Essay - Bipolar Disorder Abstract: the Paper is Presenting Arguments in Favor...


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Bipolar disorder

Abstract:

The paper is presenting arguments in favor of a diagnos***** of bipolar disorder in the main character and narrator ***** ***** JD Salinger's novel, The Catcher in the Rye. After consider*****g, comparing and corroborating the symptoms indicated in medicine today ***** the story told by Holden Caulfield, the conclusion is that he is highly likely to have suffered of the illness, especially under the extraordinary circumstances of h***** younger brother's death, his parents', pr*****essors and peers unawareness of his medical problems and his own ability to hide for several years his aggravated state of mind.

Bipolar disorder

***** key symptom of bipolar disorder is the swing in moods ***** has to be observed ***** an adolescent over a period of a few years and in a much more severe way than it happens ***** be *****istic of pu*****rty. Holden *****, the sixteen year old boy who is the narrator and the main character in The Catcher in ***** ***** ***** clearly presenting ***** swings in moods passing from episodes ***** mania to ***** of depression rapidly and with no periods of *****rmal behavior between them.

He is telling the story that led to ***** current ***** ***** being an in-patient in a hospice. It starts with him being expelled for the fifth time out of high school. The setting ***** ***** ***** Pencey Prep, a private ***** in Agerstown, Pennsylv*****ia.

Medicine today is still searching for answers related to the causes ***** treatment of this mental illness. Its comorbidity with other juvenile *****s makes it even harder ***** set a reliable diagnose and decide upon the correct *****. "Difficulties in diagnosing early, especially prepubertal on*****, bipolar disorder are not specific to the past half century. As early as 1931, Kasanin reported that nearly 25% of childhood-onset cases were misdiagnosed" (Geller, DelBello, 2003). The time when Holden Caulfield is taken ***** a psychiatrist for an evaluation is exactly in his prepubertal **********, following ***** auto-mutilation manifestations during the night his youngest br***** died of leukemia.

***** he is mentioning being ***** into a doctor's office and ***** evaluated, he never discloses the conclusions of ***** medical examination ***** the results ***** any kind of treatment the doctors might have chosen for him. ***** researches in the field ***** bipolar ***** in children and prepubertal stages were still in their incipient fazes ***** the middle of the twentieth century.

Today, researchers are still conducting studies to help them understand the ***** that lead to the onset of ***** *****. There are three main factors that ***** taken into consideration, like: biochemical factors, genes and environmental factors. Environmental factors, although may be a key factor, they are ***** necessarily established as the main cause, but rather as contributors to the onset ***** an illness.

While telling his story, Holden ***** is repeatedly saying ***** people often do not pay attention to ********** and he is specifically making reference to his own ***** and manifestations no adult around ***** seemed *****ight

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