Essay - Criminal Corrections Retribution, Deterrence, Incapacitation & Rehabilitation Since the Beginning...

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Criminal corrections


Since the beginning of recorded history, civilized society has attempted to design and create various methods aimed at decreasing the amount of criminal activity. So far, a number of these methods h*****ve proven ***** be effective under certain circumstances, yet they have also *****en shown to be ineffective, some more than others. In modern times, society's response to criminal *****havior has included many specialized methods developed by criminologists, psychologists, law ***** legal *****ficials and ***** those involved in penal *****.

This paper will examine four of the most common methods used today for criminal corrections, also known as the goals of criminal law—retribution, deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation. At ***** conclusion, one of these methods ***** be chosen as a representative of the best way to fight criminal behavior, one that will yield the highest benefits for society as a whole.

***** of all, retribution, also ***** as the theory of retributive justice, "assumes that criminals deserve to be punished, mostly by long prison terms, as legal revenge for their harm ***** society." The modern approach to this type of punishment "considers it proper to punish because (criminals) deserve it and the state h***** g***** to ***** trouble ***** prescribing a *****ment for them" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," Internet).

This is undoubtedly one of the oldest forms ***** criminal punishment, for it often entails long prison sentences based on the severity of the crime committed by the individual. In Western society, ***** against criminals has long been a cus*****m, especially in relation to *****s like first-degree murder, kidnapping, rape or felonious assault. Also, retribution guarantees that the criminal will be kept ********** the streets f***** a prolonged period of time *****nd ***** his/her punishment is in line with the will of society as far as punishment is concerned.

Second, deterrence "assumes that fearful **********, mostly involving swift restraint, harsh conditions and certain guilt, will prevent people from choosing to engage in crime. Specific deterrence focuses on ***** *****s, (while) general deterrence focuses ***** potential criminals" ("Fundamentals of Criminal Law," Internet). It has long been argued whether or not such a thing ********** deterrence truly exists and ***** such actions actually deter *****. Logically, if a person decides to commit murder in a st*****te that has the death penalty, he/she may think twice about committing the crime, unless it happens to be a "spur of the moment" event or due ***** "the passion ***** the moment" (Clear, 126).

Many criminologists agree ***** ***** assessment that deterrence does ***** exist, f***** ***** declare ***** "criminals... do not calculate the risk of being caught and punished. ********** are impulsive or opportunists or driven to ***** ***** *****" ("Incapacitation and Deterrence," *****). Certainly, as compared to *****, deterrence is a very slippery be*****t, for it has not ***** adequately proven by any state or federal agency that deterrence actually w*****ks unless, of course, the death ***** is carried out, being ***** ultimate deterrent.

*****, ***** is the legal


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