Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...


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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious disease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other sign*****i*****t health problems as well. The dise*****e progresses slowly, and can take months or years before it gets ***** the point where it is noticed, but there are other changes in the body that can be seen earlier on, if they ***** *****ing looked for, ***** these ***** can make physicians aware of the problem so that it can be treated as early ***** possible (Vernon & Pfeifer, 2003). If ***** d*****ease ***** far enough, ***** is known as end-stage renal disease, and when this takes place, a renal replacement therapy such as kidney dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When ***** *****s do not function properly, they ***** not remove the toxins from the blood, and this can result in the person ***** *****ing able to remain *****y.

In ***** beginning of the disease, there are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, the progression of the disease can cause an increase in blood pressure, an accumulation of potassium in the blood, ***** accumulation of urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). In addition to these symptoms, those that have chronic renal failure also have a high incidence of atherosclerosis, usually at a more acceler*****ed rate, ***** also a high incidence of cardiovascular ***** with a prognosis that is not as good as ***** disease in someone that does ***** have chronic ***** failure as well (Ruggenenti, ***** al, 1998).

Usually, there is a previous renal disease or some other kind ***** underlying disease ***** is the cause of the chronic ***** failure (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvadori, Scolari, Schena, ***** Remuzzi, 1999). *****re are some patients, however, where a ***** for ***** problem cannot be found. Sometimes, th***** cause is identified in retrospect (i.e. at a l*****ter date) ***** ***** be discovered ***** the diagnosis of chronic renal failure is first made. It is important to be aware, however, that chronic ***** failure ***** not ***** same disease as acute renal failure, as acute renal failure can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

In order ***** diagnose chronic renal *****, there are several tests. Generally, there is an abdominal ultrasound that is performed, ********** during that time the size of ***** kidneys ***** measured (*****, et al, 1999). The kidneys of someone that has ***** renal failure are generally smaller than average kidneys, with some notable and important exceptions. Two of these exceptions would be polycystic kidney disease and diab*****ic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). Another diagnostic tool that is used, that of the study of ***** serum creatinine levels, can not only diagnose chronic ***** failure, but also help to distinguish it from acute renal failure, as the acute version ***** see a rapid and sudden spike

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