Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...

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Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing


The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in the world. Stanford Professor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of the ***** crim*****al justice system in curb*****g or preventing ***** to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos ***** their Manifest Destiny as a superior people *****nd their demand for individual freedom and rights. From these ***** grew out prison buildings, the police, ***** courts, more severe court sentences and the celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like ***** detention, were tried. But preventive ***** did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of crime were racism, poverty ***** social in***** and provided funds ***** States and local governments to address these ***** causes. Congress passed three bills to support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s ***** a ********** alternative to crime ***** and control was introduced. Proactive or commun*****y policing actively involves ***** citizens in preventing ***** solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation of prosecut*****s and o*****r members ***** both the public and private sectors. When fully successful and accepted by the American *****, it will make ***** US the model in crime prevention and control.


***** pride *****mselves of their Manifest ***** as a superior r*****ce and their *****dividual freedom and rights. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of ***** cont*****ue to increase. ***** Friedman of ***** University of Stanford identified cultural taboos supporting this demand for individual freedom and rights as ultimately behind the unrestrained rise in ***** rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its crime ***** and control mainly deal with suppression. When this could ***** curtail crime, preventive detention was tried. None*****less, crime rates continue to increase till the late 70s. President ***** offered the notion that the root ***** of crime ***** racism, ***** ***** ***** injustice. He provided ***** ***** the ***** and the ***** government in an effort at curbing ********** root causes. Congress also responded and signed ***** ***** support President Johnson's initi*****ive.


But it was not until the 90s that a new concept was *****. This was proactive or commun*****y policing, which would actively involve ***** ***** or the community in averting or settling conflicts. The concept is based on the philosophy ***** crime is the enemy of all relati*****ships and its ultimate objective is to draw ***** sides ***** a conflict to a life of harmony. ***** ***** policing movement ***** made marked gains and, when fully ***** ***** ingrained into ***** mainstream, can make the US the model in crime prevention and control.

A decade ago, Stanford University law pr*****essor and author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural taboos stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering the ***** rate (USA Today 1994). This was


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