Essay - Criminal Justice Direct Patrol Direct Patrol is Completely Directed and...


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Criminal Justice

Direct Patrol

Direct patrol is completely directed and predetermined patrol of specific "hot spots" of known and difficult criminal activity. It is different from traditional ***** because the patrol officers engage in very ***** functions designed to prevent crime before it occurs. It *****volves much more research and planning than traditional patrols, ***** it may utilized other types of patrols, such as foot or bicycle ***** geared to certain outcomes or topography.

Sherman, Gartin, and Buerger argue against random patrols because of their very random nature. They maintain that crime *****self is random, and randomizing ***** can make the desired results even ***** random. They ***** that ***** in the largest cities, there are hot ***** ***** criminal *****, and by using directed patrols ge*****d specifically to the crimes that commonly occur in these hot spots, it is easier to ***** ***** control crime. The authors' study of criminal activity in Minneapol***** indicates that most ***** the criminal activity, and even specific types of activity, happened in particular locations in the city, ***** even at ***** addresses with***** those areas, such as bars. Thus, directed ***** directed specifically at that bar, especially during peak periods, could help lower and prevent ***** from *****ring.

In addition, after the Kans***** City Patrol Experiment, the police department noted that it was going ***** develop a directed patrol system to help control and prevent crime in ***** *****. This ***** a direct result ***** what the study found, that routine patrols did not help deter and prevent crime, ***** that other patrol methods, such as random or ***** patrols, were better at deterring crimes, ***** in certa***** hot ***** in the city. *****, the study showed th***** policing can have a positive affect on a city's crime rate, and it also showed that effective commun*****y involvement, combined with direct patrol, can be a serious deterrent to crime, especially in ***** of known and c*****tinued ***** activity.

References

Kelling, George L., Pate, Tony, Dieckman, Duane, and Brown, Charles E. The Kansas City

Preventive ***** *****xperiment: A Summary Report. Washington DC: Police Foundation, 1974.

Sherman, ********** W., Gartin, Patrick R, and *****, Michael E. "Hot Spots of Predatory Crime: Routine Activities and ***** Criminology of Place." Criminology, Vol. 27, No. 1, 1989.

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