Essay - Bipolar Disorder Abstract: the Paper is Presenting Arguments in Favor...

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Bipolar disorder


***** paper is presenting arguments in favor of a di*****gnos***** of bipolar ***** in the main character and narrator ***** ***** JD Salinger's novel, The Catcher in the Rye. After consider*****g, comparing and corroborating the symptoms indicated in medicine today and the story told by Holden Caulfield, the conclusion is that he is highly likely to have suffered of the illness, especially under the extraordinary circumstances of his younger brother's death, his parents', professors and peers unawareness of his medical problems and ***** own ability to hide for several years his aggravated state of mind.

Bipolar disorder

***** key symptom of bipolar ***** is the swing in moods that has to be observed ***** an adolescent over a period of a few years and in a much more severe way than it happens ***** be *****istic of pu*****rty. Holden Caulfield, ***** sixteen year old boy who is the narrator and the main character in The Catcher in ***** ***** is clearly present*****g ***** swings in moods pass*****g from episodes of mania to ***** of depression rapidly and with no periods of normal behavior between them.

He is telling the story ***** led to ***** current ***** ***** being an in-patient in a hospice. It starts with him being expelled for the fifth time out of high school. ***** setting ***** that of Pencey Prep, a private ***** in Agerstown, Pennsylvania.

Medicine today is still searching for answers related to ***** causes and treatment of th***** mental *****. Its comorbidity wi***** other juvenile disorders makes it even harder to set a reliable diagnose and decide upon the correct *****. "Difficulties in diagnosing early, especially prepubertal on*****, bipolar disorder are not specific to the past half century. As early as 1931, Kasanin reported ***** nearly 25% of childhood-onset cases were misdiagnosed" (Geller, DelBello, 2003). The ***** when ***** Caulfield is taken to a psychi*****trist for an evaluation is exactly in his prepubertal years, following his auto-mutilation manifestations during the night his youngest brother died of leukemia.

Although he is mentioning being taken into a doctor's *****fice ***** being evaluated, he never discloses the *****s of ***** medical examination and the results of any kind of treatment the doctors might ***** chosen for *****. The researches in the field of bipolar ***** in children and prepubertal stages were still in their ********** fazes by the middle of the twentieth century.

Today, researchers are still conducting studies to help ***** understand the causes that lead to the onset of the illness. There are three main factors that are taken ***** consideration, like: biochemical factors, genes and environmental factors. Environmental factors, although may be a key factor, they are ***** necessarily established as the main cause, but rather as contributors to the onset ***** an *****.

While telling his story, Holden ***** is repeatedly saying that people often do not pay attention to anything and he is specifically making reference to his own ***** and ***** no adult around him seemed bright


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