Essay - Child Development Introduction the Beginning of the Theoretical and Practical...

Copyright Notice



The beginning of the theoretical and practical exploration of child development began in essence with the fairly recent recognition ***** children as ********** unique and progressively different to adults. As one commentator notes, "Children were often viewed simply as small versions of ***** ***** little attention was paid to the many advances in cognitive abilities, language usage, and physical growth." (Van Wagner)

Intense *****terest in the field of child development really began in the early Twentieth Century. However, the tendency ***** earlier psychological theory, especially ***** regard to the theories of Sigmund Freud, ***** to focus on ***** development from the perspective of abnormal developmental issues. This stance has since been adjusted and ameliorated by ***** c*****temporary theorists, such as Piaget and Eriksson.

While previous assessments of the infant or young child tended ***** emphasize the qualities of dependency, inadequacy and passivity, "... "...Recent observations of the infant have impressed psychologists with his alertness to ***** environment ***** ***** ability ***** adapt" (McKeachie and Doyle 460). In other words, psychologists realized that the child is not a "... p*****ssive recipient of *****al influences" but that development is in fact an active and inter***** process" (McKeachie and Doyle 460).

*****. Stages of development

Theoretical concerns with ***** to child and adolescent development have ***** ***** emphasize ***** various stages of growth ***** development - which includes both cognitive, ***** and physical aspects. One ***** the most famous of the experts in th***** field is Jean Piaget. Piaget focused on ***** development and stated ***** *****ere are a number of central ***** cognitive stages. The four developmental stages that Piaget identified ***** firstly the Sensorimotor stage, which takes place between birth and two years of age. This stage is characterized by the ***** ***** self as an agent of actions, ***** as shaking a rattle to make a noise. (Piaget)

The Preoperational stage between the ages ***** ***** ********** seven is ***** stage at ***** the child learns to use language and ***** represent objects by images and *****. At this ***** thinking and thought processing is still very egocentric and the child is less aware of the perspective and viewpoints ***** others. (Piaget) This is a stage when the child is, "... not yet able to conceptualize abstractly and needs concrete physical situations." (Piaget: funderstnading) The Concrete Operations stage put forward by Piaget takes place between seven and eleven years of age ***** is characterized by conceptualization and logical analysis ***** categorization of the world around him or her. ***** F*****mal ***** stage is when the individual can "...Can think logically about abstract propositions and test hypotheses systematically."


While these stages represent cogent insights in***** ***** development they have also been criticized for being too rigid and not allowing for a more flexible view of the w*****y that ***** develop cognition, as well as the way that *****y develop concrete operations, *****ten at a much earlier age than Piaget suggests.

Another view of child *****, which *****


Download complete paper (and others like it)    |    Order a brand new, customized paper

© 2001–2016   |   Book Report on Child Development Introduction the Beginning of the Theoretical and Practical   |   Thesis Papers Model