Essay - Bilingual Education Article Submission for the Bilingual Research Journal (Brj)...


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Bilingual Education

Article Submission for The Bilingual Research Journal (BRJ)

According to its website, this is "a journal that is published three times each year and covers a wide r*****nge of ********** relating to bilingual education, bilingualism in society, ***** language policy in *****. The journal contains ***** sections: research and essays, the traditional formats of scholarly discourse; ***** in practice, which documents the experience ***** teachers and o*****r practitioners; ***** book reviews"

***** guidelines for submission available at http://brj.asu.edu/submit.html

Problems with bilingual education—a review of current literature and a call to action

*****

Ideally, research, not rhe*****ric should determine the most effective way to teach children ********** the American educational system. Yet the current debate over the best ***** to conduct bilingual classes for children has been largely dominated by the latter rather than the former. Organizations such as 'English First' have created effective but misguided lobbying campaigns to unite fearful citizens under the banner of patriotism. It urges that that: "congressional staff, state legisla*****rs and scholars nationwide" must know ***** English-only programs are a voting issue ("What is English First,"2007, English First Website). While the goals of the organization are simple, to make English America's official language and eliminate multilingual ***** in school, the actual process of second language acquisition is far more complex for ESL students. Contrary ***** ***** English-only ideal, current research, imperfect ***** limited ***** current studies on different approaches to bilingual education may be, support the idea that a transitional, ***** than an immersive approach is ***** superior strategy to pursue with *****. A slow transitional approach *****st suits ESL student's long-term academic needs. Short-term proficiency to meet narrow standards of literacy ***** do not render ***** students on academic par with native Engl*****h speakers in all subjects, not just language arts, should not be the goal of bil*****gual *****.

The stakes ***** ***** debate

Opponents of bilingual education programs often harken back to the early 1900s, when children of immigrants entered schools in large numbers and be*****g raised in a ***** home was seen as harm*****g school success. At that time, children were discouraged from speaking their native language at *****. English immersion was the order ***** ***** day, and critics of bilingualism maintain, ***** who did not speak English readily learned it and ***** the educational mainstream" (Cromwell, 1998, "The Bilingual Education Debate: Part I"). This argument is often posed in terms of the cliche: 'my mo*****r came over on the boat from Italy, and learned Engl*****h the hard way (through *****) why shouldn't o*****r children have to suffer in the same fashi*****? Why the passionate fervor for immersion, even on a popular level ***** we are ***** fact a nation of immigrants? It is not simply xenophobia, perhaps, rather "most people feel like experts when ***** comes ***** language. Our reactions are ********** visceral. Perhaps that's because our speech defines us ethnically, socially, and intellectually. It's tied up with a sense of who we are - and who we ***** not

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