Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...


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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a paper concerning the development stages of an adolescent ***** depression. Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of ***** Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.

DEPRESSION IN TEENS

Approximately five percent of *****ren ***** ********** experience ***** at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik Erikson studied the development of the adolescents. Their *****ories will give clearer understand*****g to why teenagers become depressed and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a v*****riety of *****s in the adolescent's life. Recogniz*****g depression is important. "Out of 100,000 adolescents, two to three thousand ***** have mood d*****orders out of which 8-10 will commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teenager can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

***** and ***** Adolescent

The teenager *****gins to be ***** function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive *****. He/she realizes that not every one feels the same way he does. He/s***** begins to think about others. The teen begins ***** reason deductively. *****y look at things concretely ***** literally. The teenager is able to communic*****e their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem ***** when the ***** begins ***** ***** ***** communicate that he is not equal with his peers. This is especially harmful if ***** child ***** experiencing bullying at the school. As *****y reason deductively they ***** view the picture as hopeless. Depression ***** to over-ride the truth. This is especially true if the ***** has started in early school years and ***** cont*****ued to middle *****. "...***** h*****tory ***** victimization is a strong predictor of the onset of self-reported symptoms of anxiety and depression and remains so after adjustment for other measures of *****cial relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, and Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% of all students ***** depression stemmed ***** the history ***** victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who is bullied at school and ab***** at home. When hopelessness builds up in a teen*****ger, ***** teenager may decide to commit *****.

Fac*****rs Causing Depression

***** factors that might lead to depression in the adolescent are self-esteem issues, poor body image, stressful ***** events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's ********** stated that in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of *****ir skills and ***** five the adolescent begins to identify who ***** are. If ***** adolescent does ***** master the ***** ***** education in his m*****d and he feels that ***** is worthless eventually this might lead to depression and suicide (***** 2002). "In ***** last two decades, depression among teenagers has emerged as a major mental health problem" (Marcotte, Fortin, ***** ***** Papillon 2002). Girls have more trouble in accept*****g their ***** image than boys. They face

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