Essay - Animal Experimentation This is a Paper that Concentrates on the...


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Animal Experimentation

This is a paper that concentrates on the negative side of animal experimentation. There are four references used.

Introduction

***** testing is becoming a major ********** for many people today. The pictures of innocent animals with electrodes attached to *****m, as well as those showing the results of numerous chemical tests on skin and fur, haunt those who love animals.

Death ***** Injury Rate

In 2000, labs across the county reported they used 1,416,643 animals for experimentation.

The actual number, however, is over 20 million, since there are between 22 and 128 facilities that refuse to furnished the number of animals currently involved in tests. There are "tens of millions of animals (htt:// www.all-creatures.org/wlalw/fact-anexp-01.html)" being killed every year by facilities ***** care more about receiving grant money than ***** welfare of the *****.

Drug Testing

***** companies have been using animals for years in their efforts ***** develop new drugs for humans. The problem ***** us*****g animals is they ***** different body functions than *****. Animals have "circulatory, alimentary and nervous systems similar to those of humans (unknown, 2002)," but just a small difference in molecules is enough to cause a drug to have an opposite effect in humans.

***** examples ***** different ********** reactions are: humans can take aspirin, ***** it is lethal for cats; arsenic is harmful to humans, but monkeys ***** take it w*****hout any ill effects; and while most people can take penicillin for infections, ***** it will kill guinea pigs (*****, 2002). The ***** in the ana*****my of animals and humans is a significant reason not to do drug testing on animals.

***** in the Lab

It's hard ***** imagine ***** cruelty some animals ***** subjected to during experimentati*****.

Last year, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, a researcher was videotaped "using scissors ***** cut the heads *****f conscious, unanaes*****tized animals before removing their brains (Heyde, 2002)." ***** researcher admitted doing it for convenience, though ***** violated university protocol. In the same lab, animals were being injected with tumor cells without proper authorization. The tumors were allowed "to grow so big they exceeded size limits permitted by the facility (Heyde, 2002)."

Throughout ***** United States, animals that are still alive ***** thrown in trash cans or placed in freezers by uncar*****g researchers.

Tests Performed

Researchers perform a variety of cruel tests on animals and rationalize them ***** saying ***** are "necessary for the experiment (htt:// www.all-creatures.org/wlalw/fact-anexp-01.html)."

***** are exposed to "addictive drugs, electric shock, food ***** water deprivation, caustic chemicals, blinding, chemical and biological weapons and radiation (htt:// www.all-creatures.org/wlalw/fact-anexp-01.html)." ***** horrible thing is there ***** no restrictions on the tests that can be ********** on the animals.

*****

In *****day's world of tech*****logy, animals no longer need to be the innocent victims ***** medical schools ***** companies testing *****ir products. Instead of dissecting ***** in labs, schools are finding computer programs ***** just as effective in teach*****g students anatomy. Cosmetic companies are starting to rely on human volunteers ***** test

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