Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...

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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious disease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other signifi*****t health problems as well. The disease progresses slowly, and can take months or years *****f*****e it gets ***** the point where it is noticed, but there are other changes in the body that can be seen earlier on, if *****y ***** *****ing looked for, ***** these changes can make physicians aware of the problem so ***** it can be treated as early ***** possible (Vernon & P*****ifer, 2003). If ***** disease progresses far enough, ***** is known as end-stage renal disease, and when this *****s place, a ren*****l replacement therapy such as ***** dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When the kidneys do not function properly, *****y ***** not remove the *****xins from ***** blood, and th***** can result in *****e person not *****ing able to remain healthy.

***** the beginning of the *****, *****re are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, ***** progression of the disease can cause an increase in ***** pressure, an accumulation of potassium in the blood, an accumulation ***** urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). In addition to these symptoms, those that have chronic renal failure also have a high *****cidence of atherosclerosis, usually at a more acceler*****ed rate, and ***** a high incidence of cardiovascular disease with a prognosis th*****t is not as good as this disease in someone that does ***** have chronic ***** failure as well (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998).

Usually, there is a previous renal disease or some other kind of underlying disease that is the cause of the ***** renal failure (Ruggenenti, *****, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvad*****i, Scolari, Schena, ***** Remuzzi, 1999). *****re are some patients, however, ***** a ***** for ***** problem cannot be found. Som*****imes, ***** cause ***** identified in retrospect (i.e. at a l*****ter date) but cannot be discovered when the diagnosis of chronic renal failure is first made. It ***** important to be *****, however, that chronic renal failure is not the same disease as acute ***** failure, as acute renal ***** can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

***** order ***** diagnose chronic renal failure, ***** ***** several tests. Generally, there is an abdom*****al ultrasound that is performed, and during that time the size ***** ***** kidneys are measured (*****, et al, 1999). The kidneys of someone that has ***** renal failure are generally smaller than average kidneys, with some not***** ***** important exceptions. Two of these exceptions would be polycystic kidney ***** and diab*****ic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). A*****her diagnostic tool that is used, that of the study of the serum creatinine levels, can not only diagnose chronic ***** failure, but *****so help to d*****tinguish it from ***** renal failure, as the acute version would see a rapid and sudden spike


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