Essay - Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports the Economic Prosperity...

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Aviation Security and its Impact on Airports

The economic prosperity and the security of ***** US depend to a large extent upon the world's airspace utilization by the Nation and its global partners ***** the safe and secure operations ***** its aviation system. There are innumerable threats and perils for the Air Domain. The catastrophic events of 9/11 ***** the August 2006 Heathrow plot are blatant reminders of ***** dangers facing the ***** industry and ***** ability and intent of enemies who wish to harm the ***** and its people. ***** main origina*****rs ***** threat are ***** criminals, the terrorists and the hostile-nations; and *****re ***** three main categories of threats- hostile exploitation of cargo, threat to the Aviation Transportation System infrastructure ***** threats to and from ***** aircrafts. ***** is a wide *****rray of probable threat scenarios at various types of airport facilities that require caution. Placing ***** explosives inside or near the passenger facilities; targeting commuter concentrations at commercial airp*****ts, targeting multi-use airports, ***** instance those which combine military ***** commercial oper*****ions or general and commercial aviation operations where ********** is a co-existence of dissimilar security procedures and unrelated ***** authorities, are some of the tactics used by *****. ("National Strategy for Aviation Security," 2007)

The danger ***** threat to commercial aviation is nothing new now, it has become sort of routine; there ***** been no change in the basic modes of attack. In July, 1968, the very first terrorist hijacking ***** the purpose ***** political ex*****rtion took place. The very first terrorist bombing of an airliner in mid-air ***** place ***** May, 1949. In June, 1968 the ***** armed attack took place on an on-the-ground airliner and the initial indiscriminate ***** attack occurred in May, 1972 on air *****s at an airport. Classified as per the target, commercial aviation assault can be carried out against airline offices, airliners ***** airports. It is app*****nt that the most common ***** in commercial ***** attacks has been the airliners. During the 50 year period from 1947-1996 the attack on airliners were 1,098 as compared to 249 airline ***** *****s and 129 airport attacks. The airline office ***** airport attack are *****t done ***** any private party but is a terror*****t group tactic. *****se attacks started surfacing only after 1968 when international terrorism started growing. The attacks can also be classified according to the mode of operation used. The main ones ***** armed assaults, bombing and hijacking. *****re were 959 incidents of hijacking during the 50 year period, i.e. hijacking contributed almost 87 percent of all ***** airliner *****. (Wilkinson; Jenkins, 2003) critical constituent ***** the nation's physical *****, overall security and economic foundation l*****s in the safety and ***** of ***** civil aviation system ***** the nation. In order to attain such a safe environment, nations spend billions of dollars ***** multitude of policies and programs are formulated to upkeep ***** security. The U.S. General Accounting Office -- GAO tried to analyze the weaknesses in their aviation ***** ***** after


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