Essay - Differentiated Instruction 1. What is Differentiated Instruction? Differentiated Instruction is...


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Differentiated Instruction

1. What is differentiated instruction?

Differentiated instruction is the practice of modifying and adapting instruction, materials, content, student projects and products, ***** assessment to meet the learning needs of students. In a differenti*****ted classroom, teachers recognize that all students are different and require varied teaching methods ***** be successful (Logsdon). Therefore, an instructor varies his or her teaching in order to create the ********** learning experience possible for the student instead of applying a one-size fits ***** approach.

2. How do we differentiate content?

Tomlinson (2001) provides several suggestions ***** differentiating content. The author suggests the use of ***** elements *****d ***** to support instructional *****. These include acts, concepts, generalizations, attitudes and skills. Next, the ***** advises ***** alignment of tasks and objectives to learning goals. Objectives can be written in *****crements steps that facilitate a continuum of ********** tasks. The teacher can then more easily find the appropriate instructional step for learners entering at different levels. Finally, instruction should ***** concept-focused and principle-driven. ***** teacher should used broad-based *****al concepts ***** focus on the concepts principles and skill th***** the student should learn. The content ***** address the same concepts for all students, but it should be differentiated by ***** degree of complexity for the diversity ***** learners in the classroom.

How do ***** differentiate process?

According to Logsdon, ***** instruction ********** the following *****es:

***** review curriculum and students' special ***** to plan instruction;

*****y include ***** ***** of difficulty in materials and assignments to ensure each child learns;

They keep a variety of materials near ***** teaching ***** student use;

Students with ***** disabilities ***** accommodated

Special education students ***** less segregation in resource or self-contained classrooms.

***** (2001) recommends that instruction should be concept *****ed and principle driven. She also explains that on-going assessment of student readiness and growth should be built into the curriculum and advises teachers to guide student exploration. Tomlinson states that flexible grouping should ***** consistently used so ***** learners interact and work together as they develop knowledge ***** new content. Teachers may provide introductory discussions to the entire cl*****s and follow this up ***** smaller *****ing groups that are coached by members ***** the teacher. Based on the results, ***** and projects, grouping and regrouping should be a dyn*****mic process to meet *****.

*****. How do we differentiate and evaluate products?

Bransford, Brown, and Cocking (2000) advise that the use of tools in the classroom provides no guarantee ***** student learning will improve unless that are part of a coherent learning *****. The authors suggest ***** avoidance of tools that ***** driven by the game ***** play market and to select only those ********** ***** have been ********** with a full underst*****nding of principles of learning. Tools that are interactive make it easy for students to revisit specific parts of the environments to explore them, to test ideas, and to receive feedback. Non***** ***** ***** be avoided because they are much less effective for creating contexts that students

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