Essay - Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports the Economic Prosperity...

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Aviation Security and its Impact on Airports

The ec*****omic prosperity and the security of the US depend to a large extent upon the world's airspace utilization by the Nation and its global partners ***** ***** safe and secure operations of its aviation system. There are innumerable threats and perils for the Air Domain. The catastrophic events ***** 9/11 ***** the August 2006 Heathrow plot are blatant reminders of ***** dangers facing the ***** industry and ***** ability and intent of enemies who wish to harm the US and its people. The main origina*****rs of threat are the criminals, the terrorists and the hostile-nations; and *****re ***** three main categories of threats- hostile exploitation ***** cargo, threat to the Aviation Transportation System infrastructure ***** threats to and from ***** aircrafts. There is a wide ********** of probable threat scenarios at various types of airport facilities that require caution. Placing ***** explosives inside or near the passenger ********** targeting commuter concentrations at commercial airp*****ts, targeting multi-use airports, for instance those which combine military ***** commercial oper*****ions or general and commercial aviation operations where *****re is a co-existence of dissimilar security procedures and unrelated ***** authorities, are some ***** the tactics used by terrorists. ("National Strategy ***** Aviation Security," 2007)

***** danger ***** threat to ***** aviation is nothing new now, it has become sort of routine; there ***** been no change in the basic modes of attack. In July, 1968, the very first terrorist hijack*****g for the purpose of political ex*****rtion took place. The ***** first ***** bombing of an airliner in mid-air took place ***** May, 1949. In June, ***** the ***** armed attack ***** place on an on-*****-ground airliner and the initial indiscriminate armed attack occurred in May, 1972 on air commuters at an airport. Classified as per the target, commercial ***** assault c***** be carried out against airline offices, airliners ***** airports. It is apparent that the most common ***** in commercial aviation attacks has been ***** airl*****ers. During the 50 year ********** from 1947-1996 the attack on airliners were 1,098 as compared to 249 airline ***** *****s and 129 airport attacks. The airline office ***** ***** attack are *****t done by any private party but is a terrorist group tactic. These attacks started surfacing only after 1968 when international terrorism started growing. The ***** can also be classified according to the mode of operation used. The ***** ones are ***** assaults, ***** and hijacking. There were 959 incidents of hijacking during the ***** year period, i.e. ***** contributed almost 87 percent of all the airliner attacks. (Wilkinson; Jenkins, 2003) critical constituent of ***** nation's physical infrastructure, overall security and economic foundation lies in the *****ty and security of ***** civil aviation system of the nation. In order ***** attain such a safe environment, nations spend billions of dollars ***** multitude of policies and programs are formulated to upkeep ***** security. The U.S. General Accounting Office -- GAO tried to analyze the weaknesses in their aviation security ***** after


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