Essay - American History the Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy:...

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American history

The Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy: 1890-1928

***** latter half of the 19th century was rife with social and economic changes that would shape the development of ***** domestic and foreign policy between 1890 and 1928. The policies that would be created were drafted at the confluence of a variety of events. These included the lasting effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, demographic growth, imperialism, and statism. Combined, these factors contributed to the creation ***** U.S. foreign and domestic policy that was much more proactive and intrusive by 1928 than it had been in 1890.

***** social changes that occurred in the wake of ***** ***** War during the Reconstruction Era are well-documented. Newly emancipated slaves changed social ***** ***** conditions in the South, their freedom crippling a pl*****ntation-based agricultural economy. At the same time, however, ***** ***** taking powerful hold in the North--particularly the Northeast. By 1894, the United States ***** been transformed from a former British hold*****g in***** the largest manufacturing nation in the world (Johnson 531).

Fueling this industrial growth was an influx of new workers. After the Civil War, the U.S. population stood at about 39 million, with half of those people still living in rural communities. However, by World War I, natural ***** growth had swollen the nation's population to 100 million, more ***** 70% ***** whom now lived in urban areas. Added to that ***** an incredible ***** of immigrants during this period. Between 1890 and 1914 alone, 15 million ***** arrived on U.S. shores looking for work ***** to put down roots (***** 513-514).

Socially, the United States was in a tr*****nsition period during the late 19th century as the ideals of Populism flourished and then gave way to Progressivism. The former l*****ted roughly from 1880 until 1900 and represented the last hurrah of the U.S.' agricultural economy, stressing farmers' ideals. Dissimilarly, Progressivism was driven by educated ***** intellectuals who brought ***** socialist values ***** American policy during ***** era (Johnson 607). At the ***** time, the U.S.--like so many other nations--became gripped by imperialist sensibilities. The people and their politicians came to believe that American control should be extended ***** territorial holdings beyond the lower contiguous states ***** territories (***** 609). As ***** ***** already mentioned *****, ***** facilitated significant changes in domestic and foreign policy.

Overall the tendency ***** foreign ***** domestic policy changes was toward extension of ***** role and authority of the U.S. government at home and abroad. Domestically, ***** shifted toward increased st*****ism. Under Woodrow Wil*****n in particular the U.S. government acquired significant new powers that allowed it to act with greater influence on American soil. The passage of a Constitutional Amendment authorizing an income tax on all Americ*****s cemented more fiduciary power in the federal government ***** gave it the abil*****y to ***** with ***** impunity. The rise of ***** during this era also influenced domestic *****. ***** threat of Big Business loomed large and ***** Government ***** perceived to be


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