Essay - American History the Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy:...

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American history

The Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy: 1890-1928

***** latter half of the 19th century was rife with social ***** economic changes that would shape ***** development of ***** domestic and foreign policy between 1890 ***** 1928. The policies that would be created were drafted at the confluence of a variety ***** events. These included ***** lasting effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, demographic growth, imperialism, and statism. Combined, these factors contributed to the creation of U.S. foreign ***** domestic policy that was much more proactive and intrusive by 1928 than it had been in *****.

The social changes that occurred ***** the wake of ***** Civil War during the Reconstruction Era are well-documented. Newly emancipated slaves changed social and economic conditions in the South, their freedom crippl*****g a pl*****ntation-based agricultural economy. At the same time, however, industrialization ***** taking powerful hold in the North--particularly the Northeast. By 1894, the United States ***** been transformed from a former British holding in***** the largest manufacturing nation in the world (Johnson 531).

Fueling this industrial ***** was an influx of new workers. After ***** ***** War, the U.S. population stood at about 39 million, with half of those people still living in rural communities. However, by World War I, n*****ural population growth had swollen the *****'s ***** to 100 million, more than 70% ***** whom now lived in urban areas. Added to that ***** an incredible ***** of immigrants ***** this period. Between 1890 and 1914 alone, 15 million ***** arrived on U.S. shores looking for work ***** to put down roots (Johnson 513-514).

Socially, ***** ***** States was in a transition period during the late 19th century as ***** ideals of Populism flourished and then gave way ***** Progressivism. The former lasted roughly from 1880 until 1900 ***** represented the last hurrah of the U.S.' ***** economy, stressing farmers' ideals. Dissimilarly, Progressivism was driven by educated urban intellectuals who brought ***** *****ist values to American policy during ***** era (***** 607). ***** the same time, the U.S.--like so many other nations--became gripped by imperialist sensibilities. The people and their politicians came ***** believe that American control should be extended to terri*****rial holdings *****yond the lower contiguous states and territories (Johnson 609). As with the already mentioned *****, this facilitated significant changes in domestic and foreign policy.

Overall the tendency ***** foreign and domestic policy changes was toward extension of the role ***** authority of ***** U.S. government at home and abroad. Domestically, policies shifted toward increased statism. Under Woodrow Wilson in particular the U.S. government acquired significant new powers that allowed it to act w*****h greater influence on American soil. ***** passage ***** a C*****stitution*****l Amendment authorizing an income tax on all Americ*****s cemented more fiduciary power in the federal government and ***** it the abil*****y to act with ***** impunity. The rise of ***** during ***** era also influenced domestic policy. ***** threat ***** Big Business loomed large and Big Government was perceived to be


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