Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...


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Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing

Abstract

The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in the world. Stanford Professor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of ***** ***** crim*****al justice system in curb*****g or preventing ***** to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos of *****ir Manifest Destiny as a superi***** people and their demand for individual freedom and rights. From these ***** grew out prison buildings, the police, ***** courts, more severe court sentences and the celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like preventive detention, were tried. But preventive detention did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of ***** were racism, poverty and social in***** and provided funds ***** States ***** local governments to address ***** ***** causes. Congress passed three bills ***** support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s ***** a ********** alternative to crime ***** and control was introduced. ***** or community policing actively involves ***** citizens in preventing ***** solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation of prosecutors and o*****r members of both the public ***** private sectors. When fully successful and accepted by the American public, it will make the US ***** model in crime prevention and control.

Introduction

Americans pride themselves of their Manifest Destiny as a superior r*****ce and their individual freedom and *****. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of ***** continue to increase. Pr*****essor Friedman of the University of Stanford identified cultural taboos *****ing this demand for individual freedom and rights as ultimately behind the unrestrained rise in ***** rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its crime prevention and ***** mainly deal with suppression. When ***** could not curtail *****, ***** detention was *****. Nonetheless, crime rates ***** to increase till the late 70s. President Johnson offered the notion that the root ***** of crime ***** racism, poverty ***** ***** injustice. He provided funds for the States and the ***** government in an effort at curbing these root causes. Congress also responded *****d signed ***** ***** support ***** Johnson's initiative.

Discussion

But it was not until the 90s that a new concept was *****. This was ***** or community policing, which would actively involve the ***** or the ***** in averting ***** settling conflicts. ***** concept is based on the philosophy that crime is the enemy of all relationships and its ultimate objective is to draw both sides ***** a conflict to a life of h*****rmony. The proactive policing movement ***** made marked gains and, when fully ***** and ingrained into ***** mainstream, can make the US the model in crime prevention and control.

A decade ago, Stanford University law professor and author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural ***** stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering ***** crime rate (USA Today 1994). ***** was

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