Essay - Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics Biodiversity and Conservation Have...

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Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics

Biodiversity and conservation have been difficult issues in the ecological field. This is not least so because of issues such as increasingly rapid species extinction ***** also the increasing human population and influence upon the natural environment. Nonetheless, ecologists are concerned about the conservation ***** biodiversity, as such conservation holds advantages not only for the future inheritance of the earth ***** its beauty, but also on a more practical and economic level. ***** is so because the diversity ***** species on earth ***** consequences for the often fragile ecosystems we as human beings share. Being aware of ***** importance of bio***** ***** a step in the direction ***** saving the earth as ***** know it. One specific way in which to accomplish this is via large-scale reservations. These have also incre*****ed with ***** r*****ing awareness of the importance of conserving our natural resources. When investigating the matter carefully, it becomes clear that such conservation has ***** only aes*****tic, but ***** practical merit. Indeed, the conservation of biodiversity may be ***** one thing that stands between human beings and their final ***** complete extinction.

Naughton-Treves, Holland & Brandon (2005:220) address the issue of conservation, biodiversity, and the ***** in ***** these have evolved to ********** with human activities and needs. The authors state that protected areas as recently ***** twenty-five years ago, were the responsibility of professionals such as ecologists and forestry officials, with little effect on ***** activities in the regi*****s. *****y were also solely focused ***** protecting the diversity of fauna ***** flora in the area. The rising *****s of poverty and hunger, particularly in develop*****g countries, have changed this.

***** of social and political responsibility have inspired ecologists to integrate their efforts with those of philanthropists who aim to alleviate human suffering where it manifests *****elf most seriously. As such, conservation of biodivers*****y h***** taken an equal position wit***** ***** *****d ***** alleviation. In addition to conserving biodiversity, protected areas are now also expected ***** contribute to national development and the reduction ***** poverty. ***** this way, an attempt has been made to reintegrate hum***** ***** nature; two entities that have been at war of centuries.

Another issue addressed by Naughton-Treves, Holland & Bandon (226), relates to the specific ***** receiving priority when protection is implemented. The authors mention of example ***** tropical rain forests have receive disproportionate attention in terms of conservation a*****eness campaigns. The reason for ***** is the wide ***** that occurs in ***** forests. The ***** however also emphasize ***** rain *****, while important, should not receive precedence to the detriment of biodiversity in other locations. The argument here is that a d*****proportion*****te focus on rain forests exclude other, ***** biologically rich areas, and in effect result in losses ***** these areas. Another problem is that the size ***** conservation parks is not sufficient to significantly prevent the future loss of biodiversity.

One solution for this ***** might be to create ***** conservation areas not only for conservation


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