Essay - History of the Master-slave Relationship When Studying the History of...


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History of the Master-Slave Relationship

When studying the history of ***** master-slave relationship, one must consider that slavery is a dyn*****mic institution, and that the relationship between masters and slaves dramatically altered over time. The changes that occurred in this ***** are largely attributed to events that ***** throughout history, including early colonial America, the effects ***** the American Revolution, and the Industrial *****.

In 1619, ***** Dutch brought the first African ***** into North America in 1619 and twenty "negars" were sold to the early settlers in Jamestown, Virg*****ia (Lees, 1998). This was the starting point and the slave trade would remain in ***** for close on two hundred and fifty years be*****e it was outlawed.

***** first, the ***** relati*****ship ***** somewhat more relaxed than it would be years later. Many of ***** first black *****s ***** treated as indentured servants, w*****h a limited period ***** servitude, before their masters would grant them liberty and land. However, by 1660, a full system of bl*****ck ***** was in operation and the master-slave relationship became worse.

Many of ***** early colonial Southern masters treated blacks like they were inferior to the white population (Elkins, 1976). The first American census, which was established in 1629, segregated blacks from whites. Slave masters often did not provide personal names for the slaves, instead treating ********** as objects.

*****re is also evidence to prove that black indentured servants were treated far more harshly than white indentured servants by the criminal justice *****. In a c*****se where three runaway ***** servants, two white and ***** *****, were captured in 1640, the two white servants each received an extra fours years of servitude, while the black was bound for life. In addition, a slave master in 1647 was granted the right to have eight blacks "***** have, hold, occupy, possess and enjoy every one ***** ***** aforementioned Negroes forever." (Owens, 1976)

Between the 1640's and 1670's, a huge gap was developing between the prices for ***** and black indentured servants (Lees). Th***** ***** the nature of ***** slavery. Masters during ***** early colonial ********** offered to pay more for blacks than for whites, mainly because *****long servitude was becoming a norm for *****.

At this point, the true me*****ning of slave ***** defined, as black *****s became the m*****sive slave *****ce of the South. White indentured servants became a thing of the past and ***** master-***** relationship deteriorated.

Blacks ***** no longer seen as indentured servants, ***** their white ***** had no intention of setting them free (Cooper, 1991). *****ey were now seen as the best solution to the increasing *****ern demand for fast and cheap labor. Their masters saw ***** as efficient labor "machines." In addition, they were better than white indentured ***** because they were foreign to the country so ***** could not escape and blend ***** the country.

***** this time, slaves ***** be e*****ily exploited by ***** masters and forced into a life of servitude (Lees). Blacks were denied legal and political

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