Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...


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Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing

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The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in the world. Stanford Pr*****essor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of ***** ***** crim*****al justice system in curbing or preventing crime to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos ***** their Manifest Destiny as a superi***** people and ***** demand for individual freedom and rights. From these ***** grew out prison buildings, the police, the courts, more severe court sentences and the celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like ***** detention, were tried. But preventive detention did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of ***** were racism, poverty and social in***** and provided funds for States ***** local governments to address ***** root causes. Congress passed three bills to support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s ***** a *****able alternative to crime ***** and control was introduced. ***** or community policing actively involves ***** citizens in preventing or solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation ***** prosecu*****rs and other members of both the public and private sectors. When fully successful and accepted by the American *****, it will make the US ***** model in crime prevention and control.

Introduction

***** pride themselves of their Manifest ***** as a superior r*****ce and ***** individual ***** and rights. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of freedom continue to increase. Professor Friedman of the University of Stanford identified cultural taboos supporting this demand for individual freedom and rights as ultimately behind the unrestrained rise in crime rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its ***** prevention and control mainly deal with suppression. When this could ***** curtail crime, ***** detention was *****. Nonetheless, crime rates ***** to ***** till the late 70s. President ***** offered the notion that the root causes of crime were racism, ***** and social injustice. He provided ***** ***** the States ***** the ***** government in an effort at curbing *****se root causes. Congress also responded and signed ***** to support ***** Johnson's *****.

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But it was not until the 90s th***** a new concept was *****. This was ***** or commun*****y policing, which would actively involve ***** ***** or *****e community in averting or settling conflicts. The concept is based on the philosophy that crime ***** the enemy of all relati*****ships ***** its ultimate objective is to draw both sides of a conflict to a life ***** h*****rmony. The proactive policing movement ***** made marked gains and, when fully accepted and ingrained into ***** mainstream, can make the US the model in crime prevention and control.

***** decade ago, Stanford University law professor ***** author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural ***** stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering the crime rate (*****A Today 1994). This was

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