Essay - Bipolar Disorder Abstract: the Paper is Presenting Arguments in Favor...


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Bipolar disorder

Abstract:

The paper is presenting arguments in favor of a di*****gnos***** of bipolar ***** in the main character and narrator ***** the JD Salinger's novel, The Catcher in the Rye. After considering, comparing and corroborating the symptoms indicated in medicine today and ***** story told by Holden Caulfield, the conclusion is that he is highly likely to have suffered of the illness, especially under the extraordinary circumstances ***** h***** younger brother's death, his parents', professors and peers unawareness of his medical problems ***** his own ability to hide for several years his aggravated state of mind.

Bipolar disorder

The key symptom of bipolar ***** is the swing in moods ***** has to be observed in an adolescent over a period of a few ye*****rs *****d in a much more severe way than it happens to be *****istic of puberty. Holden *****, the sixteen year old boy who is the ***** and the ma***** character in The Catcher in ***** Rye is clearly present*****g severe swings in moods pass*****g from episodes ***** mania to ***** of depression rapidly and with no *****s of *****rmal behavior between them.

He is telling the story that led to ***** current state of being an in-patient in a hospice. It starts with him be*****g expelled for ***** fifth time out ***** high school. The setting ***** that of Pencey Prep, a private ***** in Agerstown, Pennsylv*****ia.

***** today is still searching for answers related to the causes and treatment of th***** mental illness. Its comorbidity wi***** other juvenile disorders makes it even harder ***** set a reliable diagnose and decide upon the correct treatment. "Difficulties in diagnosing early, especially prepubertal onset, bipolar disorder are not specific to the past half century. As early as 1931, Kasanin reported ***** n***** 25% of childhood-o*****set cases were misdiagnosed" (Geller, DelBello, 2003). The time when Holden Caulfield is taken to a psychiatrist for an evaluation is exactly in his prepubertal years, following his auto-mutilation manifestations during the night his youngest br***** died ***** leukemia.

Although he is mentioning being taken into a doctor's office ***** ***** evaluated, he never discloses ***** conclusions of the medical examination and the results ***** any kind of treatment the doctors might ***** chosen for *****. ***** researches in ***** field of bipolar ***** in children and prepubertal stages were still in their incipient fazes by the middle of the twentieth century.

Today, researchers are still conducting studies to help them *****stand the causes that lead to the onset of the illness. There are three main factors that ***** taken ***** consideration, like: biochemical factors, genes and environmental factors. Environmental factors, although may be a ***** factor, they are ***** necessarily established as the ***** cause, but rather as contributors to the onset ***** an *****.

While telling ***** story, Holden Caulfield is repeatedly saying ***** people often do not pay attention to anything and he is specifically making reference to his own problems and manifestations no adult around him seemed bright

. . . . [END OF RESEARCH PAPER PREVIEW]

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