Essay - Attributes of the Ideal Leader in Higher Education the Impact...

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Attributes of the Ideal Leader in Higher Education

The impact of an organization's leadership on its performance is well documented, but when it comes to higher education, a number of th*****gs have changed in recent years that have challenged even the most effective leader's ability. D*****tance learning initiatives, fundamental changes in the type ***** adults being educated and a shaky national economy as well as dwindling state educational budgets ***** all contributed to ***** challenges being encountered today. To identify what attributes characterize the ideal leader in ***** educational settings, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature concerning methods ***** directing nontraditional education for adults. An assessment of where, *****, ***** how learning and effective ***** occur, ***** opportunities, leadership *****, how adults will participate and the purpose of activities. A summary ***** the research and salient findings are presented in the conclusion.

Review and Discussion

Because resources ***** by definition scarce and the ***** of an organization's leadership on ***** performance is well *****, it is little wonder that the subject of effective ***** in higher ***** has received an increasing amount of attention in recent years. In th***** regard, Kezar (2007) reports that, "Leadership is one of ***** ***** discussed topics in ***** education. Whether it be the need for leadership or the qualities ***** effective leaders, researchers ***** practitioners alike search for answers to the puzzle of what ***** can create better institutions and a stronger system of higher education in the United States" (p. 119). This author reviews a ***** public*****tion (The Research University Presidency in the Late 20th Century: A Life Cycle/Case His*****ry ********** by H. Keith H. Brodie and Leslie Banner. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005) ***** cites the distinct different approach ***** these *****s used to ***** relevant ***** ***** effective ***** in higher ***** *****. *****deed, the robust qualities of the text by Brodie and ***** make their findings generalizable to other organizations besides just higher education, but Kezar suggests that one of the most important findings in ***** text was that ***** leadership in ***** education is context based, and what may be regarded as ideal ***** in one setting may not ***** regarded ***** such in another.

Stress*****g the need to be able to measure the effectiveness of educational leaders, Rosser, Johnsrud and ********** (2003) report that, "Over the past decade, higher education institutions have ********** increasingly held accountable for measurable out*****. Increases in competition ***** scarce resources and a decre*****se in the public's trust in higher education practices have resulted in demands for campuses to demonstrate ***** productivity, effectiveness, and efficiency" (p. 1). The purpose of th***** study was to describe a systematic approach ***** evaluat*****g *****e *****hip effectiveness of ********** leaders such as deans and directors from both individual and institutional perspectives. The authors emp*****ize that higher educational leaders such as ***** ***** directors play a critical role in their respective *****. "As academic leaders," Rosser and her colleagues advise, "they have the authority


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