Essay - Emergent Literacy Review of Literature, 14 Pgs Definition of Emergent...

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Emergent Literacy review of literature, 14 pgs

Definition ***** Emergent Literacy and Technical Reading

The term "emergent literacy" was first introduced by Marie Clay. According to Clay (1966), emergent literacy describes the way young children behave with books and when *****y are reading and writing, even though the children could not yet actually read and write in ***** conventional sense.

Clay's approach was revolutionary because it was a break from the then prevailing view regarding ********** readiness. In addition, Clay (1975) emphasized an interrelationship between reading and writing, challenging the notion that children must ***** learn to read before they ***** learn to write.

Since *****, many researchers and scholars have built on the emergent ***** framework. Teale and Sulz***** (1986) observed ***** an emergent literacy shows ***** before children start formal instruction in schools. They also upheld Clay's ********** finding that ***** *****d ***** develop at ***** same time in young children, rather than in sequence. Furthermore, Teale and *****by found ***** the functions of literacy, namely underst*****ing how letters and words have meaning, are as important a part of emergent literacy as ***** forms of literacy or the naming of specific words ***** letters. ***** other words, children learn to ***** and, at the same time, ***** read ***** learn.

Since Clay's pioneering research, there have been many complementary definitions ***** emergent literacy. Sulzby and Teale (1991) have used the emergent literacy perspective to move ***** focus of *****'s reading readiness to literacy, based on their findings that reading, writing and spoken language all ***** concurrently. These developments occur when ***** children ***** in learn*****g environments ***** foster meaningful exchanges between oral and written language.

***** its inception, the concept ***** emergent literacy has faced hostility ***** educators who believe that literacy takes place sequentially. For this reason, anthropologist David Lancy (1994) also defines ***** literacy as a dramatic paradigm shift in early reading and language instruction. ***** example, traditional educating techniques placed great importance on letter recogniti*****, while the emergent ***** paradigm views this as secondary. To an emergent literacy educator, a child's scribbling of invented spelling is a critic*****l literacy milestone, a sign ***** growth to be located along a continuum of ***** development. The trick is thus to emph*****ize what a child c*****n do instead of focusing on what he or she cannot yet accomplish.

***** literacy ***** differs significantly from conventional views on ***** readiness, which suggests that at a certain age, a child is ready to learn ***** to read or *****. Under ***** the*****y of ***** *****, Hall (1987) recognized ***** emergent literacy is a gradual process that takes place within a ***** over *****. The ***** "emerge" also recognizes ***** the ability ***** read al***** lies within ***** child, and only has to be developed and nurtured under the right circumstances.

The ***** of emergent literacy thus has important implications on how children learn technic***** reading, ***** involves the ability ***** comprehend informati***** and instructions.

Technical reading ***** thus a far


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