Essay - Ethics 1) the Best Practices for Improving an Organization's Ethical...

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1) The best practices for improving an organization's ethical climate are having ethics programs and officers; having realistic objectives; having ***** decision making processes; having codes of conduct; disciplining violators; ***** oversight from board of directors; conducting ***** audits and risk assessments; communicating effectively; engaging in ethics training; having corporate transp*****ncy; and installing whistle-blowing mechanisms. Of these, the most important is oversight ***** the Board ***** Directors. Ethical management begins with commitment from the top, and the Board will ensure that the CEO ***** fully committed. From there, having ethics programs and officers is important, both for its symbolism and for the practical work they will do with respect to many of these other ***** practices. The next few are all around the same with respect to level of priority - training, communication, ***** and codes ***** conduct. ********** four all contribute at different stages of ***** ethical decision ***** process. Lastly, the rein*****cement systems must be in place. They are not as ***** ***** doing it right ***** first time, but ***** are necessary nonetheless. This refers to whistle*****blowing mechanisms and discipline of viol*****ors.

3) The two main ethical principles are consequences/results and duty. The ***** important of these in business is consequences. There are a couple ***** reasons for this. One is that outcomes are what the public sees. **********e, it is the potential outcomes that should be the guiding ethical principles. Ethics ***** ********** a problem in business when a company is perceived as un*****. Monsan***** is a gre*****t example - ***** people have any ethical *****s with this company, so ********** lack of ethics does not impact their business prospects.

The other re*****on why outcomes ***** be the guiding principle is *****cause one ***** the most significant sources of ethical problems for companies ***** front-line managers. These low-level managers face strong pressure from above, but are gener*****y not ***** firm's best *****-makers. As a result, they make poor decisions in response to pressure. If these managers were guided by ***** as their main ethical principle, they would respond to ***** ***** doing whatever they feel senior management wants them to do. As a *****, poor ethical decisions are made. If outcomes were the guiding principle, *****y would be better equipped to resist the pressure, knowing ***** outcomes ***** their actions ***** be negative and that this supercedes


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