Essay - Criminal Justice Direct Patrol Direct Patrol is Completely Directed and...


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Criminal Justice

Direct Patrol

Direct patrol is completely directed and predetermined patrol of specific "hot spots" of known and difficult criminal activity. It is different from traditional ***** because the patrol officers engage in very ***** functions designed to prevent crime before it occurs. It involves much more research and planning than traditional patrols, and it may utilized other types of *****, such as foot or bicycle patrols geared to certain outcomes or **********.

Sherman, Gartin, and Buerger argue against random ***** because of their very random nature. They maintain that crime *****self ***** random, and r*****omizing patrols can make the desired results even more random. They maintain that even in the largest cities, there are hot spots ***** criminal activity, and by using directed ***** ge*****d specifically to the *****s that commonly occur in these hot spots, it is e*****ier to prevent and control crime. The authors' study of ***** activity in Minneapolis indicates that most of the criminal *****, ***** even specific ***** of activity, happened in particular locations in the city, and even at ***** addresses with***** those areas, such as bars. Thus, directed patrols directed ***** at ***** bar, especially during peak periods, could help lower and prevent ***** from *****ring.

In addition, after the Kans***** City ***** Experiment, the police department noted that it was going ***** develop a directed patrol system to help control and prevent crime in ***** *****. This was a direct result of what the study found, that rout*****e ***** did not help deter and ***** crime, ***** that other ***** methods, such as random or ***** patrols, were better at deterring crimes, especially in certa***** hot spots in the city. Thus, the study showed that polic*****g can have a positive affect on a city's crime rate, and it also showed that effective commun*****y involvement, combined with direct patrol, can be a serious deterrent to crime, especially in areas of known and c*****tinued criminal activity.

References

*****, George L., Pate, Tony, Dieckman, Duane, and Brown, Charles E. The ********** City

***** Patrol *****xperiment: A Summary Report. Washington DC: Police Foundation, 1974.

Sherman, ********** W., *****, Patrick R, and *****, Michael E. "Hot Spots of Predatory Crime: *****outine Activities and ***** Criminology of Place." *****, Vol. 27, No. 1, 1989.

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