Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...


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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a paper concerning the development stages of an adolescent ***** *****. Erickson's and Piaget's ***** ***** Child Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.

DEPRESSION IN TEENS

Approximately five percent of children ***** adolescents experience depression at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson studied the ***** of the adolescents. Their *****ories ***** give clearer understanding ***** why teenagers become depressed and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a variety of problems in the adolescent's life. Recogniz*****g depression is important. "Out of 100,000 adolescents, two to three thousand will have mood disorders out of which 8-10 ***** commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teen*****ger can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

Piaget and the Adolescent

The teenager begins to be ***** function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive development. He/she realizes that not every one feels the same way he does. He/she begins to think about others. The teen begins ***** reason deductively. They look at things concretely ***** literally. The ***** is able to communic*****e their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem ***** when the teenager begins ***** reason ***** communicate ***** he is not equal with his peers. ***** is especially harmful if t***** child is experiencing bullying at the school. As *****y ***** deductively they ***** view the picture as hopeless. Depression ***** to over-ride the truth. Th***** is especially true if the bullying has started in early school years and ***** continued to middle *****. "...the history of victimization is a strong predictor of the onset of self-reported symptoms of anxiety ***** depression and remains so after adjustment for other measures ***** *****cial relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, ***** Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% of all students ***** depression stemmed ***** the h*****tory of victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who is bullied at school and abused at home. When ********** builds up in a teenager, ***** teenager may decide to commit *****.

Fac*****rs Causing Depression

***** factors that might lead to depression in the adolescent are self-esteem issues, poor body image, stressful life events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's theories stated that in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of *****ir skills and stage five the adolescent begins to identify ***** ********** *****. If the adolescent does not master the ***** of education in his mind and he feels that he is worthless eventually th***** might lead to depression and suicide (***** 2002). "In the last ***** decades, depression among teenagers has emerged as a major mental health problem" (Marcotte, Fortin, ***** and Papillon 2002). Girls have more trouble in accepting their body image than boys. *****y face

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