Essay - Bipolar Disorder Abstract: the Paper is Presenting Arguments in Favor...

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Bipolar disorder


The paper is presenting arguments in favor of a di*****gnos***** of bipolar disorder in the main character and narrator of ***** JD Salinger's novel, The Catcher in the Rye. After considering, comparing and corroborating the symptoms indicated in medicine today ***** ***** story told by Holden Caulfield, the conclusion is that he is highly likely to have suffered of the illness, especially under the extraordinary circumstances of his younger brother's death, his parents', pr*****essors and peers unawareness of his medical problems and his own ability to hide for several years ***** aggravated state of mind.

Bipolar disorder

The key symptom of bipolar disorder is the swing in moods ***** has to be observed in an adolescent over a period of a few years and in a much more severe way than it happens to be *****istic of puberty. Holden *****, the sixteen year old boy who is ***** ***** and the ma***** character in The Catcher in ***** ***** ***** clearly present*****g severe swings in moods passing from episodes ***** mania to episodes of depression rapidly and with no periods of normal behavior between them.

He is telling the ***** that led to his current ***** ***** being an in-patient in a hospice. It starts with him be*****g expelled for ***** fifth time out of high school. The setting is ***** of Pencey Prep, a private school in Agers*****wn, Pennsylv*****ia.

***** today is still searching for answers related to the causes ***** treatment of th***** mental *****. Its comorbidity with other juvenile *****s makes it even harder ***** set a reliable diagnose and decide upon the correct treatment. "Difficulties in diagnosing early, especially prepubertal on*****, bipolar disorder are not specific to the past half century. As early as 1931, Kasanin reported that nearly 25% of childhood-onset cases were misdiagnosed" (Geller, DelBello, 2003). The ***** when Holden Caulfield is taken ***** a psychiatrist for an evaluation is exactly in his prepubertal years, following ***** auto-mutilation manifestations during the night his youngest brother died ***** leukemia.

***** he is mentioning being taken into a doctor's office and ***** evaluated, he never discloses the *****s of ***** medical examination and the results ***** any kind of treatment the doctors might have chosen ***** him. ***** researches in ***** field ***** bipolar ***** in children and prepubertal stages were still in their ********** fazes by the middle of the twentieth *****.

Today, researchers are still conducting studies to help *****m *****stand the causes that lead to the onset of the illness. There are three main factors that ***** taken into consideration, like: biochemical factors, genes and environmental factors. Environmental factors, although may be a key factor, they are ***** necessarily established as the main cause, but ra*****r as contributors to the onset of an *****.

While telling ***** story, Holden Caulfield is repeatedly saying ***** people ********** do not pay attention to *****thing and he is specifically making reference to his own ***** and manifestations no adult around him seemed bright


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