Essay - Difference Between Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Different...


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Difference between civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.

Different classifications and types of human rights

1. Introduction

Human ***** are generally defined as "legal entitlements that all people have because of their inherent dignity ***** human beings." (The right to adequate housing in Sri Lanka) The important aspect relat*****g to the overall conception of human *****s is that they "...are not 'given' to people by governments, nor can they be 'taken away' by governments. Each person has these ***** rights on account of being human." (The right ***** adequate housing in Sri Lanka) These rights are protected under various internati*****al treaties ***** agreements.

However, while these general aspects relate to all ***** ***** there are many different types and categories ***** human rights which all have ***** facets ***** criteria. They ***** have the same aim of protecting individual rights to dignity and life but also differ according ***** the *****as of human concern ***** activity that are involved.

These different areas fall under ***** categories such as civil rights, which includes the right to fair legal and trial. Another category aligned to ***** rights is political rights, which includes the right to vote. In addition there are other rights that are included under the general rubric of ***** rights. These refer to economic, ***** and ***** rights which include, for example, the right ***** water and ***** housing. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a *****mal agreement which guarantees all *****se different types ***** rights in an international sense.

The division ***** categorization of the different types of human ***** also has a historical context and foundation ***** helps us to understand the differences ***** *****se various categories. It should ***** be remembered that many of these categories are interrelated. (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights)

One of the central means ***** describing, underst*****ing and delineating the difference between the ***** types of human rights is the classificatory system to be found in the European Community's Human Rights Reference Handbook from ***** Netherlands Min*****try of Foreign Affairs.(1995).

Classification of Rights)

This classification system divides the types of human rights into two distinct sections; namely classical and social. The classical types of ***** rights include civil and political rights. One of the ***** aims of this group ***** ***** is to "...restrict the powers of ***** state in respect of actions affecting the individual." (Classification of *****)

***** social ***** of human rights makes a distinction between cultural, ***** ***** economic *****. ***** rights are positive in inclination as they are intended ***** "...create the necessary conditions for human development." (Classification of Rights)

The relationship between ***** two main groups of rights has an intricate historical *****. Very briefly, classical rights are seen as "first generation *****." This refers to the view that *****se were the rights ***** were developed ***** and which are essential to and form the foundation ***** social *****, or second generation rights.

2. First generation rights: civil and political

***** ***** political rights are

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