Essay - ERP Enterprise Resource Planning Introduction the Basic Concept of an...

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***** Resource Planning


***** basic concept of an Enterprise Resource ***** (ERP) system is to act as the coordination *****d synchronization point of inbound supplies, matching up customer orders while also scheduling production and manufacturing scheduling. ***** systems typically also include Accounts Payable (AP) and ***** Receivable (AR) ***** so that financial reporting of transactions can be completed. In previous generations ***** ERP systems it was considered sufficient to support a single location, yet today multi-instance ERP systems that are capable of managing the coordination of ***** orders and ********** fulfillment across multiple locations is increasingly a commonplace requirement (Yang, Lin, Lin, Huang, 2006). ERP ***** ***** often have Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Supply Chain ***** (SCM), and often Distributed Order Management (DOM) systems integrated into them to make the underlying business processes more efficient ***** agile, capable of responding to market requirements.

***** Implementation and Use of ERP systems

The greatest impediment to any successful ERP implementation is resistance ***** change on the part of both the managers who will use ***** system ***** their employees (Youngberg, Olsen, Hauser, 2009). Overcoming ***** to ***** takes a series ***** strategies called change management, as they seek to provide those who will use the ***** with an opportunity to "own" the *****s ***** ***** jobs *****d ***** processes and procedures they rely on daily to do their *****. Key to the successful implementation of any ERP system is the transfer of knowledge and its being organized into taxonomies that are usable in the context ***** the new ***** and its processes (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once initiatives and strategies are in place for nurturing and providing those employees and managers most affected by the ***** of the new system, intensive business process re-engineering (BPR) typically takes ***** (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once business *****es have been re-engineered and then integrated into the new ERP *****' workflows, standardization ***** processes typically occurs ***** ***** the comp***** implementing the system ***** attain higher levels of efficiency and productivity (Chtioui, 2009). From ***** workflows to the ***** ***** procedures and even down to the graphical interfaces of ***** ERP applications, it is critical to get user's input and allow them to have ownership of the system before actually implementing the software (*****, Olsen, Hauser, 2009).

The actual and potential benefits of implementing an ERP system in many organizations center around being more driven by customer needs and being ***** responsive to key *****s and customer segments. The ***** of becoming a demand-driven organization through ***** use of ERP systems has been well-proven, ***** the ability to get greater levels of financial performance ***** more process efficiency as well. The near-term ***** are greater levels ***** process and in many cases, system integration that allow ***** ***** perform more efficiently. In addition, ERP systems can greatly reduce the number of errors an organization makes in its supply chain, order management, manufacturing, and fulfillment processes as *****. Future potential benefits include the ability to anticipate and


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