Essay - Emergent Literacy Review of Literature, 14 Pgs Definition of Emergent...

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Emergent Literacy review of literature, 14 pgs

Definition of Emergent ***** and Technical Reading

The term "emergent literacy" was first introduced by Marie Clay. According to ***** (1966), emergent literacy describes the way young children behave with books and when *****y are reading and writing, even though the children could not yet actually read and write in the conventional sense.

Clay's approach was revolutionary because it was a break from ***** then prevailing view regarding *****ing readiness. In addition, Clay (1975) emphasized an interrelationship between reading and writing, challenging the notion that children must ***** learn ***** read before they ***** ***** to *****.

Since Clay, many researchers and scholars have built on the emergent literacy framework. Teale and Sulz***** (1986) observed ***** an emergent ***** shows ***** before children start formal instruction in schools. They also upheld *****'s *****itial finding that ***** ********** ***** develop at ***** same time in young children, rather than in sequence. Furthermore, Teale and Sulzby found ***** the functions of literacy, namely understand*****g how letters and words have meaning, ***** as important a part ***** emergent literacy as the forms of literacy or the naming of specific words ***** letters. In other words, children learn to ***** and, at the same *****, they read ***** learn.

Since Clay's pioneering research, there ***** been many complementary definitions of ***** *****. Sulzby ***** Teale (1991) have used the emergent literacy perspective to move the focus of children's reading readiness to literacy, b*****ed on their findings that *****, writing and spoken language all ***** concurrently. These developments occur ***** young children are in learn*****g environments ***** foster meaningful exchanges between oral and written language.

***** its inception, the concept ***** emergent literacy has faced hostility ***** educators who believe that literacy takes place sequentially. For this reason, anthropologist David Lancy (1994) also defines emergent ***** as a dr*****matic paradigm shift in early reading and language instruction. For example, traditional educating techniques placed great importance on letter recogniti*****, while the emergent literacy ***** ********** this as secondary. To an emergent ***** educator, a child's scribbling of invented spelling is a critical literacy milestone, a sign of growth to be located along a continuum of literacy development. The trick is thus to emp*****ize what a child c*****n do instead ***** focusing on what he or she cannot ***** accomplish.

***** literacy ***** differs significantly from conventional views on reading readiness, which suggests that at a certain age, a child is ready to learn how to read or write. Under the theory of emergent *****, Hall (1987) recognized that ***** literacy is a gradual process that takes place within a child over time. The ***** "emerge" also recognizes ***** the ability ***** read al***** lies within ***** child, and only h***** to be developed and nurtured under the right circumstances.

The concept of ********** literacy thus has ***** implications on how children learn technical reading, which involves the ability to comprehend informati***** and instructions.

Technical reading ***** ***** a far


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