Essay - Happy Endings Margaret Atwood's Happy Endings is an Illustration of...


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Happy Endings

Margaret Atwood's Happy Endings is an illustration of the premise that the ending ***** a story is always ***** same, only the middle matters. This ***** is predicated on ***** fact that ultimately everyone dies, conveniently ignoring the fact ***** a story need not be carrying through to this ultimate conclusion ***** have relevance.

This contrivance aside, ***** point is to focus the reader on the importance of understanding how the conclusion is reached and why. The six ***** sketches contained in Happy ***** illustrate vast differences between the beginnings and middles ***** six stories that end the same way.

Thus, ***** six stories present differing views of cause and effect. The underlying theme is ***** in the absence ***** love, conflict arises. That ***** is necessary to propel the s*****ry, to make it interesting. For example, Atwood renders A, D and E quickly. These ***** are full of love, and have no particular conflict. The result of this lack of conflict, as ********** presents it, is a l*****ck of an interesting story.

The examples of B and C illustrate stories w*****h *****. The point Atwood makes towards the end is that it is ***** the actions themselves ***** are the main point ***** interest, but the reasons for the actions. The conflict that arises ***** Mary ***** John in B derives from a lack of ***** on ***** part ***** John. The heart of the story is not that ***** does not love Mary, but ***** he does not and why she does love him. These questions reach into the core of the two characters and are the key to insight.

With C, there ***** more conflict, again deriving from a l*****ck of love. Mary is ***** in love with John and from ***** conflict arises. ********** motivations are explored somewhat, while Mary's are given only superficial treatment. Indeed, the superficiality of the treatment given to ***** *****s and *****s in story ***** show that without them, the story is less compelling. While more action happens in C than in B, it is ***** interesting. B was focused more on the hows ***** whys, which helped to drive the s*****ry. C focused on acti*****, at ***** puts it l*****er the 'what', and this is why the story in C fails to compel.

***** using the framework of the six plot sketches, Atwood further *****s the point about cause and effect. The F sketch seems completely glossed over to ***** point ***** flippancy, ***** it serves to illustrate ***** the 'what', 'what', 'what' of ***** plot is essentially irrelevant. The ***** might seem more *****, she points out, because more things happen, but ********** there is no ***** cause or effect. The relationship between John and Mary contains love, ***** therefore ***** no *****. The revolutionary *****line serves to infuse a sense ***** conflict into a story that ***** has none. Therefore, the revolutionary plotline is window dressing, serving merely to distract the ***** ***** the fact *****

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