Essay - Eugene O'neill's Play, 'The Emperor Jones (1921),' is the Horrifying...

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Eugene O'Neill's play, "The Emperor Jones (1921)," is the horrifying story of Rufus *****, the monarch of a West Indian island, presented in a single act of eight scenes of violence and disturbing images. ***** sense of tragedy comes out undiluted in this surreal ***** nightmarish study of Jones' char*****er in a mighty struggle and tension between black Christianity and ***** paganism (IMBD). Jones is an unforgettable character in his powerfulness and fatalness, made most evident by the support of language, sound ***** other stage effects, such as the dreadful drumming ********** and the Emperor's hallucinations. This psychological drama delves into the nature of power, ***** inevitable pull ***** history and in the belief in the supernatural as *****se were experienced in the first two decades of the l*****t century.

***** play is a monument to O'Neill's vision of conflict between a m*****n and his own psyche, "between learn*****g what life is really made of," ***** how ***** ordinary man ***** little prepared ***** learn (IMBD). It is a sordid, shattering tragedy, which brings the audience to a journey of fe*****r, anger, humility, sadness and terror, experienced by a monster of an emperor whose only resort to sanity was to humiliate and dehu*****ize those whom he governs in t***** pursuit of social, political and f*****ancial goals. O'Neill spells ***** h***** tragic message about human reality - the truth about ourselves - after a merciless probe into its I dark alleys and frank depths.

The dehumanization of man is the same subject ***** another play, "The Hairy Ape (1922)." Rather than improve on the human condition, industrialization has reduced the ***** worker ***** a mere machine, which can be manipulated or turned on ***** off ***** whistles. He is no l*****ger required or expected to think independently: machines do the job f***** him. The human worker ***** instead relegated to the most menial and meanest "grunt work and physical labor" that has reverted man into the ape or Neanderthal state.

***** expresses his objection to the tyranny of progress and ***** and the ***** it has brought upon ***** life in the ironic retrogression of progressive human *****ings into unthinking, manipulated and helpless apes. Yank and ***** fellows are more ***** symbolic apes whose language is complex and to whom thought is difficult. O'Neill views modern man as "un-evolved," ignorant about class and concerned only w*****h brute survival ***** a machine-like ***** ***** belonging. Like an ape, ***** is territorial, pigheaded and aggressive and O'Neill uses h***** characterization to present a most grotesque condition of modern m*****n.

Though a compelling primary need, the sense ***** belonging is not achieved in ***** play from an animal ***** a spiritu*****l being. Th***** frustration is presented by the character of Yank as the filthy and arrogant ship leader, who is later thr***** out by the Industrial Workers of the World as a "brainless *****." In his urge to belong somewhere, he sets a gorilla free from a zoo in order ***** befriend it but


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