Essay - Breastfeeding Introduction Child Malnutrition is One of the Most Widespread...

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Child malnutrition is one of the most widespread problems the world faces until now. It has been associated to high rates of morbidity and mortality among children in the develop*****g countries. Child ***** ***** been ***** with a number ***** factors that can be addressed by the society. Some of these are poverty and the family's socio-economic status, availability of food and poor diet, immunization, and breastfeeding practice (Brenna, McDonald, Shlomowitz, 2003). In fact, exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months could decrease mortality among children younger than 5 years old to 13% (UNICEF, 2007). South Asia has the highest morbidity ***** ***** rates among children younger than 5 ***** old: 70 million ***** younger ***** 5 years ***** from South Asia, and are unlikely to achieve their full growth and development (South Asia Breastfeeding Partners Forum, 2007).

Breastmilk may potentially contribute to the infant's physical, cognitive, and emotional *****. Breastfeeding protects the infant ***** contracting many common childhood diseases such as chronic diarrhea, pneumonia; developing autoimmune *****, tooth decay, and ***** retardation (Bhandari, Bahl, Mazumdar, Martines, Black, and Bhan, *****; Brennan et al., 2003). It *****so facilitates development ***** the g*****trointestinal tract while facilitating the absorption and digestion of fats, proteins, and carbohyd***** found in foodstuffs (Gabbe, Niebyl, and Simpson, *****; Rakel and Bope, 2007). ***** also lowers ***** risk ***** cardiovascular diseases ***** obesity as these children become older. It strengthens maternal-***** bonding, an activity which is profoundly important to a child's emotional development. ***** is also economically beneficial because it ***** free. Breastmilk contains sufficient nutrients and provides immunologic components such as antibodies that ***** passively transferred from the mo*****r. The mother also benefits from breastfeeding as it provides a natural contraceptive effect. ***** mother is ***** protected ***** rapid involution of the uterus, breast and endometrial cancers, and diabetes (Gabbe et al., 2007).

***** its well-founded benefits, breastfeeding rates remain low in *****l parts of ***** world. The *****troduction of breastmilk within 1 hour *****s low among South *****n countries. In Afghanistan, ***** is not introduced during the first ***** ***** feeding; in *****, Afghan babies are given breastmilk only as early as 4 months old (World Health Organization [WHO], 2001; South Asia Breastfeeding ***** Forum, 2007). It ***** been found that 45% of *****s and infants breastfeed their children during the first 6 months (*****, 2007). *****re have also been incons*****tencies with regards ***** the right time supplementary solid foods should be introduced. In Bangladesh, it was found ***** ***** median duration ***** exclusive *****ing was 3.7 months with nearly 70% of the mo*****rs introducing milk supplements prior to ***** months. Most mothers also exclusively breastfeed their ***** for over 30 ***** (Ramach*****ran, 2004). In *****dia, breastfeeding practices were found ***** be almost similar to practices in Bangladesh and West Bengal, except that the ***** duration of exclusive breastfeeding was 5.3 months ***** lasted to the median duration ***** 25.4 months. Other studies have shown that breastfeeding rate decreased from 72% in the


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