Essay - Esl Education Teaching Strategies for English as a Second Language...

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ESL education

Teaching strategies for English as a second language

Picture yourself in an international airport. You have a few minutes to reach your connecting flight, *****d all the signage is in the native language. There are no clues as to which corridor will lead to ***** airl*****e, and the people, while appearing friendly, and speak no more words of your language than you know of *****irs. You know that ***** around ***** the words are printed that will point you in the direction ***** your flight, but you might as well be bl*****d as expect to be able to decipher the words. How would you feel? Frustration, may***** anger at the impossible nature of the situation would likely fill ***** mind. The unpredictable energy of *****se emotions would make it even more difficult ***** ***** positive progress toward learning to decipher the coded signs and monitors

***** setting is an adult version of what a child encounters who comes to an Engl*****h *****ing school who does not know how to speak, or read the English *****. His home is a place in which the language ***** his p*****nts is spoken fluently, but in school, the teachers, book, bulletin boards and assignments are all printed in a coded ***** ***** he nei*****r can read nor understand.

The good news is that ***** ***** elementary school, the prospects of a student learning a new l*****nguage are the most favorable. The notion that language acqu*****ition is a gradual process ***** not universally accepted in ***** teaching community. Field studies have pointed to the child's ability ***** acquire a l*****nguage during specific times in his development that the common belief regarding language acquisition is ***** children are preprogrammed to acquire language at a definite point in their development. The view th*****t the child possesses a capacity for ***** that the adult has lost is widely shared (e.g., Andersson, 1969; Jakobovits, 1972; Wilkins, 1972) and has been formalized in what is known as the "critical period" hypothesis

***** critical period for language learning is usually defined as lasting from about age 2 ***** puberty. Before the ***** reaches age 2, ***** acqu*****ition is impossible because ***** maturational factors, and after puberty ***** natural acquisition of language is thought to be blocked by a loss of "cerebral plasticity" resulting from the completion of the development ***** cerebral dominance through lateralization of the language function. (McLaughlin, 1984) The application of this predisposition toward ***** ***** ***** *****ng childhood is ***** in the classroom, in early ***** school ESL students are at their most operative learn*****g ability. The ***** teacher's job, as difficult as it is, will never be easier than in the formative elementary school years.

According to ESL teacher Kristen Miles (*****004), assistance from the child's home can not ***** expected. "The p*****nts are completely supportive ***** ***** school, and want the child ***** learn English. It's just that the parents believe that ***** is the schools job to teach the Engl*****h language as part


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