Essay - Esl Education Teaching Strategies for English as a Second Language...


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ESL education

Teaching strategies for English as a second l*****nguage

Picture yourself in an international airport. You have a few minutes to reach your connecting flight, and all the signage is in the native language. There are no clues as ***** which corridor will lead to your airl*****e, and the people, while appearing friendly, and speak no more words of your language than you know of *****irs. You know that all around ***** the words are printed that will point you in the direction ***** your flight, but you might ***** well be blind as expect ***** be able to decipher the words. How would you feel? Frustration, may***** anger at the impossible nature of ***** situation would likely fill *****r mind. The unpredictable energy of these emotions ***** make it even ***** difficult to make positive progress toward learning to decipher the coded signs and monitors

This setting is an adult version of what a child encounters who comes to an ***** ********** school who does not know how to speak, or read the Engl*****h language. His home is a place in which the language ***** h***** p*****nts is spoken fluently, ***** in school, the teachers, book, bullet***** boards and assignments are all printed in a coded language that he nei*****r can ***** nor understand.

The good news is ***** ***** in elementary school, the prospects of a student ***** a new language are the most favorable. The ********** that ***** acqu*****ition is a gradual process ***** not univers*****y accepted in the teach*****g community. Field studies ***** *****ed to the child's ability ***** acquire a language during specific times in his development that the common belief regarding language acquisition is that children are preprogrammed to acquire language at a definite point in their development. The view th*****t the child possesses a capacity for language that the adult has lost is widely shared (e.g., Andersson, 1969; Jakobovits, 1972; Wilkins, 1972) and has been ********** in what is known as the "critical period" hypo*****sis

***** critical ***** for language learning is usually defined as lasting from about age 2 ***** puberty. Before the child reaches age 2, ***** acquisition is impossible because of maturational factors, and after puberty ***** natural ***** ***** language is thought to be blocked by a loss of "cerebral plasticity" resulting from the completion of ***** development ***** ***** dominance through lateralization of the ***** function. (McLaughlin, 1984) The application of t***** predisposition toward language ***** during young childhood is that in the classroom, in early ***** school ESL *****s are at their most operative learning ability. The ***** teacher's job, as difficult as it is, will never be easier than in the formative elementary school years.

According to ESL teacher Kristen Miles (*****004), assistance from ***** ***** home can not ***** **********. "The parents are completely supportive ***** the school, and want the child to learn English. It's just that the ***** believe ***** it is the schools ***** to teach the English ***** as part

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