Essay - Bilingual Education Article Submission for the Bilingual Research Journal (Brj)...


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Bilingual Education

Article Submission for The Bilingual Research Journal (BRJ)

According to its website, this is "a journal that is publ*****hed three times each year and covers a wide range of *****pics relating to bilingual education, bilingualism in society, and language policy in education. The ***** contains ***** sections: research ***** essays, the traditional formats of scholarly discourse; research in practice, which documents the experience of t*****ers and o*****r practitioners; and book reviews"

***** guidel*****es for submission available at http://brj.asu.edu/submit.html

Problems with bilingual education—a review ***** current literature and a call ***** action

*****

Ideally, research, not rhetoric should determine the most effective way to teach children within the American educational system. Yet the current debate over the best way to conduct bilingual classes for children has been largely dominated by ***** latter rather than the former. Organizations such as 'English First' have created effective but misguided lobbying campaigns to unite fearful citizens under ***** banner of patriotism. It urges that that: "congressional staff, state legislators and scholars nationwide" must know that English-only programs are a voting issue ("Wh*****t is English First,"2007, English First Website). While the goals of the organization are simple, to make English America's official language and eliminate multilingual ***** in school, the actual process of second language acquisition is far more complex for ESL students. Contrary to ***** English-only ideal, current *****, imperfect and limited ***** current studies on different approaches to bil*****gual education may be, support the idea ***** a transitional, ***** than an immersive approach is the superior strategy ***** pursue with *****. A slow ***** approach best suits ESL student's long-term academic needs. Short-term proficiency to meet narrow st*****ards of literacy that do not render ESL students on academic par with native English speakers in all subjects, not just language arts, should not be the goal of bil*****gual *****.

The stakes ***** the debate

Opponents of bilingual education programs often harken back to the early 1900s, when children of immigrants entered schools in large numbers and being raised in a bilingual home was seen as harming school success. *****t that time, children were discouraged from speaking their native language at *****. English immersion w***** the order of the day, and critics ***** bilingualism maintain, ***** who did ***** speak English readily learned it and ***** the educational mainstream" (Cromwell, 1998, "The Bilingual Education Debate: Part I"). This argument is often posed in terms of the cliche: 'my mother came over on the boat ***** Italy, and learned Engl*****h the hard ***** (through immersion) why shouldn't other children have ***** suffer in the same fashion? Why the passionate fervor for immersion, even on a popular level ***** we ***** ***** fact a nation of immigrants? It is not simply xenophobia, perhaps, rather "most people feel like experts when ***** comes to language. Our reactions are *****ten visceral. Perhaps that's because our speech defines us ethnically, socially, and intellectually. It's tied up ***** a sense of who ***** are - and who we are *****

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