Essay - Emergent Literacy Review of Literature, 14 Pgs Definition of Emergent...

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Emergent Literacy review of literature, 14 pgs

Definition ***** Emergent ***** and Technical Reading

The term "emergent literacy" was first introduced by Marie Clay. According to ***** (1966), emergent literacy describes the way young children behave with books and when they are reading and writing, even though the children could not yet actually read and write in ***** conventional sense.

Clay's approach was revolutionary because it was a bre*****k from the then prevailing view regarding reading readiness. In add*****ion, Clay (1975) emphasized an interrelationship between reading and writing, challenging the notion that children must first learn to read before *****y could learn to *****.

Since Clay, many researchers and scholars have built on the emergent literacy framework. Teale and Sulzby (1986) observed ***** an emergent ***** shows even before children start formal instruction in schools. They also upheld *****'s initial finding that ***** ********** ***** develop at the same time in ***** children, rather than in sequence. Furthermore, Teale and Sulzby found ***** the functions of literacy, namely understand*****g how letters and words have meaning, ***** as important a part of emergent literacy as the forms of literacy or the naming of specific words and letters. In other words, children ***** to read and, at the same *****, they read ***** learn.

Since Clay's pioneering research, there ***** been many complementary definitions ***** ***** *****. Sulzby ***** Teale (1991) have used the emergent literacy perspective to move ***** focus of children's reading readiness ***** *****, based on their findings that reading, writing and spoken language all ***** concurrently. These developments occur when young children are in **********g environments that foster meaningful exchanges between oral and written language.

***** its inception, the concept ***** emergent literacy has faced hostility ***** educators who believe that literacy takes place sequentially. For this reason, anthropologist David Lancy (1994) also defines ***** ***** as a dramatic paradigm shift in early reading and language instruction. ***** example, traditional educating techniques *****d great importance on letter recogniti*****, while the emergent literacy paradigm ********** this as secondary. To an emergent ***** educator, a child's scribbling of invented spelling is a critic*****l literacy milestone, a sign of growth to be located along a continuum of liter*****cy development. The trick is thus to emp*****ize what a child can do instead of focusing on what he or she cannot ***** accomplish.

Emergent literacy ***** differs significantly from conventional views on reading readiness, which suggests that at a cert*****in age, a child is ready to learn ***** to read or write. Under the the*****y of emergent literacy, Hall (1987) recognized ***** ***** literacy is a gradual process that takes place within a ***** over time. The ***** "emerge" also recognizes that the ability to read already lies within the child, and only h***** to be developed and nurtured under the right circumstances.

***** concept of ********** literacy thus has important implications on how ********** ***** technical reading, which involves ***** ability ***** comprehend information and instructions.

Technical reading ***** ***** a far


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