Essay - Eugene O'neill's Play, 'The Emperor Jones (1921),' is the Horrifying...

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Eugene O'Neill's play, "The Emperor Jones (1921)," is the horrifying story of Rufus *****, the monarch ***** a West Indian island, presented in a single act of eight scenes of violence and disturbing images. O'Neill's sense of tragedy comes out undiluted in this surreal and nightmarish study of Jones' char*****er ***** a mighty struggle and tension between black Christianity and ***** paganism (IMBD). Jones is an unforgettable character in his powerfulness and fatalness, made most evident by the support ***** language, sound ***** o*****r stage effects, such as the dreadful drumming sounds and the Emperor's hallucinations. This psychological drama delves into the nature of power, ***** inevitable pull ***** history and in the belief in the supernatural ***** *****se were experienced in the first two decades of the last century.

The play is a monument to O'Neill's vision of conflict between a m*****n and his own psyche, "between learning what life is really made of," and how the ordinary man ***** little prepared to learn (IMBD). It is a sordid, shattering tragedy, which brings the audience to a journey of fear, anger, humility, sadness ***** terror, experienced by a monster ***** an emperor whose only resort to sanity was to humiliate and dehu*****ize those whom he governs in t***** pursuit of social, political ***** financial goals. O'Neill spells ***** his tragic message about human reality - the truth about ourselves ***** after a merciless probe into its I dark alleys and frank depths.

***** de*****ization of man is the same subject ***** another *****, "The Hairy Ape (1922)." Rather than improve on the human c*****dition, industrialization has reduced the ***** worker into a mere machine, which can be manipulated or turned on or off ***** w*****tles. He is no l*****ger required or expected to think independently: machines do the job for him. The human worker is instead relegated ***** the most menial and meanest "grunt work and physical labor" that has reverted man ***** ***** ape or Neanderthal state.

O'Neill expresses his objection to the tyranny of progress and industrialization and the ***** it has brought upon human life in ***** ironic retrogression of progressive human be*****gs into unthinking, manipulated and helpless *****s. Yank and his fellows are more ***** symbolic apes ***** language is complex and to whom thought is difficult. O'Neill views modern man as "un-evolved," ignorant about class and concerned only with brute survival and a machine-like ***** of belonging. Like an ape, ***** is territorial, pigheaded and aggressive and O'Neill uses ***** characterization to present a most grotesque condition of modern man.

Though a compelling primary need, the sense of belonging ***** not achieved in the play from an animal to a spiritu*****l being. This frustration is presented by the character ***** Yank as the filthy and arrogant ship leader, who is later thr***** out by the Industrial Workers of the World ***** a "br*****inless ape." In h***** urge to belong somewhere, he sets a gorilla free ***** a zoo in order ***** befriend it but


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