Essay - American History the Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy:...


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American history

The Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy: 1890-1928

***** latter half of the 19th century was rife with social and economic changes that would shape ***** development of American domestic and foreign policy between 1890 and 1928. The policies that would be created were drafted at the confluence of a variety ***** events. These included the lasting effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, demographic growth, imperialism, and statism. Combined, these factors contributed to the creation of U.S. foreign ***** domestic policy that was much more proactive and intrusive by ***** than it had been in *****.

***** social changes that occurred ***** the wake of the ***** War during the Reconstruction Era are well-documented. Newly emancipated slaves changed social ***** economic conditions in the South, their freedom crippl*****g a pl*****ntation-based agricultural economy. At the same time, however, industrialization was taking powerful hold in the North--particularly the Northeast. By 1894, the United States ***** been transformed from a former British holding into the l*****rgest manufacturing nation in the world (Johnson 531).

Fueling this industrial growth ***** an influx of new workers. After ***** Civil War, the U.S. population stood at about 39 million, with ***** of those people still living in rural communities. However, ***** World War I, natural ***** growth had swollen ***** nation's population to 100 million, more ***** 70% ***** whom now lived in urban areas. Added to that was an incredible influx of immigr*****ts ***** this period. Between 1890 and 1914 alone, 15 million immigrants arrived on U.S. shores looking for work and to put down roots (***** 513-514).

Socially, the United States was in a transition period during the late 19th ***** as ***** ideals of Populism flourished and then gave way ***** Progressivism. The former lasted roughly from 1880 until 1900 ***** represented the last hurrah of ***** U.S.' agricultural economy, stressing farmers' ideals. Dissimilarly, Progressivism was driven by educated urban intellectuals who brought ***** socialist values to ***** ***** during ***** era (Johnson 607). At the ***** time, the U.S.--like so many o*****r nations--became gripped by imperialist sensibilities. The people and their politicians came to believe that American control should be extended ***** territ*****ial holdings *****yond the lower contiguous states and territories (John*****n 609). As with ***** already mentioned *****, ***** facilitated significant changes in domestic and foreign policy.

Overall the tendency in foreign and domestic ***** changes was toward extension of the role ***** authority of the U.S. government at home and abroad. Domestically, policies shifted toward increased statism. Under Woodrow Wilson in particular the U.S. government acquired ***** new powers ***** allowed it to act with greater influence on American soil. ***** passage ***** a C*****stitutional Amendment authorizing an income tax on all Americans cemented ***** fiduciary power in the federal government and ***** it the ability to ***** with greater impunity. The rise of ***** during this era also influenced domestic policy. ***** threat ***** Big Business loomed large and Big Government was perceived to be

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