Essay - American History the Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy:...

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American history

The Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy: 1890-1928

***** latter half of the 19th century was rife with social and economic changes that would shape ***** development of ***** domestic and foreign policy between 1890 ***** 1928. The policies that would be created were drafted at the confluence of a variety of events. These included the lasting effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, demographic growth, imperialism, and statism. Combined, these factors contributed to the creation of U.S. foreign and domestic ***** that was much more proactive ***** intrusive by ***** than it had been in 1890.

The ***** changes that occurred ***** the wake of ***** Civil War during the Reconstruction Era are well-documented. Newly emancipated slaves changed social and economic conditions in the South, their freedom crippling a pl*****ntation-based agricultural economy. At the same time, however, industrialization was taking powerful hold in the North--particularly the Northeast. By 1894, the United States had been transformed from a former British holding into the largest manufacturing nation in the world (Johnson 531).

***** this industrial growth ***** an influx of new workers. After the ***** War, the U.S. population stood at about 39 million, with half of those people still living in rural communities. However, ***** World War I, n*****ural ***** growth ***** swollen ***** *****'s population to 100 million, ***** ***** 70% of whom now lived in urban areas. Added to that was an incredible influx of immigrants during this period. Between 1890 and 1914 alone, 15 million ***** arrived on U.S. shores looking for work and to put down roots (***** 513-514).

Socially, the ***** States was in a tr*****nsition period during the late 19th ***** as the ideals of Populism flourished and then gave way ***** Progressivism. The former l*****ted roughly from 1880 until 1900 ***** represented the last hurrah of the U.S.' ***** economy, stressing farmers' *****. Dissimilarly, Progressivism ***** driven by educated urban intellectuals who brought new *****ist values to American policy during ***** era (Johnson 607). At ***** ***** time, the U.S.--like so many o*****r nations--became gripped by imperialist sensibilities. ***** ***** and their politicians came ***** believe that American control should be extended to territorial holdings *****yond the lower contiguous states and territories (***** 609). As with the already mentioned *****, ***** facilitated significant changes in domestic and foreign *****.

Overall ***** tendency ***** foreign ***** domestic policy changes was toward extension of the role and authority of the U.S. government at home ***** abroad. Domestically, ***** shifted toward increased statism. Under Woodrow Wil*****n in particular the U.S. government acquired significant new powers that allowed it to act w*****h greater influence on American soil. The passage of a C*****stitutional Amendment authorizing an income tax on all Americ*****s cemented more fiduciary power in the federal government and ***** it the abil*****y to act with ***** impunity. The rise of Progressivism during this era also influenced domestic *****. The threat of Big Business loomed large and ***** Government was perceived to be


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