Essay - Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics Biodiversity and Conservation Have...


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Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics

Biodiversity and conservation have been difficult issues in the ecological field. This is not least so because of issues such as ********** rapid species extinction and al***** the increasing human population and influence upon the natural environment. Nonetheless, ecologists are concerned about the conservation of biodiversity, as such conservation holds advantages not only for the future inheritance of the earth ***** its beauty, but also on a more practical and economic level. This is so because the diversity ***** species on earth ***** consequences ***** the often fragile ecosystems we as human beings sh*****. Being aware of the importance of bio***** is a step in ***** direction of saving the earth as ***** know it. One specific way in which to accompl*****h this is via large-scale reservations. These have also incre*****ed with ***** r*****ing awareness ***** the importance of conserving our natural resources. When investigating the matter carefully, it becomes clear that such conservation has ***** only aes*****tic, ***** also practical merit. Indeed, the conservation of biodiversity may be ***** one thing that stands between ***** beings and their final ***** complete extinction.

*****, Holland & Brandon (2005:220) address the issue ***** conservation, biodiversity, and the way in ***** these have evolved to *****tegrate with human activities and needs. The authors state that protected areas as recently as twenty-five years ago, were the responsibility of professionals such as ecologists ***** forestry officials, with little effect on human activities in the regions. *****y were ***** solely focused ***** protecting the diversity of fauna and flora in the area. The rising levels of poverty and hunger, particularly in develop*****g countries, have changed this.

Issues of social and political ***** have inspired ecologists to integrate their efforts with those of philanthropists who aim to alleviate human suffering where it manifests itself most seriously. As such, conservation of ***** h***** taken an equal position with ***** and hunger alleviation. In addition to ***** biodiversity, ***** areas are now also expected ***** contribute to national development and the reduction ***** poverty. ***** this way, an attempt has been made to reintegrate hum***** and nature; two entities that ***** been at war of centuries.

Another issue addressed by Naughton-Treves, Holland ***** Bandon (226), relates to the specific ***** receiving priority when protection is implemented. The authors mention of example that tropical rain forests have receive disproportionate attention in terms ***** conservation awareness campaigns. The reason for ***** is ***** wide ***** ***** occurs ***** these forests. ***** ***** however also emphasize that rain forests, while important, should not receive precedence to the detriment of biodiversity in o*****r locations. The argument here ***** that a ***** focus on r*****in forests exclude other, ***** biologically rich areas, and in effect result in losses in these areas. A*****her problem is that the size ***** conservation parks is not sufficient to significantly prevent the ***** loss of biodiversity.

One solution for th***** problem might be to create ***** conservation areas not only for conservation

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