Essay - Evaluating the Effectiveness of Managers Summary the Effectiveness of Managers...

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Evaluating the Effectiveness of Managers


The effectiveness of managers in a te*****m environment is directly linked to *****ir emotional intelligence (EI) and corresponding ability ***** create an ***** of tr*****sformational leadership in their organizations.

***** ***** have the ability to balance these attributes while at the same time accomplishing project deadlines, milestones, and eventual project completion while ***** the ***** time getting high levels of cooperation and coordination. The intent ***** this literature review is to provide insights into how managers are using a varied style of ***** intelligence ***** transformational strategies to manage ***** own activities and those ***** ***** teams they manage, inf***** team dynamics with emotional *****, making the tasks of accompl*****hing key miles*****nes more achievable. While there are many theories specifically in the area of management effectiveness, ***** emotional intelligence (EI) aspects ***** ***** and their propensity to develop ***** leadership is essential for organizations to attain their objectives.

***** Generational Shift in Valu*****g Emotional Intelligence as a Management Performance Indicator

Early theorists often remarked that knowledge of and strategizing over the emotions of workers was tantamount to manipulative management practices, ***** that emotions were to be controlled first by the individual. Fayol, H. (1949) *****lieved that ***** should be a strict line of ********** and centralization to assure a tightness of control on all managerial *****. The beginnings of ***** were quite negative, as ***** did not find the link in exceptional performance and positive management approaches to fostering and sustaining strong emotions of achievement, growth and recognition. The first theorists felt that emotions were ***** be ********** by the individual or he ***** she would succumb to their ********** (Young, 1936; Schaffer, Gilmer & Schoen, 1940).

The cognitive side ***** *****, where they are specifically used for helping ***** prioritize *****, focus, organize, and motivate w***** the next generation of researchers' primary focus. These researchers ***** found that emotions weren't just a tangential part of a humans' existence, ***** were integral to all tasks, and even to ***** perspective on all events. Researchers also found that emotions are holistic in nature because they involve the whole human, mind and body; through neural, cognitive, and mo*****r processes (Leeper, 1948; Mandler, 1975; Simon, 1982; Izard & Buechler, 1980; Plutchik, 1980; Tomkins, 1962; *****, 1991).

In ***** development of what would later become EI as a str*****tegy of defining managerial effectiveness, researchers also found that ***** developed in an evolutionary process "to ***** new types of motivation and new action tendencies as well ***** a greater variety of behaviors ***** cope with the environment ***** life's demands" (Izard, 1991, p9). The many ***** and motivation theorists of today point out that emotion are viewed as ********** responses that can create *****standing leaders and star per*****mers (Boyatzis, 1982; George, 2000). These theorists also state that ***** and outst*****ing *****, performers, and managers are for the most part exceptional due to their ***** to manage their emotions, and the emotions they elicit in others ***** effective use of


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