Essay - Eugene O'neill's Play, 'The Emperor Jones (1921),' is the Horrifying...

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Eugene O'Neill's play, "The Emperor Jones (1921)," is the horrifying story of Rufus *****, the monarch of a West Indian island, presented in a single act of eight scenes of violence and disturbing images. O'Neill's sense ***** tragedy comes out undiluted in this surreal ***** nightmarish study of Jones' char*****er in a mighty struggle and tension between black Christianity and ***** paganism (IMBD). Jones is an unforgettable character in his powerfulness ***** fatalness, made most evident by the support ***** l*****guage, sound and o*****r stage effects, such as the dreadful drumming sounds and the Emperor's hallucinations. This psychological drama delves into ***** nature of power, the inevitable pull ***** history and in the belief ***** the supernatural ***** *****se were experienced in the first two decades of the last century.

***** play is a monument to O'Neill's vision of conflict between a m*****n and his own psyche, "between learn*****g what life is really ***** of," and how the ordinary man is little prepared to learn (IMBD). It is a sordid, shattering *****, which brings ***** audience ***** a journey of fe*****r, anger, humility, sadness and terror, experienced by a monster ***** an emperor whose only resort to sanity was to humiliate and dehu*****ize those whom he governs in the pursuit of social, political ***** financial goals. O'Neill spells ***** h***** tragic message about *****uman reality - the truth about ourselves - after a merciless probe in***** its I dark alleys and frank depths.

***** dehumanization of man is the same subject ***** another play, "The Hairy Ape (1922)." Rather than improve on the human c*****dition, industrialization has reduced the human worker into a mere machine, which can be manipulated or turned on or off by wh*****tles. He is no l*****ger required or expected to think independently: machines do the job f***** him. The ***** worker ***** instead relegated ***** the most menial and meanest "grunt work and physical labor" that has reverted man ***** the ape or Neanderthal state.

***** expresses his objection to the tyranny of progress and industrialization and the tragedy it has brought upon human life in the ironic retrogression of progressive ***** **********gs in***** unthinking, manipulated and helpless *****s. Yank and ***** fellows are more than symbolic apes whose language is complex and to whom thought is difficult. O'Neill views modern man as "un-evolved," ignorant about class and concerned only with brute survival and a machine-like sense ***** belonging. Like an ape, ***** is territorial, pigheaded ***** aggressive and O'Neill uses h***** *****ization to present a most grotesque condition of modern man.

Though a compelling primary need, the sense ***** belonging is not achieved in the play from an animal ***** a spiritu*****l being. Th***** frustration is presented by ***** character of Yank as the filthy and arrogant ship leader, who is later thr***** out by the Industrial Workers of the World ***** a "brainless *****." In his urge to belong somewhere, he sets a gorilla free from a zoo in order to befriend it but


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