Essay - Bilingual Education Article Submission for the Bilingual Research Journal (Brj)...


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Bilingual Education

Article Submission for The Bilingual Research Journal (BRJ)

According to its website, this is "a journal that is publ*****hed three times each year and covers a wide range of *****pics relating to bilingual education, bilingualism in society, ***** language policy ***** *****. The ***** contains three sections: research and essays, the traditional formats of scholarly discourse; research in practice, which documents the experience ***** teachers and other practitioners; and book reviews"

***** guidelines for submission available at http://brj.asu.edu/submit.html

Problems with bilingual education—a review of current literature and a call to action

*****

Ideally, research, not rhetoric should determine the most effective way to teach children ********** the American educational system. Yet the current debate over the best way to conduct bilingual classes ***** children has been largely dominated by the latter ra*****r than the former. Organizations such as 'English First' have created effective but misguided lobbying campaigns to unite fearful citizens under the banner of patriotism. It urges that that: "congressional staff, state legislators and scholars nationwide" must know ***** English-only programs are a voting issue ("What is Engl*****h First,"2007, English First Website). While the goals of the organization are simple, to make English America's official language and eliminate multilingual programs in school, ***** actual process of second language acquisition is far more complex for ESL students. Contrary to the *****-only ideal, current research, imperfect and limited ***** current studies on different approaches to bil*****gual education may be, support the idea that a transitional, ra*****r than an immersive approach is the superior strategy to pursue with *****. A slow transitional approach best suits ESL student's long-term academic needs. Short-term proficiency ***** meet narrow standards of literacy that do not render ***** students on academic par with native English speakers in all subjects, not just language arts, should not be the goal of bil*****gual education.

The stakes of ***** debate

***** of bilingual education programs often harken back to the early 1900s, when children of immigrants entered schools in large numbers and be*****g raised in a ***** home was seen as harming school success. At that time, children were discouraged from speaking their native language at school. ***** immersion w***** the order ***** ***** day, and critics of bilingualism maintain, students who did ***** speak English readily learned it and ***** the educational mainstream" (Cromwell, 1998, "The Bilingual Education Debate: Part I"). This argument is often posed in terms of the cliche: 'my mother came over on the boat ***** Italy, and learned English the hard ***** (through immersion) why shouldn't other children have ***** suffer in the same fashion? Why the passionate fervor for *****, even on a popular level when we ***** ***** fact a n*****tion of immigrants? It is not simply xenophobia, perhaps, rather "most people feel like experts when it comes to language. Our reactions are ********** visceral. Perhaps that's because our speech defines us ethnically, socially, and intellectually. It's tied up with a sense of who we are - and ***** we are *****

. . . . [END OF RESEARCH PAPER PREVIEW]

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