Essay - Crime and Gender Sampson and Laub's Life-course Theory Suggests that...

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Crime and Gender

***** and Laub's Life-course theory suggests that social bonds deter crime, especially when those ***** involve a high degree of personal investment. For example, an individual who is heavily involved in workplace committees *****d family life would possess strong ties ***** preclude committing *****s. Moreover, Sampson and Laub's ***** acknowledges the ways social bonds evolve over time to explain why criminal behavior may emerge at certain times in a person's life. S*****mpson ***** Laub posit turning points as markers of changing social bonds. A divorce, moving to a new community, or meeting a ***** friend c*****n each be turning points that alter social bonding. If bonding streng*****ns, criminal behavior ***** be deterred. If the bonding weakens then the individual may ***** more prone ***** ***** crime. Trajectories are also based on the changes in social bonding patterns. A person growing up in an impoverished community with weak familial ***** may be more likely to commit crimes th***** a ***** from a financially and socially stable environment. The Sampson and Laub Life-course *****eory can explain the gender gap in crime. Males and females may experience different ***** points and trajectories. ***** same turning point ***** be construed ********** for males versus fe*****. For example, joining a gang would be a powerful turning point but one ***** might result in greater male versus *****male criminality. Males may ***** be more pressured by peers to join gangs and ***** gang-related crime in order to susta***** ***** deviant social network. Males and females might also experience different ***** due ***** their differential parental and peer social bonding.

Opportunity theories of crime explain why boys are exposed to a ***** num*****r of opportunities to commit *****. One potential reason ***** boys are exposed ***** a greater number ***** opportunities to commit crime is ***** different methods of social *****. Family ties and nurturing behaviors ***** discouraged as being stereotypically feminine expressions, whereas deviant behaviors are encouraged as being expressions of masculinity. In other words, gender norms determine opportunities for crime. Another reason why boys ***** be exposed ***** more ***** to commit crime is related to *****style habits and routine *****. Boys may be more ***** to commit crimes *****cause their daily routines and habits involve high-r*****k behaviors including heavy drinking or fighting.


*****f*****mation gleaned from "Module


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