Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...

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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a p*****per concerning the development stages of an adolescent and depression. Erickson's and Piaget's Theory ***** Child Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.


Approximately five percent of *****ren ***** adolescents experience depression at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson studied the development of the adolescents. Their *****ories ***** give clearer understand*****g ***** why teenagers become depressed and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a v*****riety of problems in the adolescent's life. Recognizing depression is important. "Out of 100,000 adolescents, two to three thousand will have mood disorders out of which 8-10 will commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teenager can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

Piaget and the Adolescent

The teenager *****gins to be ***** function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive development. He/she realizes th***** not every one feels the same way he does. He/she begins to think about others. The teen begins to reason deductively. They look at things concretely and literally. The teenager is able to communic*****e their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem ***** when the teenager begins to ***** and communicate that he is not equal with his peers. This is especially harmful if ***** child ***** experiencing bullying at t***** school. As *****hey reason deductively they may view the picture as hopeless. Depression begins to over-ride the truth. This is especially true if the bullying has started in early school years and ***** cont*****ued to middle school. "...***** history ***** victimization is a strong predictor of the onset ***** self-reported symptoms of anxiety and ***** and remains so after adjustment for other measures ***** *****cial relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, and Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% of all students with depression stemmed from the history of victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who ***** bullied at school and ab***** at home. When ********** builds up in a teen*****ger, the teenager may decide to commit *****.

Fac*****rs Causing Depression

O*****r factors that might lead to depression in the adolescent are self-esteem *****, poor body image, stressful life events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's *****ories stated ***** in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of their skills and stage five the adolescent begins to identify who *****y are. If the adolescent does not master the skills of education in his m*****d and he feels that he is worthless eventually th***** might lead to ***** and suicide (***** 2002). "In the last two decades, depression among ***** has emerged as a major mental health problem" (*****, Fortin, ***** ***** Papillon 2002). Girls have more trouble in accepting their body image than boys. They face


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