Essay - Differentiated Learning by Differentiating Instruction, the Educator is Recognizing that...

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Differentiated Learning

By differentiating instruction, the educator is recognizing that learners vary in *****ir background, experience, intelligence, knowledge, language, interests, learning styles, and unique abilities. Differentiated instruction provides an approach to learning tailored to individuals of differing capabilities in the same classroom. The purpose of th***** differentiation is ***** leverage each student's educational development *****rough catering to h***** or her individual educational needs.

Carol Ann Tomlinson, a specialist in differentiated instruction and author of several books on ***** topic including The ***** Classroom: Responding to the Needs ***** all Learners, stresses ***** standardized practices fail academically diverse learners.

Differentiated ********** feel right to students who learn in different ways and at different rates ***** who bring to school different talents and interests. More significantly, such classrooms work better for a full r*****nge of students than do one- size-fits-all settings. Teac*****s in ***** classrooms are more in touch with *****ir ***** and approach teach*****g more as an art th***** as a mechanical exercise (4).

***** teacher, however, should not just differentiate learning without any thought to the process, according to Tomlinson. Educators should make sure that curriculum is specifically focused on the informati***** and knowledge most essential to experts in a cert*****in discipline; curricula, programs, and products ***** developed to ensure that students tackle with, apply and underst***** those priorities; information and assignments are interesting and relevant to *****; and learning is active and ***** personal interest and satisfaction to a widest r*****nge of students.

There is no magic recipe for instructors. They must search for and develop materials based on these factors that are unique to each classroom and its students. "Differentiation of instruction is a te*****cher's response ***** learner's needs, guided by general principles of differentiation such as respectful tasks, flexible grouping, and ongoing assessment and adjustment. Teachers can ***** content, process, and product, ***** to students' readiness, *****s, and learning pr*****ile" (15).

This book, Responding to the Need, in particular offers specific suggestions on how to develop and incorporate differentiated *****. For example an activity described in Chapter One discusses how students in fifth grade at ***** elementary ***** are learning about well-known people as a w*****y ***** link social studies and language arts. Every*****e must acquire and use research and writing skills and share what is learned ***** other students.

***** students are given the assignment to read a biogr*****phy of a famous person from literature or history. As most librarians ***** teachers know, most students ***** this age are not interested in biographies, so the teacher has a barrier from the beg*****ning. Students must use print and electronic ***** materials to learn about the person *****y choose and then write a report about him or her. To increase creativity, they are motivated to use both original ***** found illustrations in their **********. The teacher uses a rubric to *****ssist students ***** areas such as use of resources, organization, and quality of language.

An***** teacher hands out interest inventories to help students find topics that shows a


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