Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...


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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious d*****ease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other signifi*****t health problems as well. The disease progresses slowly, and can take months or years before it gets to the point where it is noticed, but *****re are other changes in the body ***** can be seen earlier on, if *****y are being looked for, ***** these changes can make physicians aware of the problem so that it can be treated as early ***** possible (Vernon & Pfe*****er, 2003). If ***** disease progresses far enough, it is known as end-stage renal disease, and when this takes place, a renal replacement therapy such as kidney dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When the kidneys do not function properly, *****y do not remove the toxins from the blood, and this can result in the person not *****ing able to remain *****y.

In ***** beginning of the disease, ********** are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, ***** progression of the disease can cause an increase in blood pressure, an accumulation ***** potassium in the blood, ***** accumulation of urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). In addition to these *****, those that have chronic renal failure also ***** a high ********** of atherosclerosis, usually at a more acceler*****ed rate, ***** also a high incidence of cardiovascular ***** with a prognosis th*****t is not as good as ***** disease in someone that does ***** have chronic ***** failure as well (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998).

Usually, there is a previous ren*****l disease or some other k*****d of underlying disease ***** is the ***** ***** the ***** renal failure (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvad*****i, Scolari, Schena, & Remuzzi, 1999). *****re are some patients, however, ***** a cause for the problem cannot be found. Som*****imes, this ***** is identified in retrospect (i.e. at a later date) but cannot be d*****covered when the diagnosis of chronic renal failure is first made. It ***** important to be *****, however, that chronic ***** failure is not ***** same d*****ease as acute renal failure, as ***** renal ***** can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

***** order to diagnose chronic renal failure, ***** are several tests. Generally, there is an abdom*****al ultrasound ***** is performed, and during that time the size ***** the kidneys are measured (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). The ***** of someone that has ***** renal failure are generally smaller than average kidneys, with some not***** and important exceptions. Two of these exceptions would be polycystic kidney d*****ease and diab*****ic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). An***** diagnostic ********** that is used, that of the study of ***** serum ***** levels, can not only diagnose chronic ren***** failure, but ***** help to distinguish it ***** acute renal failure, as the acute version would see a r*****pid and sudden spike

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