Essay - Crime and Gender Sampson and Laub's Life-course Theory Suggests that...


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
Copyright Notice

Crime and Gender

Sampson ***** Laub's Life-course theory suggests that social bonds deter crime, especially when those bonds involve a high degree of personal investment. For example, an individual who is heavily involved in workplace committees *****d family life would possess strong ties ***** preclude committing *****s. Moreover, Sampson and Laub's theory acknowledges the ways social ***** evolve over time to explain why criminal behavior may emerge at certain *****s in a person's life. S*****mpson and Laub posit turning points as markers of changing social bonds. A divorce, moving to a new community, or meeting a new friend can each be turning ***** that alter social bonding. If bonding strengthens, criminal behavior may be deterred. ***** the bonding weakens then the individual may be more prone to committing crime. Trajectories are also based on the changes in ***** ***** patterns. A pers***** growing up in an impoverished community with weak familial ***** may ***** more likely to commit crimes th***** a person from a financially and socially stable environment. The Sampson ***** Laub Life-course theory can explain the gender gap in crime. Males and females may experience different turning points ***** trajectories. ***** same turning point ***** be construed ********** for males versus fe*****. For example, joining a gang would ***** a powerful turning point but one ***** might result in gre*****ter male versus *****male criminality. Males ***** also be more pressured by peers to join gangs and commit gang-related ***** in order to susta***** the deviant social network. Males ***** females might also experience different trajectories due to their differential parental and peer social bonding.

Opportunity theories of crime explain why boys are exposed to a greater num*****r of opportunities to commit *****. One potential reason ***** boys are exposed ***** a greater number ***** opportunities to commit crime is ***** different methods of social *****. Family ties and nurturing ********** ***** discouraged as being stereotypically feminine expressions, whereas deviant behaviors are encouraged as ***** expressions of masculinity. In other words, gender norms determine opportunities for *****. Another reason why boys may be exposed to more ***** to commit crime is related to *****style habits and routine *****. Boys may be more likely to commit crimes because their daily *****s and ***** involve high-risk behaviors including heavy drinking or fighting.

References

Information gleaned from "Module

. . . . [END OF TERM PAPER PREVIEW]

Download complete paper (and others like it)    |    Order a one-of-a-kind, custom-written paper

© 2001–2017   |   Essay about Crime and Gender Sampson and Laub's Life-course Theory Suggests that   |   Thesis Papers Model