Essay - Bilingual Education Article Submission for the Bilingual Research Journal (Brj)...


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Bilingual Education

Article Submission for The Bilingual Research Journal (BRJ)

According to its website, this is "a journal that ***** published three times each year and covers a wide r*****nge of *****pics relating to bilingual education, bilingualism in society, and language policy in education. The ***** contains three sections: research and essays, the traditional formats of scholarly discourse; ***** in practice, which documents the experience of t*****ers and other practitioners; ***** book reviews"

***** guidel*****es for submission available at http://brj.asu.edu/submit.html

Problems with bilingual *****—***** review ***** current literature and a c*****ll ***** action

Introduction

Ideally, research, not rhetoric should determine the most effective way to teach children *****in the American educational system. Yet the current debate over ***** best way to conduct bilingual classes ***** children has been largely dominated by the latter rather than the former. Organizations such as 'English First' have created effective but misguided lobbying campaigns to unite fearful citizens under ***** banner of patriotism. It urges that that: "congressional staff, state legisla*****rs and scholars nationwide" must know that English-only programs are a voting issue ("What is English First,"2007, English First Website). While the goals of the organization are simple, to make English America's official language and eliminate multilingual ***** in school, the actual process of second language acquisition is far more complex for ESL students. Contrary ***** the English-only ideal, current *****, imperfect and limited as current studies on different approaches to bilingual education may be, support the idea that a transitional, ***** than an immersive approach is the superior strategy ***** pursue with children. A slow ***** approach best suits ESL student's long-term academic needs. Short-term proficiency to meet narrow st*****ards of literacy that do not render ESL students on academic par ***** native English speakers in all subjects, not just language arts, should not be the goal of bil*****gual education.

The stakes ***** ***** *****

Opponents of bilingual education programs often harken back to the early 1900s, when children of immigrants entered schools in large numbers and being raised in a ***** home w***** seen as harm*****g school success. *****t that time, children ********** discouraged from speaking their native language at *****. English immersion w***** the order ***** the day, and critics of bilingualism maintain, ***** who did ***** speak English readily learned it and ***** the educational mainstream" (Cromwell, 1998, "The Bilingual Education Debate: Part I"). This argument is often posed in terms of the cliche: 'my mo*****r came over on the boat ***** Italy, and learned Engl*****h the hard ***** (through immersion) why shouldn't other children have ***** suffer in the same fashion? Why the passionate fervor for immersion, even on a popular level when we are ***** fact a n*****tion of immigrants? It is not simply xenophobia, perhaps, rather "most people feel like experts when it comes to *****. Our reactions are often visceral. Perhaps that's because our speech defines us ethnically, socially, and intellectually. It's tied up with a sense of who we are - and ***** we ***** not

. . . . [END OF RESEARCH PAPER PREVIEW]

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