Essay - Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports the Economic Prosperity...

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Aviation Security and its Impact on Airports

***** economic prosperity and the security of the US depend to a large extent upon the world's airspace utilization by the Nation and its global partners ***** the safe and secure operations of its aviation system. There are innumerable threats and perils for the Air Domain. The catastrophic events of 9/11 and the August 2006 Heathrow plot are blatant reminders of the dangers facing the aviation industry and ***** ability and intent of enemies who wish to harm the ***** and its people. The main originators of threat are ***** criminals, the terrorists ***** the hostile-nations; and *****re ***** three ***** categories of threats- hostile exploitation ***** cargo, threat to the Aviation Transportation System infrastructure and threats to and from the aircrafts. ***** is a wide *****rray of probable threat scenarios at various types of airport facilities that require caution. Placing ***** explosives inside or near ***** passenger facilities; targeting commuter concentrations at commercial airports, targeting multi-use airports, for instance those which combine military and commercial oper*****ions or general ***** commercial aviation operations where there is a co-existence of dissimilar security procedures and unrelated ***** authorities, are some of the tactics used by terrorists. ("National Strategy for Aviation Security," 2007)

The danger ***** threat to ***** aviation is nothing new now, it has become sort ***** routine; there has been no change in the basic modes of attack. In July, 1968, the very first terrorist hijack*****g ***** the purpose of political extortion took place. The ***** first terrorist bombing of an airliner in mid-air ***** place in May, 1949. ***** June, ***** the ***** armed attack took place on an *****-the-ground airliner and the initial indiscriminate ***** attack occurred in May, 1972 on air commuters at an airport. Classified as per the target, commercial ***** assault c***** be ********** out against airline offices, airliners ***** airports. It is apparent that the most common target in commercial aviation attacks ***** been ***** airliners. During the 50 year period from 1947-1996 the attack on airliners were 1,098 as compared to 249 airline ***** *****s and 129 airport attacks. ***** airline office and ***** attack are *****t done ***** any private party but is a terrorist group tactic. These attacks started surfacing only after 1968 when international terrorism started growing. The ***** can also be classified according to the mode of operation used. The main ones are armed assaults, bombing and hijacking. There were 959 incidents of hijacking during the ***** year period, i.e. ***** contributed almost 87 percent of all ***** airliner attacks. (Wilkinson; Jenkins, 2003) critical constituent of the nation's physical *****, overall security and economic foundation lies in the safety and security ***** ***** civil ***** system of the nation. In order ***** attain such a safe environment, nations spend billions of dollars and multitude of policies and programs are formulated to upkeep the security. The U.S. General Accounting Office -- GAO tried to analyze the weaknesses in their aviation ***** system *****


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