Essay - ERP Enterprise Resource Planning Introduction the Basic Concept of an...


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ERP

***** Resource Planning

Introduction

The basic concept of an Enterprise Resource ***** (ERP) system is to act as the coordination and synchronization point of inbound supplies, matching up customer orders while also scheduling production ***** manufacturing scheduling. ***** systems typically also include Accounts Payable (AP) and ***** Receivable (AR) ***** so that financial reporting of transactions can be completed. In previous generations ***** ERP systems it was considered sufficient to support a single location, yet today multi-instance ERP ***** that are capable of managing ***** coordination of ***** orders and their fulfillment across multiple locations ***** increasingly a commonplace requirement (Yang, Lin, Lin, Huang, 2006). ERP systems al***** ********** have Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Supply Chain ***** (SCM), and often Distributed Order Management (DOM) systems integrated into them to make the underlying business processes more efficient and agile, capable of responding to market requirements.

***** Implementation ***** Use of ERP *****

The greatest impediment to any successful ERP implementation is resistance to change on ***** part ***** both the managers who will use the system and their employees (Youngberg, Olsen, Ha*****r, 2009). Overcoming resistance to ***** takes a series of strategies called change management, as they seek ***** provide those ***** will use the ***** with an opportunity to "own" the *****s to *****ir jobs *****d the processes and procedures *****y rely on daily to do their *****. Key ***** the ***** implementation of any ERP system is ***** transfer of knowledge ***** its being organized into taxonomies that ***** usable in the context ***** ***** new ***** and its processes (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once initiatives ***** strategies are in place for nurturing and providing those employees and managers most affected by the implementation of the new system, intensive business process re-engineering (BPR) typically takes ***** (Xu, *****, 2008). Once business ***** have been re-engineered and then integrated ***** the new ERP systems' workflows, standardization ***** processes typically occurs so ***** the comp***** implementing the system can attain higher levels of efficiency and productivity (Chtioui, 2009). From ***** workflows to the processes ***** procedures and even down to ***** graphical interfaces of the ERP applications, it is critical to get *****r's input ***** allow ********** to ***** ownership of the system before actually implementing the softw***** (Youngberg, Olsen, Hauser, 2009).

The actual and potential benefits of implementing an ERP system in many organizations center around being ***** driven by ***** needs ***** being more responsive to key markets and customer segments. The ***** of becoming a dem*****-driven organization through ***** use of ERP systems h***** been well-proven, has the ability to get greater levels of financial performance through more process efficiency as well. The near-term benefits are ***** levels of process and in many cases, system integration that allow ***** ***** perform more efficiently. In addition, ERP systems can greatly reduce the number of errors an organization makes in its supply cha*****, order management, manufacturing, and fulfillment *****es as *****. Future potential benefits include the ability to anticipate and

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