Essay - Cultural Memes of Educational Funding Objective the Objective of This...


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CULTURAL MEMES OF EDUCATIONAL FUNDING

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The objective of this work is to write a paper which will incorporate the memes concept from Dawkins and the education-funding ***** from Kozol and to identify ***** cultural memes that would have to be altered in order for Kozol's solution ***** be accepted. Th***** work will further look at an approach to funding educ*****ion as a paradigm and analyze the problem ***** a ***** including the educ*****tion and ***** paradigms embedded in the overall concept.

STATEMENT OF THESIS

***** is a memes existing in tod*****y's society regarding education that is deeply entrenched in American thought concern*****g ***** quality of educational provision in the United States. This memes is simply ***** belief ***** educational provision is equal to all children, in all schools, and that ***** ***** has the same potential successful ***** outcomes because that is how it is done in the United States. Th***** *****ever, could not be ***** from the truth ***** ***** is specifically what the following research examines.

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This ***** examines Dawkins proposed "selfish gene" and the work of Kozol who relates that a cultur*****l ***** is inevitably woven within the very structure of *****day's educational system - indeed a way of thinking and perceiving that is so ***** ***** ***** it will require purposeful ***** cogn*****ive focus toward reprogramming this factually digressive and pervasive memes ***** education in the United States.

I. CULTURAL ***** DEFINED

The ***** ***** John S. Wilkins entitled: "What's In A Meme? Reflections From The Perspective Of ***** History And Philosophy Of Evolutionary Biology" states that the fundamental ***** "of memetics is the meme ***** ***** unit of cultural evolution and selection. This term is unclear in its meaning and what it denotes, and the application of evolution to culture is often based on a p*****rtial or even m*****taken notion of the general structure ***** evolutionary explanation." (1998) Memes are defined ***** as "an information pattern, held in an individual's memory, which is capable of being copied to another individual's *****." (Heylighen, 2001) Memetics ***** defined *****: "the theoretical and empirical science that studies the spread and evolution of memes." (Heylighen, *****) ***** states that "...***** evolution, including ***** evolution of knowledge, can be modeled through the ***** basic principles ***** variation ***** selection that underly biological evolution. This implies a shift ***** genes ********** units of ***** ***** to a new type ***** units of cultural information: memes." (2001) Heylighen further informs this study that a meme is a:."..a cognitive or behavioral pattern that can be transmitted from one individual to ***** one. Since the individual who transmitted the meme will continue to carry it, the transmission can be interpreted as a replication: a copy of ***** meme is m*****de in the memory of ano*****r individual, making him or her into a c*****rrier ***** the *****. ***** process of self-reproduction (the memetic life-cycle), leading to spreading over a growing group of **********, defines the meme as a replicator, similar in ***** respect

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