Essay - Esl Education Teaching Strategies for English as a Second Language...


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ESL education

Teaching strategies for English as a second l*****nguage

Picture yourself in an international airport. You have a few minutes to reach your connecting flight, and all the signage is in the native language. There are no clues as to which corridor will lead to your airl*****e, and the people, while appearing friendly, and speak ***** more words of your language than you know of theirs. You know that all around you the words are printed ***** will point you in the direction of your flight, but you might ***** well be bl*****d as expect ***** be able to decipher the words. How would you feel? Frustration, may***** anger at the impossible nature of ***** situation would likely fill ***** mind. The unpredictable energy of these emotions would make it even ***** difficult to ***** positive progress toward learning to decipher the coded signs and monitors

***** setting is an adult version ***** what a child encounters who comes to an ***** speaking school who does not know how to speak, or read the Engl*****h *****. His home is a place in ***** the l*****guage of h***** p*****nts is spoken fluently, ***** in school, the teachers, book, bulletin boards ***** assignments are all printed in a ***** language that he neither can read nor understand.

The good news is that while ***** elementary school, the prospects of a student learning a new language are the most favorable. The *****ion that language acqu*****ition is a gradual process is not univers*****y accepted in ***** teaching community. Field studies ***** pointed to the child's ability ***** acquire a ***** during specific times in h***** development t**********t the common belief regarding language acquisition is that children are preprogrammed to acquire language at a definite point in their development. The view that the child possesses a capacity for language that the ***** has lost is widely sh*****d (e.g., Andersson, 1969; Jakobovits, 1972; Wilkins, 1972) and has been formalized in what is known as the "critical period" hypothesis

***** critical ***** for language learning is usually defined as lasting from about age 2 to puberty. Before the ***** reaches age 2, language acqu*****ition is impossible because ***** maturational factors, and after ***** the natural acquisition of language is thought to be blocked by a loss of "cerebral plasticity" resulting from the completion of ***** development of ***** dominance through lateralization of the language function. (McLaughlin, 1984) The application ***** this predisposition toward language ***** ***** *****ng childhood is ***** in the classroom, in early elementary school ESL students are at ***** most operative learn*****g ability. ***** ***** teacher's job, as difficult as it is, will never ***** easier than in the formative elementary school years.

According to ESL teacher Kristen Miles (*****004), assistance from the ***** home can not be expected. "The parents are completely supportive of the school, and want the child ***** learn English. It's just that the ***** believe ***** it is the *****s ***** to teach the English ***** as part

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