Essay - Criminal Corrections Retribution, Deterrence, Incapacitation & Rehabilitation Since the Beginning...


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Criminal corrections

RETRIBUTION, DETERRENCE, INCAPACITATION & REHABILITATION

***** the beginning of recorded history, civilized society has attempted to design and create various methods aimed at decreasing the amount of criminal activity. So far, a number of these methods have proven to be effective under certain circumstances, yet they have also *****en shown to be ineffective, some more than others. In modern times, society's response to ***** behavior has included many specialized ***** developed by criminologists, psychologists, law ***** legal *****ficials and ***** those involved in penal *****.

This paper will examine four of the most common methods used today for criminal corrections, ***** known as the goals of criminal law—retribution, deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation. At the conclusion, one of these methods will be chosen as a represent*****tive of the best way to fight criminal behavior, one that ***** yield the highest benefits ***** society as a whole.

***** of all, retribution, also ***** as the theory of retributive justice, "assumes that *****s deserve ***** be punished, mostly by long prison terms, as legal revenge for their harm to *****." The modern approach to this type of punishment "considers it proper to punish because (criminals) deserve it and the state ***** g***** to the trouble ***** prescribing a punishment for them" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," *****ternet).

This is undoubtedly one of the oldest forms of criminal punishment, for it *****ten entails long ***** sentences b*****ed on the sever*****y of ***** crime committed ***** the individual. In Western society, revenge against ***** has long been a cus*****m, especi*****lly in relation to *****s like first-degree murder, kidnapping, rape or felonious assault. Also, retribution guarantees that the criminal will be kept off the streets f***** a prolonged period of time and ***** his/her ***** is in line with the will of society as far as punishment is concerned.

Second, deterrence "assumes that fearful *****ties, mostly involving swift restraint, harsh conditions and certain guilt, ***** prevent people from choosing to engage in crime. Specific ***** focuses on ***** criminals, (while) general deterrence focuses ***** potential criminals" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," Internet). It has long ********** argued whether or not such a thing as deterrence truly exists and ***** such actions actually deter crime. Logically, if a person decides to commit murder in a st*****te ***** ***** the death penalty, he/she may think twice about committing ***** *****, unless it happens to be a "spur of the moment" event or due to "the p*****sion of the *****" (Clear, 126).

Many criminologists agree ***** the assessment that deterrence does ***** exist, f***** ***** declare that "criminals... do not calculate ***** risk of being caught and *****. They are impulsive or opportunists or driven ***** crime by *****" ("Incapac*****ation ***** Deterrence," Internet). Certainly, as compared to *****, deterrence is a very slippery beast, for it has not been adequately proven by any state or federal agency ***** ***** ***** works unless, of course, the death penalty is carried out, ***** the ultimate deterrent.

*****, ***** is the legal

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