Essay - History of the Master-slave Relationship When Studying the History of...


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History of the Master-Slave Relationship

When studying the history of ***** master-slave relationship, one must consider that slavery is a dyn*****mic institution, and that the relationship between masters and slaves dramatically altered over time. The changes ***** occurred in this relationship are largely attributed to events that occurred throughout history, including early colonial America, the effects of the *****n Revolution, and the Industrial Revolution.

In 1619, the Dutch brought the first African ***** into North America in ***** and twenty "negars" were sold to ***** ***** settlers in James*****wn, Virg*****ia (Lees, 1998). This was the starting point and the slave trade would remain in ***** for close on two hundred and fifty years before it was outlawed.

At first, the ***** relati*****ship was somewhat more relaxed than it ***** be years later. Many of ***** first black slaves were treated as ********** servants, with a limited period of servitude, ***** their masters would grant them liberty and land. However, by 1660, a full system of bl*****ck ***** was in operation and the master-slave relationship became worse.

Many of ***** early colonial Southern masters ***** blacks like they were inferior to the white population (Elkins, 1976). The ***** American census, which was established in 1629, segregated blacks from **********. Slave masters often did not provide personal names for the *****, instead treating them as objects.

*****re is also evidence to prove that black indentured servants were treated far more harshly than white indentured servants by the criminal justice system. In a case where three runaway indentured servants, two white and ***** black, were captured in 1640, the two ***** servants each received an extra fours years of servitude, while the black was bound for life. In addition, a slave master ***** 1647 was gr*****ted the right to have eight blacks "***** have, hold, occupy, possess and enjoy every one of ***** aforementi*****d Negroes forever." (Owens, 1976)

***** the 1640's and 1670's, a huge gap was developing between the prices for white and black indentured servants (Lees). Th***** altered the nature of ***** *****ry. Masters during the ***** colonial ********** offered to pay more for blacks ***** for whites, mainly because ********** servitude ***** becoming a norm ***** *****.

***** ***** point, the true meaning of slave was defined, as black ********** became the m*****sive slave force ***** ***** South. White indentured servants became a thing of the past and ***** master-***** ***** deteriorated.

Blacks were no longer seen as indentured servants, as their white masters had no intention of setting ***** free (Cooper, 1991). They ***** ********** seen as the best solution to the incre*****ing Southern dem***** for fast and cheap labor. Their ***** saw them as efficient labor "machines." In *****, they were better than white indentured ***** because they were foreign to the country so *****y could not escape and blend into the country.

During this time, slaves could be e*****ily exploited by ***** masters and forced into a life of servitude (Lees). Blacks were denied legal and political

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