Essay - Ethics 1) the Best Practices for Improving an Organization's Ethical...

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1) The best practices for improving an organization's ethical climate are having ethics programs and officers; having realistic objectives; ***** ***** decision making processes; having codes of conduct; disciplining violators; ***** oversight from board ***** directors; conducting ***** audits ***** risk assessments; communicating effectively; engaging in ethics training; having corporate transp*****ncy; and installing whistle-blowing mechanisms. Of these, the most important is oversight ***** the Board of Directors. Ethical management begins with commitment from the top, and the Board will ensure that ***** CEO is fully committed. From there, ***** ethics programs and officers is important, both ***** its symbolism and for the practical work they will do ***** respect to many of these other best practices. The next few are all around the same with respect to level of priority - training, communication, audits and codes of conduct. These four all contribute at different stages of ***** ethical decision ***** process. Lastly, the rein*****cement systems must be in place. They are not as important as *****ing it right ***** first time, but ***** are necessary nonetheless. This refers ***** whistle*****blowing mechanisms ***** discipline of viol*****ors.

3) The two main ethical principles are consequences/results and duty. ***** most important of ***** in business is consequences. There are a couple ***** re*****ons for this. One is ***** outcomes are what the public sees. Therefore, ***** is the potential outcomes that should be ***** guiding ethical *****. Ethics ***** mainly a problem in business when a comp*****ny is perceived as unethical. Monsanto ***** a great example - ***** people have any ethical *****s with this company, so their lack of ethics does not impact ***** business prospects.

***** other reason why outcomes should be the guiding principle is because one of the most significant sources of ***** problems for companies is front-line managers. ***** low-level managers face strong pressure from above, but are gener*****y not the firm's best *****-makers. As a result, *****y make poor decisions in response to pressure. If these ***** were guided by duty as their main ethical principle, they would respond to pressure ***** doing whatever they feel senior management wants them ***** do. As a *****, poor ethical ***** are made. If outcomes were the ***** principle, *****y would be better equipped to resist the pressure, knowing ***** ***** of their actions ***** be negative and that this supercedes


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