Essay - History of the Master-slave Relationship When Studying the History of...


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History of the Master-Slave Relationship

When studying the history of the master-slave relationship, one must consider that slavery is a dynamic institution, and that the relationship between masters and slaves dramatically altered over time. The changes ***** occurred in this relationship are largely attributed to events that ***** throughout history, including early colonial America, the effects of the *****n Revolution, and ***** Industrial Revolution.

In 1619, the Dutch brought the first African slaves into North America in ***** and twenty "negars" were sold to the ***** settlers in James*****wn, Virginia (Lees, 1998). This was the starting point and the slave trade would remain in ***** for close on two hundred ***** fifty years before it was outlawed.

***** first, the master-slave relati*****ship ***** somewhat more relaxed than it would be years later. Many of ***** first black slaves ***** treated as indentured servants, with a limited period ***** servitude, ***** their masters would grant them li*****rty and land. However, by 1660, a full system of black slavery was in operation and the master-slave relationship became worse.

Many of ***** early colonial Southern ***** treated *****s like they were inferior to the white population (Elkins, 1976). The first American census, which was established in 1629, segregated blacks from whites. Slave masters *****ten did not provide personal names for the *****, instead treating ********** as objects.

There is also evidence to prove that black indentured servants were ***** far more harshly than white indentured ***** ***** the criminal justice *****. In a c*****se where three runaway indentured servants, two white and one black, were captured in 1640, the two white ***** each received an extra fours years of servitude, while the black was bound for life. In addition, a slave master in 1647 was gr*****ted the right to have eight *****s "to have, hold, occupy, possess and enjoy every one of the aforementioned Negroes forever." (Owens, 1976)

***** the 1640's and 1670's, a huge gap was develop*****g between the prices for ***** and black indentured servants (Lees). Th***** ***** the nature of black slavery. Masters during ***** early colonial times *****fered to pay ***** for blacks than for *****, mainly because *****long servitude ***** becoming a norm ***** *****.

At this point, the true me*****ning of slave was defined, as black *****s became the massive slave force ***** ***** South. White indentured ***** became a thing of the past and ***** master-slave ***** deteriorated.

Blacks ***** no longer seen as ***** servants, ***** their white ***** had no intention of setting them free (Cooper, 1991). They were ********** seen as the best solution to the increasing ***** demand for fast and cheap labor. Their masters saw ***** as efficient labor "machines." In addition, they were better than white indentured servants because they were foreign to the country so *****y could not escape and blend ***** the country.

During this time, slaves ***** be e*****ily exploited by ***** masters and forced into a life ***** servitude (Lees). Bl*****cks were denied legal and political

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