Essay - Animal Experimentation This is a Paper that Concentrates on the...


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Animal Experimentation

This is a paper that concentrates on the negative side of animal experimentation. There are four references used.

Introduction

***** testing is becoming a m*****jor issue for many people today. The pictures of innocent *****s with electrodes attached to *****m, as well as those showing the results of numerous chemical tests on skin and fur, haunt those who love animals.

Death and Injury Rate

In 2000, labs across the county reported they used 1,416,643 ***** for experimentati*****.

***** actual number, however, is over 20 million, since there are between 22 ***** 128 facilities that refuse to furn*****hed the ***** ***** animals currently involved in tests. There are "tens of millions of animals (htt:// www.all-creatures.org/wlalw/fact-anexp-01.html)" be*****g killed every year by facilities that care more about receiving grant money than ***** welfare of the *****.

Drug Testing

Pharmaceutical companies have been using animals for *****s in *****ir efforts to develop new drugs for humans. The problem ***** ***** animals is ***** have different body functions ***** *****. Animals have "circulatory, alimentary and nervous systems similar to those of humans (unknown, 2002)," but just a sm*****ll difference in molecules ***** enough ***** cause a drug to have an opposite effect in humans.

***** examples of different ***** reactions are: humans can take aspirin, ***** it is lethal for cats; arsenic is harmful to humans, but monkeys ***** take it w*****hout any ill effects; and while most people can take penicillin for infections, but it will kill guinea pigs (*****, 2002). The difference in the ana*****my ***** animals and humans ***** a significant reason not to do ***** testing on animals.

***** in the Lab

It's hard ***** imagine ***** cruelty some animals are subjected to during experimentation.

Last year, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a rese*****rcher was videotaped "using scissors to cut the heads off conscious, unanaes*****tized animals before removing their brains (Heyde, 2002)." The researcher admitted doing it for convenience, though it violated university pro*****col. In the same lab, animals were being injected with tumor cells without proper authorization. The tumors were allowed "to grow so big they exceeded size limits permitted by the facility (Heyde, 2002)."

Throughout ***** United States, animals that ***** still alive are thrown in trash cans or placed in freezers by uncar*****g researchers.

Tests Performed

Researchers perform a variety of cruel tests on animals and rationalize them by saying they are "necessary for the experiment (htt:// www.all-creatures.org/wlalw/fact-anexp-01.html)."

Animals ***** exposed ***** "addictive drugs, electric shock, food ***** water deprivation, caustic *****s, blinding, chemical and biological weapons and radiation (htt:// www.all-creatures.org/wlalw/fact-anexp-01.html)." The horrible thing is there are no restrictions on the tests that can be performed ***** the animals.

Alternatives

***** *****'s world of tech*****logy, animals no longer need to be ***** ***** victims ***** medical schools and companies testing their products. Instead of dissecting ***** in labs, schools are finding computer programs are just as effective in teach*****g students anatomy. Cosmetic companies are starting to rely on human volunteers to test

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