Essay - Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports the Economic Prosperity...


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Aviation Security and its Impact on Airports

The economic prosperity and the security of the US depend to a large extent upon the world's airspace utilization by the Nation and ***** global partners ***** ***** safe and secure operations ***** its aviation system. There are innumerable threats and perils for the Air Domain. The catastrophic events of 9/11 and the August 2006 Heathrow plot are blatant reminders of the dangers facing the aviation industry and the ability and intent ***** enemies who wish to harm the US and its people. ***** main origina*****rs of threat are ***** criminals, the terrorists and the hostile-nations; and *****re ***** three ***** categories of threats- hostile exploitation ***** cargo, threat to the Aviation Transportation System infrastructure and threats to and from the aircrafts. There is a wide ********** of probable threat scenarios at various types of airport facilities that require caution. Placing ***** explosives inside or near ***** passenger facilities; targeting commuter concentrations at commercial airports, targeting multi-use airports, ***** instance those which combine military ***** commercial operations or general and commercial aviation operations where there is a co-existence of dissimilar security procedures and unrelated security authorities, are some of the tactics used by terrorists. ("National Strategy for Aviation Security," 2007)

***** danger ***** threat to ***** aviation is nothing new now, it has become sort of routine; there has been no change in the basic modes of attack. In July, 1968, the very first terrorist hijack*****g for the purpose of political ex*****rtion took place. The very first ***** bombing of an airliner in mid-air ***** place in May, 1949. ***** June, 1968 the ***** armed attack took place on ***** *****-*****-ground airliner and the initial indiscriminate armed attack occurred in May, 1972 on air ********** at an airport. Classified as per the target, commercial aviati***** assault can be carried out against airline offices, airliners ***** airports. It is app*****nt that the most common target in commercial aviation attacks ***** been ***** airliners. During the 50 year period from 1947-1996 the attack on airliners were 1,098 as compared to 249 airline offices attacks and 129 airport attacks. The airline office ***** ***** attack are not done ***** any private party but is a terrorist group tactic. *****se attacks started surfacing only after 1968 when international terrorism started growing. The ***** ***** also be classified according to the mode of operation used. The main ones are ***** assaults, ***** and hijacking. *****re were 959 incidents of ***** during the 50 year *****, i.e. hijacking contributed almost 87 percent of all the airliner attacks. (Wilkinson; Jenkins, 2003) critical constituent ***** ***** nation's physical *****, overall ***** and economic foundation lies in the safety and security of the civil aviation system of the nation. In order to attain such a safe environment, nations spend billions of dollars ***** multitude of policies and programs are ********** ***** upkeep ***** security. The U.S. General Accounting Office -- GAO tried to analyze the weaknesses in their aviation ***** system *****

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