Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...


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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a p*****per concerning the development stages of an adolescent and depression. Erickson's and Piaget's ***** ***** ***** Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.

DEPRESSION IN TEENS

Approximately five percent of children and adolescents experience ***** at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson studied the development of the *****. Their theories will give clearer understand*****g to why teenagers become ***** and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a variety of *****s in the adolescent's life. Recogniz*****g depression is important. "Out ***** 100,000 adolescents, two ***** three thousand ***** have mood d*****orders out of which 8-10 will commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teen*****ger can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

***** and the Adolescent

The teenager begins to be ***** function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive *****. He/she realizes that not every one feels the same way he does. He/s***** begins to think about others. The teen begins ***** reason deductively. *****y look at things concretely and literally. The teenager is able to communicate their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem ***** when the ***** begins ***** reason and ***** that he is not equal with his peers. ***** is especially harmful if ***** child ***** experiencing bullying at t***** school. As they ***** deductively they may view the picture as hopeless. Depression ***** to over-ride the truth. This is especially true if the bullying has started in early school years and ***** continued to middle school. "...***** history of victimization is a strong predictor ***** the onset of self-reported symptoms of anxiety ***** ***** and remains so after adjustment for other measures of *****cial relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, ***** Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% of all students with depression stemmed from the h*****tory of victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who ***** bullied at school and ab***** at home. When hopelessness builds up in a teen*****ger, the teenager may decide to commit suicide.

Fac*****rs Causing Depression

***** factors that might lead to ***** in the adolescent are self-esteem *****, poor body image, stressful ***** events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's ********** stated ***** in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of *****ir skills and stage five the adolescent begins to identify who ***** *****. If the adolescent does ***** master the ***** of education in his m*****d and he feels that he is worthless eventually th***** might lead to depression and ***** (***** 2002). "In ***** last ***** decades, depression among teenagers has emerged as a major mental health problem" (Marcotte, Fortin, ***** ***** ***** 2002). Girls have more trouble in accept*****g their body image than boys. They face

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