Essay - Bipolar Disorder Abstract: the Paper is Presenting Arguments in Favor...


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Bipolar disorder

Abstract:

***** paper is presenting arguments in favor of a di*****gnos***** of bipolar ***** in the main character and narrator ***** the JD Salinger's novel, The Catcher in ***** Rye. After considering, comparing and corroborating the symptoms indicated in medicine today ***** the story told by Holden Caulfield, the conclusion is that he is highly likely to have suffered of the illness, especially under the extraordinary circumstances ***** h***** younger brother's death, his parents', professors and peers unawareness of his medical problems ***** his own ability to hide for several years ***** aggravated state of mind.

Bipolar disorder

***** key symptom of bipolar ***** is the swing in moods that has to be observed in an adolescent over a period of a few years and in a much more severe way than it happens to be characteristic of pu*****rty. Holden *****, the sixteen year old boy who is the ***** and the ma***** character in The Catcher in ***** Rye is clearly presenting severe swings in moods passing from episodes ***** mania to ***** of depression rapidly and with no *****s of *****rmal behavior between them.

He is telling the story ***** led to h***** current ***** ***** being an in-patient in a hospice. It starts with him being expelled for the fifth time out of high school. ***** setting is that ***** Pencey Prep, a private school in Agerstown, Pennsylvania.

Medicine today is still searching for answers related to the causes ***** treatment of this mental *****. Its comorbidity with other juvenile disorders makes it even harder ***** set a reliable diagnose and decide upon the correct *****. "Difficulties in diagnosing early, especially prepubertal onset, bipolar disorder are not specific to the past half century. As early as 1931, Kasanin reported that n***** 25% of childhood-onset cases were misdiagnosed" (Geller, DelBello, 2003). The time when ***** Caulfield is taken ***** a psychi*****trist for an evaluation is exactly in his prepubertal *****, following ***** auto-mutilation manifestations during the night his youngest br***** died ***** leukemia.

Although he is mentioning being ***** into a doctor's office and being evaluated, he never discloses the conclusions of the medical examination ***** the results ***** any kind of treatment the doctors might have chosen for him. The researches in ***** field of bipolar disorder in children and prepubertal stages were still in their incipient fazes by the middle of the twentieth *****.

Today, researchers are still conducting studies to help ***** *****stand ***** causes that lead to the onset of ***** illness. There are three main factors that ***** taken into consideration, like: biochemical factors, genes and environmental factors. Environmental factors, although may be a key factor, they are ***** necessarily established as the main cause, but ra*****r as contributors to the onset of an illness.

While telling ***** story, Holden Caulfield is repeatedly saying ***** people ********** do not pay attention to anything and he is specifically making reference to his own problems and ***** no adult around ***** seemed *****ight

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