Essay - Disaster Preparedness There is No Doubt that the Disasters of...

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Disaster Preparedness

There is no doubt that the disasters of recent years, including terrorist attacks, earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis, floods, and tornadoes, have spurred ***** awareness of preparedness on all levels. Disaster preparedness has become a top priority for local, state and federal agencies, as well ***** the average citizen.

In December 2005, a report was released by Emergency Preparedness News that revealed the ***** government had received a D+ for post 9/11 public health emergency preparedness (Feds). Moreover, according to the Trust for America's Health, thirty-two states scored five or less out ***** ten for key preparedness indicators (Feds). A panel of twenty experts was assembled by TF*****H to evaluate the federal government based on twelve aspects of emergency preparedness (Feds). Based on the evaluations, federal agencies received a D or D- for coordination among agencies, establishing measurable goals, ***** Small Pox Initiative, Hurricane Katrina public ***** responsibilities, and the BioWatch program (Feds). Moreover, ***** evaluation determined that states made poor showings in being prepared for a surge of patients, consultation with infection control experts, and prioritizing and distributing vaccines and antidotes during a dise*****se outbreak (Feds).

***** Federal ***** Management Agency has designed several programs ***** all levels, including local, state, and federal, of emergency preparedness. FEMA warns that following a disaster, communities may be isolated and unable to communicate ********** the area itself and/or ***** other areas (Federal). The Community Emergency Response Team, CERT, program supports volunteers at a local level by providing training that will teach them to organize and respond to a disaster, such a reaching the disaster site, assisting victims, and collecting disaster intelligence (*****). CERT is sponsored by local governments, and consists of twenty hours of instruction on topics that include "***** preparedness, fire safety, disaster medical operati*****s, light search and rescue, team organization, and disaster psychology" (Federal). Upon completion, participants then are able to participate in ***** activities and help their local ***** *****tter prepare for emergencies (*****).

***** *****d has numerous advantages ***** helping to reduce fear ***** anxiety, and ***** to reduce loss ***** life and property (Federal). Many precautions are relatively basic, such as knowing what to do in the event of a fire, where to seek shelter in the event of a *****rna*****, ***** aw***** of the locations of public shelters, and knowledge ***** ***** medical needs (Federal). Citizens should know how to ***** to *****s, whether natural or terrorism, by preparing to be self-sufficient for at least three days, ***** "providing for shelter, first aid, food, water, and sanitation" (Federal). According to *****, every citizen is part of the national emergency management system, thus it is vital to be aware of the responsibilities involved in protecting family ***** loved ones, such as *****ing the risks and danger signs, purch*****ing insurance, ***** assembling a disaster supply kit (*****).

Local officials are responsible ***** identifying hazards and assessing risk to communities, enforcing building codes and zoning ordinances, coordinating emergency plans, responding ***** fires and hazardous materials incidents, securing emergency supplies


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