Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...


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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a paper concerning the development stages of an adolescent ***** depression. Erickson's and Piaget's Theory ***** ***** Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.

DEPRESSION IN TEENS

***** five percent of *****ren ***** adolescents experience depression at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik *****son studied the development of the *****. Their *****ories ***** give clearer understanding to why teenagers become depressed and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a variety of problems in the adolescent's life. Recognizing depression is important. "Out ***** 100,000 adolescents, two to three thousand will have mood d*****orders out of which 8-10 will commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teen*****ger can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

Piaget and the Adolescent

The teenager begins to be ***** function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive development. He/she realizes th***** not every one feels the same way he does. He/s***** begins to think ***** others. The teen begins ***** reason deductively. ********** look at things concretely and literally. The teenager is able to communic*****e their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem ***** when the teenager begins ***** reason ***** communicate that he is not equal with his peers. ***** is especially harmful if ***** child ***** experiencing ***** at t***** school. As *****hey ***** deductively they ***** view the picture as hopeless. Depression begins to over-ride the truth. This is especially true if the bullying has started in early school years and has cont*****ued to middle *****. "...***** history ***** victimization is a strong predictor of the onset ***** self-reported symptoms of anxiety and depression ***** remains so after adjustment for other measures ***** social relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, and Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% of all students ***** depression stemmed from the history of victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who ***** bullied at school and abused at home. When ********** builds up in a teen*****ger, ***** teenager may decide to commit suicide.

Fac*****rs Causing Depression

***** factors that might lead to ***** in the adolescent are self-esteem issues, poor body image, stressful ***** events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's *****ories stated ***** in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of their skills and stage five the adolescent begins to identify who ***** are. If the adolescent does not master the skills ***** education in his m*****d and he ***** that ***** is worthless eventually this might lead to depression and ***** (Lewis 2002). "In the last two decades, depression among teenagers has emerged as a major mental health problem" (Marcotte, Fortin, ***** ***** ***** 2002). Girls have more trouble in accepting their ***** image than boys. *****y face

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