Essay - Ell Students Appropriate Assessments to be Used for Ell Students...

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ELL students

Appropriate assessments to be used for ELL *****

English language proficiency tests usually try to assess the student's social and academic grasp of the *****. In ***** age of No Child Left Behind, st*****ardized test ********** are something that every student must face. ELL students, depending on their level of fluency, may be given standardized tests specifically designed ***** ***** students, so ***** proficiency level is not compared against native English speakers. For example, the Stanford English Langu***** Proficiency Test (Harcourt Assessment, 2003) tests functional academic English in three main areas--decoding, vocabulary and idioms, and comprehension and ELP reading in three genres--literary, *****formational, and functional comprehension—in ways that are parallel to the types of passages found in ***** assessment techniques for native speakers, on the company's standard test.

However, teachers ***** decide what types of assessments are best suited to ELL learners ***** a more regul*****r basis. Formative assessments document individual learner growth over time, rather than compare students ***** a larger pool of students like standardized **********. These forms ***** assessment increase confidence in social English usage, and may be good for beginning *****, as they emph*****ize what ELL students know and comprehend already. Examples of formative assignments include self-directed oral presentations, and assignments ***** incorporate visual as well as verbal measurements. Another form of assessment is summative assessments, which include criterion-referenced tests, such as chapter ***** unit tests, as ***** as mid-term and final exams. Criterion-referenced ***** are graded in terms ***** what has been c*****ed ***** class, not upon a national, comparative norm like standardized *****, but unlike ***** assignments, they ***** comparative in nature ('Document ELL Progress, 2008, ELL Website). These tests ensure that ELL learners are mastering basic language concepts, like the difference between adverbs and adjectives, or tenses of irregular verbs.

How are alter***** assessments used in the classroom for all students?

Alternative assessments "have several advantages: ***** are flexible; representative of the curriculum; meaningful to *****; indicative of progress in acqu*****ition of skills and knowledge; allow staff to identify what is to be assessed; allow instructors to tailor ***** ***** the specific goals and characteristics of ***** learner; identify learners' strengths and needs without comparison to an external standard or *****; and provide multi-dimensional views of individual ***** in different contexts" ("Document ELL Progress," *****, ***** Website). These assessment techniques ***** ***** open-ended or closed survey questions, interviews, structured observations by the teacher in the learning environment, and per*****mance-based assignments like writing portfolios or role-plays ("Document ELL Progress," 2008, ***** Website).

What are ***** ********** of using alternative *****s for ELL students? For native English speakers?

***** ***** students, particularly those whose written ***** has not yet matched their ***** proficiency, alternative assessment techniques give the student additional ways to show the ***** what they know, and also to gain more social ***** in the ***** language. However, all students have unique learning styles ***** can benefit from the creativity and enthusiasm ********** ***** methods generate. Addition*****y, these techniques can also


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