Essay - History of the Master-slave Relationship When Studying the History of...


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History of the Master-Slave Relationship

***** studying the history of the master-slave relationship, one must consider that slavery is a dyn*****mic institution, and that the relationship between masters and slaves dramatically altered over time. The changes ***** occurred in this ***** are largely attributed to events that occurred throughout history, including early colonial America, the effects of the American Revolution, and the Industrial *****.

In 1619, ***** Dutch brought the first African slaves into North America in 1619 and twenty "negars" were sold to the ***** settlers in James*****wn, Virginia (Lees, 1998). This was the starting point and the slave trade would remain in America for close on two hundred ***** fifty years be*****e it ***** outlawed.

***** first, the master-***** relationship was somewhat more relaxed than it ***** be years later. Many of the first black slaves ***** treated as indentured servants, w*****h a limited period ***** servitude, before their ***** would grant them liberty and land. However, by 1660, a full system of bl*****ck ***** was in operation and the master-slave ***** became worse.

Many of the early colonial Southern masters ***** blacks like they were inferior to the white population (Elkins, 1976). The first American census, which ***** established in 1629, segregated blacks from **********. Slave masters *****ten did not provide personal names for the slaves, instead treating them as objects.

There is also evidence to prove that black ***** servants ***** treated far more harshly than white indentured servants by the criminal justice system. In a c*****se where three runaway indentured servants, two white and one *****, were captured in 1640, the two ***** servants each received an extra fours years of servitude, while ***** black was bound for life. In addition, a slave master ***** 1647 was gr*****ted the right to have eight ***** "to have, hold, occupy, possess and enjoy every one ***** the aforementioned Negroes forever." (Owens, 1976)

***** ***** 1640's and 1670's, a huge gap was developing between the prices for white and black indentured servants (Lees). Th***** altered the nature of ***** **********. Masters during the early colonial times *****fered to pay ***** for blacks ***** for whites, mainly because lifelong servitude ***** becoming a norm for bl*****cks.

***** this point, the true meaning of slave was defined, as black *****s became the massive slave *****ce of ***** South. White indentured servants became a thing of the past and ***** master-slave relationship deteriorated.

Blacks were no longer seen as ***** servants, as their white ***** had no intention of setting ***** free (Cooper, 1991). ********** ***** now seen as the best solution to the incre*****ing ***** dem***** for fast and cheap labor. Their masters saw them as efficient labor "machines." In *****, they were better than white indentured servants because ***** were foreign to the country so *****y could not escape and blend into the country.

During this time, slaves ***** be easily exploited ***** ***** masters and forced into a life of servitude (Lees). Bl*****cks were denied legal and political

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