Essay - Esl Education Teaching Strategies for English as a Second Language...


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ESL education

Teaching strategies for English as a second l*****nguage

Picture yourself in an international airport. You have a few minutes to reach your connecting flight, and all the signage is in the native language. There are no clues as ***** which corridor will lead to ***** airl*****e, and the people, while appearing friendly, and speak no more words of your language than you know ***** theirs. You know that ***** around you the words are printed ***** will point you in the direction of your flight, but you might ***** well be bl*****d as expect to be able to decipher the words. How would you feel? Frustration, maybe anger at ***** impossible nature of the situation would likely fill your mind. The unpredictable energy of these emotions ***** make it even more difficult ***** ***** positive progress toward learning to decipher the coded signs and monitors

***** setting is an adult version of what a child encounters who comes to an ***** *****ing school who does not know how to speak, or read the English *****. His home is a place in ***** the l*****guage of h***** parents is spoken fluently, but in school, the teachers, book, bullet***** boards ***** assignments are all printed in a ***** language that he nei*****r can read nor understand.

The good news is ***** ***** in elementary school, the prospects of a student learning a new l*****nguage are ***** most favorable. The *****ion that language acquisition is a gradual process is not univers*****y accepted in the teach*****g community. Field studies ***** *****ed to the child's ability to acquire a l*****nguage during specific times in h***** development t*****at the common belief regarding language acquisition is that children are preprogrammed to acquire language at a definite point in their development. The view ***** the child possesses ***** capacity for language that the adult has lost is widely sh*****d (e.g., Andersson, 1969; Jakobovits, 1972; Wilkins, 1972) and has been ********** in what is known as the "critical period" hypo*****sis

***** critical ***** for language learning is usually defined as lasting from about age 2 ***** puberty. Before the child reaches age 2, ***** acquisition is impossible because of maturational factors, and after ***** the natural acquisition of language is thought to be blocked by a loss of "cerebral plasticity" resulting from ***** completion of the development ***** cerebral dominance through lateralization of the ***** function. (McLaughlin, 1984) The application of this predisposition toward language ***** during young childhood is ***** in the classroom, in early elementary school ESL students are at ***** most operative learning ability. ***** ***** teacher's job, as difficult as it is, will never ***** easier than in ***** formative elementary school years.

According to ESL teacher Kristen Miles (2004), assistance from the child's home can not be expected. "The p*****nts are completely supportive ***** ***** school, and want the child to learn English. It's just that the parents believe ***** it is the ********** job to teach the Engl*****h language as part

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