Essay - Emergent Literacy Review of Literature, 14 Pgs Definition of Emergent...

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Emergent Literacy review of literature, 14 pgs

Definition of Emergent ***** and Technical Reading

The term "emergent literacy" was first introduced by Marie Clay. According to ***** (1966), emergent ***** describes the way young children behave with books ***** when they are reading and writing, even though the children could not yet actually read and write in the conventional sense.

Clay's approach was revolutionary because it was a bre*****k from the then prevailing view regarding ********** readiness. In addition, Clay (1975) emphasized an interrelationship between reading and writing, challenging the notion that children must ***** learn to read before *****y ***** learn to *****.

Since *****, many researchers and scholars have built on the emergent literacy framework. Teale and Sulzby (1986) observed that an emergent ***** shows even before children start formal instruction in schools. They also upheld Clay's initial finding that ***** and ***** develop at ***** same time in young *****, rather than in sequence. Furthermore, Teale and ***** found ***** the functions of literacy, namely underst*****ing how letters and words have meaning, are as important a part ***** emergent literacy as the forms of literacy or the naming of specific words ***** letters. ***** o*****r w*****ds, children ***** to read and, at the same *****, *****y read to learn.

Since Clay's pioneering research, there ***** been many complementary definitions of emergent literacy. Sulzby and Teale (1991) have used the ***** literacy perspective to move ***** focus of *****'s reading readiness ***** *****, b*****ed on their findings that reading, writing and spoken language all develop concurrently. These developments occur ***** young children are in learn*****g environments that foster meaningful exchanges between oral and written language.

Since its inception, the concept of emergent literacy has faced hostility from educators who believe that literacy takes place sequentially. For this reason, anthropologist David Lancy (1994) also defines emergent ***** as a dramatic paradigm shift in early reading and language instruction. ***** example, traditional educating techniques placed great importance on letter recogniti*****, while the emergent literacy paradigm *****s this as secondary. To an emergent ***** educator, a child's scribbling of invented spelling is a critic*****l literacy milestone, a sign of growth to be located along a continuum of ***** development. The trick is thus to emph*****ize wh*****t a child c*****n do instead of focusing on what he or she cannot yet accomplish.

Emergent literacy thus differs significantly from conventional views on reading readiness, which suggests that at a cert*****in age, a child is ready to learn ***** to read or write. Under the theory of emergent *****, Hall (1987) recognized ***** ***** literacy is a gradual process that takes place within a child over time. The term "emerge" *****lso recognizes that the ability ***** read al***** lies within ***** child, and only has to be developed and nurtured under the right circumstances.

The ***** of *****nt literacy thus has ***** implications on how ***** ***** technic***** *****, ***** involves the ability to comprehend information and instructions.

Technical reading ***** ***** a far


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