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Emergent Literacy review of literature, 14 pgs

Definition ***** Emergent Literacy and Technical Reading

The term "emergent literacy" was first introduced by Marie Clay. According to Clay (1966), emergent ***** describes the way young children behave with books ***** when *****y are reading and writing, even though the children could not yet actually read and write in ***** conventional sense.

Clay's approach was revolutionary because it was a break from the then prevailing view regarding reading readiness. In add*****ion, Clay (1975) emphasized an interrelationship between reading and writing, challenging the notion that children must first learn ***** read before they ***** learn to write.

Since Clay, many researchers and scholars have built on the emergent literacy framework. Teale and Sulz***** (1986) observed that an emergent ***** shows ***** before children start formal instruction in schools. They also upheld Clay's initial finding that *****ing and ***** develop at ***** same time in ***** children, rather than in sequence. Furthermore, Teale and Sulzby found that the functions of literacy, namely understanding how letters and words have meaning, are as important a part ***** emergent literacy as ***** forms of literacy or the naming of specific words ***** letters. In o*****r words, children ***** to read and, at the same time, ***** read to learn.

Since Clay's pioneering research, there ***** been many complementary definitions of ***** *****. Sulzby and Teale (1991) have used the emergent literacy perspective to move ***** focus of children's reading readiness to literacy, based on their findings that reading, writing and spoken language all ***** concurrently. These developments occur when young children ***** in learn*****g environments that foster meaningful exchanges between oral and written language.

***** its inception, the concept ***** emergent literacy has faced hostility ***** educators who believe that literacy takes place sequentially. For this reason, anthropologist David Lancy (1994) also defines ***** ***** as a dr*****matic paradigm shift in early reading and language instruction. For example, traditional educating techniques placed great importance on letter recogniti*****, while the emergent literacy paradigm views this as secondary. To an emergent literacy educator, a child's scribbling of invented spelling is a critic*****l literacy milestone, a sign of growth to be located along a continuum of liter*****cy development. The trick is thus to emph*****ize what a child c*****n do instead ***** focusing on what he or she cannot yet accomplish.

***** literacy ***** differs significantly from conventional views on ***** readiness, which suggests that at a cert*****in age, a child is ready to learn how to read or write. Under the theory of ***** literacy, Hall (1987) recognized ***** emergent literacy is a gradual process that takes place within a child over time. The ***** "emerge" *****lso recognizes ***** the ability to read al***** lies within ***** child, and only has to be developed and nurtured under the right circumstances.

The concept of ***** literacy thus has important implications on how ***** learn technical reading, which involves ***** ability to comprehend information and instructions.

Technical reading ***** ***** a far


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