Essay - Ethics 1) the Best Practices for Improving an Organization's Ethical...

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*****) The best practices for improving an org*****ization's ethical climate are having ethics programs and officers; having realistic objectives; ***** ***** decision making processes; having codes of conduct; disciplining violators; ***** oversight from board of directors; conducting ethics audits ***** risk assessments; communicating effectively; engaging in ethics training; having corporate transp*****ncy; and installing whistle-blowing mechanisms. Of these, the most important is oversight ***** the Board ***** Directors. Ethical management begins with commitment from the top, and the ***** will ensure that ***** CEO ***** fully committed. From there, ***** ***** programs and officers is important, both for its symbolism and ***** the practical work they will do ***** respect to many of these other ***** practices. The next few are all around the same with ***** to level of priority - training, communication, audits and codes of conduct. These four all contribute at different stages of ***** ethical decision ***** process. Lastly, the reinforcement systems must be in place. They are not as ***** ***** *****ing it right ***** first time, but ***** are necessary nonetheless. This refers to whistle-blowing ***** ***** discipline of viol*****ors.

3) The two main ethical principles are consequences/results and duty. The most important of these in bus*****ess is consequences. There are a couple of reasons for th*****. One is that outcomes are what the public sees. Therefore, it is the potential outcomes ***** should ***** the guiding ethical principles. Ethics ***** *****ly a problem in business when a company is perceived as un*****. Monsanto is a great example - few people have any ethical *****s with this company, so ********** lack ***** ethics does not impact their ***** prospects.

***** other reason why outcomes should be the guiding principle is *****cause one of the ***** significant sources of ethical problems for companies ***** front-line managers. ***** low-level managers face strong pressure ***** above, but are generally not ***** firm's best *****-makers. As a result, they make poor decisions in response to pressure. If these ***** were guided by duty as their main ethical principle, they would respond to ***** by doing whatever they feel senior ***** wants them to do. As a result, poor ethical decisions are made. If outcomes were the ***** *****, *****y would be better equipped to resist the pressure, knowing ***** ***** ***** their actions ***** be negative and that this supercedes


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