Essay - Bilingual Education Article Submission for the Bilingual Research Journal (Brj)...

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Bilingual Education

Article Submission for The Bilingual Research Journal (BRJ)

According to its website, this is "a journal that ***** published three times each year and covers a wide range of topics relating to bilingual education, bilingualism in society, and language policy in education. ***** ***** contains three sections: research and essays, the traditional formats of scholarly discourse; ***** in practice, which documents the experience of teachers and other practitioners; and book reviews"

Website guidel*****es for submission available at

Problems with bilingual *****—a review of current literature and a call to action


Ideally, research, not rhetoric should determine the most effective way to teach children within the American educational system. Yet the current debate over ***** best way to conduct bilingual classes ***** children has been largely dominated by the latter rather than the former. Organizations such as 'English First' have created effective but misguided lobbying campaigns to unite fearful citizens under ***** banner of patriotism. It urges that that: "congressional staff, state legislators and scholars nationwide" must know that English-only programs are a voting issue ("What is Engl*****h First,"2007, English First Website). While the goals of the organization are simple, to make English America's official language and eliminate multilingual ***** in school, the actual process of second language acquisition is far more complex for ESL students. Contrary ***** the English-only ideal, current *****, imperfect ***** limited ***** current studies on different approaches to bilingual education may be, support ***** idea that a transitional, ***** than an immersive approach is the superior strategy to pursue with *****. A slow ***** approach *****st suits ESL student's long-term academic needs. Short-term proficiency to meet narrow standards of literacy ***** do not render ***** students on academic par with native English speakers in all subjects, not just language arts, should not be the goal of bil*****gual *****.

The stakes ***** the *****

***** of bilingual education programs often harken back to the early 1900s, when children of immigrants entered schools in large numbers and be*****g raised in a bilingual home was seen as harming school success. *****t that time, children were discouraged from speaking their native language at *****. ***** immersion w***** the order of the day, and critics of bilingualism maintain, ***** who did ***** speak English readily learned it and ***** the educational mainstream" (Cromwell, 1998, "The Bilingual Education Debate: Part I"). This argument is often posed in terms of the cliche: 'my mother came over on the boat ***** Italy, and learned English the hard ***** (through *****) why shouldn't o*****r children have ***** suffer in the same fashi*****? Why the passionate fervor for immersion, even on a popular level ***** we are in fact a nation of immigrants? It is not simply xenophobia, perhaps, rather "***** people feel like experts when it comes to language. Our reactions are ********** visceral. Perhaps that's because our speech defines us ethnically, socially, and intellectually. *****'s tied up with a sense of who ***** are - and who we ***** not


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