Essay - Conflict Between Research and Ethics: the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Introduction...


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
Copyright Notice

Conflict between Research and Ethics: The Tuskegee Syphilis Study

*****

The Tuskegee syphilis study is probably the most famous series of medical experiments in U.S. history. Unfortunately, the reason that ***** ***** is so widely known is not because it led to ground-breaking advances in the treatment of syphilis, but because the study was conducted on human participants who had ***** given informed c*****sent, ***** resulted in needless pain and suffering for most of those subjects. While ***** is commonly believed that the U.S. government infected the test subjects with syphilis, ***** belief is untrue. On the contrary, the government enl*****ted ill men in the study, did not identify the nature ***** their disease, ***** led them ***** believe that they were gett*****g treatment, when they actually were not.

***** it is tempting to completely condemn the Tuskegee syphilis study as an example of American racism, that would be a simplistic expl*****nation ***** how the ***** occurred. In fact, the study began as an effort to justify ***** of syphilis in blacks. (Centers for Disease Control *****d Prevention, Home, 2008). In 1926, ***** was identified as a major health concern, impacting 35 percent of ***** reproductive-aged population. (Centers for Disease Control and *****, Timeline, *****). However, there was no antibiotic treatment developed for syphilis; on the contrary, in 1929 the ***** institutes an aggressive treatment program using mercury and bismuth, ***** the cure rate is less than 30 percent, the treatments are time consuming, and the side effects of the treatment could be **********, even fatal. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, *****, 2008). After ***** market crashes, the powers that be determine that the cost of syphilis treatment in ***** is prohibitive and orders the end of ***** treatment program. *****, the researchers decide to follow the men's health to demonst***** ***** untreated syphil***** creates serious ***** problems, to s***** that the treatment is necessary. By 1935, the researchers were able ***** publish the first ***** paper about the ***** of untreated syphilis. In 1936, ***** researchers decide to follow the men for life ***** ask the doctors in ***** community to jo***** with them in preventing the men from receiving *****. (Centers ***** Disease ***** and Prevention, Timeline, *****). In 1947, penicillin is found to cure syphilis, but the ***** ***** not offered penicillin ***** the study continues, despite ethical concerns, until 1972. ***** 1973, Congress held hearings about the study and the study ***** fi***** a class-action lawsuit, which ***** settled in 1974 for $10 million. (***** for Disease Control ***** Prevention, Timeline, 2008).

***** consent

*****, the ma*****r ***** problem with the experiment is ***** the patients were not ***** suf*****cient information to give *****ir informed consent to participate in the study. In the age of *****, it may seem impossible ***** understand ***** depth of the ignorance the ***** participants had about their ***** and about the appropriate treatments:

These men, for ***** most part ill*****erate sharecroppers from one ***** the poorest counties in Alabama,

. . . . [END OF ESSAY PREVIEW]

Download full paper (and others like it)    |    Order a brand new, custom-written paper

© 2001–2017   |   Research Paper on Conflict Between Research and Ethics: the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Introduction   |   Essay Model