Essay - History of the Master-slave Relationship When Studying the History of...


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History of the Master-Slave Relationship

***** studying the history of ***** master-slave relationship, one must consider that slavery is a dyn*****mic institution, and that the relationship between masters and slaves dramatically altered over time. The changes that occurred in this relationship are largely attributed to events that ***** throughout history, including early colonial America, the effects ***** the *****n Revolution, and ***** Industrial Revolution.

In 1619, the Dutch brought the first African slaves into North America in ***** and twenty "negars" were sold to ***** early settlers in Jamestown, Virginia (Lees, 1998). This was the starting point and the slave trade would remain in America for close on two hundred and fifty years be*****e it ***** outlawed.

At first, the ***** relationship was somewhat more relaxed than it would be years later. Many of the first black slaves ***** treated as indentured servants, w*****h a limited period of servitude, ********** their masters would grant them liberty and land. However, by 1660, a full system ***** bl*****ck ***** was in operation and the master-slave relationship became worse.

Many of the ***** colonial Southern ***** treated blacks like they were inferior to the ********** population (Elkins, 1976). The first American census, which ***** established in 1629, segregated blacks from whites. Slave masters *****ten did not provide personal names for the slaves, instead treating them as objects.

There is also evidence to prove that black ***** servants were treated far more harshly than white indentured ***** ***** the criminal justice system. In a case where three runaway ***** servants, two white and one *****, were captured in 1640, the two ***** ***** each received an extra fours years of servitude, while the black was bound for life. In addition, a slave master ***** 1647 was granted the right to have eight ***** "***** have, hold, occupy, possess and enjoy every ***** of the aforementioned Negroes forever." (Owens, 1976)

***** ***** 1640's and 1670's, a huge gap was developing between the prices for white and black indentured servants (Lees). Th***** altered the nature of black *****ry. Masters during the early colonial times *****fered to pay more for blacks than for *****, mainly because ********** servitude was becoming a norm ***** *****.

***** ***** point, the true me*****ning of slave ***** defined, as black Africans became the m*****sive slave force ***** the South. White indentured servants became a thing of the past and the master-slave ***** deteriorated.

Blacks ***** no longer seen as ***** servants, ***** their ***** masters had no intention of setting ***** free (Cooper, 1991). They were now seen as the best solution ***** the incre*****ing ***** demand for fast and cheap labor. Their masters saw them as efficient labor "machines." In *****, they were better than white indentured servants because ***** were foreign to the country so *****y could not escape and blend into the country.

During this time, slaves ***** be easily exploited by *****ir masters and forced into a life of servitude (Lees). Blacks were denied legal and political

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