Essay - Ethics and Morality Case 3.2 Clean Hands in a Dirty...

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Ethics and Morality

CASE 3.2

***** Hands in a Dirty Business"

Kantian would counsel the recent MBA graduate Janet to behave according to the dictates of the categorical imperative. Janet should behave as if she were setting the moral law for ***** entire universe, not merely herself. Janet believes that tobacco is a harmful product. She knows ***** it is immoral to market th***** product ***** anyone and especially to young people, who are not even supposed to be using tobacco products ***** to *****e *****s of the land, anyway. According to ***** Kantian view, there is no moral or ethical justification f***** ***** ***** take this marketing job at the tobacco company. In doing so, Janet would violate ********** only her per*****nal principles, but also the moral code she was setting for everyone else. The result of her actions, even if Janet improved the policies ***** the tobacco company in ***** short run, should not be part of the ethical decision-making process when Janet is contemplating if ***** should ***** the job or ***** take ***** job. Besides, if ***** *****d according to the categorical imperative, the ***** will note (contrary ***** the friend Karen's counsel) *****re would not 'always' be someone to market **********. If enough persons in the world ***** encouraged to obey moral laws in the here and now, without rationalizing *****ir decisions to behave differently with result-oriented justifications, then eventually there would be no one left ***** sell the harmful product.

For a utilitarian, however, the result would an issue. ***** utilitarian asks: how does Janet create the greatest happiness for the greatest number of individuals in the world? If Janet takes the *****, greater harm might be alleviated for a greater number of persons. If Janet rejects ***** job, an even less principled person may take the position and ***** even more unethical campaigns, just like her friend Karen said. This would cause ***** happiness and more harm for more ***** in the *****.

But even from a utilit*****rian perspective, if ***** *****s a slightly ***** long-term view, perpetuating societal *****s ***** tobacco addiction is a detriment r*****ther than a contributor to the happiness of the greatest ***** of *****s in the world. The more people smoke, the higher the health care costs ***** society, as chronic smokers require long-term care for cancers of the mouth, throat, and lungs, ***** for emphysema, as well as for anti-nicotine patches, hypnosis, and other methods to stop smoking. Although the tobacco ***** would market is ***** smoked, it is an addictive substance, and thus it could easily lead to smoking nicotine-containing cigarettes later on in life, and cause harm through second-hand smoke ***** millions ***** other *****. The societal costs to the legal system because of the *****u*****s ***** ***** has *****spired, and the unhappiness the product ***** caused ***** the target audience's families are ano*****r example of how the sum total happiness of society ***** reduced, rather than increased, if Janet takes the job. Also, the


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