Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...

1 2
Copyright Notice

Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing


The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in the world. Stanford Pr*****essor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of ***** ***** criminal justice system in curb*****g or preventing ***** to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos ***** *****ir Manifest Destiny as a superi***** people and their demand for individual freedom and rights. From these taboos grew out prison buildings, the police, ***** courts, more severe court sentences and the celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like ***** detention, were tried. But preventive ***** did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of crime were racism, poverty ***** social injustice and provided funds ***** States ***** local governments to address ***** root causes. Congress passed three bills ***** support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s ***** a workable alternative to crime ***** and ***** was introduced. Proactive or commun*****y policing actively involves the citizens in preventing or solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation of prosecutors and o*****r members of both the public and private sectors. When fully successful and accepted by the American public, it will make ***** US the model in crime prevention and control.


Americans pride themselves of ***** Manifest Dest*****y as a superior r*****ce and their individual freedom and rights. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of ***** continue to increase. Pr*****essor Friedman of the University of Stanford identified cultural taboos supporting this demand for individual freedom and ***** as ultimately behind the unrestrained rise in ***** rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its crime ***** and ***** mainly deal with suppression. ***** this could ***** curtail crime, preventive detention was *****. Nonetheless, crime rates continue to increase till the late 70s. President Johnson ********** the notion that the root ***** of crime ***** racism, ***** and social injustice. He provided funds for the States ***** the local government in an effort at curbing *****se root causes. Congress also responded and signed bills to support President Johnson's initiative.


But it ***** not until the 90s that a new concept was *****. This was proactive or commun*****y *****, which would actively involve ***** citizens or the community in averting or settling conflicts. ***** concept is based on the philosophy ***** crime is the enemy of all relationships ***** its ultimate objective is to draw ***** sides ***** a conflict to a life of harmony. The proactive policing movement ***** made marked gains and, when fully accepted ***** ingrained into ***** mainstream, can make the US the model in crime prevention and control.

A decade ago, Stanford University law professor and author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural ***** stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering ***** crime rate (USA Today 1994). This was


Download complete paper (and others like it)    |    Order a one-of-a-kind, customized paper

Other topics that might interest you:

© 2001–2016   |   Book Reports on Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive   |   Dissertations Examples