Essay - Bilingual Education Article Submission for the Bilingual Research Journal (Brj)...


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Bilingual Education

Article Submission for The Bilingual Research Journal (BRJ)

According to its website, this is "a journal that ***** published three times each year and covers a wide range of topics relating to bilingual education, bilingualism in society, ***** language policy ***** *****. ***** journal contains ***** sections: research and essays, the traditional formats of scholarly discourse; ***** in practice, which documents the experience ***** teachers and o*****r practitioners; ***** book reviews"

Website guidelines for submission available at http://brj.asu.edu/submit.html

Problems with bilingual education—a review of current literature and a c*****ll ***** action

Introduction

Ideally, research, not rhetoric should determine the most effective way to teach children within the American educational system. Yet the current debate over ***** best ***** to conduct bilingual classes for children has been largely dominated by the latter rather than the former. Organizations such as 'English First' have created effective but misguided lobbying campaigns to unite fearful citizens under ***** banner ***** patriotism. It urges that that: "congressional staff, state legisla*****rs and scholars nationwide" must know ***** English-only programs are a voting issue ("What is Engl*****h First,"2007, English First Website). While the goals of the organization are simple, to make English America's official language and eliminate multilingual ***** in school, the actual process of second language acquisition is far more complex for ESL students. Contrary to the *****-only ideal, current *****, imperfect and limited as current studies on different approaches to bil*****gual education may be, support ***** idea that a transitional, ***** than an immersive approach is the superior strategy ***** pursue with children. A slow transitional approach best suits ***** student's long-term academic needs. Short-term proficiency to meet narrow standards of literacy that do not render ESL students on academic par with native English speakers in all subjects, not just language arts, should not be the goal of bil*****gual education.

The stakes ***** the *****

***** of bilingual ***** programs often harken back to ***** early 1900s, when children of immigrants entered schools in large numbers and be*****g raised in a ***** home w***** seen as harm*****g school success. At that time, children were discouraged from speaking their native language at school. English immersion was the order ***** ***** day, and critics of bilingualism maintain, ***** who did not speak English readily learned it and ***** the educational mainstream" (Cromwell, 1998, "The Bilingual ***** Debate: Part I"). This argument is often posed in terms of the cliche: 'my mother came over on the boat ***** Italy, and learned Engl*****h the hard way (through *****) why shouldn't o*****r children have ***** suffer in the same fashion? Why the passionate fervor for immersion, even on a popular level when we ***** in fact a nation of immigrants? It is not simply xenophobia, perhaps, rather "most people feel like experts when ***** comes to *****. Our reactions are often visceral. Perhaps that's because our speech defines us ethnically, socially, and intellectually. It's tied up ***** a sense of who we are - and who we ***** *****

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