Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...


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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a p*****per concerning the development stages of an adolescent ***** depression. Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.

DEPRESSION IN TEENS

Approximately five percent of children ***** adolescents experience ***** at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik *****son studied the ***** of the *****. Their *****ories ***** give clearer understanding to why teenagers become depressed and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a variety of *****s in the adolescent's life. Recogniz*****g depression is important. "Out ***** 100,000 adolescents, two to three thousand will have mood disorders out of which 8-10 ***** commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teenager can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

Piaget and the Adolescent

The teenager begins to be to function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive development. He/she realizes th***** not every one feels *****e same way he does. He/she begins to think ***** others. The teen begins to reason deductively. *****y look at things concretely and literally. The teenager is able to communic*****e their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem begins when the teenager ***** to ***** and communicate that he is not equal with his peers. This is especially harmful if t***** child ***** experiencing bullying at the school. As *****y reason deductively they ***** view the picture as hopeless. Depression begins to over-ride the truth. This is especially true if the bullying has started in early school years and has continued to middle *****. "...***** history of victimization is a strong predictor ***** the onset of self-reported symptoms of anxiety and ***** ***** remains so after adjustment for other measures of social relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, and Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% ***** all students with depression stemmed from the h*****tory of victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who is bullied at school and abused at home. When hopelessness builds up in a teen*****ger, ***** teenager may decide to commit suicide.

Fac*****rs Causing Depression

Other factors that might lead to depression in the adolescent are self-esteem issues, poor body image, stressful life events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's theories stated that in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of *****ir skills and ***** five the adolescent begins to identify ***** they are. If the adolescent does not master the ***** of education in his m*****d and he feels that he is worthless eventually th***** might ***** to depression and suicide (Lewis 2002). "In the last two decades, depression among ***** has emerged as a major mental health problem" (*****, Fortin, Potvin and ***** 2002). Girls have more trouble in accepting their ***** image than boys. *****y face

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