Essay - Anxiety Disorders Abstract Anxiety Disorders are a Varied and Complicated...


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Anxiety Disorders

Abstract

***** disorders are a varied and complicated set of physical and psychological problems that affect more than twenty million Americans. The disorders, which include general anxiety disorder (GAD), panic *****s, ***** phobias, can *****ten exert a disabling influence upon the individual's life, and disrupt his or her personal and social interactions. Treatments focus upon helping the individual to identify and understand the irrationality of their anxiety, and to assist them in fac*****g up to ***** fears.

*****

Anxiety is, "one of the main motivating forces in much ***** human behavior" (Beck & Emery, 1985, p. 13), ***** ***** a normal reaction to a thre*****tening object or situation. It produces a wide range of physiological and psychological effects that are *****ten described as preparing the body for primitive 'fight or flight'. These symptoms result from the increased amount of adrenaline that is produced by ***** sympathetic nervous system, ***** causes an increase in the heart ***** respiration rate, ***** raising of blood pressure, and the contraction of ***** vessels in the sk***** ***** intestines as blood is diverted to the heart, lungs and muscles (P.H.R., 1997). Although ********** *****s ***** appropriate when faced with incidents of threat ***** danger, if t***** level ***** anxiety continues after the threat has been removed, or if no real ***** exists, these physical and psychological symptoms can lead to the development of ***** dis*****ders.

Anxiety *****

Anxiety disorders are ***** as," various combinations ***** physical ***** mental manifestations of anxiety, *****t attributable to real danger, and occurring eit***** in attacks or as a persisting state" (Sainsbury, 1980, p. 215). Anxiety disorders affect over 20 million Americans, almost half of whom suffer from its most common condition, ***** anxiety disorder (GAD), ***** other anxiety disorders being *****anic ***** (panic disorder), ***** phobias. (P.H.R., 1997).

***** anxiety disorder (*****).

Studies show that GAD affects between two and five percent of the population, and is considered to account for al***** a third of *****ll psychiatric consultations (P.H.R., 1997). GAD may have an acute onset and appear severe in intensity, or it may occur in a chronic form, w*****h the severity fluctuating with in relation to stress factors. Th***** ***** of anxiety is described as 'free-float*****g, or diffuse, as it is not associated w*****h any specific ***** or *****, ***** it causes sufferers to experience a continu*****l feeling of concern and tension. Somatic symp*****ms of GAD include difficulty in sleeping; lightheadedness or shortness of breath; palpitations; excessive sweating; pallor; and digestive problems. As a result, many sufferers ***** ***** tend to feel tired, ***** trouble concentrating, ***** sometimes suffer ***** depression (Sainsbury, 1980). GAD ***** people of both sexes and all ages *****, although it is diagnosed more frequently in women than ***** men, th***** statistic is mis*****ing as only a quarter of ***** sufferers seek professional treatment (P.H.R., 1997).

Panic attacks.

A ***** attack is characterized ***** unpredictable ***** of severe ***** that involve symptoms that are ***** related to any particular situation or object.

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