Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...

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Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing


The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in ***** world. Stanford Pr*****essor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of the ***** crim*****al justice system in curb*****g or preventing crime to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos ***** their Manifest Destiny as a superior people and their demand for individual freedom and rights. From these ***** grew out prison buildings, the police, the courts, more severe court sentences and ***** celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like ***** detention, were tried. But preventive detention did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of crime were racism, poverty ***** social in***** and provided funds for States and local governments to address these root causes. Congress passed three bills ***** support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s that a workable alternative to crime ***** and ***** was introduced. Proactive or community policing actively involves the citizens in preventing or solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation of prosecutors and o*****r members ***** both the public and private sectors. When fully successful and accepted by the American public, it will make the US ***** model in crime prevention and control.


***** pride themselves of their Manifest ***** as a superior r*****ce and ***** individual ***** and rights. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of freedom cont*****ue to increase. Professor Friedman of the University of Stanford identified cultural taboos *****ing this demand for individual freedom and rights as ultimately behind ***** unrestrained rise in ***** rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its crime ***** and ***** mainly deal with suppression. When ***** could not curtail *****, preventive detention was tried. Nonetheless, crime rates continue to increase till the late 70s. President ***** offered the notion that the root ***** of crime were racism, ***** and ***** injustice. He provided ***** ***** ***** States and the local government in an effort at curbing ***** root causes. Congress also responded and signed ***** to support ***** Johnson's *****.


But it was not until ***** 90s that a new concept was introduced. This ***** proactive or community policing, which would actively involve the ***** or ***** ***** in averting ***** settling conflicts. ***** concept is based on the philosophy that ***** is the enemy of all relati*****ships ***** its ultimate objective is to draw ***** sides of a conflict to a life of h*****rmony. The ***** policing movement has made marked gains and, when fully ***** and ingrained into ***** mainstream, can make the US the model in crime prevention and control.

***** decade ago, Stanford University law pr*****essor and author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural ***** stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering the ***** rate (USA Today 1994). ***** was


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