Essay - Esl Education Teaching Strategies for English as a Second Language...


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ESL education

Teaching strategies for English as a second language

Picture yourself in an international airport. You have a few minutes to reach your connecting flight, *****d all the signage is in the native language. There are no clues as ***** which corridor will lead to your airline, and the people, while appearing friendly, and speak ***** more words of your language than you know of *****irs. You know that all around ***** the words are printed ***** ***** point you in the direction ***** your *****, but you might ***** well be bl*****d as expect to be able to decipher the words. How would you feel? Frustration, maybe anger at the impossible nature of the situation would likely fill *****r mind. The unpredictable energy of *****se emotions ***** make it even more difficult to make positive progress toward learning to decipher the coded signs and monitors

This setting is an adult version ***** what a child encounters who comes to *****n ***** speaking school who does not know how to speak, or read the Engl*****h *****. His home is a place in ***** the language of h***** p*****nts is spoken fluently, ***** in school, the teachers, book, bullet***** boards and assignments are all printed in a coded ***** that he neither can read nor understand.

The good news ***** ***** while in elementary school, the prospects of a student ***** a new l*****nguage are ***** most favorable. The notion that language acquisition is a gradual process is not univers*****y accepted in the teach*****g community. Field studies ***** *****ed to the child's ability to acquire a language during specific times in h***** development t*****at the common belief regarding language acquisition is that children are preprogrammed to acquire language at a definite point in their development. The view ***** the child possesses a capacity for language that the adult has lost is widely sh*****d (e.g., Andersson, 1969; Jakobovits, 1972; Wilkins, 1972) and has been *****malized in what is known as the "critical period" hypothesis

***** critical period for language learning is usually defined as lasting from about age 2 to puberty. Before the ***** reaches age *****, language ***** is impossible because of maturational factors, and after puberty ***** natural acquisition of language is thought to be blocked by a loss of "cerebral plasticity" resulting from the completion of the development ***** cerebral dominance through lateralization of the ***** function. (McLaughlin, 1984) The application of this predisposition toward language ***** during young childhood is ***** in the classroom, in early ***** school ESL *****s are at ***** most operative learn*****g ability. The ESL teacher's job, as ***** as it is, will never be easier than in ***** formative elementary school years.

According to ***** teacher Kristen Miles (2004), assistance from the ***** home can not ***** *****ed. "The parents are completely supportive ***** the school, and want the child to learn English. It's just that the ***** believe ***** ***** is the schools job to teach the Engl*****h ***** as part

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