Essay - Eastern Religion Part One Summary of the History of Hinduism...

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Eastern Religion

Part One

Summary of the History of Hinduism and Buddhism


The history of Hinduism, according to Kinsley (45), dates back to the Indus Valley in India, with the Indo-Aryan people, or Vedas, around 1500 B.C.E. (bef*****e the Christian era). This period was known as "The Formative Period" - and ***** Vedas created four key volumes of literature (Sambitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas ***** Upanishads) which is believed ***** contain the moral roots of what is today ***** as Hinduism. Interestingly, in one ***** the early Sambitas texts, a "heroic visionary figure and poet" (K*****sley 45) named "rishi" experienced "directly" the "gods and powers" of the Vedic world, including the Vedic god Agni (representing fire and heat). ***** rishi also reportedly drank "soma" - probably a hallucinogenic mushroom ***** ***** thus were "transported" to the "realm of the *****."

***** ***** Speculative Period (800 - 400 B.C.E.), the Upanishads writings dominated Vedic literature. The Upanishads ***** ***** first call in H*****duism for a "quest for liberation" (Kinsley 46) from the world, and ***** ***** first form of Yoga emerged from those writings.

In the Epic ***** Classical Periods (***** B.C.E. - 600 C.E.) the two great Hindu epics (***** Mahabharata and the Ramayana) were written. The writings reflected ***** "tension" between the desire ***** "uphold" world order on *****e hand, and on ***** other hand, the desire to isolate a person from society to "achieve individual liberation," according ***** Kinsley. During this *****, ***** Indo-Aryans settled into communities, abandoning their nomadic ways.

In the Medieval Period (600 - 1***** C.E.) *****re ***** a number of temples built, in conjunction with the rise of the devotional movement. Deities were part of ***** temples, and they represented Puranas, or "stories of old" (Kinsley 48). And in the Modern Period of Hinduism (1800 to present), Islam moved into India, as did the Europeans (Britain), and the original purity of Hinduism was somewhat under attack ***** watered down. So, as a result of that, there was a ***** to revive some of the ancient customs. **********, some years later, Gandhi interpreted the Gita teachings as a nonviolent pathway to ***** expression of truth. Also, Transcendental Meditation and Krishna Consciousness became important tools for the Hindus to return ***** ***** early traditions, and to interest the Western ***** in the H*****du spiritual search for truth ***** personal identity.


The ********** prince who was to become known as a Buddha was originally called Siddhartha Gautama. He lived 2500 years ago (roughly 566 ***** 486 B.C.E.), although scholars differ on exactly when he lived, and they d*****'t agree on many ***** the historical data of his life and times. But, according to Lopez (101), the original Buddha achieved "enlightenment" in an instant - or, at least in a single night of medit*****tion - and afterward began putting f*****th his "***** noble truths" (Lopez 102). Buddha reportedly died at the age of 80, passing into nirvana. When he passed away, he left relics with his followers, called


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