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Emergent Literacy review of literature, 14 pgs

Definition ***** Emergent Literacy and Technical Reading

The term "emergent literacy" was first introduced by Marie Clay. According to Clay (1966), emergent literacy describes the way young children behave with books and when *****y are reading and writing, even though the children could not yet actually read ***** write in ***** conventional sense.

Clay's approach was revolutionary because it was a bre*****k from the then prevailing view regarding ********** readiness. In addition, Clay (1975) emphasized an interrelationship between reading and writing, challenging the notion that children must first learn ***** read before they ***** ***** to *****.

Since Clay, many researchers and scholars have built on the emergent literacy framework. Teale and Sulzby (1986) observed that an emergent ***** shows even before children start formal instruction in schools. They also upheld Clay's initial finding that reading and writing develop at the same time in ***** children, ra*****r than in sequence. Furthermore, ***** and ***** found that the functions of literacy, namely understand*****g how letters and words have meaning, are as important a part of emergent literacy as the forms of literacy or the naming of specific words and letters. ***** o*****r *****, children learn to read and, at the same *****, *****y read to learn.

Since Clay's pioneering research, there ***** been many complementary definitions ***** emergent literacy. Sulzby and Teale (1991) have used the emergent literacy perspective to move ***** focus of *****'s *****ing readiness ***** *****, b*****ed on their findings that reading, writing and spoken language all develop concurrently. These developments occur ***** young children are in *****ing environments that foster meaningful exchanges between ********** and written language.

***** its inception, the concept of emergent literacy has faced hostility ***** educators who believe that literacy takes place sequenti*****y. For this reason, anthropologist David Lancy (1994) also defines ***** ***** as a dr*****matic paradigm shift in early reading and language instruction. For example, traditional educating techniques placed great importance on letter recogniti*****, while the emergent literacy paradigm views this as secondary. To an emergent literacy educator, a child's scribbling of invented spelling is a critical literacy milestone, a sign of growth to be located along a continuum ***** ***** development. The trick is thus to emphasize what a child can do instead of focusing on what he or she ********** yet accomplish.

Emergent literacy thus differs significantly from conventional views on reading readiness, which suggests that at a cert*****in age, a child is ready to learn how to read or write. Under ***** theory of ***** literacy, Hall (1987) recognized that emergent literacy is a gradual process that takes place within a ***** over time. The term "emerge" also recognizes ***** the ability to read al***** lies within the child, and only has ***** be developed and nurtured under the right circumstances.

The concept of ********** literacy thus has important implications on how children learn technical reading, ***** involves the ability to comprehend information and instructions.

Technical reading is thus a far


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