Essay - American History the Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy:...


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American history

The Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy: 1890-1928

***** latter half of the 19th century was rife with social ***** economic changes that would shape the development of American domestic and foreign policy between 1890 ***** 1928. The policies that would be created were drafted at the confluence of a variety of events. These included the lasting effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, demographic growth, imperialism, and statism. Combined, these factors contributed to the creation ***** U.S. foreign ***** domestic policy that was much more proactive and intrusive by 1928 than it had been in *****.

The ***** changes that occurred in the wake of the Civil War during the Reconstruction Era are well-documented. Newly emancipated slaves changed social and ***** conditions in the South, their freedom crippling a pl*****ntation-based agricultural economy. At the same time, however, industrialization was taking powerful hold in the North--particularly the Northeast. By 1894, the United States had been transformed from a former British holding in***** the largest manufacturing nation in the world (Johnson 531).

Fueling this industrial ***** ***** an influx of new workers. After the Civil War, the U.S. population stood at about 39 million, with half of those people still living in rural communities. However, by World War I, natural ***** growth ***** swollen the nation's population to 100 million, ***** ***** 70% of whom now lived in urban *****as. Added to that was an incredible influx of immigr*****ts ***** this period. Between 1890 and 1914 alone, 15 million immigrants arrived on U.S. shores looking for work ***** to put down roots (***** 513-514).

Socially, ***** ***** States was in a tr*****nsition period during the late 19th century as ***** ideals of Populism flourished and then gave way to Progressivism. The former lasted roughly from 1880 until 1900 and represented the last hurrah of ***** U.S.' ***** economy, stressing farmers' ideals. Dissimilarly, Progressivism ***** driven by educated urban intellectuals who brought ***** ********** values ***** ***** ***** during that era (Johnson 607). At the ***** time, the U.S.--like so many o*****r nations--became gripped by imperialist sensibilities. The people and their politicians came to believe that American control should be extended to territorial holdings *****yond the lower contiguous states and territories (***** 609). As ***** ***** already mentioned *****, ***** facilitated significant changes in domestic ***** foreign policy.

Overall the tendency in foreign and domestic ***** changes was toward extension of ***** role ***** authority of the U.S. government at home and abroad. Domestically, ***** shifted toward increased statism. Under Woodrow Wilson in particular the U.S. government acquired ***** new powers ***** allowed it to act w*****h greater influence on American soil. ***** passage ***** a Constitution*****l Amendment authorizing an income tax on all Americ*****s cemented more fiduciary power in the federal government ***** ***** it the ability to ***** with ***** impunity. The rise of ***** during this era also influenced domestic policy. ***** threat ***** Big Business loomed large and ***** Government was perceived to be

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