Essay - Eastern Religion Part One Summary of the History of Hinduism...

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Eastern Religion

Part One

Summary of the History ***** Hinduism and Buddhism


The history of Hinduism, according to Kinsley (45), dates back to the Indus Valley in India, with the Indo-Aryan people, or Vedas, around 1500 B.C.E. (before the Christian era). This period was known as "The Formative Period" - and ***** Vedas created four key volumes of lit*****ture (Sambitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas ***** Upanishads) which is believed ***** contain the moral roots of what is today known as Hindu*****m. Interestingly, in one ***** the early Sambitas texts, a "heroic visionary figure and poet" (***** 45) named "rishi" experienced "directly" the "gods and powers" of the Vedic world, *****cluding the Vedic god Agni (representing fire and heat). ***** rishi also reportedly drank "soma" - probably a h*****llucinogenic mushroom - ***** thus were "transported" to the "realm of the *****."

***** ***** Speculative ***** (800 - 400 B.C.E.), the Upanishads writings dominated Vedic literature. The Upanishads were ***** first call in Hinduism for a "quest ***** liberation" (Kinsley 46) from the world, and ***** the first form of Yoga emerged from those *****.

In ***** Epic ***** Classical Periods (***** B.C.E. - 600 C.E.) the two great Hindu epics (***** Mahabharata and the Ramayana) were written. The writings reflected ***** "tension" between the desire to "uphold" world order on *****e hand, and on the other hand, the desire to isolate a person ***** society ***** "*****chieve individual *****," according to Kinsley. During this period, the Indo-Aryans settled into communities, abandoning *****ir nomadic ways.

In the Medieval Period (***** - 1***** C.E.) *****re were a number of temples built, in conjunction with the rise of the devotional movement. Deities were part of ***** *****, and they represented Puranas, or "stories ***** old" (Kinsley 48). And in the Modern ***** of Hinduism (1800 to present), Islam moved into India, as did the Europeans (Britain), and the original purity ***** Hinduism was somewhat under attack ***** watered down. So, as a result of that, there ***** a ***** to revive some of the ancient customs. Then, some years later, Gandhi interpreted the Gita teachings ***** a nonviolent p*****thway to the expression ***** truth. Also, Transcendental Meditation and Krishna Consciousness became important tools for the Hindus to return ***** their early traditions, and to interest the Western world in the H*****du spiritual search for truth ***** personal identity.


The ********** prince who was to become known as a Buddha was originally called Siddhartha Gautama. He lived 2500 years ago (roughly 566 ***** *****6 B.C.E.), although scholars differ on exactly when he lived, and ***** d*****'t agree on many of the his*****rical data of his life and times. But, ***** to Lopez (101), ***** original Buddha achieved "enlightenment" in an instant - or, at least in a single night of medit*****tion - ***** afterward began putting f*****th ***** "four noble truths" (Lopez 102). Buddha reportedly died at the age of 80, passing in***** nirvana. When he passed away, he left relics ***** his followers, called


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