Essay - Bipolar Disorder Abstract: the Paper is Presenting Arguments in Favor...

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Bipolar disorder


The paper is presenting arguments in favor of a diagnosis of bipolar disorder in the main character and narrator of the JD Salinger's novel, The Catcher in the Rye. After considering, comparing and corroborating the symptoms indicated in medicine today ***** ***** story told by Holden Caulfield, the conclusion is that he is highly likely to have suffered of the illness, especially under the extraordinary circumstances ***** his younger brother's death, his parents', professors and peers unawareness of his medical problems ***** ***** own ability to hide for several years his aggravated state of mind.

Bipolar disorder

The key symptom of bipolar disorder is the swing in moods that has to be observed in an adolescent over a period ***** a few years *****d in a much more severe way than it happens ***** be characteristic of puberty. Holden *****, ***** sixteen year old boy who is the narrator and the ma***** character in The Catcher in the ***** is clearly present*****g ***** swings in moods passing from episodes ***** mania to ***** of depression rapidly and with no periods of normal behavior between them.

He is telling the ***** ***** led to his current ***** of being an in-patient in a hospice. It starts with him being expelled for ***** fifth time out of high school. The setting is that of Pencey Prep, a private school in Agerstown, Pennsylvania.

***** today is still searching for answers related to the causes ***** treatment of th***** mental *****. Its comorbidity wi***** other juvenile disorders makes it even harder ***** set a reliable diagnose and decide upon the correct *****. "Difficulties in diagnosing early, especially prepubertal onset, bipolar disorder are not specific to the past half century. As early as 1931, Kasanin reported that n***** 25% of childhood-o*****set cases were misdiagnosed" (Geller, DelBello, 2003). The time when ***** Caulfield is taken ***** a psychiatrist for an evaluation is exactly in his prepubertal *****, following his auto-mutilation manifestations during the night ***** youngest brother died of leukemia.

Although he is mentioning being ***** into a doctor's *****fice ***** ***** evaluated, he never d*****closes the *****s of ***** medical examination and the results ***** any kind of treatment the doctors might have chosen ***** him. The researches in the field ***** bipolar ***** in children ***** prepubertal stages were still in their incipient fazes ***** the middle of the twentieth century.

Today, researchers are still conducting studies to help them understand the ***** that lead to the onset of ***** illness. There are three main factors that ***** taken into consideration, like: biochemical factors, genes and environmental factors. Environmental factors, although may be a key factor, they are ***** necessarily established as the ***** cause, but rather as contributors to the onset of an illness.

While telling his story, Holden ***** is repeatedly saying ***** people *****ten do not pay attention to *****thing and he is specifically making reference to his own ***** and ***** no adult around him seemed bright


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