Essay - Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports the Economic Prosperity...

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Aviation Security and its Impact on Airports

***** ec*****omic prosperity and the security of ***** US depend to a large extent upon the world's airspace utilization by the Nation and its global partners ***** the safe and secure operations ***** its aviation system. There are innumerable threats and perils for the Air Domain. The catastrophic events of 9/11 and the August 2006 Heathrow plot are blatant reminders of ***** dangers facing the aviation industry and the ability and intent ***** enemies who wish to harm the US ***** its people. ***** main origina*****rs of threat are the criminals, the terrorists and the hostile-nations; and *****re are three main categories ***** threats- hostile exploitation of cargo, threat to the Aviation Transportation System infrastructure and ********** to and from ***** aircrafts. There is a wide array ***** probable threat scenarios at various types of airport facilities that require caution. Placing ***** explosives inside or near the passenger *****; targeting commuter concentrations at commercial airp*****ts, targeting multi-use airports, for instance those which combine military ***** commercial oper*****ions or general and commercial aviation operations where ********** is a co-existence of dissimil*****r security procedures and unrelated security authorities, ***** some of the tactics used by *****. ("National Strategy ***** Aviation *****," 2007)

***** danger ***** threat to commercial aviation is nothing new now, it has become sort ***** routine; there ***** been no change in the basic modes of attack. In July, 1968, the very first terrorist hijack*****g for the purpose ***** political extortion took place. The very first terrorist bombing of an airliner in mid-air took place ***** May, 1949. ***** June, ***** the first armed attack took place on ***** on-*****-ground airliner and the initial indiscriminate ***** attack occurred in May, 1972 on air *****s at an airport. Classified as per the target, commercial ***** assault can be carried out against airline offices, airliners and airports. It is apparent that the most common target in commercial aviation attacks has been ***** airl*****ers. During the 50 year ********** from 1947-1996 the attack on airliners were 1,098 as compared to 249 airline offices attacks and 129 airport attacks. The airline office ***** airport attack are *****t done by any private party but is a terror*****t group tactic. These attacks started surfacing only after 1968 when international terrorism started growing. The attacks ***** also be classified according to the mode of operation used. The ***** ones are armed assaults, bombing and hijacking. *****re were 959 incidents of ***** during the 50 year period, i.e. hijacking contributed almost 87 percent of all ***** airliner attacks. (Wilkinson; Jenkins, 2003) critical constituent ***** the nation's physical infrastructure, overall security and economic foundation l*****s in the safety and security of ***** civil aviation system ***** the nation. In order to attain such a safe environment, nations spend billions of dollars ***** multitude of policies and programs are formulated to upkeep ***** security. The U.S. General Accounting Office -- GAO tried to analyze the weaknesses in their aviation security ***** *****


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