Essay - Chronic Renal Failure, also Sometimes Called Chronic Kidney Failure, is...


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Chronic renal failure, also sometimes called chronic kidney failure, is a serious disease that can be fatal if not treated, and can lead to many other significant health problems as well. The dise*****e progresses slowly, and can take months or years *****f*****e it gets to the point where it is noticed, but *****re are other changes in the body ***** can be seen earlier on, if they ***** *****ing looked for, and these changes can make physicians aware of the problem so that it can be ***** as early ***** possible (Vernon & P**********er, 2003). If the d*****ease progresses far enough, it is known as end-stage renal disease, and when this ********** place, a ren*****l replacement therapy such as ***** dialysis is required to keep the patient alive. When ***** kidneys do not function properly, they do not remove the toxins from ***** blood, and this can result in the per*****n not being able to remain *****y.

In the beginning of the *****, *****re are virtually no symptoms, unless the serum creatinine is studied (Ruggenenti, *****na, Gherardi, Gaspari, Benini, & Remuzzi, 1998). However, the progression of ***** disease can cause an increase in blood pressure, an accumulation of potassium in the *****, an accumulation of urea, anemia, fatigue, an overload of fluid volume, cardiac arrhythmias, and vascular calcification (Ruggenenti, et al, *****). In add*****ion to these *****, those that have chronic renal failure ***** ***** a high *****cidence of **********, usually at a more accelerated rate, and also a high incidence of cardiovascular disease with a prognosis th*****t is not as good as ***** disease in someone that does not have chronic renal failure as well (Ruggenenti, ***** al, 1998).

Usually, there is a previous renal disease or some other k*****d of underlying disease that is the cause ***** the ***** ***** failure (Ruggenenti, Perna, Gherardi, Garini, Zoccali, Salvad*****i, Scolari, Schena, ***** Remuzzi, 1999). *****re are some patients, however, ***** a cause for ***** problem can***** be found. Sometimes, th***** cause is identified in retrospect (i.e. at a l*****ter date) ***** cannot be discovered ***** the diagnosis of chronic renal failure is first made. It ***** important to be *****, however, that chronic renal failure is not ***** same d*****ease as acute ***** failure, as ***** renal ***** can sometimes be corrected or even reversed.

***** order to diagnose chronic renal failure, ***** ***** several tests. Generally, there is an abdominal ultrasound ***** is performed, *****d during that time the size of ***** kidneys are measured (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). The ***** ***** someone that has ***** renal ***** are generally smaller than average kidneys, with some not***** and important exceptions. Two of these exceptions would be polycystic kidney d*****ease and diabetic nephropathy (Ruggenenti, et al, 1999). An***** diagnostic tool that is used, that of the study of the serum ***** levels, can ***** only diagnose chronic ren***** failure, but also help to d*****tinguish it ***** acute renal failure, as the acute version would see a rapid and sudden spike

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