Essay - Bipolar Disorder Abstract: the Paper is Presenting Arguments in Favor...


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Bipolar disorder

Abstract:

***** paper is presenting arguments in favor of a di*****gnosis of bipolar disorder in the main character and narrator of ***** JD Salinger's novel, The Catcher in the Rye. After consider*****g, comparing and corroborating the symptoms indicated in medicine today ***** the story told by Holden Caulfield, the conclusion is that he is highly likely to have suffered of the illness, especially under the extraordinary circumstances of h***** younger brother's death, his parents', professors and peers unawareness of his medical problems ***** his own ability to hide for several years ***** aggravated state of mind.

Bipolar *****

***** key symptom of bipolar disorder is the swing in moods ***** has to be observed in an adolescent over a period ***** a few years *****d in a much more severe way than it happens ***** be *****istic of puberty. Holden Caulfield, ***** sixteen year old boy who is the ***** and the main character in The Catcher in the ***** is clearly present*****g severe swings in moods passing from episodes of mania to episodes of depression rapidly and with no *****s of *****rmal behavior between them.

He is telling the ***** that led to h***** current ***** ***** being an in-patient in a hospice. It starts with him being expelled for ***** fifth time out of high school. ***** setting is ***** of Pencey Prep, a private ***** in Agerstown, Pennsylv*****ia.

Medicine today is still searching for answers related to the causes ***** treatment of this mental illness. Its comorbidity with other juvenile disorders makes it even harder ***** set a reliable diagnose and decide upon the correct treatment. "Difficulties in diagnosing early, especially prepubertal onset, bipolar disorder are not specific to the past half century. As early as 1931, Kasanin reported that n***** 25% of childhood-***** cases were misdiag*****osed" (Geller, DelBello, 2003). The ***** when Holden Caulfield is taken to a psychiatrist for an evaluation is exactly in his prepubertal years, following ***** auto-mutilation manifestations during the night his youngest br***** died ***** leukemia.

***** he is mentioning being ***** into a doctor's office ***** ***** evaluated, he never d*****closes the conclusions of ***** medical examination and the results of any kind of treatment the doctors might ***** chosen for him. The researches in ***** field of bipolar disorder in children ***** prepubertal stages were still in their incipient fazes ***** the middle of the twentieth *****.

Today, researchers are still conducting studies to help ***** *****stand ***** causes that lead to the onset of ***** illness. There are three main factors that are taken into consideration, like: biochemical factors, genes and environmental factors. Environmental factors, although may be a ***** factor, they are ***** necessarily established as the main cause, but ra*****r as contributors to the onset ***** an illness.

While telling ***** story, Holden Caulfield is repeatedly saying that people often do not pay attention to anything and he is specifically making reference to his own ***** and ***** no adult around him seemed *****ight

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