Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...

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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a paper concerning the development stages of an adolescent and *****. Erickson's and Piaget's ***** of ***** Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.


***** five percent of *****ren ***** *****s experience depression at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik *****son studied the development of the adolescents. Their *****ories ***** give clearer understanding to why teenagers become depressed and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a variety of *****s in the adolescent's life. Recogniz*****g ***** is important. "Out ***** 100,000 adolescents, two ***** three thousand will have mood disorders out of which 8-10 ***** commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teen*****ger can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

***** and the Adolescent

The teenager *****gins to be ***** function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive *****. He/she realizes that not every one feels the same way he does. He/s***** begins to think ab***** others. The teen begins ***** reason deductively. They look at things concretely and literally. The teenager is *****le to communic*****e their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem ***** when the ***** begins to reason and communicate that he is not equal with his peers. This is especially harmful if ***** child is experiencing ***** at the school. As they ***** deductively they may view the picture as hopeless. Depression ***** to over-ride the truth. This is especially true if the bullying has started in early school years and has cont*****ued to middle *****. "...the history ***** victimization is a strong predictor of the onset ***** self-reported symptoms of anxiety and ***** and remains so after adjustment for other measures of *****cial relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, and Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% of all students with depression stemmed ***** the h*****tory of victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who is bullied at school and abused at home. When hopelessness builds up in a teen*****ger, the teenager may decide to commit *****.

Factors Causing Depression

***** factors that might lead to depression in the adolescent are self-esteem issues, poor body image, stressful ***** events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's ********** stated that in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of their skills and stage five the adolescent begins to identify who ***** *****. If the adolescent does not master the skills of education in his m*****d and he ***** ***** he is worthless eventually this might ***** to depression and suicide (Lewis 2002). "In the last two decades, depression among teenagers has emerged as a major mental health problem" (*****, Fortin, Potvin and Papillon 2002). Girls have more trouble in accept*****g their body image than boys. *****y face


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