Essay - Esl Education Teaching Strategies for English as a Second Language...


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ESL education

Teaching strategies for English as a second language

Picture yourself in an international airport. You have a few minutes to reach your connecting flight, and all the signage is in the native *****. There are no clues as ***** which corridor will lead to your airline, and the people, while appearing friendly, and speak no more words of your language than you know ***** theirs. You know that all around you the words are printed ***** ***** point you in ***** direction of your *****, but you might as well be blind as expect to be able to decipher the words. How would you feel? Frustration, may***** anger at the impossible nature of the situation would likely fill ***** mind. The unpredictable energy of these emotions would make it even ***** difficult ***** ***** positive progress toward learning to decipher the coded signs and monitors

***** setting is an adult version ***** what a child encounters who comes to ********** ***** speaking school who does not know how to speak, or read the Engl*****h *****. His home is a place in ***** the language of his p*****nts is spoken fluently, but in school, the teachers, book, bulletin boards ***** assignments are all printed in a coded language that he neither can read nor understand.

The good news ***** that while in elementary school, the prospects of a student ***** a new language are ***** most favorable. The ********** that language acquisition is a gradual process is not universally accepted in the teaching community. Field studies ***** *****ed to the child's ability ***** acquire a ***** during specific times in ***** development th*****t the common belief regarding language acquisition is that children are preprogrammed to acquire language at a definite point in their development. The view ***** the child possesses ***** capacity for ***** that the ***** has lost is widely shared (e.g., Andersson, 1969; Jakobovits, 1972; Wilkins, 1972) and has been *****malized in what is known as the "critical period" hypothesis

***** critical period for language learning is usually defined as lasting from about age 2 ***** puberty. Before the ***** reaches age 2, ***** ***** is impossible because of maturational factors, and after ***** ***** natural acquisition ***** language is thought to be blocked by a loss of "cerebral plasticity" resulting from the completion of the development of ***** dominance through lateralization of the ***** function. (McLaughlin, 1984) The application of this predisposition toward language development ***** *****ng childhood is that in the classroom, in early elementary school ESL *****s are at *****ir most operative learn*****g ability. The ***** teacher's job, as difficult as it is, will never be easier than in the formative elementary school years.

According to ESL teacher Kristen Miles (2004), assistance from ***** child's home can not be **********. "The parents are completely supportive ***** the school, and want the child to learn English. It's just that the parents believe that ***** is the schools ***** to teach the English ***** as part

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