Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...

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Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing


The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in ***** world. Stanford Pr*****essor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of ***** ***** criminal justice system in curbing or preventing crime to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos of *****ir Manifest Destiny as a superi***** people and their demand for individual freedom and rights. From these ***** grew out prison buildings, the police, ***** courts, more severe court sentences and the celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like preventive detention, were tried. But preventive ***** did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of crime were racism, poverty and social in***** and provided funds for States ***** local governments to address ***** root causes. Congress passed three bills to support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s ***** a ********** alternative to crime ***** and ***** was introduced. ***** or commun*****y policing actively involves the citizens in preventing or solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation ***** prosecut*****s and o*****r members of both the public and private sectors. When fully successful and accepted by the American public, it will make ***** US the model in crime prevention and control.


***** pride themselves of ***** Manifest Destiny as a superior r*****ce and their individual freedom and rights. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of freedom continue to increase. Professor Friedman of the University of Stanford identified cultural taboos *****ing this demand for individual freedom and rights as ultimately behind the unrestrained rise in crime rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its ***** ***** and ***** mainly deal with suppression. When this could not curtail crime, preventive detention was tried. None*****less, crime rates continue to ***** till the late 70s. President Johnson *****fered the notion that the root causes of crime were racism, poverty and ***** injustice. He provided funds for ***** States ***** the ***** government in an ef*****t at curbing *****se root *****. Congress also responded and signed bills to support ***** Johnson's initi*****ive.


But it was not until the 90s that a new concept was *****. This was ***** or community *****, which would actively involve ***** ***** or the community in averting ***** settling conflicts. The concept is based on the philosophy ***** crime ***** the enemy of all relati*****ships and its ultimate objective is to draw ***** sides of a conflict ***** a life ***** h*****rmony. ***** proactive policing movement ***** made marked gains and, when fully accepted and ingrained into the mainstream, can make the US the model in ***** prevention and control.

***** decade ago, Stanford University law professor ***** author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural ***** stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering ***** crime rate (********** Today 1994). ***** was


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