Essay - Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics Biodiversity and Conservation Have...

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Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics

Biodiversity ***** conservation have been difficult issues ***** the ecological field. This is not least so because of issues such as increasingly rapid species extinction and al***** the increasing human population and influence upon the natural environment. Nonetheless, ecologists are concerned about the conservation of biodiversity, as ***** ***** holds advantages not only for the future inheritance of the earth and its beauty, but also on a more practical and ec*****omic level. ***** is so because the diversity of ***** on ***** have consequences ***** the often fragile ecosystems we as human beings sh*****. Being aware of ***** importance of ***** ***** a step in the direction ***** saving the earth as ***** know it. One specific way in which to accomplish this is via large-scale reservations. These have also increased with ***** r*****ing *****ness of the importance of conserving our ***** resources. When investigating the matter carefully, it becomes clear that such conservation has ***** only aes*****tic, ***** also practical merit. Indeed, the conservation of bio***** may be ***** one thing that st*****s between human beings and their final and complete extinction.

*****, Holland & Brandon (2005:220) address the issue of conservation, biodiversity, and the ***** in ***** these have evolved to integrate ***** ***** activities and needs. The authors state that protected areas as recently ***** twenty-five years ago, were the responsibility ***** professionals such as ecologists ***** forestry officials, with little effect on human activities in the regi*****s. *****y were ***** solely focused ***** protecting the diversity of fauna and flora in the area. The rising levels of poverty and hunger, particularly in develop*****g countries, have changed this.

***** of social and political responsibility have inspired ecologists to ***** their efforts with those of philanthropists who aim to alleviate human suffering where it manifests itself most seriously. As such, conservation of ***** h***** taken an equal position with ***** *****d ***** alleviation. In addition to ***** biodiversity, ***** areas are now also expected ***** contribute to national development and the reduction of poverty. In this way, an attempt has been made to reintegrate hum***** and nature; two entities that ***** been at war of centuries.

Another issue addressed by Naughton-Treves, Holland ***** Bandon (226), relates to the specific areas receiving priority when protection is implemented. The authors mention of example ***** tropical rain forests have receive disproportionate attention in terms of conservation awareness campaigns. The reason for this is the wide biodiversity that occurs ***** these forests. The authors however also emphasize that ***** forests, while important, should not receive precedence to the detriment ***** biodiversity in o*****r locations. The argument here ***** that a ***** focus on rain forests exclude other, ***** biologically rich areas, and in effect result in losses in these areas. Another problem is that the size of conservation parks is not sufficient to significantly prevent the ***** loss of biodiversity.

One solution for th***** ***** might be to create ***** ***** areas not only for conservation


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