Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...

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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious d*****ease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other sign*****i*****t health problems as well. The dise*****e progresses slowly, and can take months or years *****f*****e it gets ***** the point where it is noticed, but there are ***** changes in the body ***** can be seen earlier on, if they ***** *****ing looked for, and these changes can make physicians aware of the problem so that it can be treated as early ***** possible (Vernon & Pfe*****er, 2003). If ***** d*****ease progresses far enough, ***** is known as end-stage renal disease, ***** when this takes place, a ren*****l replacement therapy such as ***** dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When the kidneys do not function properly, *****y do not remove the toxins from ***** blood, and th***** can result in the per*****n not *****ing able to remain *****y.

***** the beginning of the *****, ********** are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, ***** progression of the disease can cause an increase in blood pressure, an accumulation ***** potassium in the blood, an accumulation of urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). In addition to these *****, those that have chronic renal failure also ***** a high ********** of atherosclerosis, usually at a more acceler*****ed rate, and ***** a high incidence of cardiovascular ***** with a prognosis that is ***** as good as this disease in someone ***** does not have chronic renal failure as well (Ruggenenti, ***** al, 1998).

Usually, there is a previous renal disease or some other kind of underlying disease that is the cause of the chronic ***** ***** (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvadori, Scolari, Schena, & Remuzzi, 1999). *****re are some patients, however, where a cause for the problem can***** be found. Sometimes, ***** ***** is identified in retrospect (i.e. at a later date) but cannot be d*****covered when ***** diagnosis of chronic renal failure is first made. It ***** important to be aware, however, that chronic ***** failure is not the same ***** as acute renal failure, as ***** renal failure can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

***** order ***** diagnose chronic renal *****, *****re are several tests. Generally, there ***** an abdominal ultrasound ***** is performed, and during that time the size ***** the kidneys ***** measured (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). The ***** of someone that has ***** renal failure are generally smaller than average kidneys, with some notable ***** important exceptions. Two of ***** exceptions would be polycystic kidney d*****ease and diabetic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). Another diagnostic tool that is used, that of the study of ***** serum ***** levels, can not only diagnose chronic ren***** failure, but also help to distinguish it from acute renal failure, as the acute version would see a r*****pid and sudden spike


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