Essay - Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics Biodiversity and Conservation Have...


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Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics

Biodiversity and conservation have been difficult issues in the ecological field. This is not least so because of issues such as ********** rapid species extinction and al***** the increasing human population ***** influence upon the natural environment. Nonetheless, ecologists are concerned about the conservation of biodiversity, as ***** ***** holds advantages not only for the future inheritance of the earth and its beauty, but also on a more practical and economic level. This is so because the diversity ***** ***** on ***** ***** consequences ***** the often fragile ecosystems we as ***** beings share. Being aware of the importance of ***** is a step in ***** direction of saving the earth as we know it. One specific way in which to accomplish this is via large-scale reservations. These have also increased with ***** r*****ing *****ness ***** the importance of conserving our natural resources. When investigating the matter carefully, it becomes clear that such conservation has not only aes*****tic, but ***** practical merit. Indeed, the conservation of biodiversity may be the one thing ***** st*****s between human beings and their final and complete extinction.

Naughton-Treves, Holland & Brandon (2005:220) address the issue of conservation, biodiversity, and the ***** in ***** *****se have evolved to *****tegrate with ***** activities and needs. The authors state that protected areas as recently as twenty-five years ago, were the responsibility ***** professionals such as ecologi***** and forestry officials, with little effect on human activities in the regi*****s. They ***** also solely focused ***** protecting ***** diversity of fauna and flora in the area. The rising levels of poverty and hunger, particularly in develop*****g countries, have changed this.

***** of social and political responsibility have inspired ecologists to integrate their efforts with those of philanthropists who aim to alleviate human suffe***** where it manifests itself most seriously. As such, conservation of biodiversity h***** taken an equal position wit***** poverty *****d hunger alleviation. In addition to conserving biodiversity, protected areas are now ***** expected to contribute to national development and the reduction ***** poverty. ***** this way, an attempt has been made to re***** hum***** ***** nature; two entities that have been at war of centuries.

A*****her issue addressed by Naughton-Treves, Holland ***** Bandon (226), relates to the specific areas receiving priority when protection is implemented. ***** authors mention of example ***** tropical rain forests have receive disproportionate attention in terms of conservation awareness campaigns. The reason for this is ***** wide biodiversity that occurs in these forests. ***** ***** however also emp*****ize ***** ra***** forests, while important, should not receive precedence to the detriment of biodiversity in other locations. The argument here is that a ***** focus on ra***** ***** exclude other, ***** biologically rich areas, and in effect result in losses ***** these areas. Another problem ***** that the size of conservation parks is not sufficient to significantly prevent the ***** loss of biodiversity.

One solution for this ***** might be to create large-scale conservation areas not only for conservation

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