Essay - ERP Enterprise Resource Planning Introduction the Basic Concept of an...

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Enterprise Resource Planning


The basic concept of an Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system is to act as the coordination and synchronization point of inbound supplies, matching up customer orders while also scheduling production and manufacturing *****. ***** systems typically also include Accounts Payable (AP) and ***** Receivable (AR) systems so that financial reporting of transactions can be completed. In previous generations ***** ERP systems it was considered sufficient to support a single location, yet today multi-instance ERP ***** that are capable of managing the coordination of ***** orders and their fulfillment across multiple locations ***** increasingly a commonplace requirement (Yang, Lin, Lin, Huang, 2006). ERP systems ***** ********** have Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Supply Chain ***** (SCM), and often Distributed Order Management (DOM) ***** integrated into them to make the underlying business processes more efficient ***** agile, capable of responding ***** market requirements.

***** Implementation and Use of ERP systems

The greatest impediment to any successful ERP implementation is resistance ***** change on the part of both ***** managers who will use the system ***** their employees (Youngberg, Olsen, Ha*****r, 2009). Overcoming resistance to ***** takes a series of strategies called change management, as they seek to provide those ***** will use the system with an opportunity to "own" the *****s ***** ***** jobs and ***** processes and procedures they rely on daily to do their *****. Key ***** the successful ***** of any ERP system is ***** transfer of knowledge ***** its being organized ***** taxonomies that ***** usable in the context of the new ***** and its processes (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once initiatives ***** ***** are in place for nurturing and providing those employees and managers most affected by the implementation ***** the new system, intensive ***** process re-engineering (BPR) typically ***** ***** (Xu, *****, 2008). Once business ***** have been re-engineered and then integrated into the ***** ERP systems' workflows, standardization of *****es typically occurs ***** that the comp***** implementing the system can attain higher levels of efficiency and productivity (Chtioui, 2009). From ***** workflows to the processes ***** procedures and even down to the graphical interfaces ***** the ERP applications, it is critical to get user's input and allow them ***** have ownership of the system before actually implementing the software (Youngberg, Olsen, Hauser, 2009).

The actual ***** potential benefits of implementing an ERP ***** in many organizations center around being ***** driven by customer needs and being more responsive to key markets and customer segments. The concept of becoming a demand-driven organization through ***** use of ERP systems has been well-proven, ***** the ability to get greater levels of ***** performance through more process efficiency as well. The near-term benefits are ***** levels ***** process and in many cases, system ********** ***** allow ***** ***** perform more efficiently. In addition, ERP systems can greatly reduce the number of errors an organization makes in its supply chain, order management, manufacturing, and fulfillment *****es as well. Future potential benefits include the ability to anticipate and


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