Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...


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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious disease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other sign*****i*****t health problems as well. The disease progresses slowly, and can take months or years *****f*****e it gets to the point where it is noticed, but there are ***** changes in the body ***** can be seen earlier on, if they are *****ing looked for, and these ***** can make physicians aware of the problem so that it can be treated as early ***** possible (Vernon & Pfeifer, 2003). If ***** disease ***** far enough, it is known as end-stage ***** *****, ***** when this takes place, a renal replacement therapy such as kidney dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When the kidneys do not function properly, they ***** not remove the *****xins from ***** blood, and th***** can result in ********** per*****n ***** being able to remain *****y.

In the beginning of the disease, *****re are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, ***** progression of the disease can cause an increase in blood pressure, an accumulation ***** potassium in the *****, an accumulation of urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998). In addition to these symptoms, those that have chronic renal failure ***** ***** a high incidence of atherosclerosis, usually at a more accelerated rate, ***** also a high incidence of cardiovascular ***** with a prognosis th*****t is not as good as this disease in someone that does not have chronic renal failure as well (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998).

Usually, there is a previous ren*****l disease or some other k*****d of underlying disease ***** is the cause ***** the chronic renal ***** (Ruggenenti, *****, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvad*****i, Scolari, Schena, & Remuzzi, 1999). *****re are some patients, however, ***** a ***** for the problem cannot be found. Som*****imes, th***** cause is identified in retrospect (i.e. at a later date) ***** cannot be discovered when *****e diagnosis of chronic ***** failure is first made. It ***** important to be *****, however, that chronic renal failure is not the same ***** as acute renal failure, as acute renal failure can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

In order to diagnose chronic renal failure, ***** ***** several tests. Generally, *****re ***** an abdominal ultrasound that is performed, and during that time the size ***** ***** kidneys are measured (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). The ***** of someone that has ***** renal failure are generally smaller than average kidneys, with some notable ***** important exceptions. Two of ***** exceptions would be polycystic kidney d*****ease and diabetic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). Another diagnostic tool that is used, that of the study of ***** serum ***** levels, can not only diagnose chronic ren***** failure, but ***** help to distinguish it ***** acute ********** failure, as the acute version would see a rapid and sudden spike

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