Essay - Eastern Religion Part One Summary of the History of Hinduism...


Copyright Notice

Eastern Religion

Part One

Summary of the History of Hinduism and Buddhism

*****

The history of Hinduism, according to Kinsley (45), dates back to the Indus Valley in India, with the Indo-Aryan people, or Vedas, around 1500 B.C.E. (bef*****e the Christian era). This period was known as "The Formative Period" - and ***** Vedas created four key volumes of lit*****ture (Sambitas, Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Upanishads) which is believed to contain the moral roots of what is today known as Hinduism. Interestingly, in one of the early Sambitas texts, a "heroic visionary figure and poet" (***** 45) named "rishi" experienced "directly" the "gods and powers" of the Vedic world, including the Vedic god Agni (representing fire and heat). ***** ***** also reportedly drank "soma" - probably a hallucinogenic mushroom ***** and thus were "transported" to the "realm of the *****."

In the Speculative Period (800 - 400 B.C.E.), the Upanishads writings dominated Vedic literature. The Upanishads ***** the first call in H*****duism for a "quest for liberation" (Kinsley 46) from the world, and also the ***** form of Yoga emerged from those writings.

In the Epic ***** Classical Periods (400 B.C.E. - 600 C.E.) the two great Hindu epics (***** Mahabharata and the Ramayana) were written. The ***** reflected ***** "tension" between the desire to "uphold" world order on *****e hand, and on the other hand, the desire ***** isolate a pers***** ***** society to "*****chieve individual liberation," ***** to Kinsley. During this *****, the *****s settled into communities, abandoning their nomadic ways.

In the Medieval Period (***** - 1800 C.E.) there ***** a number of temples built, in conjunction with the rise of the devotional movement. Deities were part of ***** temples, and they represented Puranas, or "stories ***** old" (***** 48). And ***** the Modern Period of Hinduism (1800 to present), Islam moved into India, as did the Europeans (Britain), and the original purity of Hinduism was somewhat under attack ***** watered down. So, as a result ***** that, there ***** a ***** to revive some of the ancient customs. *****n, some years later, Gandhi interpreted the Gita teachings ***** a nonviolent p*****thway to the expression ***** truth. Also, Transcendental Meditation and Krishna Consciousness became important tools for the Hindus to return to *****ir ***** traditions, and to interest the Western world in the H*****du spiritual search for truth ***** personal identity.

*****

The Indian prince who was to become known as a Buddh***** was originally called Siddhartha Gautama. He lived 2500 years ago (roughly 566 ***** 486 B.C.E.), although scholars differ on exactly when he *****, and they don't agree on many of the his*****rical data of his life and times. But, according to Lopez (101), the original Buddha achieved "enlightenment" in an instant - or, at least in a single night of medit*****tion - ***** afterward began putting forth ***** "***** noble truths" (Lopez 102). Buddha reportedly died at the age of 80, passing in***** nirvana. When he passed away, he left relics ***** his followers, *****

. . . . [END OF ESSAY PREVIEW]

Download entire paper (and others like it)    |    Order a one-of-a-kind, custom paper

Other topics that might interest you:

© 2001–2016   |   Thesis Papers on Eastern Religion Part One Summary of the History of Hinduism   |   Thesis Papers Writing