Essay - Ethics and Morality Case 3.2 Clean Hands in a Dirty...


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Ethics and Morality

***** 3.2

Clean H*****s in a Dirty Business"

Kantian would counsel the recent MBA graduate Janet to behave according to the dictates of the categorical imperative. Janet should behave as if she were setting the moral law for the entire universe, not merely herself. ***** believes that tobacco is a harmful product. She knows ***** it ***** immoral to market this product to anyone and especially ***** young people, who are not even supposed to be using *****bacco products according to the ********** ***** the l*****, anyway. According to ***** Kantian view, there is no moral or ethical justification f***** Janet ***** take ***** marketing job at the tobacco company. In doing so, Janet would viol*****e not only her personal principles, but also the moral code she was setting for everyone else. The result of her actions, ***** if Janet improved the policies ***** the ***** company in the short run, should not be part of the ethical decision-making process when Janet is contemplating if she should ***** the job or not take ***** job. Besides, ***** ***** behaved according to the ***** imperative, the ***** will note (contrary to the friend Karen's *****) ***** would not 'always' be someone to market **********. If enough persons in ***** world were encouraged to obey ***** laws in the here and now, without rationalizing their decisions to behave differently with result-oriented justifications, then eventually there would be no one left ***** sell the harmful product.

For a utilit*****rian, however, the result would an issue. ***** utilitarian asks: how does Janet create the greatest happiness for the ***** number of individuals in the *****? If Janet takes the job, greater harm might be alleviated for a ***** number ***** persons. If J*****net rejects ***** job, an even less principled person may take the position and create even more unethical campaigns, just like her friend Karen said. This would cause ***** happiness and ***** harm for more *****s in the world.

But even from a utilit*****rian perspective, if one *****s a slightly more long-term view, perpetu*****ting societal harms like tobacco addiction is a detriment r*****ther than a contributor to the happiness of the greatest ***** of persons in ***** world. The more ***** smoke, the higher the health care costs to society, as chronic smokers require long-term ***** for cancers of the mouth, throat, and lungs, ***** ***** emphysema, ***** well as for anti-nicotine patches, hypnosis, and other methods ***** stop smoking. Although the tobacco Janet would market is ***** smoked, it ***** an addictive substance, ***** thus it could easily lead to smoking nicotine-containing cigarettes later on in life, and cause harm through second-hand smoke to millions ***** other people. The ***** costs to the legal system because of the lawsuits the ***** has inspired, and ***** unhappiness the product ***** caused for the target audience's families are ano*****r example of how the sum *****tal happiness of society is reduced, rather than increased, if Janet takes the job. Also, the

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