Essay - Criminal Corrections Retribution, Deterrence, Incapacitation & Rehabilitation Since the Beginning...

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Criminal corrections


***** the beginning of recorded history, civilized society has attempted to design and create various methods aimed at decreasing the amount of criminal activity. So far, a number of these methods h*****ve proven to be effective under certain circumstances, yet they have also been shown to be ineffective, some more than others. In modern times, society's response to ***** *****havior has included many specialized methods developed by criminologists, psychologists, law and legal ********** ***** ***** those involved in penal *****.

***** paper will examine four of the most common methods used today for criminal corrections, also known as ***** goals of criminal law—retribution, deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation. At the conclusion, one of these methods ***** be chosen as a represent*****tive of the best way to fight criminal behavior, one that will yield the highest benefits for society as a whole.

First of all, retribution, also known as ***** theory of retributive justice, "assumes that criminals deserve to be punished, mostly by long prison terms, as legal revenge for their harm to *****." The modern approach ***** this type of punishment "considers it proper to punish because (*****) deserve it and the state ***** g***** to the trouble ***** prescribing a *****ment for them" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," Internet).

This is undoubtedly one ***** the oldest forms of criminal punishment, for it often entails long ***** sentences based on the severity of the crime committed ***** the individual. In Western society, ***** against criminals has long been a custom, especially in relation to ********** like first-degree murder, kidnapping, rape or felonious assault. Also, retribution guarantees that the criminal ***** be kept off the streets for a pro*****ed period of time and ***** his/her punishment is in l*****e with the will of society as far as punishment is concerned.

Second, deterrence "assumes that fearful penalties, mostly involving swift restraint, harsh conditions and certain guilt, ***** prevent people from choosing to engage in crime. Specific deterrence focuses on ***** criminals, (while) general ***** focuses on potential *****" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," Internet). It has long ********** argued whether or not such a thing ********** deterrence truly exists and whether such actions actually deter crime. Logically, if a person decides to commit murder in a st*****te ***** ***** the death penalty, he/she may think twice about committing the *****, unless it happens to be a "spur of the moment" event or due ***** "the p*****ssion of the *****" (Clear, 126).

Many criminologists agree with the assessment that deterrence does ***** exist, for they declare that "criminals... do not calculate the risk of being caught and *****. They are impulsive or opportunists or driven to crime by circumstances" ("Incapacitation ***** Deterrence," *****). Certainly, as compared to *****, deterrence is a very slippery be*****t, for it h*****s not been adequately ***** by any state or federal agency ***** ***** ***** works unless, of course, the death penalty is carried out, being ***** ultimate deterrent.

Third, ***** is the legal


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