Essay - Ethics 1) the Best Practices for Improving an Organization's Ethical...

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*****) The best practices for improving an org*****ization's ethical climate are having ethics programs and officers; having realistic objectives; having ethical decision making processes; having codes of conduct; disciplining violators; ***** oversight from board of directors; conducting ethics audits ***** risk assessments; communicating effectively; engaging in ethics training; having corporate transp*****ncy; and installing whistle-blowing mechanisms. Of these, the most important is oversight from the Board of Directors. Ethical management begins with commitment ***** the top, and the Board will ensure that the CEO ***** fully committed. From there, having ***** programs and officers is important, both ***** its symbolism and for the practical work they will do with respect to many of ***** other ***** practices. The next few are all around the same with respect to level of priority - training, communication, audits and codes ***** conduct. These four ***** contribute at different stages of ***** ***** decision ***** process. Lastly, the reinforcement systems must be in place. They are not as important as *****ing it right the first time, but ***** are necessary nonetheless. This refers to whistle-blowing ***** ***** discipline of viol*****ors.

3) The two main ethical principles are consequences/results and duty. The ***** important of these in bus*****ess is consequences. There are a couple ***** re*****ons for th*****. One is ***** outcomes are what the public sees. There*****e, ***** is ***** potential outcomes that should ***** the guiding ethical principles. Ethics are mainly a problem in business when a company is perceived as unethical. Monsan***** is a great example - ***** people have any ethical problems ***** this company, so *****ir lack of ethics does not impact their ***** prospects.

The other re*****on why ***** should be the guiding principle is *****cause one ***** the most significant sources of ethical problems for companies is front-line managers. ***** low-level managers face strong pressure from above, but are generally not ***** firm's best *****-makers. As a result, they make poor decisions in response to pressure. If these ***** were guided by duty as their main ethical principle, they would respond to pressure by doing whatever they feel senior ***** wants them to do. ***** a result, poor ethical ***** are made. If outcomes ***** the guiding *****, they ***** be better equipped to resist the pressure, knowing the outcomes ***** their actions would be negative and that this supercedes


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