Essay - History of the Master-slave Relationship When Studying the History of...


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History of the Master-Slave Relationship

When studying the history of the master-slave relationship, one must consider that slavery is a dyn*****mic institution, and that the relationship between masters and slaves dramatically altered over time. The changes that occurred in this relationship are largely attributed to events that occurred throughout history, including early colonial America, the effects ***** the American Revolution, and the Industrial Revolution.

In 1619, ***** Dutch brought the first African ***** into North America in 1619 and twenty "negars" were sold to the ***** settlers in James*****wn, Virginia (Lees, 1998). This was the starting point and the slave trade would remain in ***** for close on two hundred and fifty years be*****e it ***** outlawed.

At first, the ***** relationship was somewhat more relaxed than it would be years later. Many of ***** first black slaves were treated as indentured servants, with a limited period ***** servitude, *****fore their masters would grant them liberty and land. However, by 1660, a full system of black slavery was in operation and the master-slave ***** became worse.

Many of ***** early colonial Southern masters ***** blacks like they were inferior to the white population (Elkins, 1976). The first American census, which ***** established in 1629, segregated blacks from **********. Slave masters often did not provide personal names for the *****, instead treating *****m as objects.

*****re is also evidence ***** prove that black indentured servants ***** treated far more harshly than white indentured ***** by the criminal justice *****. In a case where three runaway ***** servants, two white and one *****, were captured in 1640, the two ***** servants each received an extra fours years of servitude, while ***** black was bound for life. In addition, a slave master in 1647 was *****ed the right to have eight ***** "***** have, hold, occupy, possess *****d enjoy every one of ***** aforementi*****d Negroes forever." (Owens, 1976)

***** the 1640's and 1670's, a huge gap was developing between the prices for white and ***** indentured servants (Lees). Th***** altered the nature of black *****ry. Masters during the early colonial *****s offered to pay ***** for blacks than for *****s, mainly because lifelong servitude was becoming a norm ***** bl*****cks.

At ***** point, the true meaning of slave ***** defined, as black Africans became the m*****sive slave force of the South. White indentured servants became a thing of the past and ***** master-***** relationship deteriorated.

Blacks ***** no longer seen as ***** servants, as their white masters had no intention of setting them free (Cooper, 1991). ********** were ********** seen as the best solution to the incre*****ing ***** demand for fast and cheap labor. Their ***** saw them as efficient labor "machines." In *****, they were better than white indentured servants because ***** were foreign to the country so they could not escape and blend ***** the country.

During this time, slaves ***** be e*****ily exploited by ***** masters and forced into a life ***** servitude (Lees). Blacks were denied legal and political

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