Essay - ERP Enterprise Resource Planning Introduction the Basic Concept of an...


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ERP

***** Resource Planning

Introduction

The basic concept of an Enterprise Resource Pl*****ning (ERP) system is to act as the coordination and synchronization point of inbound supplies, matching up customer orders while also scheduling production ***** manuf*****uring scheduling. ERP systems typically also include Accounts Payable (AP) and Accounts Receivable (AR) systems so that financial reporting of transactions can be completed. In previous generations ***** ERP systems it was considered sufficient to support a single location, yet today multi-instance ERP systems that are capable of managing the coordination ***** inbound orders and *****ir fulfillment across multiple locations ***** increasingly a commonplace requirement (Yang, Lin, Lin, Huang, 2006). ERP ***** also often have Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Supply Chain Management (SCM), and often Distributed Order ***** (DOM) systems integrated into them to make the underlying business processes more efficient and agile, capable of responding to market requirements.

The Implementation ***** Use of ERP systems

The greatest impediment to any successful ERP implementation is resistance to change on the part of both the managers who will use ***** system and their employees (Youngberg, Olsen, Ha*****r, 2009). Overcoming resistance to change takes a series of strategies called change management, as they seek to provide those ***** will use the system with an opportunity to "own" the *****s ***** *****ir jobs and the processes and procedures they rely on daily to do their jobs. Key to the ***** implementation of any ERP ***** is the transfer of knowledge and its being organized ***** taxonomies that are usable in ***** context ***** the new system ***** its processes (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once initiatives and ***** are in place for nurturing and providing those employees and managers most affected by the implementation of ***** new system, intensive ***** process re-engineering (BPR) typically ***** ***** (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once business processes have been re-engineered and then integrated into the new ERP systems' workflows, standardization of processes typically occurs so that the comp***** implementing the system can attain higher levels of efficiency and productivity (Chtioui, 2009). From the workflows to the processes and procedures and even down to the graphical interfaces of the ERP applications, it is critical to get user's input and allow ********** to ***** ownership of the system before actually implementing the s*****tware (Youngberg, Olsen, Hauser, 2009).

The actual and potential benefits of implementing an ERP ***** in many organizations center around be*****g more driven by customer needs ***** being more responsive to key markets and customer segments. The concept of becoming a dem*****-driven organization through ***** use of ***** systems has been well-proven, has the ability to get greater levels of ***** performance through more process efficiency as well. The near-term benefits are ***** levels ***** process and in many cases, system *****tegration that allow organizations to perform ***** efficiently. In addition, ERP systems ***** greatly reduce the number of errors an organization makes in its supply cha*****, order management, manufacturing, and fulfillment processes as *****. Future potential benefits include the ability ***** anticipate and

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