Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...


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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a p*****per concerning the development stages of an adolescent and *****. Erickson's and Piaget's Theory ***** ***** Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.

DEPRESSION IN TEENS

Approximately five percent of ********** and adolescents experience depression at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson studied the ***** of the *****. Their theories will give clearer understanding ***** why teenagers become depressed and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a variety of *****s in the adolescent's life. Recogniz*****g ***** is important. "Out ***** 100,000 adolescents, two to three thousand will have mood d*****orders out of which 8-10 ***** commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teen*****ger can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

***** and the Adolescent

The teenager *****gins to be to function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive development. He/she realizes that not every one feels the same way he does. He/s***** begins to think ***** others. The teen begins ***** reason deductively. ********** look at things concretely ***** literally. The teenager is able to communicate their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem begins when the ***** ***** to ***** ***** communicate that he is not equal with his peers. This is especially harmful if the child is experiencing bullying at the school. As they reason deductively they may view the picture as hopeless. Depression begins to over-ride the truth. This is especially true if the bullying has started in early school years and ***** cont*****ued to middle *****. "...***** h*****tory ***** victimization is a strong predictor of the onset of self-reported symptoms of anxiety ***** ***** and remains so after adjustment for other measures of social relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, and Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% ***** all students with depression stemmed from the h*****tory of victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who is bullied at school and ab***** at home. When *****ness builds up in a teen*****ger, the teenager may decide to commit suicide.

Factors Causing Depression

O*****r factors that might lead to depression in the adolescent are self-esteem issues, poor body image, stressful ***** events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's theories stated ***** in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of *****ir skills and ***** five the adolescent ***** to identify ***** ********** are. If the adolescent does not master the skills of education in his mind and he feels that he is worthless eventually th***** might ***** to ***** and ***** (Lewis 2002). "In the last two decades, depression among teenagers has emerged as a major mental health problem" (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin ***** ***** 2002). Girls have more trouble in accepting their body image than boys. They face

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