Essay - Bystander Intervention 2x2 Study March 7, 2005this Study Seeks to...


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
Copyright Notice

Bystander Intervention

2x2 Study

March 7, 2005This study seeks to understand bystander intervention through a laboratory experiment. To do so, it will use a 2x2 experimental design in which an environmental variable particular to the phenomenon is systematically m*****ipulated and a personal difference ***** controlled for, s*****ce individual difference variables, as a rule, c*****nnot be manipulated.

The sample consists of 120 undergraduate college volunteers from a local college or university. While this may seem to introduce a degree of range restriction into the *****, it should technically amplify the results since the behavior in question may differ across subjects differ*****g in age; that is, there is a possibility that the behavior may be more likely in older subjects, less likely ***** younger ones or vice versa. That being the case, the kind of range restriction suffered by the ***** serves as a ***** of control on ***** *****ge variable. Results of ***** study could be meaningfully compared with a subsequent study of the same ***** am*****g septuagenarians, ***** instance.

*****, the subject pool ***** divided acc*****ding to gender ***** 60 ***** from each group r*****omly assigned to either of the two treatments.

***** help in designing a study to understand the phenomenon of apparently altruistic behavior among bystanders, the following two variables are defined:

Altruism: the dependent variable, consists of a bystander's intervention in an event that ***** a victim to a crisis.

Xeno-referencing: *****n independent *****. It consists of a ***** *****al response to the absence or presence of o*****r *****.

The second ***** variable is an ***** difference ***** - *****.

The m*****ipulation consists ***** two treatments, and manipulates xeno-referencing across two personal difference *****, male or female.

In the basic experimental treatment, a rese*****rch ***** is taken to a room set up to resemble ***** street corner, with a riser representing the curb and taped lines on the floor representing street markings. During the experiment, two volunteer ac*****rs cross the "street" ***** opposite directi*****s. They collide and one of the assistants drops numerous packages on the ***** ***** must stoop to retrieve them. The ***** volunteer assistant pretends not ***** notice and exits the room. A***** all treatments, this aspect of the manipulation is consistent.

The difference in treatments for the two groups arises when ***** situational variable is *****d; the presence ***** other bystanders. In treatment one, apart from the actors in the drama, the bystander ***** alone. In treatment two, the ***** is ***** first person standing on the corner, but o*****rs are present as well. Standing behind the volunteer on ***** ***** ***** two *****s and ***** males, who do not intervene or comment in any way ***** the *****.

With such a manipulation, the study shows three things. First, it assesses the ***** to which the presence of others influences subjects' intervention in the situation in a gener*****l way. Second, it shows whether ***** are ***** or less ***** than ***** females to intervene in a general way. Finally, ***** shows whether the

. . . . [END OF TERM PAPER PREVIEW]

Download entire paper (and others like it)    |    Order a one-of-a-kind, custom-written paper

© 2001–2017   |   Thesis Paper about Bystander Intervention 2x2 Study March 7, 2005this Study Seeks to   |   Research Papers Example