Essay - Ethics 1) the Best Practices for Improving an Organization's Ethical...

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1) The best practices for improving an organization's ethical climate are having ethics programs and officers; having realistic objectives; ***** ethical decision making processes; having codes of conduct; disciplining violators; having oversight from board of directors; conducting ethics audits and risk assessments; communicating effectively; engaging in ethics training; ***** corporate transp*****ncy; and installing whistle-blowing mechanisms. Of these, the most important is oversight ***** the Board ***** Directors. Ethical management begins with commitment from the top, and the ***** will ensure that ***** CEO is fully committed. From there, having ethics programs and officers is important, both for its symbolism and ***** the practical work they will do ***** respect to many of ***** other best practices. The next few are all around the same with ***** to level of priority - training, communication, ***** and codes ***** conduct. These four all contribute at different stages of ***** ***** decision ***** process. Lastly, the reinforcement systems must be in place. They are not as important as *****ing it right ***** first time, but they are necessary nonetheless. This refers to whistle*****blowing ***** and discipline of viol*****ors.

3) The two main ethical principles are consequences/results and duty. The ***** important of these in bus*****ess is consequences. There are a couple of re*****sons for th*****. One is that outcomes are what the public sees. There*****e, it is the potential outcomes ***** should be the guiding ethical principles. Ethics are mainly a problem in business when a comp*****ny is perceived as unethical. Monsan***** is a gre*****t example - few people have any ethical *****s ***** this company, so their lack of ethics does not impact ***** business prospects.

***** other reason why outcomes ***** be the guiding principle is because one of the most significant sources of ethical problems for companies is front-line managers. These low-level managers face strong pressure from above, but are gener*****y not ***** firm's best *****-makers. As a result, they make poor decisions in response to pressure. If these managers were guided by duty as their main ethical principle, they would respond to ***** ***** doing whatever they feel senior management wants them to do. As a result, poor ethic*****l ***** are made. If ***** ***** the guiding principle, *****y ***** be better equipped to resist the pressure, knowing the outcomes ***** their actions would be negative and that this supercedes


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