Essay - Ethics and Morality Case 3.2 Clean Hands in a Dirty...


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Ethics and Morality

***** 3.2

Clean H*****s in a Dirty Bus*****ess"

Kantian would counsel the recent MBA graduate Janet to behave according to the dictates of ***** categorical imperative. Janet should behave as if she were setting the moral law for the entire universe, not merely herself. Janet believes that tobacco is a harmful product. She knows that it ***** immoral to market this product to anyone and especially ***** young people, who are not even supposed to be using *****bacco products according to the *****s ***** the land, anyway. According to ***** Kantian view, there is no moral or ethical just*****ication f***** Janet to take ***** marketing job at the tobacco company. In doing so, Janet would viol*****e not only her personal principles, but also the moral code she was setting for everyone else. The result of ***** actions, even if Janet improved the policies ***** the ***** company in the short run, should not be part of ***** ethical decision-making process when Janet is contemplating ***** ***** should ***** the job or not take ***** job. Besides, if everyone behaved acc*****ding to the ***** imperative, the ***** will note (contrary ***** the friend Karen's *****) ***** ***** not 'always' be someone to market tobacco. If enough persons in the world ***** encouraged to obey ***** laws in the here and now, without rationalizing their dec*****ions to behave differently with result-oriented justifications, then eventually there would be no one left ***** sell the harmful product.

For a utilitarian, however, the result would an issue. The utilitari***** asks: how does Janet create the greatest happiness for the ***** number of individuals in the *****? If Janet *****s the *****, greater harm might be alleviated for a ***** number ***** persons. If J*****net rejects the job, an even less principled person may take ***** position ***** ***** even more unethical campaigns, just like her friend Karen said. This would cause ***** happiness and ***** harm for more ***** in the world.

But even from a utilitarian perspective, if ***** *****s a slightly more long-term view, perpetuating societal *****s ***** tobacco addiction is a detriment rather than a contributor to the happiness of the greatest ***** of persons in the *****. The more ***** smoke, the higher the health care costs to society, as chronic smokers require long-term care for cancers of the mouth, throat, and lungs, and for emphysema, as well as for anti-nicotine patches, hypnosis, and other methods to stop smoking. Although the tobacco Janet ***** market is ***** smoked, it is an addictive substance, ***** thus it could easily lead to smoking nicotine-containing cigarettes later on in life, and cause harm through second-hand smoke to millions ***** other people. The ***** costs ***** the legal system because of the *****uits ***** ***** has *****spired, and the un***** the product has caused for the target audience's families are another example of how the sum total happiness of society is reduced, ***** than increased, if Janet takes the job. Also, the

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