Essay - Differentiated Instruction 1. What is Differentiated Instruction? Differentiated Instruction is...


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Differentiated Instruction

1. What is differentiated instruction?

Differentiated instruction is the practice of modifying and adapting instruction, materials, content, student projects and products, ***** assessment to meet the learning needs of students. In a ***** cl*****ssroom, teachers recognize that all students are different and require varied teaching methods ***** be successful (Logsdon). Therefore, an instructor varies his or her teaching in order to create ***** *****st learning experience possible for the student instead of applying a one-size fits *****ll approach.

2. How do we differentiate content?

Tomlinson (2001) provides several suggestions ***** differentiating content. The author suggests the use of several elements and materials to support instructional content. These include acts, concepts, generalizations, attitudes and skills. Next, the ***** advises the alignment of tasks and objectives to learning goals. Objectives can be written in increments steps that facilitate a continuum of *****-building tasks. The teacher can then more easily find the appropriate instructional step for learners entering at different levels. Finally, instruction should ***** concept-focused and principle-driven. The teacher should used broad-based *****al ***** ***** focus on the concepts principles and skill that the ***** ***** learn. The content should address the same concepts for all students, but it should be differentiated by the degree of complexity for the diversity ***** learners in the classroom.

***** do we differentiate process?

According to *****, ***** instruction includes the following processes:

***** review curriculum and students' special needs ***** plan instruction;

***** include varied ***** of difficulty in ***** and assignments to ensure each child learns;

They keep a variety ***** materials near ***** ***** and student use;

Students with ***** disabilities are accommodated

Special education students experience less segregation ***** resource or self-contained classrooms.

***** (*****) recommends that instruction should be concept ********** ***** principle driven. She also explains that on-going assessment of student readiness and growth should ***** built into the curriculum and advises teachers to guide student exploration. Tomlinson states that flexible grouping should be consistently used so ***** learners interact and work *****gether as they develop knowledge of new content. Teachers may provide introductory discussions to the entire class and follow this up with sm*****er working groups that are coached by members ***** the teacher. Based on the results, ***** and projects, ***** and regrouping should be a dyn*****mic process to meet objectives.

4. How do we differentiate and evaluate products?

*****, Brown, and Cocking (2000) advise that ***** use ***** tools in the classroom provides no guarantee that student learning will improve unless that are part of a coherent learning *****. The authors suggest ***** avoidance ***** tools that ***** driven by the game and play market ***** to select only those tools ***** have been developed ***** a full underst*****nding of principles of learning. Tools that are interactive make it easy for *****s to revis***** specific parts of the environments to explore them, to test ideas, and to receive feedback. Noninteractive ***** should be avoided *****cause they are much less effective for creating contexts ***** students

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