Essay - Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & Adolescent Depression...


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Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of Child Development & adolescent depression

ABSTRACT: This is a paper concerning the development stages of an adolescent and *****. Erickson's and Piaget's Theory of ***** Development will be used to explain what may lead to a child feeling depressed or suicidal.

DEPRESSION IN TEENS

Approximately five percent of children ***** adolescents experience depression at some point in their lives (AACAP 1998). Jean Piaget and Erik *****son studied the ***** of the *****. Their theories ***** give clearer understanding to why teenagers become depressed and what can be done about the problem. Depression comes from a v*****riety of problems in the adolescent's life. Recognizing ***** is important. "Out ***** 100,000 adolescents, two to three thousand will have mood disorders out of which 8-10 will commit suicide" (Brown 1996). The causes of depression in a teenager can stem from family problems, peer pressure and bullying, and changes in the teen's life.

Piaget and ***** Adolescent

The teenager begins to be to function at the third stage of Piaget's cognitive development. He/she realizes that not every one feels the same way he does. He/s***** begins ***** think ***** others. The teen begins to reason deductively. They look at things concretely ***** literally. The teenager is able to communicate their positions on complex ethical issues and knows how to use conceptual words like freedom and liberty (Lewis 2002). The problem ***** when the ***** begins to reason ***** communicate that he is not equal with his peers. This is especially harmful if ***** child ***** experiencing ***** at t***** school. As they reason deductively they may view the picture as hopeless. Depression begins to over-ride the truth. This is especially true if the bullying has started in early school years and ***** continued to middle school. "...the history ***** victimization is a strong predictor of the onset ***** self-reported symptoms of anxiety ***** ***** and remains so after adjustment for other measures ***** social relations" (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, and Kerryn 2001). Almost 30% of all students with depression stemmed from the history of victimization. This is especially difficult for the teenager who is bullied at school and abused at home. When ********** builds up in a teenager, ***** teenager may decide to commit *****.

Factors Causing Depression

***** factors that might lead to ***** in the adolescent are self-esteem *****, poor body image, stressful life events, and pubertal status (Marcotte, Fortin, Potvin, and Papillon 2002). Erick Erikson's theories stated that in stage four the adolescent works on becoming master of their skills and stage five the adolescent ***** to identify who ***** are. If the adolescent does not master the ***** of education in his m*****d and he ***** ***** he is worthless eventually this might lead to depression and suicide (Lewis 2002). "In the last ***** decades, depression among ***** has emerged as a major mental health problem" (Marcotte, Fortin, ***** ***** Papillon 2002). Girls have more trouble in accepting their ***** image than boys. *****y face

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