Essay - Bipolar Disorder Abstract: the Paper is Presenting Arguments in Favor...

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Bipolar disorder


The paper is presenting arguments in favor of a di*****gnosis of bipolar ***** in the main character and narrator ***** the JD Salinger's novel, The Catcher in the Rye. After considering, comparing and corroborating the symptoms indicated in medicine today and the story told by Holden Caulfield, the conclusion is that he is highly likely to have suffered of the illness, especially under the extraordinary circumstances of h***** younger brother's death, his parents', pr*****essors ***** peers unawareness of his medical problems and his own ability to hide for several years ***** aggravated state of mind.

Bipolar disorder

The key symptom of bipolar ***** is the swing in moods ***** has to be observed in an adolescent over a period of a few years *****d in a much more severe way than it happens ***** be *****istic of pu*****rty. Holden *****, the sixteen year old boy who is ***** ***** and the ma***** character in The Catcher in the ***** is clearly present*****g severe swings in moods pass*****g from episodes ***** mania to ***** of depression rapidly and with no *****s of normal behavior between them.

He is telling the story that led to h***** current state of being an in-patient in a hospice. It starts with him be*****g expelled for the fifth time out of high school. ***** setting is that ***** Pencey Prep, a private school in Agerstown, Pennsylv*****ia.

***** today is still searching for answers related to ***** causes ***** treatment of this mental *****. Its comorbidity with other juvenile disorders makes it even harder to set a reliable diagnose and decide upon the correct *****. "Difficulties in diagnosing early, especially prepubertal onset, bipolar disorder are not specific to the past half century. As early as 1931, Kasanin reported ***** n***** 25% of childhood-***** cases were misdiag*****osed" (Geller, DelBello, 2003). The time when ***** Caulfield is taken to a psychi*****trist for an evaluation is exactly in his prepubertal years, following ***** auto-mutilation manifestations during the night his youngest br***** died ***** leukemia.

***** he is mentioning being ***** into a doctor's office ***** being evaluated, he never discloses ***** *****s of the medical examination and the results ***** any kind of treatment the doctors might ***** chosen ***** *****. ***** researches in the field of bipolar ***** in children ***** prepubertal stages were still in *****ir incipient fazes by the middle of the twentieth *****.

Today, researchers are still conducting studies to help them understand the ***** that lead to the onset of the illness. There are three main factors that ***** taken into consideration, like: biochemical factors, genes and environmental factors. Environmental factors, although may be a key factor, they are not necessarily established as the ***** cause, but ra*****r as contributors to the onset ***** an *****.

While telling ***** story, Holden ***** is repeatedly saying ***** people often do not pay attention to anything and he is specifically making reference to his own ***** and manifestations no adult around him seemed bright


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