Essay - Esl Education Teaching Strategies for English as a Second Language...


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ESL education

Teaching strategies for English as a second l*****nguage

Picture yourself in an international airport. You have a few minutes to reach your connecting flight, *****d all the signage is in the native language. There are no clues as ***** which corridor will lead to ***** airl*****e, and the people, while appearing friendly, and speak ***** more words of your language than you know of *****irs. You know that all around you the words are printed that will point you in ***** direction ***** your *****, but you might ***** well be bl*****d as expect ***** be able to decipher the words. How would you feel? Frustration, maybe anger at the impossible nature of the situation would likely fill *****r mind. The unpredictable energy of *****se emotions would make it even more difficult to make positive progress toward learning to decipher the coded signs and monitors

***** setting is an adult version of what a child encounters who comes to *****n English *****ing school who does not know how to speak, or read the English language. His home is a place in ***** the language ***** h***** parents is spoken fluently, ***** in sc*****ool, the teachers, book, bullet***** boards and assignments are all printed in a ***** ***** ***** he neither can read nor understand.

The good news is that while in elementary school, the prospects of a student ***** a new l*****nguage are the most favorable. The notion that language acqu*****ition is a gradual process is not univers*****y accepted in the teach*****g community. Field studies have pointed to the child's ability to acquire a ***** during specific times in h***** development t**********t the common belief regarding language acquisition is that children are preprogrammed ***** acquire language at a definite point in their development. The view that the child possesses a capacity for ***** that the adult has lost is widely sh*****d (e.g., Andersson, 1969; Jakobovits, 1972; Wilkins, 1972) and has been ********** in what is known as the "critical period" hypo*****sis

***** critical period for language learning is usually defined as lasting from about age 2 to puberty. Before the child reaches age 2, ***** acqu*****ition is impossible because of maturational factors, and after puberty ***** natural acquisition ***** language is thought to be blocked by a loss of "cerebral plasticity" resulting from the completion of the development ***** cerebral dominance through lateralization of the language function. (McLaughlin, 1984) The application of this predisposition toward language ***** ***** young childhood is that in the classroom, in early elementary school ESL students are at ***** most operative learning ability. The ***** teacher's job, as ***** as it is, will never ***** easier than in ***** formative ***** school years.

According to ESL teacher Kristen Miles (*****004), assistance from the child's home can not be expected. "The p*****nts are completely supportive ***** the school, and want the child ***** learn English. It's just ***** the parents believe that ***** is the ********** job to teach the English language as part

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