Essay - Bilingual Education Article Submission for the Bilingual Research Journal (Brj)...

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Bilingual Education

Article Submission for The Bilingual Research Journal (BRJ)

According to its website, this is "a journal that ***** published three times each year and covers a wide range of ********** relating to bilingual education, bilingualism in society, ***** language policy ***** education. The journal contains ***** sections: research and essays, the traditional formats of scholarly discourse; research in practice, which documents the experience of t*****ers and other practitioners; ***** book reviews"

***** guidel*****es for submission available at

Problems with bilingual education—a review of current literature and a call to action


Ideally, research, not rhe*****ric should determine the most effective way to teach children ********** the American *****l system. Yet the current debate over the best way to conduct bilingual classes ***** children has been largely dominated by the latter rather than the former. Organizations such as 'English First' have created effective but misguided lobbying campaigns to unite fearful citizens under ***** banner of patriotism. It urges that that: "congressional staff, state legisla*****rs and scholars nationwide" must know that English-only programs are a voting issue ("Wh*****t is Engl*****h First,"2007, English First Website). While the goals of the organization are simple, to make English America's official language and eliminate multilingual ***** in school, the actual process of second language acquisition is far more complex for ESL students. Contrary ***** the *****-only ideal, current *****, imperfect and limited ***** current studies on different approaches to bil*****gual education may be, support the idea ***** a transitional, ra*****r than an immersive approach is the superior strategy to pursue with children. A slow transitional approach best suits ESL student's long-term academic needs. Short-term proficiency ***** meet narrow st*****ards of literacy that do not render ***** students on academic par ***** native English speakers in all subjects, not just language arts, should not be the goal of bilingual education.

The stakes ***** the *****

Opponents of bilingual ***** programs often harken back to the early 1900s, when children of immigrants entered schools in large numbers and be*****g raised in a ***** home was seen as harming school success. At that time, children were discouraged from speaking their native language at school. English immersion was the order of ***** day, and critics ***** bilingualism maintain, students who did not speak English readily learned it and ***** the educational mainstream" (Cromwell, 1998, "The Bilingual Education Debate: Part I"). This argument is often posed in terms of the cliche: 'my mother came over on the boat ***** Italy, and learned English the hard ***** (through immersi*****) why shouldn't o*****r children have ***** suffer in the same fashion? Why the passionate fervor for *****on, even on a popul*****r level when we ***** in fact a nation of immigrants? It is not simply xenophobia, perhaps, rather "***** people feel like experts when ***** comes to *****. Our reactions are often visceral. Perhaps that's because our speech def*****es us ethnically, socially, and intellectually. *****'s tied up with a sense of who ***** are - and ***** we are *****


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