Essay - Criminal Corrections Retribution, Deterrence, Incapacitation & Rehabilitation Since the Beginning...


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
Copyright Notice

Criminal corrections

RETRIBUTION, DETERRENCE, INCAPACITATION & REHABILITATION

Since the beginning of recorded history, civilized society has attempted to design and create various methods aimed at decreasing the amount of criminal activity. So far, a number of these methods h*****ve proven to be effective under certain circumstances, yet they have also been shown to be ineffective, some more than others. In modern times, society's response to criminal behavior has included many specialized methods developed by criminologists, psychologists, law ***** legal officials and by those involved in penal corrections.

This paper will examine four of the most common methods used today for criminal corrections, ***** known as the goals of criminal law—retribution, deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation. At ***** conclusion, one ***** these methods will be chosen as a representative of the best way to fight criminal behavior, ***** that ***** yield the highest benefits for society as a whole.

***** of all, retribution, also known as ***** theory of retributive justice, "*****sumes that *****s deserve ***** be punished, mostly ***** long prison terms, as legal revenge for their harm to *****." The modern approach to this type of punishment "considers it proper to punish because (criminals) deserve it and the state ***** gone to the trouble of prescribing a ********** for them" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," *****ternet).

This is undoubtedly one ***** the oldest forms of criminal punishment, for it *****ten entails long prison sentences b*****ed on the sever*****y of ***** crime committed by the individual. In Western society, ***** against criminals has long been a cus*****m, especi*****lly in relation to *****s like first-degree murder, kidnapping, rape or felonious assault. Also, retribution guarantees that the criminal will be kept *****f the streets for a pro*****ed period of time *****nd that his/her punishment is in line with the will of society as far as punishment is concerned.

Second, deterrence "assumes ***** fearful penalties, mostly involving swift restraint, harsh conditions and certain guilt, will prevent people from choosing to engage in crime. Specific deterrence focuses on individual *****, (while) general deterrence focuses ***** potential criminals" ("Fundamentals of Criminal *****," Internet). It has long ********** argued whether or not such a thing *****s deterrence truly exists and whether such actions actually deter crime. Logically, if a person decides to commit murder in a st*****te that ***** the death penalty, he/she may think twice about committing ***** crime, unless it happens ***** be a "spur of the moment" event or due to "the p*****ssion ***** the moment" (Clear, 126).

***** criminologists agree ***** the assessment ***** deterrence does not exist, f***** they declare that "criminals... do not calculate the risk of being caught and *****. ********** are impulsive or opportunists or driven to crime ***** *****" ("Incapac*****ation and Deterrence," Internet). Certainly, as compared to *****, deterrence is a very slippery be*****t, for it h*****s not been adequately proven by any state or federal agency that ***** ***** w*****ks unless, of course, the death ***** is carried out, ***** the ultimate deterrent.

Third, ***** is the legal

. . . . [END OF THESIS PAPER PREVIEW]

Download full paper (and others like it)    |    Order a one-of-a-kind, customized paper

© 2001–2017   |   Dissertations about Criminal Corrections Retribution, Deterrence, Incapacitation & Rehabilitation Since the Beginning   |   Research Papers Writing