Essay - Ethics and Morality Case 3.2 Clean Hands in a Dirty...

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Ethics and Morality

CASE 3.2

Clean Hands in a Dirty Business"

Kantian would counsel the recent MBA graduate Janet to behave according ***** the dictates of ***** categorical imperative. Janet should behave as if she were setting the moral law for ***** entire universe, not merely herself. ***** believes that tobacco is a harmful product. She knows that it is immoral to market this product to anyone and especially to young people, who are not even supposed to be using *****bacco products ***** to the *****s ***** the land, anyway. According ***** ***** Kantian view, there is no moral or ethical just*****ication f***** Janet to take ***** marketing job at the tobacco company. In doing so, Janet would viol*****e ********** only her personal principles, but also the moral code she was setting for everyone else. The result of her actions, even if Janet improved the policies of the ***** company in the short run, should not be part of the ethical decision-making process when Janet is contemplating if she should take the job or ***** take ***** job. Besides, ***** ***** behaved according to the ***** imperative, the Kantian will note (contrary to the friend K*****n's counsel) ***** ***** not 'always' be someone to market tobacco. If enough persons in the world ***** encouraged to obey ***** laws ***** the here and now, without rationalizing ********** decisions to behave differently with result-oriented justifications, then eventually there would be no one left ***** sell the ***** product.

For a utilitarian, however, ***** result would an issue. ***** utilitarian asks: how does Janet create the greatest happiness for the ***** number of individuals in the world? If Janet takes the *****, greater harm might be alleviated ***** a ***** number of persons. If ***** rejects ***** job, an even less principled person may take the position ***** ***** even more unethical campaigns, just like her friend Karen said. This would cause less happiness and ***** harm for more ***** in the world.

But even from a utilitarian perspective, if ***** takes a slightly more long-term view, perpetuat*****g societal *****s ***** tobacco addiction is a detriment r*****ther than a contributor to the happiness of the greatest ***** of *****s in ***** *****. The more ***** smoke, the higher the health care costs ***** society, as chronic smokers require long-term care for cancers of the mouth, throat, and lungs, and for emphysema, ***** well as for anti-nicotine patches, hypnosis, and other methods to stop smoking. Although the tobacco Janet would market is not smoked, it ***** an addictive substance, ***** thus it could easily lead to smoking nicotine-containing cigarettes later on in life, and cause harm through second-h***** smoke to millions ***** other people. ***** ***** costs ***** the legal system because of the lawsuits ***** ***** has inspired, and the unhappiness the product ***** caused for the target audience's families are another example of how the sum total happiness of society is reduced, rather than increased, if Janet takes the job. Also, the


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