Essay - ERP Enterprise Resource Planning Introduction the Basic Concept of an...

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***** Resource Planning


***** basic concept of an Enterprise Resource ***** (ERP) system is to act as the coordination *****d synchronization point of inbound supplies, matching up customer orders while also scheduling production and manufacturing scheduling. ***** systems typically also include Accounts Payable (AP) ***** Accounts Receivable (AR) systems so that financial reporting of transactions can be completed. In previous generations ***** ERP systems it was considered sufficient to support a single location, yet today multi-instance ERP ***** that are capable of managing the coordination ***** inbound orders and *****ir fulfillment across multiple locations ***** increasingly a commonplace requirement (Yang, Lin, Lin, Huang, 2006). ERP systems al***** often have Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Supply Chain Management (SCM), and ***** Distributed Order ***** (DOM) ***** integrated into them to make the underlying business processes more efficient ***** agile, capable of responding to market requirements.

***** Implementation and Use of ERP systems

The greatest impediment to any successful ERP implementation is resistance ***** change on ***** part ***** both the managers who will use the system ***** their employees (Youngberg, Olsen, Hauser, 2009). Overcoming ***** to ***** takes a series of strategies called change management, as they seek to provide those who will use the ***** with an opportunity to "own" the *****s to *****ir jobs and the processes and procedures they rely on daily ***** do their *****. Key to the ***** ***** of any ERP system is ***** transfer of knowledge ***** its being organized into taxonomies that are usable in the context ***** ***** new system and its processes (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once initiatives and ***** are in place for nurturing and providing those employees and managers most affected by the implementation of ***** new system, intensive business process re-engineering (BPR) typically takes ***** (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once business *****es have been re-engineered and then integrated ***** the ***** ERP *****' workflows, standardization ***** processes typically occurs so that the company implementing the system ***** attain higher levels of efficiency and productivity (Chtioui, 2009). From ***** workflows to the ***** and procedures and even down to ***** graphical interfaces ***** the ERP applications, it is critical to get ********** input ***** allow *****m ***** have ownership of the system before actually implementing the s*****tw***** (*****, Olsen, Hauser, 2009).

The actual and potential benefits of implementing an ERP system in many organizations center around be*****g more driven by ***** needs and being ***** responsive to key *****s and customer segments. The ***** of becoming a dem*****-driven organization through the use of ***** systems has been well-proven, ***** the ability to get greater levels of ***** performance through more process efficiency as well. The near-term ***** are ***** levels of process and in many cases, system ********** ***** allow ***** to perform more efficiently. In addition, ERP systems can greatly reduce the number of errors an organization makes in its supply cha*****, order management, manufacturing, and fulfillment processes as *****. Future potential benefits include the ability to anticipate and


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