Essay - Criminal Corrections Retribution, Deterrence, Incapacitation & Rehabilitation Since the Beginning...


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Criminal corrections

RETRIBUTION, DETERRENCE, INCAPACITATION & REHABILITATION

***** the beginning of recorded history, civilized society has attempted to design and create various methods aimed at decreasing the amount of criminal activity. So far, a number of these methods h*****ve proven ***** be effective under certain circumstances, yet they have also been shown to be ineffective, some more than others. In modern times, society's response to ***** *****havior has included many specialized ***** developed by criminologists, psychologists, law and legal ********** and by those involved in penal *****.

This paper will examine four of the most common methods used today for criminal corrections, also known as ***** goals of criminal law—retribution, deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation. At the conclusion, one of these methods will be chosen as a representative of the best way to fight criminal behavior, one that ***** yield the highest benefits for society as a whole.

***** ***** all, retribution, also known as the theory of retributive justice, "********** that criminals deserve to be punished, mostly ***** long prison terms, as legal revenge for their harm to society." The modern approach to this type of punishment "considers it proper to punish because (*****) deserve it and the state ***** g***** to ***** trouble of prescribing a *****ment for them" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," *****ternet).

***** is undoubtedly one of the oldest forms of criminal punishment, for it *****ten entails long ***** sentences based on the sever*****y of ***** crime committed by the individual. In Western society, revenge against criminals has long been a cus*****m, especi*****y in relation to *****s like first-degree murder, kidnapping, rape or felonious assault. Also, retribution guarantees that the criminal will be kept ********** the streets for a prolonged period of time and ***** his/her ***** is in l*****e with the will of society as far as punishment is concerned.

Second, deterrence "assumes that fearful **********, mostly involving swift restraint, harsh conditions and certain guilt, ***** prevent people from choosing to engage in crime. Specific deterrence focuses on individual *****, (while) general ***** focuses ***** potential criminals" ("Fundamentals of Criminal *****," Internet). It has long ********** argued whether or not such a thing *****s deterrence truly exists and whether such actions actually deter *****. Logically, if a person decides to commit murder in a st*****te that has the death penalty, he/she may think twice about committing ***** crime, unless it happens to be a "spur of the moment" event or due to "the passion of the *****" (Clear, 126).

Many criminologists agree ***** the assessment that deterrence does not exist, f***** ***** declare ***** "criminals... do not calculate the risk of being caught and punished. *****y are impulsive or opportunists or driven to crime ***** *****" ("Incapacitation and Deterrence," Internet). Certainly, as compared to *****, deterrence is a very slippery be*****t, for it has not been adequately ***** by any state or federal agency that deterrence actually w*****ks unless, of course, the death ***** is carried out, ***** ***** ultimate deterrent.

Third, ***** is the legal

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