Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...


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Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing

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The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in ***** world. Stanford Professor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of ***** ***** criminal justice system in curbing or preventing ***** to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos of their Manifest Destiny as a superi***** people and ***** demand for individual freedom and rights. From these taboos grew out prison buildings, the police, ***** courts, more severe court sentences and the celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like preventive detention, were tried. But preventive detention did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of ***** were racism, poverty ***** social injustice and provided funds for States ***** local governments to address ***** root causes. Congress passed three bills ***** support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s ***** a workable alternative to crime prevention and control was introduced. Proactive or community policing actively involves ***** citizens in preventing ***** solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation ***** prosecut*****s and other members of both the public ***** private sectors. When fully successful and accepted by the American public, it will make ***** US the model in crime prevention and control.

Introduction

***** pride ********** of their Manifest ***** as a superior race and ***** *****dividual freedom and *****. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of ***** cont*****ue to increase. ***** Friedman of the University of Stanford identified cultural taboos supporting this demand for individual freedom and rights as ultimately behind ***** unrestrained rise in crime rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its ***** prevention and control mainly deal with suppression. When this could not curtail crime, ***** detention was *****. Nonetheless, crime rates continue to ***** till the late 70s. President ***** ********** the notion that the root ***** of crime were racism, ***** ***** ***** injustice. He provided funds ***** ***** ***** and the local government in an effort at curbing these root causes. Congress also responded ********** signed ***** ***** support President Johnson's initiative.

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But it ***** not until the 90s that a new concept was introduced. This ***** proactive or commun*****y policing, which would actively involve ***** ***** or the community in averting ***** settling conflicts. ***** concept is based on the philosophy that ***** ***** the enemy of all relationships and its ultimate objective is to draw ***** sides ***** a conflict ***** a life of harmony. The ***** policing movement has made marked gains and, when fully ***** ***** ingrained into the mainstream, can make the US the model in crime prevention and control.

A decade ago, Stanford University law professor ***** author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural taboos stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering ***** crime rate (*****A Today 1994). ***** was

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