Essay - ERP Enterprise Resource Planning Introduction the Basic Concept of an...


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ERP

***** Resource Planning

Introduction

***** basic concept of an Enterprise Resource Pl*****ning (ERP) system is to act as the coordination and synchronization point of inbound supplies, matching up customer orders while also scheduling production and manuf*****uring scheduling. ***** systems typically also include Accounts Payable (AP) and ***** Receivable (AR) systems so that financial reporting of transactions can be completed. In previous generations ***** ERP systems it was considered sufficient to support a single location, yet today multi-instance ERP systems that are capable of managing ***** coordination of ***** orders and their fulfillment across multiple locations is increasingly a commonplace requirement (Yang, Lin, Lin, Huang, 2006). ERP systems ***** ********** have Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Supply Chain Management (SCM), and often Distributed Order ***** (DOM) systems integrated into them to make the underlying business processes more efficient ***** agile, capable of responding to market requirements.

The Implementation and Use of ERP *****

The greatest impediment to any successful ERP implementation is resistance ***** change on ***** part ***** both the managers who will use the system and ***** employees (Youngberg, Olsen, Hauser, 2009). Overcoming ***** to change takes a series of strategies called change management, as they seek to provide those who will use the system with an opportunity to "own" the *****s ***** their jobs *****d the processes and procedures they rely on daily to do their jobs. Key ***** the successful ***** of any ERP ***** is the transfer of knowledge ***** its being organized ***** taxonomies that ***** usable in the context ***** the new system and its processes (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once initiatives ***** strategies are in place for nurturing and providing those employees and managers most affected by the implementation of the new system, intensive business process re-engineering (BPR) typically ***** place (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once business ***** have been re-engineered and then integrated into the ***** ERP systems' workflows, standardization of processes typically occurs ***** that the company implementing the system can attain higher levels of efficiency and productivity (Chtioui, 2009). From ***** workflows to the ***** ***** procedures and even down to ***** graphical interfaces of the ERP applications, it is critical to get user's input ***** allow them to ***** ownership of the system before actually implementing the s*****tware (Youngberg, Olsen, *****, 2009).

***** actual and potential benefits of implementing an ERP ***** in many organizations center around ***** more driven by ***** needs and being more responsive to key *****s and customer segments. The concept of becoming a dem*****-driven organization through the use of ***** systems h***** been well-proven, has the ability to get greater levels of financial performance ***** more process efficiency as well. The near-term benefits are ***** levels ***** process and in many cases, system integration ***** allow organizations to perform ***** efficiently. In addition, ERP systems ***** greatly reduce the number of errors an organization makes in its supply cha*****, order management, manufacturing, and fulfillment *****es as well. Future potential benefits include the ability ***** anticipate and

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