Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...

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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a paper concerning the development stages of an adolescent ***** *****. Erickson's and Piaget's ***** of ***** Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.


***** five percent of ********** ***** ********** experience depression at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik *****son studied the development of the adolescents. Their *****ories will give clearer understanding ***** why teenagers become ***** and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a variety of *****s in the adolescent's life. Recognizing ***** is important. "Out of 100,000 adolescents, two to three thousand will have mood disorders out of which 8-10 ***** commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teen*****ger can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

Piaget and ***** Adolescent

The teenager begins to be to function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive development. He/she realizes th***** not every one feels the same way he does. He/s***** begins to think ***** others. The teen begins to reason deductively. ********** look at things concretely ***** literally. The teenager is able to communicate their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem begins when the ***** begins to ***** and ***** that he is not equal with his peers. This is especially harmful if the child is experiencing ***** at the school. As they reason deductively they ***** view the picture as hopeless. Depression ***** to over-ride the truth. Th***** is especially true if the bullying has started in early school years and ***** continued to middle school. "...***** history ***** victimization is a strong predictor of the onset ***** self-reported symptoms of anxiety ***** ***** and remains so after adjustment for other measures of social relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, ***** Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% ***** all students ***** depression stemmed ***** the history of victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who is bullied at school and ab***** at home. When hopelessness builds up in a teen*****ger, ***** teenager may decide to commit suicide.

Factors Causing Depression

Other factors that might lead to ***** in the adolescent are self-esteem *****, poor body image, stressful ***** events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's ********** stated that in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of *****ir skills and stage five the adolescent begins to identify ***** they *****. If the adolescent does not master the skills of education in his mind and he feels ***** ***** is worthless eventually th***** might ***** to depression and ***** (***** 2002). "In ***** last two decades, depression among ***** has emerged as a major mental health problem" (Marcotte, Fortin, ***** and Papillon 2002). Girls have more trouble in accepting their body image than boys. *****y face


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