to that was an incredible influx of immigr*****ts ***** this period. Between 1890 and 1914 alone, 15 million immigrants arrived on U.S. shores looking for work ***** to put down roots (***** 513-514).

Socially, the United States was in a tr*****nsition period during the late 19th ***** as the ideals of Populism flourished and then gave way ***** Progressivism. The former lasted roughly from 1880 until 1900 and represented the last hurrah of the U.S.' ***** economy, stressing farmers' ideals. Dissimilarly, Progressivism was driven by educated ***** intellectuals who brought new socialist values to ***** policy during ***** era (Johnson 607). ***** the ***** time, the U.S.--like so many o*****r nations--became gripped by imperialist sensibilities. ***** ***** ***** their politicians came to believe that American control should be extended ***** territorial holdings beyond the lower contiguous states and territories (Johnson 609). As ***** the already mentioned *****, ***** facilitated significant changes in domestic ***** foreign *****.

Overall ***** tendency ***** foreign and domestic policy changes was toward extension of the role and authority of ***** U.S. government at home ***** abroad. Domestically, policies shifted toward increased st*****ism. Under Woodrow Wilson in particular the U.S. government acquired ***** new powers that allowed it to act w*****h greater influence on American soil. The passage of a Constitution*****l Amendment authorizing an income tax on all Americ*****s cemented more fiduciary power in the federal government and gave it the abil*****y to ***** with ***** impunity. The rise of ***** dur*****g this era also influenced domestic policy. ***** threat ***** Big Business loomed large ***** ***** Government was perceived to be

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