Essay - Emergent Literacy Review of Literature, 14 Pgs Definition of Emergent...

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Emergent Literacy review of literature, 14 pgs

Definition ***** Emergent ***** and Technical Reading

The term "emergent literacy" was first introduced by Marie Clay. According to Clay (1966), emergent ***** describes the way young children behave with books and when they are reading and writing, even though the children could not yet actually read and write in ***** conventional sense.

Clay's approach was revolutionary because it was a bre*****k from the then prevailing view regarding ********** readiness. In addition, Clay (1975) emphasized an interrelationship between reading and writing, challenging the notion that children must ***** learn ***** read before they ***** ***** to write.

Since Clay, many researchers and scholars have built on the emergent literacy framework. Teale and Sulzby (1986) observed that an emergent literacy shows even before children start formal instruction in schools. They also upheld Clay's *****itial finding that reading and ***** develop at the same time in ***** *****, rather than in sequence. Furthermore, ***** ***** Sulzby found ***** the functions of literacy, namely understand*****g how letters and words have meaning, ***** as important a part ***** emergent literacy as the forms of literacy or the naming of specific words and letters. ***** other *****, children learn to read and, at the same *****, *****y read ***** learn.

Since Clay's pioneering research, there ***** been many complementary definitions of emergent literacy. Sulzby ***** Teale (1991) have used the ***** literacy perspective to move ***** focus of children's reading readiness ***** literacy, b*****ed on their findings that reading, writing and spoken language all ***** concurrently. These developments occur when young children are in learn*****g environments ***** foster meaningful exchanges between oral and written language.

Since its inception, the concept ***** emergent literacy has faced hostility from educators who believe that literacy takes place sequentially. For this reason, anthropologist David Lancy (1994) also defines emergent literacy as a dramatic paradigm shift in early reading and language instruction. ***** example, traditional educating techniques *****d great importance on letter recognition, while the emergent ***** paradigm views this as secondary. To an emergent literacy educator, a child's scribbling of invented spelling is a critic*****l literacy milestone, a sign ***** growth to be loc*****ted along a continuum of ***** development. The trick is thus to emph*****ize wh*****t a child can do instead of focusing on what he or she ********** ***** accomplish.

Emergent literacy ***** differs significantly from conventional ***** on ***** readiness, which suggests that at a cert*****in age, a child is ready to learn ***** to read ***** write. Under ***** theory of emergent literacy, Hall (1987) recognized that ***** literacy is a gradual process that takes place within a child over time. The ***** "emerge" also recognizes ***** the ability ***** read al***** lies within ***** child, and only has to be developed and nurtured under the right circumstances.

The concept of emergent literacy thus has important implications on how ***** learn technical reading, which involves the ability to comprehend information and instructions.

Technical reading is ***** a far


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