Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...


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Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing

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The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in ***** world. Stanford Pr*****essor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of ***** US criminal justice system in curb*****g or preventing ***** to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos ***** their Manifest Destiny as a superior people *****nd ***** demand for individual freedom and rights. From these taboos grew out prison buildings, the police, ***** courts, more severe court sentences and the celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like ***** detention, were tried. But preventive detention did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of crime were racism, poverty ***** social injustice and provided funds ***** States and local governments to address ***** root causes. Congress passed three bills to support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s that a *****able alternative to crime ***** and control was introduced. ***** or community policing actively involves the citizens in preventing or solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation of prosecutors and other members of both the public ***** private sectors. When fully successful and accepted by the American *****, it will make ***** US the model in crime prevention and control.

Introduction

Americans pride *****mselves of their Manifest ***** as a superior r*****ce and their individual freedom and *****. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of ***** cont*****ue to increase. Professor Friedman of the University of Stanford identified cultural taboos *****ing this demand for individual freedom and rights as ultimately behind the unrestrained rise in ***** rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its crime prevention and control mainly deal with suppression. When ***** could ***** curtail *****, ***** detention was *****. None*****less, crime rates continue to increase till the late 70s. President ***** offered the notion ***** the root causes of crime were racism, poverty and social injustice. He provided ***** for ***** ***** ***** the local government in an ef*****t at curbing these root *****. Congress also responded *****d signed ***** ***** support ***** Johnson's initi*****ive.

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But it ***** not until the 90s that a new concept was introduced. This ***** ***** or commun*****y policing, which would actively involve ***** ***** or the community in averting or settling conflicts. ***** concept is based on the philosophy that ***** is the enemy of all relati*****ships and its ultimate objective is to draw ***** sides ***** a conflict to a life of h*****rmony. The proactive policing movement has made marked gains and, when fully ***** ***** ingrained into ***** mainstream, can make the US the model in crime prevention and control.

***** decade ago, Stanford University law pr*****essor ***** author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural taboos stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering the crime rate (USA Today 1994). ***** was

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