Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...

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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious d*****ease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other sign*****icant health problems as well. The disease progresses slowly, and can take months or years bef*****e it gets ***** the point where it is noticed, but *****re are ***** changes in the body that can be seen earlier on, if *****y are being looked for, ***** these ***** can make physicians aw***** of the problem so ***** it can be treated as early as possible (Vernon & Pfe*****er, 2003). If ***** disease progresses far enough, it is known as end-stage ***** disease, and when this takes place, a renal replacement therapy such as kidney dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When ***** kidneys do not function properly, they ***** not remove the *****xins from ***** blood, and this can result in the per*****n not being able to remain *****y.

***** the beginning of the disease, ********** are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, the progression of the disease can cause an increase in ***** pressure, an accumulation of potassium in the blood, an accumulation of urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). In addition to these *****, those that have chronic renal failure also ***** a high *****cidence of atherosclerosis, usually at a more accelerated rate, ***** also a high incidence of cardiovascular disease with a prognosis that is ***** as good as this ***** in someone ***** does not have chronic ***** failure as well (Ruggenenti, et al, 1998).

Usually, there is a previous ren*****l disease or some other kind ***** underlying disease that is the ***** of the ***** renal failure (Ruggenenti, *****, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvad*****i, Scolari, Schena, & Remuzzi, 1999). There are some patients, however, ***** a cause for ***** problem cannot be found. Som*****imes, this ***** is identified in retrospect (i.e. at a later date) ***** cannot be d*****covered when the diagnosis of chronic renal failure is first made. It is important to be *****are, however, that chronic renal failure ***** not ***** same ***** as acute ***** failure, as acute renal failure can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

In order to diagnose chronic renal failure, there are several tests. Generally, there is an abdom*****al ultrasound ***** is performed, *****d during that time the size of the kidneys ***** measured (*****, et al, 1999). The kidneys ***** someone that has chronic renal failure are generally smaller than average *****, with some not***** and important exceptions. Two of ***** exceptions would be polycystic kidney d*****ease and diabetic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). An***** diagnostic *****ol that is used, that of the study of ***** serum ***** levels, can not only diagnose chronic ren***** failure, but ***** help to d*****tinguish it ***** ***** ********** failure, as the acute version ***** see a rapid and sudden spike


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