Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...

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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious d*****ease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other signifi*****t health problems as well. The disease progresses slowly, and can take months or years bef*****e it gets ***** the point where it is noticed, but *****re are ***** changes in the body that can be seen earlier on, if they ***** being looked for, ***** these ***** can make physicians aware of the problem so ***** it can be ***** as early as possible (Vernon & Pfe*****er, 2003). If the dise*****e ***** far enough, it is known as end-stage renal disease, and when this *****s place, a renal replacement therapy such as kidney dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When ***** *****s do not function properly, they do not remove the *****xins from ***** blood, and th***** can result in *****e person not being able to remain healthy.

***** the beginning of the *****, *****re are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, the progression of ***** disease can cause an increase in blood pressure, an accumulation of potassium in the blood, an accumulation of urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998). In addition to these *****, those that have chronic renal failure ***** have a high incidence of **********, usually at a more acceler*****ed rate, ***** also a high incidence of cardiovascular disease with a prognosis that is not as good as this ***** in someone that does ***** have chronic renal failure as well (Ruggenenti, ***** al, *****).

Usually, there is a previous renal disease or some other kind of underlying disease ***** is the cause ***** the ***** ***** failure (Ruggenenti, *****, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvad*****i, Scolari, Schena, ***** Remuzzi, 1999). There are some patients, however, where a cause for ***** problem cannot be found. Sometimes, th***** ***** is identified in retrospect (i.e. at a l*****ter date) but cannot be d*****covered when ********** diagnosis of chronic renal failure is first made. It ***** important to be *****, however, that chronic ***** failure is not the same d*****ease as acute renal failure, as acute renal ***** can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

***** order ***** diagnose chronic renal failure, ***** are several tests. Generally, *****re is an abdominal ultrasound ***** is performed, *****d during that time the size of the kidneys ***** measured (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). The ***** ***** someone that has chronic renal ***** are generally smaller than average kidneys, with some notable and important exceptions. Two of these exceptions would be polycystic kidney d*****ease and diab*****ic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). An***** diagnostic tool that is used, that of the study of ***** serum creatinine levels, can not only diagnose chronic ren***** failure, but ***** help to distinguish it from acute renal failure, as the acute version ***** see a r*****pid and sudden spike


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