Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85
Copyright Notice

Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing

Abstract

The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in ***** world. Stanford Pr*****essor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of the US criminal justice system in curbing or preventing ***** to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos ***** their Manifest Destiny as a superi***** people *****nd their demand for individual freedom and rights. From these ***** grew out prison buildings, the police, ***** courts, more severe court sentences and the celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like preventive detention, were tried. But preventive ***** did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of crime were racism, poverty and social in***** and provided funds for States ***** local governments to address ***** ***** causes. Congress passed three bills to support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s ***** a workable alternative to crime prevention and ***** was introduced. ***** or community policing actively involves ***** citizens in preventing ***** solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation ***** prosecu*****rs and o*****r members of both the public and private sect*****s. When fully successful and accepted by the American public, it will make ***** ***** the model in crime ***** and control.

Introduction

Americans pride themselves of their Manifest ***** as a superior r*****ce and ***** *****dividual ***** and rights. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of freedom cont*****ue to increase. Professor Friedman of the University of Stanford identified cultural taboos supporting this demand for individual freedom and rights as ultimately behind ***** unrestrained rise in crime rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its ***** prevention and control mainly deal with suppression. When ***** could ***** curtail crime, preventive detention was *****. Nonetheless, crime rates continue to increase till the late 70s. President Johnson offered the notion that the root ***** of crime ***** racism, poverty and ***** injustice. He provided ***** ***** the ***** ***** the ***** government in an effort at curbing these root causes. Congress also responded and signed ***** to support President Johnson's *****.

Discussion

But it ***** not until the 90s that a new concept was introduced. This ***** ***** or community *****, which would actively involve the ***** or ***** ***** in averting or settling conflicts. The concept is based on the philosophy that ***** is the enemy of all relati*****ships and its ultimate objective is to draw both sides ***** a conflict to a life of h*****rmony. ***** proactive policing movement has made marked gains and, when fully ***** ***** ingrained into the mainstream, can make the US the model in crime prevention and control.

***** decade ago, Stanford University law pr*****essor ***** author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural ***** stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering the crime rate (USA Today 1994). This was

. . . . [END OF DISSERTATION PREVIEW]

Download complete paper (and others like it)    |    Order a one-of-a-kind, customized paper

© 2001–2017   |   Thesis Paper about Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive   |   Dissertations Sample