Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...


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Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing

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The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in ***** world. Stanford Pr*****essor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of ***** ***** crim*****al justice system in curb*****g or preventing ***** to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos ***** their Manifest Destiny as a superior people *****nd their demand for individual freedom and rights. From these taboos grew out prison buildings, the police, the courts, more severe court sentences and the celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like preventive detention, were tried. But preventive detention did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of crime were racism, poverty ***** social in***** and provided funds ***** States and local governments to address ***** ***** causes. Congress passed three bills ***** support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s that a workable alternative to crime ***** and ***** was introduced. ***** or community policing actively involves the citizens in preventing ***** solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation ***** prosecu*****rs and other members of both the public ***** private sect*****s. When fully successful and accepted by the American public, it will make ***** US the model in crime prevention and control.

Introduction

***** pride themselves of ***** Manifest ***** as a superior race and their individual freedom and rights. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of ***** cont*****ue to increase. Professor Friedman of the University of Stanford identified cultural taboos *****ing this demand for individual freedom and ***** as ultimately behind ***** unrestrained rise in ***** rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its crime prevention and ***** mainly deal with suppression. When this could not curtail crime, preventive detention was *****. Nonetheless, crime rates continue to ***** till the late 70s. President ***** ********** the notion that the root ***** of crime ***** racism, ***** ***** social injustice. He provided funds ***** the ***** and the local government in an effort at curbing these root causes. Congress also responded ********** signed ***** to support ***** Johnson's initi*****ive.

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But it ***** not until the 90s that a new concept was *****. This was proactive or community *****, which would actively involve ***** citizens or the ***** in averting or settling conflicts. The concept is based on the philosophy that ***** is the enemy of all relati*****ships and its ultimate objective is to draw ***** sides ***** a conflict to a life of harmony. The ***** policing movement has made marked gains and, when fully ***** ***** ingrained into the mainstream, can make the US the model in crime prevention and control.

***** decade ago, Stanford University law professor and author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural taboos stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering ***** ***** rate (USA Today 1994). This was

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