Essay - ERP Enterprise Resource Planning Introduction the Basic Concept of an...

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Enterprise Resource Planning


The basic concept of an Enterprise Resource ***** (ERP) system is to act as the coordination ********** synchronization point of inbound supplies, matching up customer orders while also scheduling production and manuf*****uring scheduling. ERP systems typically also include Accounts Payable (AP) and Accounts Receivable (AR) systems so that financial reporting of transactions can be completed. In previous generations of ERP systems it was considered sufficient to support a single location, yet today multi-instance ERP systems that are capable ***** managing the coordination of inbound orders and *****ir fulfillment across multiple locations is increasingly a commonplace requirement (Yang, Lin, Lin, Huang, 2006). ERP ***** ***** often have Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Supply Chain Management (SCM), and ***** Distributed Order Management (DOM) systems integrated into them to make the underlying business processes more efficient and agile, capable of responding to market requirements.

***** Implementation and Use of ERP systems

The greatest impediment to any successful ERP implementation is resistance ***** change on ***** part of both the managers who will use the system and their employees (Youngberg, Olsen, Hauser, 2009). Overcoming resistance to change takes a series ***** strategies called change management, as they seek ***** provide those ***** will use the ***** with an opportunity to "own" the ch*****ges to ***** jobs and ***** processes and procedures they rely on daily ***** do their *****. Key to the successful implementation of any ERP system is the transfer of knowledge and its being organized ***** taxonomies that ***** usable in ***** context ***** the new ***** ***** its processes (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once initiatives and strategies are in place for nurturing ***** providing those employees and managers most affected by the ***** of the new system, intensive ***** process re-engineering (BPR) typically takes place (Xu, *****, 2008). Once business ***** have been re-engineered and then integrated into the ***** ERP ********** workflows, standardization ***** ********** typically occurs ***** that the company implementing the system ***** attain higher levels of efficiency and productivity (Chtioui, 2009). From the workflows to the processes ***** procedures and even down to the graphical interfaces of ***** ERP applications, it is critical to get user's input ***** allow them ***** ***** ownership of the system before actually implementing the s*****tw***** (Youngberg, Olsen, *****, 2009).

The actual and potential benefits of implementing an ERP system in many organizations center around be*****g more driven by customer needs ***** being more responsive to key markets and customer segments. The concept of becoming a dem*****-driven organization through ***** use of ***** systems has been well-proven, has the ability to get greater levels of ***** performance through more process efficiency as well. The near-term ***** are ***** levels ***** process and in many cases, system *****tegration that allow ***** to perform ***** efficiently. In addition, ERP systems can greatly reduce ***** number of errors an organization makes in its supply cha*****, order management, manufacturing, and fulfillment processes as *****. Future potential benefits include the ability ***** anticipate and


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