Essay - Anxiety Disorders Abstract Anxiety Disorders are a Varied and Complicated...


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Anxiety Disorders

Abstract

***** disorders are a varied and complicated set of physical and psychological problems that affect more than twenty million Americans. The disorders, which include general anxiety disorder (GAD), panic *****s, and phobias, can often exert a disabling influence upon the individual's life, and disrupt his or her personal and social interactions. Treatments focus ***** helping the individual to identify and understand the irrationality of their anxiety, and to assist them in facing up to ***** fears.

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Anxiety is, "one of the main motivating forces in much of human behavior" (Beck & Emery, 1985, p. 13), ***** is a normal reaction to a threatening object or situation. It ********** a wide range of physiological and psychological effects that ***** *****ten described as preparing the body for primitive 'fight or flight'. These symptoms result from the increased amount of adrenaline that is produced by ***** sympathetic nervous system, which causes an increase in the heart and respiration rate, the ra*****ing of blood pressure, and the contraction of ***** vessels in the skin ***** intestines as blood is diverted to the heart, lungs and muscles (P.H.R., 1997). Although ********** *****s are appropriate when faced with incidents of threat or danger, if this level ***** anxiety continues after the threat has been removed, ***** ***** no real threat exists, these physical and psychological symptoms ***** lead to the development of ***** disorders.

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety ***** ***** described as," various combinations ***** physical and mental manifestations of anxiety, *****t attributable to real danger, ***** occurring ei*****r in attacks or as a persisting state" (Sainsbury, 1980, p. 215). Anxiety disorders affect over 20 ***** Americans, almost half of whom suffer from its most common condition, general anxiety disorder (GAD), the other ***** disorders being ********** attacks (panic disorder), and phobias. (P.H.R., 1997).

***** anxiety disorder (*****).

Studies show that GAD *****s between two ***** five percent of the population, and is considered to account for al***** a third of *****ll psychiatric consultations (P.H.R., 1997). GAD may have an acute onset and appear severe in intensity, or it may occur in a chronic form, ***** the severity fluctuating with in relation to stress factors. This form of anxiety is described as 'free-float*****g, or diffuse, as it is not associated w*****h any specific ***** or object, ***** it ***** sufferers to experience a continu*****l feeling of concern and tension. Somatic symptoms of ***** include difficulty in sleeping; lightheadedness or shortness of breath; palpitations; excessive sweating; pallor; and digestive problems. As a *****, many sufferers of GAD tend to feel tired, ***** trouble concentrating, and sometimes suffer from depression (*****, 1980). GAD affects people of both sexes and all ages *****, although it is diagnosed more frequently in women than ***** men, th***** statistic is mis*****ing as only a quarter of GAD sufferers seek professional treat*****t (P.H.R., 1997).

Panic attacks.

A ***** attack is characterized by unpredictable ***** of severe ***** that involve symptoms that are not related to any particular situation or object.

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