Essay - Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports the Economic Prosperity...


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Aviation Security and its Impact on Airports

The ec*****omic prosperity and the security of ***** US depend to a large extent upon the world's airspace utilization by the Nation and its global partners and the safe ***** secure operations of its aviation system. There are innumerable threats and perils for the Air Domain. The catastrophic events ***** 9/11 and the August 2006 Heathrow plot are blatant reminders of ***** dangers facing the ***** industry and the ability and intent ***** enemies who wish to harm the US and its people. The main origina*****rs of threat are the criminals, the terrorists ***** the hostile-nations; and *****re ***** three main categories of threats- hostile exploitation of cargo, threat to the Aviation Transportation System infrastructure and threats to and from ***** aircrafts. There is a wide ********** ***** probable threat scenarios at various types of airport facilities that require caution. Placing of explosives inside or near the passenger facilities; targeting commuter concentrations at commercial airports, targeting multi-use *****, ***** instance those which combine military and commercial oper*****ions or general and commercial aviation operations where *****re is a co-existence of dissimil*****r security procedures and unrelated ***** authorities, are some of the tactics used by *****. ("National Strategy for Aviation Security," 2007)

***** danger ***** threat to commercial aviation is nothing new now, it has become sort of routine; there ***** been no change in the basic modes of attack. In July, 1968, the very first terrorist hijack*****g ***** the purpose of political ex*****rtion took place. The ***** first terrorist bombing of an airliner in mid-air ***** place ***** May, 1949. In June, ***** the first armed attack took place on ***** on-the-ground airliner and the initial indiscriminate ***** attack occurred in May, 1972 on air ********** at an airport. Classified as per the target, commercial ***** assault c***** be carried out against airline offices, airliners ***** airports. It is app*****nt that the most comm***** ***** in commercial aviation attacks has been the airl*****ers. During ***** 50 year ********** from 1947-1996 the attack on airliners were 1,098 as compared to 249 airline ***** *****s and 129 airport attacks. The airline office ***** ***** attack are not done by any private party but is a terrorist group tactic. *****se attacks started surfacing only after 1968 when international terrorism started growing. The ***** can also be classified according to the mode of operation used. The main ones are armed assaults, bombing and hijacking. ***** were 959 incidents of ***** during the 50 year period, i.e. hijacking contributed almost 87 percent of all ***** airliner attacks. (Wilkinson; Jenkins, 2003) critical constituent ***** the nation's physical infrastructure, overall security and economic foundation lies in the safety and security of the civil ***** system of the nation. In order to attain such a safe environment, nations spend billions of dollars ***** multitude of policies and programs are formulated to upkeep ***** security. The U.S. General Accounting Office -- GAO tried to analyze the weaknesses in their aviation ***** system *****

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