Essay - History of the Master-slave Relationship When Studying the History of...


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History of the Master-Slave Relationship

***** studying the history of the master-slave relationship, one must consider that slavery is a dyn*****mic institution, and that the relationship between masters and slaves dramatically altered over time. The changes that occurred in this ***** are largely attributed to events that occurred throughout history, including early colonial America, the effects ***** the *****n Revolution, and ***** Industrial *****.

In 1619, the Dutch brought the first African ***** into North America in 1619 and twenty "negars" were sold to ***** early settlers in James*****wn, Virg*****ia (Lees, 1998). This was the starting point and the slave trade would remain in ***** for close on two hundred ***** fifty years be*****e it ***** outlawed.

At first, the ***** relationship was somewhat more relaxed than it ***** be years later. Many of ***** first black ********** were treated as indentured servants, with a limited period ***** servitude, ********** their masters would grant them liberty and land. However, by 1660, a full system of bl*****ck slavery was in operation and the master-slave ***** became worse.

Many of the early colonial Southern ***** ***** blacks like they were inferior to the white population (Elkins, 1976). The first American census, which was established in 1629, segregated blacks from whites. Slave masters often did not provide personal names for the slaves, instead treating them as objects.

*****re is also evidence to prove that black ***** servants ***** treated far more harshly than white indentured servants ***** the criminal justice system. In a c*****se where three runaway indentured servants, two white and ***** black, were captured in 1640, the two ***** ***** each received an extra fours years of servitude, while ***** black was bound for life. In addition, a slave master ***** 1647 was *****ed the right to have eight *****s "***** have, hold, occupy, possess and enjoy every one of ***** aforementi*****d Negroes forever." (Owens, 1976)

Between the 1640's and 1670's, a huge gap ***** developing between the prices for white and black indentured servants (Lees). Th***** ***** the nature of ***** **********. Masters during ***** early colonial ********** offered to pay more for blacks ***** for whites, mainly because *****long servitude was becoming a norm for *****.

***** ***** point, the true me*****ning of slave ***** defined, as black *****s became the m*****sive slave *****ce of the South. White indentured ***** became a thing of the past and ***** master-slave relationship deteriorated.

Blacks ***** no longer seen as indentured servants, as their white ***** had no intention of setting ***** free (Cooper, 1991). They were ********** seen as the best solution to the incre*****ing Southern demand for fast and cheap labor. Their masters saw them as efficient labor "machines." In addition, they were better than white indentured servants because they were foreign to the country so ***** could not escape and blend ***** ***** country.

During this time, slaves could be e*****ily exploited by ***** masters and forced into a life of servitude (Lees). Bl*****cks were denied legal and political

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