Essay - Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics Biodiversity and Conservation Have...

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Biodiversity and Conservation in the Tropics

Biodiversity and conservation have been difficult issues ***** the ecological field. This is not least so because of issues such as increasingly rapid species extinction ***** also the increasing human population and influence upon ***** natural environment. Nonetheless, ecologists are concerned about the conservation of biodiversity, as such ***** holds advantages ***** only for the future inheritance of the earth and its beauty, but also on a more practical and ec*****omic level. ***** is so because the diversity ***** ***** on earth have consequences ***** the often fragile ecosystems we as human beings share. Being aware of the importance of biodiversity ***** a step in the direction of saving the earth as ***** know it. One specific way in which to accomplish this is via large-scale reservations. These have also incre*****ed with the rising *****ness of the importance of conserving our natural resources. When investigating the matter carefully, it becomes clear that such conservation has not only aes*****tic, ***** also practical merit. Indeed, the conservation of biodiversity may be ***** one thing ***** stands between human beings and their final and complete extinction.

*****, Holland & Brandon (2005:220) address the issue ***** conservation, biodiversity, and the way in which these have evolved to ********** ***** human activities and needs. The authors state that protected areas as recently as twenty-five years ago, were the responsibility of professionals such ***** ecologists and forestry officials, with little effect on human activities in the regi*****s. They were ***** solely focused upon protecting ***** diversity of fauna ***** flora in the area. The ***** ********** of poverty and hunger, particularly in develop*****g countries, have changed this.

Issues of social and political responsibility have inspired ecologists to integrate their efforts with those of philanthropists who aim to alleviate human suffering where it manifests itself most seriously. As such, conservation of ***** has taken an equal position with ***** and ***** alleviation. In addition to ***** biodiversity, ***** areas are now also expected ***** contribute to national development and the reduction of poverty. In this way, an attempt has been made to reintegrate human ***** nature; two entities that ***** been at war of centuries.

Another issue addressed by Naughton-Treves, Holland & Bandon (226), relates to the specific ***** receiving priority when protection is implemented. The authors mention of example that tropical rain forests have receive disproportionate attention in terms of conservation a*****eness campaigns. The reason for ***** is the wide biodiversity ***** occurs in ***** forests. ***** authors however also emphasize that ***** *****, while important, should not receive precedence to the detriment ***** biodiversity ***** o*****r locations. The argument here ***** that a disproportion*****te focus on rain forests exclude other, also biologically rich areas, and in effect result in losses ***** these areas. Another problem is that the size of conservation parks is not sufficient to significantly prevent the future loss of biodiversity.

***** solution for this ***** might be to create ***** conservation ***** not only for conservation


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