Essay - Attributes of the Ideal Leader in Higher Education the Impact...

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Attributes of the Ideal Leader in Higher Education

The impact ***** an org*****ization's leadership on its performance is well documented, but when it comes to higher education, a number of th*****gs h*****ve changed in recent years that have challenged even the most effective leader's ability. D*****tance learning initiatives, fundamental changes in the type of adults being educated and a shaky national economy as well as dwindling state educational budgets ***** all contributed to the challenges being encountered today. To identify what attributes characterize the ideal leader in higher ***** settings, this paper provides a review of ***** relev*****nt peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning methods ***** directing nontraditional education for adults. An assessment of where, when, and how learning ***** effective ***** occur, learning opportunities, leadership *****, how adults will participate and the purpose of activities. A summary of ***** research and salient findings are presented in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Because resources ***** by definition scarce ***** the impact of an organization's leadership on ***** performance is well documented, it is little wonder that the subject of effective leadership in higher ***** has received an increasing amount ***** attention in recent *****. In th***** regard, Kezar (2007) reports that, "Leadership is one of ***** ***** discussed topics in higher education. Whether it be the need for leadership or the qualities of effective leaders, *****ers and practitioners alike search for answers to ***** puzzle of what ***** can create *****tter institutions ***** a stronger system of ***** education in the United States" (p. 119). This author reviews a ***** publication (The Research University Presidency in ***** Late 20th Century: A Life Cycle/Case His*****ry Approach by H. Keith *****. Brodie and Leslie Banner. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005) and cites the distinct different approach that these *****s used to identify relevant ***** ***** effective ***** in higher ***** today. Indeed, the robust qualities of the text by Brodie and ***** make their findings generalizable to other organizations besides just higher education, but Kezar suggests that one ***** the most important findings in ***** ***** was that effective leadership ***** higher education is context based, and what may be *****ed as ideal ***** in one setting may not be regarded ***** such in another.

Stress*****g the ***** to ***** able to measure the effectiveness of educational leaders, Rosser, Johnsrud and Heck (2003) report that, "Over the past decade, higher education institutions have been increasingly held accountable for measurable outcomes. Increases in competition for scarce resources and a decre*****se in the public's trust ***** higher education practices have resulted in demands for campuses ***** demonstrate ***** productivity, effectiveness, and efficiency" (p. 1). The purpose ***** this study was to describe a systematic approach for evaluat*****g the *****hip effectiveness of educational leaders such as deans and directors from both individual and institutional perspectives. The authors emphasize that higher educational leaders such as deans ***** directors play a critic*****l role in their respective institutions. "As academic leaders," Rosser and her colleagues advise, "they have the authority


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