Essay - Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports the Economic Prosperity...

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Aviation Security and its Impact on Airports

***** economic prosperity and the security of the US depend to a large extent upon the world's airspace utilization by the Nation and ***** global partners and ***** safe ***** secure operations ***** its aviation system. There are innumerable threats and perils for the Air Domain. The catastrophic events of 9/11 ***** the August 2006 Heathrow plot are blatant reminders of ***** dangers facing the ***** industry and the ability and intent of enemies who wish to harm ***** ***** ***** its people. The main originators ***** threat are the criminals, the terrorists and the hostile-nations; and *****re are three main categories of threats- hostile exploitation of cargo, threat to the Aviation Transportation System infrastructure and ********** to and from the aircrafts. ***** is a wide array of probable threat scenarios at various types of airport facilities that require caution. Placing of explosives inside or near the passenger *****; targeting commuter concentrations at commercial airp*****ts, targeting multi-use airports, for instance those which combine military ***** commercial operations or general and commercial aviation operations where there is a co-existence of dissimilar security procedures and unrelated ***** authorities, ***** some of the tactics used by terrorists. ("National Strategy for Aviation *****," 2007)

The danger ***** threat to commercial aviation is nothing new now, it has become sort ***** routine; ***** ***** been no change in the basic modes of attack. In July, 1968, the very first terrorist hijack*****g for the purpose of political ex*****rtion took place. The ***** first terrorist bombing of an airliner in mid-air ***** place in May, 1949. In June, ***** the ***** armed attack took place on an on-the-ground airliner and the initial indiscriminate armed attack occurred in May, 1972 on air ********** at an airport. Classified as per the target, commercial ***** assault can be carried out against airline offices, airliners and airports. It is apparent that the most comm***** ***** in *****ercial aviation attacks has been ***** airl*****ers. During the 50 year period from 1947-1996 the attack on airliners were 1,098 as compared to 249 airline ***** attacks and 129 airport attacks. ***** airline office ***** ***** attack are not done by any private party but is a terror*****t group tactic. These attacks started surfacing only after 1968 when international terrorism started growing. The ***** can also be classified according to the mode of operation used. The main ones ***** ***** assaults, ***** and hijacking. *****re were 959 incidents of hijacking during the 50 year *****, i.e. hijacking contributed almost 87 percent of all the airliner attacks. (Wilkinson; Jenkins, 2003) critical constituent of the nation's physical *****, overall security and economic foundation l*****s in the safety and security of ***** civil ***** system of the nation. In order ***** attain such a safe environment, nations spend billions of dollars ***** multitude of policies and programs are ********** to upkeep ***** security. The U.S. General Accounting Office -- GAO tried to analyze the weaknesses in their aviation ***** ***** after


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