Essay - ERP Enterprise Resource Planning Introduction the Basic Concept of an...

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Enterprise Resource Planning


***** basic concept of an Enterprise Resource ***** (ERP) system is to act as the coordination and synchronization point of inbound supplies, matching up customer orders while also scheduling production ***** manufacturing scheduling. ***** systems typically also include Accounts Payable (AP) and Accounts Receivable (AR) systems so that financial reporting of transactions can be completed. In previous generations ***** ERP systems it was considered sufficient to support a single location, yet today multi-instance ERP systems that are capable of managing ***** coordination ***** ***** orders and their fulfillment across multiple locations ***** increasingly a commonplace requirement (Yang, Lin, Lin, Huang, 2006). ERP systems al***** often have Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Supply Chain Management (SCM), and ***** Distributed Order ***** (DOM) ***** integrated into them to make the underlying business processes more efficient ***** agile, capable of responding to market requirements.

***** Implementation and Use of ERP systems

The greatest impediment to any successful ERP implementation is resistance ***** change on the part ***** both ***** managers who will use the system and their employees (Youngberg, Olsen, Hauser, 2009). Overcoming resistance to change takes a series of strategies called change management, as they seek to provide those ***** will use the system with an opportunity to "own" the *****s ***** ***** jobs and the processes and procedures they rely on daily to do their jobs. Key ***** the ***** ***** of any ERP system is the transfer of knowledge and its being organized into taxonomies that ***** usable in the context of ***** new ***** ***** its processes (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once initiatives and strategies are in place for nurturing ***** providing those employees and managers most affected by the implementation ***** the new system, intensive ***** process re-engineering (BPR) typically takes place (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once business *****es have been re-engineered and then integrated into the new ERP ********** workflows, standardization of processes typically occurs so ***** the comp***** implementing the system ***** attain higher levels of efficiency and productivity (Chtioui, 2009). From the workflows to the processes and procedures and even down to the graphical interfaces ***** ***** ERP applications, it is critical to get user's input and allow them ***** ***** ownership of the system before actually implementing the software (*****, Olsen, Hauser, 2009).

***** actual ***** potential benefits of implementing an ERP ***** in many organizations center around ***** more driven by ***** needs and being ***** responsive to key *****s and customer segments. The concept of becoming a dem*****-driven organization through ***** use of ***** systems has been well-proven, ***** the ability to get greater levels of ***** performance through more process efficiency as well. The near-term ***** are greater levels ***** process and in many cases, system integration that allow organizations ***** perform more efficiently. In addition, ERP systems can greatly reduce the number of errors an organization makes in its supply chain, order management, manufacturing, and fulfillment *****es as *****. Future potential benefits include the ability to anticipate and


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