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Emergent Literacy review of literature, 14 pgs

Definition of Emergent Literacy and Technical Reading

The term "emergent literacy" was first introduced by Marie Clay. According to ***** (1966), emergent literacy describes the way young children behave with books and when *****y are reading and writing, even though the children could not yet actually read and write in the conventional sense.

Clay's approach was revolutionary because it was a break from the then prevailing view regarding ********** readiness. In addition, Clay (1975) emphasized an interrelationship between reading and writing, challenging the notion that children must ***** learn ***** read before they ***** ***** to write.

Since *****, many researchers and scholars have built on the emergent ***** framework. Teale and Sulzby (1986) observed that an emergent literacy shows even before children start formal instruction in schools. They also upheld Clay's initial finding that *****ing ********** writing develop at ***** same time in young *****, rather than in sequence. Furthermore, Teale and Sulzby found ***** the functions of *****, namely underst*****ing how letters and words have meaning, ***** as important a part of emergent literacy as ***** forms of literacy or the naming of specific words ***** letters. In other words, children learn to read and, at the same *****, they read ***** learn.

Since Clay's pioneering research, there ***** been many complementary definitions ***** emergent *****. Sulzby ***** Teale (1991) have used the emergent literacy perspective to move ***** focus of *****'s ********** readiness ***** literacy, b*****ed on their findings that reading, writing and spoken language all ***** concurrently. These developments occur when young children are in learn*****g environments ***** foster meaningful exchanges between oral and written language.

Since its inception, the concept ***** emergent literacy has faced hostility ***** educators who believe that literacy takes place sequentially. For this reason, anthropologist David Lancy (1994) also defines emergent ***** as a dr*****matic paradigm shift in early reading and language instruction. ***** example, traditional educating techniques *****d great importance on letter recogniti*****, while the emergent literacy paradigm views this as secondary. To an emergent ***** educator, a child's scribbling of invented spelling is a critic*****l literacy milestone, a sign of growth to be loc*****ted along a continuum of liter*****cy development. The trick is thus to emph*****ize what a child c*****n do instead ***** focusing on what he or she cannot yet accomplish.

Emergent literacy thus differs significantly from conventional views on reading readiness, which suggests that at a certain age, a child is ready to learn ***** to read ***** *****. Under the theory of emergent literacy, Hall (1987) recognized ***** ***** literacy is a gradual process that takes place within a ***** over time. The ***** "emerge" *****lso recognizes that the ability ***** read already lies within the child, and only has to be developed and nurtured under the right circumstances.

The ***** of ********** literacy thus has important implications on how ***** ***** technical reading, which involves the ability ***** comprehend informati***** and instructions.

Technical reading ***** thus a far


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