Essay - History of the Master-slave Relationship When Studying the History of...


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History of the Master-Slave Relationship

When studying the history ***** the master-slave relationship, one must consider that slavery is a dyn*****mic institution, and that the relationship between masters and slaves dramatically altered over time. The changes ***** occurred in this ***** are largely attributed to events that occurred throughout history, including early colonial America, the effects of the *****n Revolution, and ***** Industrial Revolution.

In 1619, the Dutch brought the first African slaves into North America in 1619 and twenty "negars" were sold to ***** ***** settlers in Jamestown, Virg*****ia (Lees, 1998). This was the starting point and the slave trade would remain in America for close on two hundred and fifty years be*****e it ***** outlawed.

At first, the ***** relationship was somewhat more relaxed than it ***** be years later. Many of ***** first black *****s ***** treated as indentured servants, with a limited period ***** servitude, before their ***** would grant them liberty and land. However, by 1660, a full system of bl*****ck ***** was in operation and the master-slave relationship became worse.

Many of ***** early colonial Southern masters treated blacks like they were inferior to the white population (Elkins, 1976). The first American census, which was established in 1629, segregated blacks from *****s. Slave masters often did not provide personal names for the slaves, instead treating ********** as objects.

There is also evidence ***** prove that black indentured servants were ***** far more harshly than white indentured servants by the criminal justice system. In a case where three runaway indentured servants, two white and ***** *****, were captured in 1640, the two ***** servants each received an extra fours years of servitude, while the black was bound for life. In addition, a slave master in 1647 was granted the right to have eight ***** "to have, hold, occupy, possess and enjoy every one ***** ***** aforementi*****d Negroes forever." (Owens, 1976)

***** the 1640's and 1670's, a huge gap ***** develop*****g between the prices for white and ***** indentured servants (Lees). This ***** the nature of black slavery. Masters during the ***** colonial times *****fered to pay ***** for blacks than for whites, mainly because *****long servitude was becoming a norm for blacks.

At this point, the true meaning of slave ***** defined, as black ********** became the m*****sive slave force of ***** South. White indentured ***** became a thing ***** the past and ***** master-***** ***** deteriorated.

Blacks ***** no longer seen as indentured servants, ***** their white masters had no intention of setting them free (Cooper, 1991). They were now seen as the best solution to the incre*****ing ***** demand for fast and cheap labor. Their masters saw ***** as efficient labor "machines." In addition, they were better than white indentured ***** because they were foreign to the country so ***** could not escape and blend ***** the country.

***** this time, slaves ***** be easily exploited by *****ir masters and forced into a life of servitude (Lees). Blacks were denied legal and political

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