Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...


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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious d*****ease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other sign*****i*****t health problems as well. The disease progresses slowly, and can take months or years *****f*****e it gets to the point where it is noticed, but *****re are other changes in the body that can be seen earlier on, if they are *****ing looked for, and these ***** can make physicians aware of the problem so that it can be ***** as early as possible (Vernon & P**********er, 2003). If the disease progresses far enough, it is known as end-stage renal *****, ***** when this takes place, a ren*****l replacement therapy such as ***** dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When ***** kidneys do not function properly, they do not remove the *****xins from ***** blood, and th***** can result in *****e person ***** *****ing able to remain healthy.

***** the beginning of the disease, *****re are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, *****na, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, ***** progression of the disease can cause an increase in blood pressure, an accumulation of potassium in the blood, an accumulation ***** urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998). In addition to these symptoms, those that have chronic renal failure ***** ***** a high ********** of *****therosclerosis, usually at a more acceler*****ed rate, ***** also a high incidence of cardiovascular ***** with a prognosis th*****t is not as good as this disease in someone that does not have chronic ***** failure as well (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998).

Usually, there is a previous ren*****l disease or some other k*****d ***** underlying disease that is the cause of the ***** renal failure (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvad*****i, Scolari, Schena, & Remuzzi, 1999). *****re are some patients, however, where a cause for ***** problem cannot be found. Som*****imes, th***** cause is identified in retrospect (i.e. at a later date) but cannot be d*****covered ***** *****e diagnosis of chronic ***** failure is first made. It ***** important to be aw*****, however, that chronic renal failure is not the same disease as acute renal failure, as acute renal failure can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

In order ***** diagnose chronic renal failure, *****re are several tests. Generally, there is an abdominal ultrasound ***** is performed, *****d during that time the size of the kidneys ***** measured (*****, et al, *****). The kidneys of someone ***** has chronic renal failure are generally smaller than average kidneys, with some not***** and important exceptions. Two of these exceptions would be polycystic kidney ***** and diab*****ic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). Another diagnostic tool that ***** used, that of the study of ***** serum creatinine levels, can not only diagnose chronic ***** failure, but ***** help to distinguish it ***** acute renal failure, as the acute version would see a rapid and sudden spike

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