Essay - Criminal Corrections Retribution, Deterrence, Incapacitation & Rehabilitation Since the Beginning...


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Criminal corrections

RETRIBUTION, DETERRENCE, INCAPACITATION & REHABILITATION

***** the beginning of recorded history, civilized society has attempted to design and create various methods aimed at decreasing the amount of criminal activity. So far, a number of these methods h*****ve proven ***** be effective under certain circumstances, yet they have also been shown to be ineffective, some more than others. In modern times, society's response to criminal *****havior has included many specialized ***** developed by criminologists, psychologists, law and legal *****ficials ***** ***** those involved in penal corrections.

***** paper will examine four of the most common methods used today for criminal corrections, ***** known as the goals of criminal law—retribution, deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation. At the conclusion, one of *****se methods ***** be chosen as a representative of the best way to fight criminal behavior, ***** that will yield the highest benefits for society as a whole.

First ***** **********, retribution, also ***** as ***** theory of retributive justice, "assumes that criminals deserve ***** be punished, mostly by long prison terms, as legal revenge for their harm to *****." The modern approach ***** this type of punishment "considers it proper to punish because (criminals) deserve it and the state has gone to the trouble ***** prescribing a punishment for them" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," *****ternet).

This is undoubtedly one of the oldest forms ***** criminal punishment, for it often entails long prison sentences based on the severity of the crime committed by the individual. In Western society, ***** against ***** has long been a custom, especially in relation to crimes like first-degree murder, kidnapping, rape or felonious assault. Also, retribution guarantees that the criminal will be kept ********** the streets f***** a pro*****ed period of time *****nd that his/her ***** is in l*****e with the will of society as far as punishment is concerned.

Second, deterrence "assumes ***** fearful *****ties, mostly involving swift restraint, harsh conditions and certain guilt, will prevent people from choosing to engage in crime. Specific ***** focuses on ***** **********, (while) general deterrence focuses ***** potential criminals" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," Internet). It has long *****en argued whether or not such a thing *****s deterrence truly exists and ***** such actions actually deter crime. Logically, if a person decides to commit murder in a st*****te that has the death penalty, he/she may think twice about committing ***** *****, unless it happens ***** be a "spur of the moment" event or due to "the passion ***** the *****" (Clear, 126).

***** criminologists agree with ***** assessment that deterrence does ***** exist, f***** they declare ***** "criminals... do not calculate the risk of being caught ***** *****. ********** are impulsive or opportunists or driven to crime ***** *****" ("Incapacitation and Deterrence," Internet). Certainly, as compared to *****, deterrence is a very slippery be*****st, for it has not been adequately proven by any state or federal agency that deterrence ***** w*****ks unless, of course, the death penalty is carried out, ***** ***** ultimate deterrent.

Third, incapacitation is the legal

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