Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...

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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a paper concerning the development stages of an adolescent and depression. Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.


***** five percent of ********** and *****s experience depression at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson studied the ***** of the adolescents. Their *****ories will give clearer understanding to why teenagers become ***** and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a variety of *****s in the adolescent's life. Recogniz*****g ***** is important. "Out ***** 100,000 adolescents, two to three thousand will have mood d*****orders out of which 8-10 will commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teenager can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

Piaget and the Adolescent

The teenager begins to be ***** function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive development. He/she realizes that not every one feels the same way he does. He/she begins to think ***** others. The teen begins to reason deductively. *****y look at things concretely and literally. The ***** is able to communic*****e their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem begins when the teenager ***** ***** reason and communicate that he is not equal with his peers. This is especially harmful if ***** child ***** experiencing bullying at the school. As *****y ***** deductively they ***** view the picture as hopeless. Depression begins to over-ride the truth. This is especially true if the bullying has started in early school years and ***** cont*****ued to middle *****. "...***** history ***** victimization is a strong predictor of the onset ***** self-reported symptoms of anxiety and depression ***** remains so after adjustment for other measures of *****cial relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, and Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% of all students ***** depression stemmed ***** the history ***** victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who is bullied at school and abused at home. When *****ness builds up in a teen*****ger, the teenager may decide to commit *****.

Fac*****rs Causing Depression

***** factors that might lead to depression in the adolescent are self-esteem issues, poor body image, stressful life events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's theories stated that in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of their skills and ***** five the adolescent ***** to identify ***** ***** *****. If ***** adolescent does ***** master the ***** of education in his mind and he ***** ***** ***** is worthless eventually th***** might ***** to ***** and suicide (***** 2002). "In the last ***** decades, depression among ***** has emerged as a major mental health problem" (*****, Fortin, Potvin ***** Papillon 2002). Girls have more trouble in accept*****g their ***** image than boys. *****y face


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