Essay - Bilingual Education Article Submission for the Bilingual Research Journal (Brj)...


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Bilingual Education

Article Submission for The Bilingual Research Journal (BRJ)

According to its website, this is "a journal that ***** published three times each year and covers a wide range of *****pics relating to bilingual education, bilingualism in society, ***** language policy in *****. ***** journal contains three sections: research and essays, the traditional formats of scholarly discourse; research in practice, which documents the experience of t*****ers and o*****r practitioners; and book reviews"

***** guidelines for submission available at http://brj.asu.edu/submit.html

Problems with bilingual education—a review ***** current literature and a c*****ll ***** action

Introduction

Ideally, research, not rhetoric should determine the most effective way to teach children ********** the American *****l system. Yet the current debate over the best way to conduct bilingual classes for children has been largely dominated by ***** latter rather than the former. Organizations such as 'English First' have created effective but misguided lobbying campaigns to unite fearful citizens under the banner of patriotism. It urges that that: "congressional staff, state legisla*****rs and scholars nationwide" must know that English-only programs are a voting issue ("What is English First,"2007, English First Website). While the goals of the organization are simple, to make English America's official language and eliminate multilingual programs in school, the actual process of second language acquisition is far more complex for ESL students. Contrary ***** the *****-only ideal, current research, imperfect and limited ***** current studies on different approaches to bil*****gual education may be, support ***** idea that a transitional, rather than an immersive approach is the superior strategy ***** pursue with children. A slow ***** approach best suits ESL student's long-term academic needs. Short-term proficiency to meet narrow st*****ards of literacy ***** do not render ESL students on academic par with native English speakers in all subjects, not just language arts, should not be the goal of bilingual education.

The stakes of the *****

Opponents of bilingual education programs often harken back to ***** early 1900s, when children of immigrants entered schools in large numbers and be*****g raised in a bil*****gual home was seen as harming school success. *****t that time, children were discouraged from speaking their native language at *****. English immersion w***** the order ***** ***** day, and critics of bilingualism maintain, students who did ***** speak English readily learned it and entered the educational mainstream" (Cromwell, 1998, "The Bilingual ***** Debate: Part I"). This argument is often posed in terms of the cliche: 'my mother came over on the boat ***** Italy, and learned English the hard way (through *****) why shouldn't o*****r children have ***** suffer in the same fashion? Why the passionate fervor for immersion, even on a popul*****r level when we ***** in fact a nation of immigrants? It is not simply xenophobia, perhaps, rather "***** people feel like experts when ***** comes to *****. Our reactions are often visceral. Perhaps that's because our speech def*****es us ethnically, socially, and intellectually. It's tied up with a sense of who we are - and who we ***** not

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