Essay - Bullying Introduction Bullying in Schools is a Topic Receiving Some...


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
Copyright Notice

Bullying

*****

Bullying in schools is a topic receiv*****g some interest from researchers in recent years. Pepler (1998) def*****es bullying as "a form of *****ggressive behavior with an imbal*****ce of power; the dominant person(s) intentionally and repeatedly causes distress by tormenting or harassing ano*****r less dominant person." In her search of the literature, Pepler found definitions f***** both direct (open attacks on ***** victim--kicking, pushing, hitting, teasing, taunting, mocking, ***** threatening and intimidating) and indirect (social isolati*****, social ostracism, exclusion, ***** nasty gossip) bullying. Further, she defined indirect ***** as having the effect of negatively affecting the target victim's ***** status by changing the way o*****rs perceived responded to the individual. ***** indirect bullying, Pepler noted that ***** bully often was not identified and typically was ***** retaliated against.

***** need for more research on ***** ***** evident because of the frequency range reported by Pickett (2001): from 7% to 30% of students have been reported involved in bullying either as bully or as victim. ***** further defined *****ing ***** a form ***** aggression that uses repeated use of aggressive interventions, and that the bully gained increased power over ***** victim (Pickett, 2001). Pickett also included sexual harassment as a ***** of bullying.

*****, Hirasing refined the definition of bullying, noting that it should be repeated ***** sustained and ***** it could involve more than one child acting as bully in a group. Finally, Hirasing ***** that typically the victim of the bully cannot defend him or herself.

Bullying is an important facet of childhood peer relations beca***** ***** results on ***** the bullies and the victims can be significant. Hirasing's research found that depression and even suicidal ideation were common ***** of being bullied. Although ***** ***** has been *****ed more, Hirasing found that these outcomes ***** stronger for indirect bullying, especially on girls. Bullying was also harmful ***** the aggressor; physical bullying was a warning sign for later delinquency in Hirasing's research. Pickett's research showed that obese children are ***** targeted, suggesting ***** there may be other subgroups likely ***** be targeted *****.

Because ***** correlates with such serious outcomes as depression, suicidal thoughts and future delinquency, it ***** important to learn ***** about the behavior pattern. In addition, Young points out that using force in interactions may prevent students ***** ********** better, more effective and less damaging ways to work ***** conflicts with peers (Young, 2003). Peplar (*****) suggested that bullying may be part of the larger problem of violence in general. These studies suggest a need to clarify which children are likely to participate, ***** as bully, as victim, or ***** both; under what circumstances bullying is most ***** to occur; ***** ***** effects ***** may ***** both on perpetra*****r and on victim.

***** STUDY

***** is something that happens in many countries, not just the United States. A study conducted by Henrike Schulz compared bullying in Great Britain and Ger*****. He used a cross-sectional ***** cross-national comparison for his design. 2,377 ***** from the two

. . . . [END OF TERM PAPER PREVIEW]

Download entire paper (and others like it)    |    Order a one-of-a-kind, custom-written paper

© 2001–2017   |   Thesis Papers about Bullying Introduction Bullying in Schools is a Topic Receiving Some   |   Term Paper Example