Essay - Breastfeeding Introduction Child Malnutrition is One of the Most Widespread...


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Breastfeeding

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Child malnutrition is one of the most widespread problems the world faces until now. It has been associated to high rates of morbidity and mortality among children in the develop*****g countries. Child malnutrition has been ***** with a number of factors that can be addressed by the society. Some of these are poverty ***** the family's socio-economic status, availability ***** food and poor diet, immunization, and breastfeeding practice (Brenna, McDonald, Shlomowitz, 2003). In fact, exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months could decrease mortality among children younger than 5 years old to 13% (UNICEF, 2007). South Asia ***** the *****est morbidity and mortality rates among children younger ***** 5 ***** old: 70 million ***** younger than 5 years ***** from ***** Asia, and are unlikely ***** achieve their full growth and development (South Asia Breastfeeding Partners Forum, 2007).

Breastmilk may potentially contribute to the infant's physical, cognitive, and emotional development. Breastfeeding protects ***** infant from contracting many common childhood diseases such as chronic diarrhea, pneumonia; developing autoimmune *****, tooth decay, ***** growth retardation (Bhandari, Bahl, Mazumdar, Martines, Black, and Bhan, 2003; Brennan et al., 2003). It *****so facilitates development of the g*****trointestinal tract while facilitating the absorption and digestion ***** fats, proteins, ***** carbohyd***** found in foodstuffs (Gabbe, Niebyl, and Simpson, 2007; Rakel and Bope, 2007). It also lowers ***** risk of cardiovascular diseases and obesity as these children become older. It strengthens maternal-*****fant bonding, an activity which is pr*****oundly import*****t to a child's emotional development. It is ***** economically beneficial because it is free. Breastmilk contains sufficient nutrients and provides immunologic comp*****nts such as antibodies ***** are passively transferred from the mo*****r. The mother also benefits from ***** as it provides a natural contraceptive effect. ***** mother ***** also protected ***** rapid involution of the uterus, breast and endometrial cancers, and diabetes (***** et al., 2007).

***** its well-founded benefits, breastfeeding rates remain low in *****l parts of the world. The *****troduction of breastmilk within 1 hour *****s low among South *****n countries. In Afghanistan, ***** is not introduced during ***** first hour of feeding; in *****, Afghan babies ***** given breastmilk only as early as 4 months old (World Health Organization [WHO], 2001; South Asia Breastfeeding ***** Forum, 2007). It has been found that 45% of *****s ***** infants breastfeed ***** children during the first 6 months (UNICEF, 2007). ********** have ***** been inconsistencies with regards to the right time supplementary solid foods should be introduced. In Bangladesh, it was found that ***** median duration ***** exclusive *****ing ***** 3.7 months with nearly *****% of the mothers introducing milk supplements prior to 6 months. Most mothers also exclusively breastfeed their ***** for over 30 months (Ramachandran, 2004). In India, breastfeeding *****s were found ***** be almost similar to practices in ***** and West Bengal, except ***** the median duration of exclusive ***** was 5.3 months ***** lasted to the ***** duration of 25.4 months. Other studies have shown that breastfeed*****g rate decreased from 72% in the

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