Essay - American History the Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy:...


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American history

The Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy: 1890-1928

The latter half of the 19th century was rife with social ***** economic changes that would shape the development of American domestic and foreign policy between 1890 ***** 1928. The policies that would be created were drafted at the confluence of a variety of events. These included the lasting effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, demographic growth, imperialism, and statism. Combined, these factors contributed to the creation of U.S. foreign ***** domestic ***** that was much more proactive and intrusive by 1928 than it had been in *****.

The social changes that occurred in the wake of ***** ***** War during the Reconstruction Era are well-documented. Newly emancipated slaves changed social ***** ***** conditions in the South, their freedom crippling a plantation-based agricultural economy. At the same time, however, ***** was taking powerful hold in the North--particularly the Northeast. By 1894, the United States had been transformed from a former British holding in***** the l*****rgest manufactur*****g nation in the world (Johnson 531).

***** this industrial ***** was an influx ***** new workers. After the Civil War, the U.S. population stood at about 39 million, with ***** of those people still living in rural communities. However, ***** World War I, natural ***** growth had swollen ***** *****'s population to 100 million, more than 70% ***** whom now lived in urban *****as. Added to that was an incredible influx of immigrants during this period. Between 1890 and 1914 alone, 15 million ***** arrived on U.S. shores looking for work and to put down roots (Johnson 513-514).

*****, the ***** States was in a tr*****nsition period during the late 19th ***** as ***** ideals of Populism flourished and then gave way to Progressivism. The former lasted roughly from 1880 until 1900 and represented the last hurrah of the U.S.' agricultural economy, stressing farmers' *****. Dissimilarly, Progressivism was driven by educated urban intellectuals who brought new ********** values ***** American policy during that era (***** 607). At ***** ***** time, the U.S.--like so many other nations--became gripped by imperialist sensibilities. ***** people and their politicians came to believe that American control should be extended to terri*****rial holdings beyond the lower contiguous states and territories (John*****n 609). As ***** the already mentioned changes, this facilitated significant changes in domestic and foreign policy.

Overall ***** tendency in foreign and domestic policy changes was toward extension of the role ***** authority of ***** U.S. government at home and abroad. Domestically, policies shifted toward increased st*****ism. Under Woodrow Wilson in particular the U.S. government acquired significant new powers that allowed it to act with greater influence on American soil. The passage ***** a Constitution*****l Amendment authorizing an income tax on all Americans cemented more fiduciary power in the federal government ***** gave it the ability to ***** with ***** impunity. The rise of ***** during ***** era also influenced domestic policy. The threat ***** Big Business loomed large and ***** Government ***** perceived to be

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