Essay - Effects of Offshore Oil Drilling on Marine Life and Habitat...

Copyright Notice

Effects of offshore oil drilling on marine life and habitat

An energy hungry world is looking to a number of alternative energy sources, including nuclear, wind and solar power. While the experts may not agree on which approach is the best for the future, virtually everyone agrees that petroleum will remain the fuel of choice for many industries and consumers around the ***** because of the enormous investments in this source to date. In this environment, it is reasonable ***** assume that offshore oil drilling will continue to provide this important source of energy ***** ***** nation in the future, but not ***** is of the same m*****d concerning the environmental impact that such operations entail. Indeed, some environmentalists want all offshore ***** drilling to cease because of a less-than-stellar safety track record by ***** oil industry, while others suggest that these drilling platforms provide valuable ***** for marine ***** during and after the completion ***** their operations. To sort the wheat from the chaff, ***** paper provides a review of ***** relevant literature to identify the primary effects of *****fshore oil drilling on marine life and habitat, followed ***** a summary of the research and important findings in the c*****clusion.

***** ***** Discussion

Locating, installing and operating a successful offshore ***** drilling platform is a d*****unting engineering enterprise by any measure (Cable & Smith, 2006), and Mo*****r Nature always represents a m*****jor unknown in the process. According to Morrow (1975), "Offshore drilling got its start after World War II. Americans drilled the first well out of sight of land in the Gulf of Mexico in 1948. By ***** 1950s the American petroleum *****dustry had gained its sea legs in the Gulf; the assault on the world's offshore reserves began" (p. 34). This ***** was ***** with***** adverse incident, either. For example, in January 1969, Union Oil, operating pursuant to an exploration lease from the United States, started drilling an explora*****ry hole below the oce***** surface off ***** coast of Santa Barbara, California, ultimately hitting a high-pressure oil pocket resulting in ********** explosion at the site that caused "congealing into a chocolate mousse mat a foot thick" (Rothbach, 2007, p. 283). This disaster helped to fuel the enactment of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) and subsequent legislation placed offshore drilling activities squarely under ***** purview of the U.S. federal government ***** the planning for ***** ***** is currently regarded as a major federal action that require environmental protection statements and ongoing over***** (*****). The move to exploit coastal oil reserves ***** not limited to the United States, of course, and many countries have expanded their previous coastal oil *****s efforts into ***** areas in recent years as well (Falola ***** Genova, 2005; Rauber, 2001).

Today, a wide range of environmental initiatives are ********** that are intended to promote a healthier ecosystem in the nation's coastal regions, including scuttling dilapidated ships and even using large buildings as artificial reefs. One ***** ***** more interesting dilemmas facing proponents of


Download a complete, non-asterisked paper below    |    Pay for a one-of-a-kind, customized paper

100% Complete, University Essays & Term Papers for Sale

© 2001–2014   |   Term Paper on Effects of Offshore Oil Drilling on Marine Life and Habitat   |   Essays Models