Essay - Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive...


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Crime Prevention and Control - US Justice System and Proactive Policing

Abstract

The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in ***** world. Stanford Pr*****essor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of ***** ***** crim*****al justice system in curbing or preventing crime to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos of *****ir Manifest Destiny as a superi***** people and their demand for individual freedom and rights. From these ***** grew out prison buildings, the police, the courts, more severe court sentences and ***** celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing ***** rates, preventive measures, like preventive detention, were tried. But preventive detention did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of crime were racism, poverty and social injustice and provided funds for States ***** local governments to address ***** ***** causes. Congress passed three bills ***** support his initiative. But it was not until the 90s that a ********** alternative to crime prevention and control was introduced. Proactive or commun*****y policing actively involves the citizens in preventing or solving crimes through non-punitive or adversarial procedures. The proactive movement has earned the cooperation ***** prosecut*****s and other members of both the public and private sectors. When fully successful and accepted by the American public, it will make the US ***** model in crime ***** and control.

Introduction

***** pride themselves of ***** Manifest Dest*****y as a superior r*****ce and their individual freedom and rights. But crime rates in the midst of the practice of freedom cont*****ue to increase. Professor Friedman of ***** University of Stanford identified cultural taboos *****ing this demand for individual freedom and rights as ultimately behind the unrestrained rise in crime rates. The existing criminal justice system is adversarial and punitive. Its crime prevention and ***** mainly deal with suppression. ***** ***** could ***** curtail crime, ***** detention was tried. Nonetheless, crime rates continue to ***** till the late 70s. President Johnson *****fered the notion ***** the root causes of crime ***** racism, poverty ***** ***** injustice. He provided ***** for ***** ***** and the ***** government in an ef*****t at curbing these root *****. Congress also responded *****d signed ***** to support ***** Johnson's initiative.

*****

But it was not until the 90s that a new concept was *****. This was ***** or commun*****y *****, which would actively involve the ***** or the community in averting or settling conflicts. The concept is based on the philosophy ***** ***** is the enemy of all relationships and its ultimate objective is to draw ***** sides of a conflict ***** a life ***** h*****rmony. ***** proactive policing movement ***** made marked gains and, when fully accepted ***** ingrained into ***** mainstream, can make the US the model in crime prevention and control.

A decade ago, Stanford University law professor and author of "Crime and Punishment in American History" said that cultural taboos stood on the way of reforms, aimed at lowering the ***** rate (********** Today 1994). ***** was

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