Essay - Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics Biodiversity and Conservation Have...

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Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics

Biodiversity and conservation have been difficult issues ***** the ecological field. This is not least so because of issues such as increasingly rapid species extinction and al***** the increasing human population ***** influence upon ***** natural environment. Nonetheless, ecologists are concerned about the conservation of biodiversity, as such conservation holds advantages ***** only for the future inheritance of the earth and its beauty, but also on a more practical and ec*****omic level. ***** is so because the diversity of species on earth ***** consequences ***** the often fragile ecosystems we as human beings share. Being aware of ***** importance of ***** ***** a step in the direction ***** saving ***** earth as ***** know it. One specific way in which to accomplish this is via large-scale reservations. These have also increased with the rising awareness of the importance of conserving our ***** resources. When investigating the matter carefully, it becomes clear that such conservation has not only aes*****tic, ***** ***** practical merit. Indeed, the ***** of biodiversity may be the one thing that stands between ***** beings and their final and complete extinction.

*****, Holland & Brandon (2005:220) address the issue ***** conservation, biodiversity, and ***** ***** in which these have evolved to integrate ***** human activities and needs. The authors state that protected areas as recently ***** twenty-five years ago, were the responsibility of professionals such as ecologists ***** forestry officials, with little effect on ***** activities in the regions. *****y ***** also solely focused upon protecting ***** diversity of fauna and flora in the area. The ***** levels of poverty and hunger, particularly in developing countries, have changed this.

Issues of social and political responsibility have inspired ecologists to integrate *****ir efforts with those of philanthropists who aim to alleviate human suffering where it manifests ********** most seriously. As such, conservation of ***** h***** taken an equal position with poverty *****d hunger alleviation. In addition to conserving bio*****, ***** areas are now ***** expected ***** contribute to national development and the reduction ***** poverty. In this way, an attempt has been made to re***** hum***** ***** natu*****; two entities that ***** been at war of centuries.

Another issue addressed by Naughton-Treves, Holland & Bandon (226), relates to the specific ***** receiving priority when protection is implemented. The authors mention of example ***** tropical rain forests have receive disproportionate attention in terms of conservation awareness campaigns. The reason for ***** is ***** wide *****diversity that occurs in these forests. ***** ***** however also emphasize that ***** forests, while important, should not receive precedence to the detriment of biodiversity in o*****r locations. The argument here ***** ***** a disproportionate focus on ra***** ***** exclude other, ***** biologically rich areas, and in effect result in losses in these areas. Another problem is that the size ***** conservation parks is not sufficient to significantly prevent the future loss of biodiversity.

One solution for this ***** might be to create large-scale ***** areas not only for conservation


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