Essay - Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports the Economic Prosperity...


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Aviation Security and its Impact on Airports

The ec*****omic prosperity and the security of the US depend to a large extent upon the world's airspace utilization by the Nation and ***** global partners and ***** safe and secure operations of its aviation system. There are innumerable threats and perils for the Air Domain. The catastrophic events of 9/11 and the August 2006 Heathrow plot are blatant reminders of the dangers facing the ***** industry and the ability and intent of enemies who wish ***** harm ***** ***** and its people. The main originators of threat are the criminals, the terrorists ***** the hostile-nations; and *****re are three ***** categories ***** threats- hostile exploitation of cargo, threat to the Aviation Transportation System infrastructure and ********** to and from the aircrafts. ***** is a wide array of probable threat scenarios at various types of airport facilities that require caution. Placing ***** explosives inside or near the passenger ********** targeting commuter concentrations at commercial airports, targeting multi-use *****, ***** instance those which combine military and commercial oper*****ions or general ***** commercial aviation operations where *****re is a co-existence of dissimilar security procedures and unrelated ***** authorities, are some of the tactics used by terrorists. ("National Strategy for Aviation Security," 2007)

The danger and threat to ***** aviation is nothing new now, it has become sort ***** routine; there ***** been no change in the basic modes of attack. In July, 1968, the very first terrorist hijack*****g for the purpose of political ex*****rtion took place. The ***** first terrorist bombing of an airliner in mid-air took place ***** May, 1949. ***** June, 1968 the first armed attack ***** place on ***** on-the-ground airliner ***** the initial indiscriminate ***** attack occurred in May, 1972 on air commuters at an airport. Classified as per the target, commercial ***** assault c***** be carried out against airline offices, airliners and airports. It is apparent that the most common ***** in commercial aviation attacks has been the airliners. During the 50 year period from 1947-1996 the attack on airliners were 1,098 as compared to 249 airline offices attacks and 129 airport attacks. ***** airline office and airport attack are not done ***** any private party but is a terrorist group tactic. These attacks started surfacing only after 1968 when international terrorism started growing. The ***** can also be classified according to the mode of operation used. The main ones are armed assaults, bombing and hijacking. *****re were 959 incidents of hijacking during the ***** year period, i.e. hijacking contributed almost 87 percent of all the airliner attacks. (Wilkinson; Jenkins, 2003) critical constituent ***** the nation's physical *****, overall security and economic foundation lies in the *****ty and security of the civil ***** system ***** the nation. In order to attain such a safe environment, nations spend billions of dollars and multitude of policies and programs are ********** to upkeep ***** security. The U.S. General Accounting Office -- GAO tried to analyze the weaknesses in their aviation security system *****

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