Essay - Ethics and Morality Case 3.2 Clean Hands in a Dirty...

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Ethics and Morality

CASE 3.2

***** H*****s in a Dirty Bus*****ess"

***** would counsel the recent MBA graduate Janet to behave according to the dictates of ***** categorical imperative. Janet should behave as if she were setting the moral law for the entire universe, not merely herself. Janet believes that tobacco is a harmful product. She knows ***** it is immoral to market th***** product ***** anyone and especially to young people, who are not even supposed ***** be using tobacco products according to ***** *****s ***** the land, anyway. According ***** the Kantian view, there is no moral or ethical just*****ication f***** ***** to take this marketing job at the tobacco company. In doing so, Janet would violate not only her per*****nal principles, but also the moral code she was setting for everyone else. The result of ***** actions, ***** if Janet improved the policies ***** the ***** company in the short run, should not be part of the ethical decision-making process when Janet is contemplating if ***** should take the job or not take the job. Besides, if everyone ********** according to the ***** imperative, the Kantian will note (contrary to ***** friend Karen's counsel) there ***** not 'always' be someone to market **********. If enough persons in the world ***** encouraged to o*****y moral laws in the here and now, without rationalizing ********** dec*****ions to behave d*****ferently with result-oriented justifications, then eventually there would be no one left ***** sell the harmful product.

For a utilitarian, however, ***** result would an issue. The utilitarian asks: how does Janet create the greatest happiness for the greatest number of individuals in the world? If Janet *****s the job, greater harm might be alleviated ***** a ***** number ***** persons. If Janet rejects the job, an even less pr*****cipled person may take the position ***** ***** even more unethical campaigns, just like her friend Karen said. This would cause ***** happiness ********** more harm for more persons in the *****.

But even from a utilitarian perspective, if ***** takes a slightly more long-term view, perpetuating societal *****s like tobacco addiction is a detriment r*****ther than a contributor to the happiness of the ***** ***** of persons in ***** world. The ***** people smoke, the higher the health care costs ***** society, as chronic smokers require long-term ***** for cancers of ***** mouth, throat, and lungs, and ***** emphysema, ***** well as for anti-nicotine patches, hypnosis, and other methods to stop smoking. Although the tobacco ***** ***** market is not smoked, it is an addictive substance, and thus it could easily lead to smoking nicotine-containing cigarettes later on in life, and cause harm through second-h***** smoke to millions of other *****. The ***** costs to the legal system because of the *****u*****s the ***** has *****spired, and the unhappiness the product has caused for the target audience's families are another example of how the sum *****tal happiness of society is reduced, rather than increased, if Janet takes the job. Also, the


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