Essay - ERP Enterprise Resource Planning Introduction the Basic Concept of an...


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ERP

***** Resource Planning

Introduction

The basic concept of an Enterprise Resource ***** (ERP) system is to act as the coordination and synchronization point of inbound supplies, matching up customer orders while also scheduling production ***** manufacturing *****. ***** systems typically also include Accounts Payable (AP) and ***** Receivable (AR) systems so that financial reporting of transactions can be completed. In previous generations of ERP systems it was considered sufficient to support a single location, yet today multi-instance ERP ***** that are capable ***** managing ***** coordination of ***** orders and their fulfillment across multiple locations ***** increasingly a commonplace requirement (Yang, Lin, Lin, Huang, 2006). ERP systems ***** often have Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Supply Chain Management (SCM), and often Distributed Order ***** (DOM) systems integrated into them to make the underlying business processes more efficient and agile, capable of responding ***** market requirements.

***** Implementation and Use of ERP *****

The greatest impediment to any successful ERP implementation is resistance to change on the part ***** both the managers who will use the system and their employees (Youngberg, Olsen, Hauser, 2009). Overcoming resistance to change takes a series of strategies called change management, as they seek ***** provide those who will use the system with an opportunity to "own" the changes to their jobs and the processes and procedures *****y rely on daily to do their jobs. Key ***** the ***** implementation of any ERP ***** is ***** transfer of knowledge and its being organized ***** taxonomies that ***** usable in the context of ***** new system and its processes (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once initiatives and strategies are in place for nurturing ***** providing those employees and managers most affected by the implementation of the ***** system, intensive business process re-engineering (BPR) typically takes place (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once business *****es have been re-engineered and then integrated into the new ERP systems' workflows, standardization of processes typically occurs ***** that the company implementing the system ***** attain higher levels of efficiency and productivity (Chtioui, 2009). From ***** workflows to the processes and procedures ***** even down to ***** graphical interfaces ***** the ERP applications, it is critical to get user's input and allow *****m ***** have ownership of the system before actually implementing the s*****tware (Youngberg, Olsen, *****, 2009).

The actual ***** potential benefits of implementing an ERP ***** in many organizations center around being more driven by ***** needs and being ***** responsive to key *****s and customer segments. The ***** of becoming a dem*****-driven organization through ***** use of ***** systems has been well-proven, has the ability to get greater levels of financial performance through more process efficiency as well. The near-term benefits are greater levels ***** process and in many cases, system ********** ***** allow organizations to perform more efficiently. In addition, ERP systems can greatly reduce ***** number of errors an organization makes in its supply chain, order management, manufacturing, and fulfillment *****es as *****. Future potential benefits include the ability to anticipate and

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