Essay - Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports the Economic Prosperity...

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Aviation Security and its Impact on Airports

The ec*****omic prosperity and the security of ***** US depend to a large extent upon the world's airspace utilization by the Nation and its global partners ***** ***** safe and secure operations ***** its aviation system. There are innumerable threats and perils for the Air Domain. The catastrophic events of 9/11 ***** the August 2006 Heathrow plot are blatant reminders of ***** dangers facing the ***** industry and ***** ability and intent of enemies who wish to harm the US and its people. ***** main originators ***** threat are ***** criminals, the terrorists ***** the hostile-nations; and *****re are three main categories of threats- hostile exploitation ***** cargo, threat to the Aviation Transportation System infrastructure ***** *****s to and from ***** aircrafts. ***** is a wide ********** of probable threat scenarios at various types of airport facilities that require caution. Placing ***** explosives inside or near the passenger *****; targeting commuter concentrations at commercial airp*****ts, targeting multi-use airports, ***** instance those which combine military and commercial oper*****ions or general ***** commercial aviation operations where there is a co-existence of dissimil*****r security procedures and unrelated ***** authorities, are some of the tactics used by *****. ("National Strategy for Aviation *****," 2007)

***** danger ***** threat to commercial aviation is nothing new now, it has become sort ***** routine; there has been no change in the basic modes of attack. In July, 1968, the very first terrorist hijacking for the purpose ***** political extortion took place. The very first ***** bombing of an airliner in mid-air ***** place ***** May, 1949. In June, ***** the first armed attack took place on an on-*****-ground airliner and the initial indiscriminate ***** attack occurred in May, 1972 on air ********** at an airport. Classified as per the target, commercial aviati***** assault can be carried out against airline offices, airliners ***** airports. It is apparent that the most common ***** in commercial *****on attacks ***** been ***** airliners. During the 50 year period from 1947-1996 the attack on airliners were 1,098 as compared to 249 airline offices attacks and 129 airport attacks. The airline office ***** airport attack are not done by any private party but is a terrorist group tactic. *****se attacks started surfacing only after 1968 when international terrorism started growing. The ***** ***** also be classified according to the mode of operation used. The ***** ones are armed assaults, bombing and hijacking. *****re were 959 incidents of ***** during the 50 year period, i.e. hijacking contributed almost 87 percent of all ***** airliner attacks. (Wilkinson; Jenkins, 2003) critical constituent ***** the nation's physical *****, overall security and economic foundation lies in the *****ty and security of ***** civil aviation system of the nation. In order to attain such a safe environment, nations spend billions of dollars and multitude of policies and programs are formulated ***** upkeep ***** security. The U.S. General Accounting Office -- GAO tried to analyze the weaknesses in their aviation ***** system after


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