Essay - Ethics 1) the Best Practices for Improving an Organization's Ethical...

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1) The best practices for improving an organization's ethical climate are having ethics programs and officers; having realistic objectives; having ***** decision making processes; having codes of conduct; disciplining violators; ***** oversight from board of directors; conducting ethics audits and risk assessments; communicating effectively; engaging in ethics training; having corporate transp*****ncy; and installing whistle-blowing mechanisms. Of these, the most important is oversight from the Board of Directors. Ethical management begins with commitment from the top, and the ***** will ensure that the CEO ***** fully committed. From there, ***** ***** programs and officers is important, both ***** its symbolism and for the practical work they will do with respect to many of these other ***** practices. The next few are all around the same with respect to level of priority - training, communication, ***** and codes of conduct. *****se four all contribute at different stages of ***** ethical decision ***** process. Lastly, the reinforcement systems must be in place. They are not as important ***** doing it right the first time, but ***** are necessary nonetheless. This refers ***** whistle-blowing ***** ***** discipline of viol*****ors.

3) The two main ethical principles are consequences/results and duty. ***** most important of these in bus*****ess is consequences. There are a couple ***** re*****sons for th*****. One is that outcomes are what the public sees. Therefore, ***** is the potential outcomes ***** should be the guiding ethical principles. Ethics ***** ********** a problem in business when a company is perceived as un*****. Monsanto is a great example - ***** people have any ethical *****s ***** this company, so *****ir lack of ethics does not impact their business prospects.

The other reason why ***** ***** be the guiding principle is because one ***** the ***** significant sources of ethical problems for companies is front-line managers. These low-level managers face strong pressure ***** above, but are generally not the firm's best *****-makers. As a result, they make poor decisions in response to pressure. If these ***** were guided by ***** as their main ethical principle, they would respond to ***** ***** doing whatever they feel senior ***** wants them to do. As a result, poor ethical decisions are made. If outcomes were the guiding *****, they would be better equipped to resist the pressure, knowing ***** ***** ***** their actions ***** be negative and that this supercedes


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