Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...

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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious d*****ease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other sign*****icant health problems as well. The disease progresses slowly, and can take months or years before it gets ***** the point where it is noticed, but *****re are other changes in the body that can be seen earlier on, if *****y are being looked for, ***** these ***** can make physicians aw***** of the problem so that it can be ***** as early ***** possible (Vernon & Pfe*****er, 2003). If ***** d*****ease progresses far enough, it is known as end-stage ***** disease, and when this takes place, a renal replacement therapy such as kidney dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When the kidneys do not function properly, *****y ***** not remove the toxins from the blood, and this can result in the per*****n ***** *****ing able to remain healthy.

In the beginning of the *****, *****re are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, the progression of ***** disease can cause an increase in ***** pressure, an accumulation of potassium in the blood, ***** accumulation of urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998). In addition to these symptoms, those that have chronic renal failure also ***** a high *****cidence of atherosclerosis, usually at a more acceler*****ed rate, and ***** a high incidence of cardiovascular ***** with a prognosis th*****t is not as good as ***** disease in someone that does ***** have chronic ***** failure as well (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998).

Usually, there is a previous ren*****l disease or some other k*****d of underlying disease that is the cause of the chronic renal failure (Ruggenenti, *****, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvadori, Scolari, Schena, ***** Remuzzi, 1999). *****re are some patients, however, where a cause for the problem cannot be found. Som*****imes, th***** cause is identified in retrospect (i.e. at a later date) ***** cannot be discovered ***** ***** diagnosis of chronic renal failure is first made. It is important to be **********, however, *****at chronic renal failure ***** not the same ***** as acute ***** failure, as acute renal ***** can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

In order ***** diagnose chronic renal failure, *****re are several tests. Generally, there is an abdom*****al ultrasound that is performed, *****d during that time the size of ***** kidneys are measured (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). The kidneys of someone that has chronic renal failure are generally smaller than average *****, with some notable and important exceptions. Two of these exceptions would be polycystic kidney disease and diab*****ic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). An***** diagnostic tool that is used, that of the study of ***** serum creatinine levels, can not only diagnose chronic ***** failure, but also help to distinguish it from ***** renal failure, as the acute version would see a rapid and sudden spike


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