Essay - Difference Between Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Different...


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Difference between civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.

***** classifications and types of human rights

1. Introduction

Human ***** are generally defined as "legal entitlements that all people have because ***** their inherent dignity ***** human beings." (The right to adequate housing in Sri Lanka) The important aspect relat*****g to the over***** conception of human rights is that *****y "...are not 'given' to people by governments, nor can they be 'taken away' by governments. Each person has these human rights on account of being human." (The right ***** ***** housing in Sri Lanka) These rights are protected under various *****ternati*****al treaties ***** agreements.

However, while these general aspects relate to all ***** rights there are many different types and categories of human ***** which all have ***** facets ***** criteria. They ***** have the same aim ***** protecting individual rights to dignity and life but also differ according ***** the areas of human concern ***** activity that are involved.

These different ***** fall under ***** categories such as civil rights, which includes the right to fair legal and trial. Another category aligned ***** ***** rights is ***** *****, which includes the right to vote. In addition there are other rights that are included under the ***** rubric of ***** rights. These refer ***** economic, ***** and ***** rights which include, for example, ***** right to water and adequate housing. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a formal agreement ***** guarantees all these ***** types of rights in an international sense.

The division and categorization of the different ***** of human rights also has a historical context and foundation that helps us to understand the differences between ***** various categories. It should also be remembered that many of these categories are interrelated. (Economic, Social and Cultural *****)

One of the central means ***** describing, underst*****ing and delineating the difference ***** the various types of ***** rights is ***** classificatory system to be found in the European Community's Human Rights Reference Handbook from ***** Netherlands Min*****try of Foreign Affairs.(1995).

Classification of Rights)

This classification system divides the types of human rights in***** two distinct sections; namely classical and social. The classical ***** of ***** rights include civil ***** political rights. One of the ***** aims ***** this group of ***** is to "...restrict the powers of the state in respect ***** actions affecting the individual." (Classification of Rights)

The social ***** of human rights makes a *****ion between cultur*****l, ***** and economic *****. ***** rights ***** positive in *****clination as they are intended ***** "...create the necessary conditions for human development." (Cl*****sification of *****)

The relationship ***** these two main groups of rights has an intricate historical *****. Very briefly, classical rights ***** seen as "first generation *****." This refers to the view that these were the rights that ***** developed first and which are essential to and form the *****ation ***** social rights, or second generation rights.

2. First generation rights: civil ***** political

***** and political rights are

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