Essay - Criminal Corrections Retribution, Deterrence, Incapacitation & Rehabilitation Since the Beginning...

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Criminal corrections


Since the beginning of recorded history, civilized society has attempted to design and create various methods aimed at decreasing the amount of criminal activity. So far, a number of these methods have proven to be effective under certain circumstances, yet they have also been shown to be ineffective, some more than others. In modern times, society's response to ***** behavior has included many specialized ***** developed by criminologists, psychologists, law and legal officials ***** ***** those involved in penal corrections.

This paper will examine four of the most common methods used today for criminal corrections, also known as the goals of criminal law—retribution, deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation. At ***** conclusion, one ***** these methods ***** be chosen as a representative of the best way to fight criminal behavior, ***** that will yield the highest benefits ***** society as a whole.

First of *****ll, retribution, also known as the theory of retributive justice, "********** that ********** deserve to be punished, mostly by long prison terms, as legal revenge for their harm to society." The modern approach ***** this type of punishment "considers it proper to punish because (criminals) deserve it and the state ***** gone to the trouble of prescribing a punishment for them" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," Internet).

***** is undoubtedly one ***** the oldest forms of criminal punishment, for it often entails long ***** sentences based on the severity of ***** crime committed ***** the individual. In Western society, ***** against ***** has long been a custom, especially in relation to *****s like first-degree murder, kidnapping, rape or felonious assault. Also, retribution guarantees that the criminal ***** be kept ********** the streets f***** a pro*****ed period of time and that his/her punishment is in l*****e with the will of society as far as punishment is concerned.

Second, deterrence "assumes ***** fearful penalties, mostly involving swift restraint, harsh conditions and certain guilt, ***** prevent people from choosing to engage in crime. Specific ***** focuses on ***** *****s, (while) general deterrence focuses on potential criminals" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," Internet). It has long been argued whether or not such a thing ********** deterrence truly exists and ***** such actions actually deter crime. Logically, if a person decides to commit murder in a state that ***** the death penalty, he/she may think twice about committing ***** crime, unless it happens to be a "spur of the moment" event or due to "the passion of the *****" (Clear, 126).

Many criminologists agree ***** the assessment that deterrence does not exist, f***** ***** declare ***** "criminals... do not calculate ***** risk of being caught and *****. ********** are impulsive or opportunists or driven ***** ***** by circumstances" ("Incapac*****ation and Deterrence," Internet). Certainly, as compared to retribution, deterrence is a very slippery be*****st, for it has not been adequately proven by any state or federal agency that deterrence actually works unless, of course, the death penalty is carried out, being the ultimate deterrent.

Third, ***** is the legal


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