Essay - Ethics 1) the Best Practices for Improving an Organization's Ethical...

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*****) The best practices for improving an organization's ethical climate are having ethics programs and officers; having realistic objectives; having ethical decision making processes; having codes of conduct; disciplining violators; having oversight from board ***** directors; conducting ethics audits and risk assessments; communicating effectively; engaging in ethics training; having corporate transp*****ncy; and installing whistle-blowing mechanisms. Of these, the most important is oversight from the Board of Directors. Ethical management begins with commitment ***** the top, and the Board will ensure that ***** CEO is fully committed. From there, having ***** programs and officers is important, both ***** its symbolism and for the practical work they will do with respect to many of ***** other ***** practices. The next few are all around the same with respect to level of priority - training, communication, ***** and codes of conduct. These four all contribute at different stages ***** the ethical decision making process. Lastly, ***** rein*****cement systems must be in place. They are not as ***** ***** doing it right the first time, but ***** ***** necessary none*****less. This refers ***** whistle*****blowing mechanisms ***** discipline of viol*****ors.

3) The two main ethical principles are consequences/results and duty. The most important of these in business is consequences. There are a couple ***** reasons for th*****. One is ***** outcomes are what the public sees. *****fore, it is ***** potential outcomes that should be the guiding ethical *****. Ethics ***** mainly a problem in business when a comp*****ny is perceived as unethical. Monsanto is a gre*****t example - few people have any ethical problems w*****h this company, so *****ir lack of ethics does not impact their business prospects.

***** other reason why ***** should be the guiding principle is *****cause one ***** the ***** significant sources of ***** problems for companies ***** front-line managers. These low-level managers face strong pressure from above, but are gener*****y not the firm's best *****-makers. As a result, *****y make poor decisions in response to pressure. If these ***** were guided by ***** as their main ethical principle, they would respond to ***** by doing whatever they feel senior management wants them to do. As a result, poor ethical decisions are made. If outcomes ***** the guiding *****, *****y would be better equipped to resist the pressure, knowing ***** outcomes ***** their actions would be negative and that this supercedes


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