Essay - Bilingual Education Article Submission for the Bilingual Research Journal (Brj)...


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Bilingual Education

Article Submission for The Bilingual Research Journal (BRJ)

According to its website, this is "a journal that is published three times each year and covers a wide r*****nge of topics relating to bilingual education, bilingualism in society, ***** language policy in education. The journal contains three sections: research and essays, the traditional formats of scholarly discourse; research in practice, which documents the experience of teachers and other practitioners; ***** book reviews"

***** guidelines for submission available at http://brj.asu.edu/submit.html

Problems with bilingual education—a review ***** current literature and a c*****ll ***** action

Introduction

Ideally, research, not rhetoric should determine the most effective way to teach children within the American educational system. Yet the current debate over ***** best ***** to conduct bilingual classes for children has been largely dominated by the latter rather than the former. Organizations such as 'English First' have created effective but misguided lobbying campaigns to unite fearful citizens under ***** banner of patriotism. It urges that that: "congressional staff, state legislators and scholars nationwide" must know that English-only programs are a voting issue ("What is Engl*****h First,"2007, English First Website). While the goals of the organization are simple, to make English America's official language and eliminate multilingual programs in school, the actual process of second language acquisition is far more complex for ESL students. Contrary ***** ***** English-only ideal, current *****, imperfect ***** limited ***** current studies on different approaches to bilingual education may be, support the idea that a transitional, ***** than an immersive approach is the superior strategy to pursue with *****. A slow transitional approach *****st suits ESL student's long-term academic needs. Short-term proficiency ***** meet narrow standards of literacy ***** do not render ***** students on academic par with native English speakers in all subjects, not just language arts, should not be the goal of bil*****gual *****.

The stakes of ***** *****

Opponents of bilingual education programs often harken back to the early 1900s, when children of immigrants entered schools in large numbers and being raised in a ***** home was seen as harming school success. ********** that time, children were discouraged from speaking their native language at school. English immersion w***** the order of ***** day, and critics ***** bilingualism maintain, students who did ***** speak English readily learned it and entered the educational mainstream" (Cromwell, 1998, "The Bilingual ***** Debate: Part I"). This argument is often posed in terms of the cliche: 'my mother came over on the boat ***** Italy, and learned English the hard way (through immersion) why shouldn't other children have ***** suffer in the same fashion? Why the passionate fervor for *****, even on a popul*****r level ***** we are in fact a nation of immigrants? It is not simply xenophobia, perhaps, rather "***** people feel like experts when it comes to *****. Our reactions are often visceral. Perhaps that's because our speech def*****es us ethnically, socially, and intellectually. *****'s tied up with a sense of who we are - and who we ***** not

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