Essay - Ethics and Morality Case 3.2 Clean Hands in a Dirty...

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Ethics and Morality

***** 3.2

Clean Hands in a Dirty Bus*****ess"

***** would counsel the recent MBA graduate Janet to behave according to the dictates of ***** categorical imperative. Janet should behave as if she were setting the moral law for the entire universe, not merely herself. Janet believes that tobacco is a harmful product. She knows ***** it is immoral to market th***** product to anyone and especially ***** young people, who are not even supposed to be using tobacco products ***** to ***** laws ***** *****e l*****, anyway. According to the Kantian view, there is no moral or ethical just*****ication f***** ***** to take this marketing job at the tobacco company. In doing so, Janet would violate ********** only her personal principles, but also the moral code she was setting for everyone else. The result of ***** actions, even if Janet improved the policies ***** the ***** company in ***** short run, should not be part of the ethical decision-making process when Janet is contemplating if she should take ***** job or not take the job. Besides, if ***** behaved acc*****ding to the categorical imperative, the ***** will note (contrary to ***** friend Karen's *****) there ***** not 'always' be someone to market tobacco. If enough persons in the world ***** encouraged to o*****y ***** ***** ***** the here and now, without rationalizing their dec*****ions to behave differently with result-oriented justifications, then eventually ***** would be no one left to sell the ***** product.

For a utilitarian, however, ***** result would an issue. The utilitarian asks: how does Janet create the greatest happiness for the greatest num*****r of individuals in the *****? If Janet *****s the job, greater harm might be alleviated ***** a ***** number of persons. If Janet rejects the job, an even less principled person may take the position ***** ***** even more unethical campaigns, just like her friend Karen said. This would cause less happiness and ***** harm for more ***** in the world.

But even from a utilit*****rian perspective, if ***** *****s a slightly ***** long-term view, perpetuating societal *****s ***** tobacco addiction is a detriment rather than a contributor to the happiness of the ***** ***** of *****s in ***** *****. ***** more people smoke, the higher ***** health care costs to society, as chronic smokers require long-term care for cancers of the mouth, throat, ***** lungs, and for emphysema, ***** well as for anti-nicotine patches, hypnosis, and other methods ***** stop smoking. Although the tobacco ***** would market is not smoked, it ***** an addictive substance, ***** thus it could easily lead to smoking nicotine-containing cigarettes later on in life, and cause harm through second-hand smoke ***** millions of other people. The ***** costs to the legal system because of the lawsuits ***** product has *****spired, and the unhappiness the product has caused for the target audience's families are ano*****r example of how the sum *****tal happiness of society is reduced, ***** than increased, if Janet takes the job. Also, the


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