Essay - American History the Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy:...

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American history

The Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy: 1890-1928

***** latter half of the 19th century was rife with social ***** economic changes that would shape the development of ***** domestic and foreign policy between 1890 and 1928. The policies ***** would be created were drafted at the confluence of a variety ***** events. These included ***** lasting effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, demographic growth, imperialism, ***** statism. Combined, these factors contributed to the creation ***** U.S. foreign and domestic ***** that was much more proactive ***** intrusive by 1928 than it had been in 1890.

The ***** changes that occurred ***** the wake of ***** ***** War during the Reconstruction Era are well-documented. Newly emancipated slaves changed social and ***** conditions in the South, their freedom crippl*****g a plantation-based agricultural economy. At the same time, however, ***** was taking powerful hold in the North--particularly the Northeast. By 1894, the United States had been transformed from a former British hold*****g in***** the l*****rgest manufacturing nation in the world (Johnson 531).

Fueling this industrial ***** ***** an influx of new workers. After ***** Civil War, the U.S. population stood at about 39 million, with half of those people still living in rural communities. However, by World War I, n*****ural ***** growth had swollen the *****'s population to 100 million, ***** ***** 70% of whom now lived in urban *****as. Added to that was an incredible influx of immigrants ***** this period. Between 1890 and 1914 alone, 15 million immigrants arrived on U.S. shores looking for work ***** to put down roots (***** 513-514).

Socially, the ***** States was in a transition period during the late 19th century as ***** ideals of Populism flourished and then gave way ***** Progressivism. The former lasted roughly from 1880 until 1900 and represented the last hurrah of ***** U.S.' ***** economy, stressing farmers' *****. Dissimilarly, Progressivism ***** driven by educated urban intellectuals who brought new ********** values to American policy during ***** era (Johnson 607). ***** the ***** time, the U.S.--like so many other nations--became gripped by imperialist sensibilities. The people and their politicians came ***** believe that American control should be extended to terri*****rial holdings beyond the lower contiguous states and territories (***** 609). As with ***** already mentioned *****, this facilitated significant changes in domestic ***** foreign *****.

Overall the tendency ***** foreign and domestic policy changes was toward extension of ***** role ***** authority of the U.S. government at home and abroad. Domestically, ***** shifted toward increased st*****ism. Under Woodrow Wilson in particular the U.S. government acquired significant new powers that allowed it to act w*****h greater influence on American soil. ***** passage ***** a C*****stitutional Amendment authorizing an income tax on all Americ*****s cemented more fiduciary power in the federal government and gave it the abil*****y to act with ***** impunity. The rise of ***** dur*****g this era also influenced domestic *****. ***** threat ***** Big Business loomed large ***** Big Government ***** perceived to be


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