Essay - Difference Between Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Different...


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Difference between civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.

Different classifications and types of human rights

1. Introduction

Human ***** are generally defined as "legal entitlements that all people have because of their inherent dignity ***** human beings." (The right to adequate housing in Sri Lanka) The important aspect relat*****g to the over***** conception ***** human rights is that they "...are not 'given' to people by governments, nor can they be 'taken away' ***** governments. Each person has these ***** rights on account of being human." (The right ***** ***** housing in Sri Lanka) These rights are protected under various *****ternational treaties ***** agreements.

However, while these general aspects relate to all ***** rights there are many different types and categories of human rights which ***** have ***** facets ***** criteria. They all have the same aim ***** protecting individual ***** to dignity and life but also differ according ***** the areas of human concern ***** activity that are involved.

These different ***** fall under ***** categories such as civil rights, which includes the right to fair legal and trial. Another category aligned to ***** rights is political rights, which includes the right to vote. In addition *****re are other rights that are included under the general rubric of human rights. These refer to economic, social and cultural rights which include, for example, the right ***** water and adequate housing. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a *****mal agreement ***** guarantees all ********** ***** types of rights in an international sense.

The division ***** categorization of the different types of ***** rights also has a historical context *****d foundation ***** helps us to understand ***** differences between these various categories. It should ***** be remembered that many of these categories are interrelated. (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights)

One of the central means ***** describing, understanding and delineating the difference between the ***** ***** of human rights is ***** classifica*****ry system to be found in the European Community's Human ***** Reference Handbook from the Netherlands Min*****try of Foreign Affairs.(1995).

Classification of Rights)

This classification system divides the types of human rights into two distinct sections; namely classical and *****. The classical types of human rights include civil ***** ***** rights. One of the central aims of this group ***** rights is to "...restrict the powers of the state in respect of actions affecting the *****." (Classification of *****)

***** social ***** of human rights makes a *****ion between *****, ***** *****nd economic *****. These rights ***** positive in *****clination as they are intended ***** "...create the necessary conditions for human development." (Cl*****sification of Rights)

The relationship ***** these two main *****s of rights has an intricate historical foundation. Very briefly, classical rights ***** seen as "first generation *****." This refers to the view that ***** were the rights ***** were developed first and which are essential to and form the foundation of social rights, or second generation rights.

2. First generation *****: civil ***** political

***** and political rights are

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