Essay - Criminal Corrections Retribution, Deterrence, Incapacitation & Rehabilitation Since the Beginning...


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Criminal corrections

RETRIBUTION, DETERRENCE, INCAPACITATION & REHABILITATION

***** the beginning of recorded history, civilized society has attempted to design and create various methods aimed at decreasing the amount of criminal activity. So far, a number of these methods h*****ve proven to be effective under certain circumstances, yet they have also been shown to be ineffective, some more than others. In modern times, society's response to criminal *****havior has included many specialized ***** developed by criminologists, psychologists, law ***** legal ********** and by those involved in penal *****.

***** paper will examine four of the most common methods used today for criminal corrections, ***** known as the goals of criminal law—retribution, deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation. At the conclusion, one ***** these methods ***** be chosen as a represent*****tive of the best way to fight criminal behavior, ***** that will yield the highest benefits ***** society as a whole.

First ***** all, retribution, also known as ***** theory of retributive justice, "assumes that criminals deserve to be punished, mostly ***** long prison terms, as legal revenge for their harm to *****." The modern approach ***** this type of punishment "considers it proper to punish because (*****) deserve it and the state ***** gone to ***** trouble of prescribing a ********** for them" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," Internet).

This is undoubtedly one ***** the oldest forms of criminal punishment, for it *****ten entails long prison sentences b*****ed on the severity of ***** crime committed by the individual. In Western society, revenge against criminals has long been a cus*****m, especi*****y in relation to ********** like first-degree murder, kidnapping, rape or felonious assault. Also, retribution guarantees that the criminal will be kept ********** the streets f***** a prolonged period of time *****nd that his/her ***** is in line with the will of society as far as punishment is concerned.

Second, deterrence "***** ***** fearful penalties, mostly involving swift restraint, harsh conditions and certain guilt, ***** prevent people from choosing to engage in crime. Specific ***** focuses on individual *****, (while) general deterrence focuses on potential criminals" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," Internet). It has long been argued whether or not such a thing *****s deterrence truly exists and ***** such actions actually deter *****. Logically, if a person decides to commit murder in a state that ***** the death penalty, he/she may think twice about committing ***** crime, unless it happens ***** be a "spur of the moment" event or due to "the p*****ssion of the moment" (Clear, 126).

Many criminologists agree w*****h the assessment that deterrence does ***** exist, f***** they declare ***** "criminals... do not calculate the risk of being caught ***** punished. They are impulsive or opportunists or driven ***** crime ***** *****" ("Incapacitation and Deterrence," Internet). Certainly, as compared to retribution, deterrence is a very slippery beast, for it has not ***** adequately ***** by any state or federal agency that ***** actually works unless, of course, the death ***** is carried out, being ***** ultimate deterrent.

*****, ***** is the legal

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