Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...


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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious disease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other sign*****i*****t health problems as well. The disease progresses slowly, and can take months or years bef*****e it gets to the point where it is noticed, but *****re are other changes in the body ***** can be seen earlier on, if they are being looked for, and these changes can make physicians aware of the problem so that it can be treated as early as possible (Vernon & Pfeifer, 2003). If the d*****e*****e progresses far enough, it is known as end-stage ***** disease, and when this *****s place, a ren*****l replacement therapy such as kidney dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When the *****s do not function properly, they ***** not remove the toxins from the blood, and th***** can result in the per*****n not *****ing able to remain healthy.

In ***** beginning of the disease, *****re are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, ***** progression of the disease can cause an increase in ***** pressure, an accumulation ***** potassium in the blood, ***** accumulation of urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). In addition to these *****, those that have chronic renal failure also ***** a high incidence of **********, usually at a more accelerated rate, ***** also a high ***** of cardiovascular ***** with a prognosis that is ***** as good as this disease in someone ***** does not have chronic renal failure as well (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998).

Usually, there is a previous renal disease or some other k*****d ***** underlying disease that is the cause of the chronic renal ***** (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvad*****i, Scolari, Schena, & Remuzzi, 1999). *****re are some patients, however, where a ***** for the problem can***** be found. Som*****imes, ***** cause ***** identified in retrospect (i.e. at a later date) ***** ********** be discovered when the diagnosis of chronic renal failure is first made. It is important to be *****, however, that chronic ***** failure is not the same disease as acute renal failure, as ***** renal failure can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

***** order to diagnose chronic renal failure, *****re ***** several tests. Generally, there is an abdominal ultrasound that is performed, and during that time the size ***** ***** kidneys are measured (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). The ***** of someone ***** has chronic renal ***** are generally smaller than average kidneys, with some notable and important exceptions. Two of ***** exceptions would be polycystic kidney d*****ease and diab*****ic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). An***** diagnostic tool that is used, that of the study of the serum ***** levels, can not only diagnose chronic ren***** failure, but ***** help to d*****tinguish it ***** acute ********** failure, as the acute version ***** see a r*****pid and sudden spike

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