Essay - Ethics and Morality Case 3.2 Clean Hands in a Dirty...

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Ethics and Morality

***** 3.2

***** H*****s in a Dirty Business"

Kantian would counsel the recent MBA graduate Janet to behave according to the dictates of the categorical imperative. Janet should behave as if she were setting the moral law for ***** entire universe, not merely herself. Janet believes that tobacco is a harmful product. She knows that it is immoral to market th***** product ***** anyone and especially to young people, who are not even supposed to be using *****bacco products ***** to the laws ***** the land, anyway. According ***** ***** Kantian view, there is no moral or ethical just*****ication f***** ***** to take this marketing job at the tobacco company. In doing so, Janet would viol*****e not only her personal principles, but also the moral code she was setting for everyone else. The result of ***** actions, ***** if Janet improved the policies ***** the ***** company in the short run, should ***** be part of the ethical decision-making process when Janet is contemplating if ***** should take ***** job or not take the job. Besides, if everyone behaved according to the categorical imperative, the ***** will note (contrary to ***** friend Karen's *****) there would not 'always' be someone to market *****bacco. If enough persons in the world ***** encouraged to o*****y moral laws in the here and now, without rationalizing their decisions to behave d*****ferently with result-oriented justifications, then eventually there would be no one left to sell the harmful product.

For a utilit*****rian, however, the result would an issue. The utilitari***** asks: how does Janet create the greatest happiness for the ***** number of individuals in the world? If Janet *****s the *****, greater harm might be alleviated for a gre*****ter number ***** persons. If ***** rejects the job, an even less principled person may take ***** position *****d create even more unethical campaigns, just like her friend Karen said. This would cause ***** happiness and more harm for more *****s in the *****.

But even from a utilitarian perspective, if ***** *****s a slightly ***** long-term view, perpetuat*****g societal harms ***** *****bacco addiction is a detriment rather than a contributor to the h*****ppiness of the greatest ***** of persons in ***** world. ***** more people smoke, the higher the health care costs ***** society, as chronic smokers require long-term ***** for cancers of ***** mouth, throat, and lungs, and ***** emphysema, as well as for anti-nicotine patches, hypnosis, and other methods to stop smoking. Although the tobacco Janet would market is ***** smoked, it ***** an addictive substance, ***** thus it could easily lead to smoking nicotine-containing cigarettes later on in life, and cause harm through second-hand smoke ***** millions of other *****. The societal costs to the legal system because ***** the lawsu*****s the product has inspired, and the unhappiness the product ***** caused ***** the target audience's families are another example of how the sum *****tal happiness of society is reduced, rather than increased, if Janet takes the job. Also, the


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