Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...

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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a paper concerning the development stages of an adolescent and *****. Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of ***** Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.


***** five percent of children ***** adolescents experience depression at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson studied the ***** of the *****. Their theories will give clearer understanding ***** why teenagers become ***** and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a v*****riety of *****s in the adolescent's life. Recognizing ***** is important. "Out of 100,000 adolescents, two to three thousand ***** have mood disorders out of which 8-10 will commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teenager can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

***** and ***** Adolescent

The teenager begins to be ***** function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive development. He/she realizes th***** not every one feels the same way he does. He/she begins to think ***** others. The teen begins ***** reason deductively. They look at things concretely ***** literally. The ***** is able to communicate their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem ***** when the teenager begins ***** reason and communicate that he is not equal with his peers. ***** is especially harmful if ***** child is experiencing ***** at t***** school. As they ***** deductively they ***** view the picture as hopeless. Depression ***** to over-ride the truth. This is especially true if the bullying has started in early school years and has continued to middle school. "...the history of victimization is a strong predictor ***** the onset of self-reported symptoms of anxiety ***** ***** and remains so after adjustment for other measures of *****cial relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, ***** Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% ***** all students with depression stemmed ***** the h*****tory of victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who ***** bullied at school and ab***** at home. When ********** builds up in a teen*****ger, the teenager may decide to commit *****.

Fac*****rs Causing Depression

O*****r factors that might lead to depression in the adolescent are self-esteem *****, poor body image, stressful ***** events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's theories stated ***** in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of their skills and stage five the adolescent begins to identify who ***** are. If ***** adolescent does ***** master the ***** of education in his mind and he feels that he is worthless eventually this might lead to depression and suicide (Lewis 2002). "In ***** last two decades, depression among ***** has emerged as a major mental health problem" (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin and ***** 2002). Girls have more trouble in accepting their ***** image than boys. *****y face


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