Essay - American History the Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy:...

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American history

The Forces Shaping American Domestic and Foreign Policy: 1890-1928

***** latter half of the 19th century was rife with social and economic changes that would shape ***** development of ***** domestic and foreign policy between 1890 and 1928. The policies ***** would be created were drafted at the confluence of a variety of events. These included ***** lasting effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, industrialization, demographic growth, imperialism, ***** statism. Combined, these factors contributed to the creation of U.S. foreign and domestic ***** that was much more proactive and intrusive by ***** than it had been in *****.

***** social changes that occurred in the wake of ***** Civil War during the Reconstruction Era are well-documented. Newly emancipated slaves changed social and ***** conditions in the South, their freedom crippl*****g a plantation-based agricultural economy. At the same time, however, industrialization ***** taking powerful hold in the North--particularly the Northeast. By 1894, the United States had been transformed from a former British holding into the largest manufacturing nation in the world (Johnson 531).

Fueling this industrial growth was an influx of new workers. After ***** Civil War, the U.S. population stood at about 39 million, with half of those people still living in rural communities. However, by World War I, n*****ural ***** growth ***** swollen the nation's population to 100 million, more ***** 70% ***** whom now lived in urban areas. Added to that ***** an incredible ***** of immigrants ***** this period. Between 1890 and 1914 alone, 15 million ***** arrived on U.S. shores looking for work and to put down roots (***** 513-514).

*****, ***** United States was in a tr*****nsition period during the late 19th ***** as the ideals of Populism flourished and then gave way to Progressivism. The former l*****ted roughly from 1880 until 1900 ***** represented the last hurrah of ***** U.S.' ***** economy, stressing farmers' *****. Dissimilarly, Progressivism was driven by educated urban intellectuals who brought ***** *****ist values ***** American policy during ***** era (Johnson 607). At the ***** time, the U.S.--like so many o*****r nations--became gripped by imperialist sensibilities. The people and their politicians came to believe that American control should be extended to terri*****rial holdings *****yond the lower contiguous states and territories (Johnson 609). As with the already mentioned changes, ***** facilitated significant changes in domestic ***** foreign *****.

Overall ***** tendency ***** foreign and domestic policy changes was toward extension of the role and authority of ***** U.S. government at home ***** abroad. Domestically, policies shifted toward increased statism. Under Woodrow Wilson in particular the U.S. government acquired ***** new powers that allowed it to act w*****h greater influence on American soil. The passage ***** a Constitutional Amendment authorizing an income tax on all Americ*****s cemented ***** fiduciary power in the federal government and ***** it the ability to act with greater impunity. The rise of Progressivism during this era also influenced domestic policy. ***** threat ***** Big Business loomed large and Big Government was perceived to be


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