Essay - Crime and Gender Sampson and Laub's Life-course Theory Suggests that...

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Crime and Gender

Sampson and Laub's Life-course theory suggests that social bonds deter crime, especially when those bonds involve a high degree of person*****l investment. For example, an individual who is heavily involved in workplace committees and family life would possess strong ties that preclude committ*****g crimes. Moreover, Sampson and Laub's ***** acknowledges the ways social bonds evolve over time to explain why criminal behavior may emerge at certain times in a person's life. Sampson ***** Laub posit turning points as markers of changing social bonds. A divorce, moving to a new community, or meeting a ***** friend c*****n each be turning ***** ***** alter social bonding. If bonding strengthens, criminal behavi***** ***** be deterred. ***** the bonding weakens then the individual may ***** more prone to committing crime. Trajectories are also based on the changes in ***** b*****ding p*****terns. A person growing up in an impoverished community with weak familial ***** may be more likely to commit crimes th***** a person from a financially and socially stable environment. The Sampson ***** Laub Life-course theory can explain the gender gap in crime. Males and females may experience different ***** points and trajectories. The same turning point can be construed *****ly for males versus fe*****. ***** example, joining a gang ***** be a powerful turning point but one th*****t might result in greater male versus female criminality. Males may also be more pressured by peers to join gangs and ***** gang-related crime in order to sustain ***** deviant social network. Males ***** females might also experience different ***** due ***** their differential parental and peer ***** bonding.

Opportunity theories of crime explain why boys are exposed to a ***** number of opportunities ***** commit crime. One potential reason why boys are exposed to a greater number of opportunities to commit ***** is ***** different methods ***** social bonding. Family ties and nurturing *****ors ***** discouraged as being stereotypically feminine expressions, whereas deviant behaviors are encouraged as ***** expressions of masculinity. In other words, gender norms determine opportunities for crime. Another reason why boys may be exposed ***** more opportunities to commit ***** is related to *****style habits ***** routine *****. Boys may ***** more ***** to commit crimes because their daily routines and habits involve high-r*****k behaviors including heavy drinking or fighting.


*****f*****mation gleaned from "Module


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