Essay - Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics Biodiversity and Conservation Have...

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Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics

Biodiversity and conservation have been difficult issues ***** the ecological field. This is not least so because of issues such as increasingly rapid species extinction ***** al***** the increasing human population and influence upon the natural environment. Nonetheless, ecologists are concerned about the conservation of biodiversity, as ***** conservation holds advantages not only for the future inheritance of the earth and its beauty, but also on a more practical and ec*****omic level. ***** is so because the diversity of species on earth have consequences ***** the often fragile ecosystems we as ***** beings share. Being aware of the importance of biodiversity ***** a step in the direction ***** saving ***** ***** as ***** know it. One specific way in which to accomplish this is via large-scale reservations. These have also incre*****ed with the rising awareness of the importance of conserving our ***** resources. When investigating the matter carefully, it becomes clear that such conservation has ***** only aesthetic, but also practical merit. Indeed, the ***** of biodiversity may be the one thing ***** stands between human beings and *****ir final ***** complete extinction.

Naughton-Treves, Holland & Brandon (2005:220) address the issue ***** conservation, biodiversity, and the ***** in which *****se have evolved to *****tegrate with ***** activities and needs. The authors state that protected areas as recently ***** twenty-five years ago, were the responsibility of professionals such as ecologists ***** forestry officials, with little effect on human activities in the regions. They were also solely focused upon protecting the diversity of fauna and flora in the area. The ***** ********** of poverty and hunger, particularly in developing countries, have changed this.

Issues of social and political responsibility have inspired ecologists to integrate *****ir efforts with those of philanthropists who aim to alleviate human suffering where it manifests ********** most seriously. As such, conservation of bio***** h***** taken an equal position with poverty *****d ***** alleviation. In addition to ***** biodiversity, protected areas are now also expected to contribute to national development and the reduction ***** *****. ***** this way, an attempt has been made to re***** human and natu*****; two entities that have been at war of centuries.

Another issue addressed by Naughton-Treves, Holland ***** Bandon (226), relates to the specific areas receiving priority when protection is implemented. ***** authors mention of example ***** tropical rain forests have receive disproportionate attention in terms ***** conservation a*****eness campaigns. The reason for this is the wide biodiversity that occurs ***** these **********. ***** authors however also emp*****ize that rain forests, while important, should not receive precedence to the detriment of biodiversity in other locations. The argument here ***** ***** a ***** focus on r*****in forests exclude other, also biologically rich areas, and in effect result in losses in these areas. Another problem is that the size ***** conservation parks is not sufficient to significantly prevent the future loss of biodiversity.

One solution for th***** ***** might be to create ***** ***** areas not only for conservation


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