Essay - Emergent Literacy Review of Literature, 14 Pgs Definition of Emergent...

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Emergent Literacy review of literature, 14 pgs

Definition ***** Emergent ***** and Technical Reading

The term "emergent literacy" was first introduced by Marie Clay. According to Clay (1966), emergent ***** describes the way young children behave with books and when they are reading and writing, even though the children could not yet actually read and write in ***** conventional sense.

Clay's approach was revolutionary because it was a bre*****k from the then prevailing view regarding ********** readiness. In addition, Clay (1975) emphasized an interrelationship between reading and writing, challenging the notion that children must first learn ***** read before they could learn to write.

Since *****, many researchers and scholars have built on the emergent literacy framework. Teale and Sulz***** (1986) observed that an emergent ***** shows ***** before children start formal instruction in schools. They also upheld Clay's ********** finding that reading *****d writing develop at the same time in ***** children, rather than in sequence. Furthermore, Teale and Sulzby found that the functions of literacy, namely underst**********g how letters and words have meaning, ***** as important a part ***** emergent literacy as the forms of literacy or the naming of specific words and letters. In other words, children ***** to read and, at the same *****, ***** read ***** learn.

Since Clay's pioneering research, there have been many complementary definitions of ***** literacy. Sulzby and Teale (1991) ***** used the emergent literacy perspective to move ***** focus of *****'s *****ing readiness to *****, b*****ed on their findings that reading, writing and spoken language all ***** concurrently. These developments occur ***** young children are in *****ing environments that foster meaningful exchanges between oral and written language.

Since its inception, the concept ***** emergent literacy has faced hostility ***** educa*****rs who believe that literacy takes place sequentially. For this reason, anthropologist David Lancy (1994) also defines emergent ***** as a dramatic paradigm shift in early read*****g and language instruction. For example, traditional educating techniques placed great importance on letter recognition, while the emergent literacy paradigm views this as secondary. To an emergent literacy educator, a child's scribbling of invented spelling is a critic*****l literacy milestone, a sign ***** growth to be loc*****ted along a continuum of ***** development. The trick is thus ***** emphasize what a child c*****n do instead ***** focusing on what he or she cannot yet accomplish.

Emergent literacy thus differs significantly from conventional ***** on reading readiness, which suggests that at a certain age, a child is ready to learn ***** to read ***** write. Under the theory of emergent literacy, Hall (1987) recognized ***** emergent literacy is a gradual process that takes place within a ***** over time. The ***** "emerge" *****lso recognizes ***** the ability ***** read already lies within the child, and only has to be developed and nurtured under the right circumstances.

***** ***** of ***** literacy thus has ***** implications on how ********** ***** technical *****, ***** involves the ability ***** comprehend informati***** and instructions.

Technical reading is ***** a far


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