Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...


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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious disease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other sign*****icant health problems as well. The dise*****e progresses slowly, and can take months or years bef*****e it gets ***** the point where it is noticed, but there are other changes in the body that can be seen earlier on, if they are being looked for, ***** these ***** can make physicians aw***** of the problem so that it can be ***** as early ***** possible (Vernon & Pfeifer, 2003). If ***** d*****ease progresses far enough, it is known as end-stage renal disease, and when this ********** place, a renal replacement therapy such as kidney dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When ***** *****s do not function properly, they ***** not remove the *****xins from ***** blood, and this can result in the per*****n not *****ing able to remain healthy.

In the beginning of the *****, there are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, ***** progression of the disease can cause an increase in ***** pressure, an accumulation of potassium in the blood, ***** accumulation ***** urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). In addition to these symptoms, those that have chronic renal failure also have a high ********** of **********, usually at a more acceler*****ed rate, and ***** a high incidence of cardiovascular disease with a prognosis th*****t is ***** as good as this disease in someone that does not have chronic renal failure as well (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998).

Usually, there is a previous renal disease or some other k*****d of underlying disease that is the ***** ***** the chronic renal ***** (Ruggenenti, *****, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvadori, Scolari, Schena, ***** Remuzzi, 1999). There are some patients, however, where a cause for ***** problem cannot be found. Som*****imes, ***** cause ***** identified in retrospect (i.e. at a l*****ter date) but ***** be discovered when the diagnosis of chronic ***** failure is first made. It is important to be aw*****, however, that chronic renal failure ***** not ***** same ***** as acute ***** failure, as ***** renal ***** can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

***** order to diagnose chronic renal failure, ***** are several tests. Generally, there is an abdominal ultrasound ***** is performed, and during that time the size ***** ***** kidneys ***** measured (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). The ***** of someone that has ***** renal failure are generally smaller than average kidneys, with some not***** and important exceptions. Two of these exceptions would be polycystic kidney d*****ease and diabetic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). An***** diagnostic ********** that is used, that of the study of ***** serum creatinine levels, can not only diagnose chronic ren***** failure, but also help to d*****tinguish it ***** acute renal failure, as the acute version would see a r*****pid and sudden spike

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