Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...

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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a p*****per concerning the development stages of an adolescent ***** depression. Erickson's and Piaget's Theory ***** ***** Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.


Approximately five percent of children ***** *****s experience ***** at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik *****son studied the development of the adolescents. Their theories will give clearer understanding to why teenagers become depressed and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a v*****riety of *****s in the adolescent's life. Recogniz*****g depression is important. "Out ***** 100,000 adolescents, two to three thousand will have mood disorders out of which 8-10 ***** commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teen*****ger can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

Piaget and ***** Adolescent

The teenager *****gins to be ***** function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive *****. He/she realizes th***** not every one feels the same way he does. He/she begins to think ab***** others. The teen begins ***** reason deductively. ********** look at things concretely and literally. The teenager is ********** to communicate their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem ***** when the ***** begins to reason and communicate that he is not equal with his peers. This is especially harmful if ***** child is experiencing ***** at t***** school. As they ***** deductively they may view the picture as hopeless. Depression ***** to over-ride the truth. Th***** is especially true if the bullying has started in early school years and has cont*****ued to middle school. "...the history ***** victimization is a strong predictor of the onset ***** self-reported symptoms of anxiety ***** depression and remains so after adjustment for other measures of *****cial relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, and Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% of all students with depression stemmed from the history of victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who ***** bullied at school and ab***** at home. When ********** builds up in a teen*****ger, ***** teenager may decide to commit suicide.

Factors Causing Depression

***** factors that might lead to ***** in the adolescent are self-esteem issues, poor body image, stressful life events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's theories stated that in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of *****ir skills and ***** five the adolescent begins to identify ***** ***** *****. If the adolescent does ***** master the ***** of education in his mind and he feels that he is worthless eventually th***** might ***** to depression and ***** (***** 2002). "In the last two decades, depression among ***** has emerged as a major mental health problem" (*****, Fortin, Potvin and ***** 2002). Girls have more trouble in accepting their body image than boys. They face


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