Essay - Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports the Economic Prosperity...


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Aviation Security and its Impact on Airports

***** ec*****omic prosperity and the security of the US depend to a large extent upon the world's airspace utilization by the Nation and its global partners and the safe and secure operations of its aviation system. There are innumerable threats and perils for the Air Domain. The catastrophic events of 9/11 and the August 2006 Heathrow plot are blatant reminders of ***** dangers facing the ***** industry and the ability and intent of enemies who wish ***** harm ***** ***** ***** its people. The main originators of threat are the criminals, the terrorists and the hostile-nations; and there ***** three ***** categories of threats- hostile exploitation ***** cargo, threat to the Aviation Transportation System infrastructure ***** ********** to and from ***** aircrafts. ***** is a wide array of probable threat scenarios at various types of airport facilities that require caution. Placing of explosives inside or near the passenger *****; targeting commuter concentrations at commercial airp*****ts, targeting multi-use airports, for instance those which combine military ***** commercial operations or general and commercial aviation operations where ********** is a co-existence of dissimilar security procedures and unrelated ***** authorities, are some of the tactics used by terrorists. ("National Strategy ***** Aviation *****," 2007)

The danger and threat to ***** aviation is nothing new now, it has become sort of routine; there ***** been no change in the basic modes of attack. In July, 1968, the very first terrorist hijacking for the purpose of political extortion took place. The very first terrorist bombing of an airliner in mid-air took place in May, 1949. In June, ***** the ***** armed attack ***** place on an ********** airliner ***** the initial indiscriminate armed attack occurred in May, 1972 on air commuters at an airport. Classified as per the target, commercial ***** assault can be carried out against airline offices, airliners and airports. It is apparent that the most common target in commercial aviation attacks has been the airl*****ers. During the 50 year ********** from 1947-1996 the attack on airliners were 1,098 as compared to 249 airline offices attacks ***** 129 airport attacks. ***** airline office and ***** attack are not done ***** any private party but is a terrorist group tactic. These attacks started surfacing only after 1968 when international terrorism started growing. The attacks can also be classified according to the mode of operation used. The main ones are armed assaults, ***** and hijacking. There were 959 incidents of ***** during the ***** year period, i.e. hijacking contributed almost 87 percent of all the airliner *****. (Wilkinson; Jenkins, 2003) critical constituent ***** ***** nation's physical *****, overall security and economic foundation l*****s in the safety and security of ***** civil ***** system ***** the nation. In order ***** attain such a safe environment, nations spend billions of dollars and multitude of policies and programs are *****mulated to upkeep ***** security. The U.S. General Accounting Office -- GAO tried to analyze the weaknesses in their aviation ***** system after

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