Essay - ERP Enterprise Resource Planning Introduction the Basic Concept of an...

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Enterprise Resource Planning


The basic concept of an Enterprise Resource ***** (ERP) system is to act as the coordination ********** synchronization point of inbound supplies, matching up customer orders while also scheduling production and manuf*****uring scheduling. ***** systems typically also include Accounts Payable (AP) and Accounts Receivable (AR) systems so that financial reporting of transactions can be completed. In previous generations ***** ERP systems it was considered sufficient to support a single location, yet today multi-instance ERP systems that are capable of managing the coordination ***** inbound orders and their fulfillment across multiple locations ***** increasingly a commonplace requirement (Yang, Lin, Lin, Huang, 2006). ERP systems al***** often have Customer Relationship Management (CRM), Supply Chain Management (SCM), and often Distributed Order Management (DOM) ***** integrated into them to make the underlying business processes more efficient and agile, capable of responding to market requirements.

***** Implementation ***** Use of ERP systems

The greatest impediment to any successful ERP implementation is resistance ***** change on ***** part ***** both the managers who will use ***** system and their employees (Youngberg, Olsen, Ha*****r, 2009). Overcoming ***** to change takes a series of strategies called change management, as they seek to provide those ***** will use the system with an opportunity to "own" the *****s to their jobs *****d the processes and procedures ********** rely on daily to do their *****. Key to the ***** ***** of any ERP system is the transfer of knowledge ***** its being organized ***** tax*****omies that ***** usable in ***** context ***** the new system and its processes (Xu, Ma, 2008). Once initiatives ***** ***** are in place for nurturing and providing those employees and managers most affected by the implementation of ***** ***** system, intensive ***** process re-engineering (BPR) typically ***** place (Xu, *****, 2008). Once business processes have been re-engineered and then integrated into the new ERP ********** workflows, standardization of processes typically occurs so that the comp***** implementing the system ***** attain higher levels of efficiency and productivity (Chtioui, 2009). From ***** workflows to the processes and procedures and even down to ***** graphical interfaces of the ERP applications, it is critical to get user's input ***** allow *****m to have ownership of the system before actually implementing the softw***** (*****, Olsen, Hauser, 2009).

The actual and potential benefits of implementing an ERP system in many organizations center around be*****g more driven by customer needs ***** being ***** responsive to key markets and customer segments. The concept of becoming a demand-driven organization through the use of ***** systems h***** been well-proven, *****as the ability to get greater levels of ***** performance ***** more process efficiency as well. The near-term benefits are ***** levels of process and in many cases, system integration ***** allow ***** ***** perform ***** efficiently. In addition, ERP systems can greatly reduce ***** number of errors an organization makes in its supply chain, order management, manufacturing, and fulfillment processes as well. Future potential benefits include the ability to anticipate and


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