Essay - American History the Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy:...

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American history

The Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy: 1890-1928

The latter half of the 19th century was rife with social ***** economic changes that would shape ***** development of ***** domestic and foreign policy between 1890 and 1928. The policies ***** would be created were drafted at the confluence of a variety of events. These included the lasting effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, demographic growth, imperialism, and statism. Combined, these factors contributed to the creation ***** U.S. foreign ***** domestic ***** that was much more proactive and intrusive by ***** than it had been in *****.

The ***** changes that occurred ***** the wake of the Civil War during the Reconstruction Era are well-documented. Newly emancipated slaves changed social ***** ***** conditions in the South, their freedom crippl*****g a pl*****ntation-based agricultural economy. At the same time, however, industrialization was taking powerful hold in the North--particularly the Northeast. By 1894, the United States had been transformed from a former British hold*****g into the largest manufacturing nation in the world (Johnson 531).

***** this industrial ***** ***** an influx of new workers. After ***** ***** War, the U.S. population stood at about 39 million, with ***** of those people still living in rural communities. However, ***** World War I, n*****ural ***** growth had swollen the nation's population to 100 million, more than 70% ***** whom now lived in urban *****as. Added to that was an incredible ***** of immigr*****ts during this period. Between 1890 and 1914 alone, 15 million immigrants arrived on U.S. shores looking for work ***** to put down roots (***** 513-514).

Socially, ***** ***** States was in a tr*****nsition period during the late 19th century as ***** ideals of Populism flourished and then gave way ***** Progressivism. The former l*****ted roughly from 1880 until 1900 and represented the last hurrah of ***** U.S.' agricultural economy, stressing farmers' *****. Dissimilarly, Progressivism ***** driven by educated urban intellectuals who brought ***** socialist values to American policy during that era (Johnson 607). At the same time, the U.S.--like so many other nations--became gripped by imperialist sensibilities. The ***** ***** their politicians came ***** believe that American control should be extended to territorial holdings *****yond the lower contiguous states and territories (***** 609). As with ***** already mentioned *****, this facilitated significant changes in domestic and foreign *****.

Overall the tendency ***** foreign and domestic policy changes was toward extension of ***** role ***** authority of the U.S. government at home and abroad. Domestically, ***** shifted toward increased st*****ism. Under Woodrow Wilson in particular the U.S. government acquired significant new powers that allowed it to act with greater influence on American soil. ***** passage of a C*****stitutional Amendment authorizing an income tax on all Americ*****s cemented ***** fiduciary power in the federal government and ***** it the abil*****y to act with greater impunity. The rise of Progressivism dur*****g ***** era also influenced domestic *****. The threat of Big Business loomed large and ***** Government was perceived to be


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