Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...

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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal *****

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic Psychologies and Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the ***** Psychologies do not agree on basic questi*****s having to do with human personality and change as a result from their widely different origins. Signific*****ntly different programs ***** application and therapy ***** used by these psychologies. And they do not agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But ***** do agree ***** their basic approaches.

The Transpersonal ***** find their similarities in ***** approach to the body-mind relationships ***** trans*****mation. Essentially they believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put *****r ***** at peace, ***** body will respond. Based on the work of Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpersonal" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to the hum*****n condition as essentially healthy and full of potential, not as ill ***** diseased (Schneider,2004).

The mind is everything to the Transpersonal psychologies. The ***** is just the "crust" covering the transpersonal essence, that *****, the mind and soul ***** spirit ***** navigates ***** body through the world. The psychotic and unstable are seen as not having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind has. Yet the "normal" mind still has not reached its full potential and it is believed that there are several steps upward from the normal in***** disidentification ***** one's ***** or personal identity, with recognition of object impermanence or transiency. This stage is typified ***** the states of consciousness obtained by advanced meditators. A further step in development may be obtained when the person realizes ***** Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), and the relative state of ***** reality, as ***** in saints ***** mystics. (Cortright, 1997)

Similar to the ********** Transcendental Meditation," the Transpersonal psychologies study the different ***** of consciousness, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. ***** psychologies believe ***** there ***** a mystical experience that becomes permanent, and through development ***** ***** ***** or stations of *****, one can come ***** live in superconscious state cont*****ually. (Daniels, 2005)

An offspring of Freud and his successors, Jung, Rank, ***** Reich. Roberto Assagioli, ***** believed in a superconscious, as well ***** a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated ***** and depth psychology, based on the beliefs ***** ***** Jung. The transpersonal psychologists like to say that ***** ***** be most simply defined as spiritual *****, recognizing ***** humanity ***** both drives toward sex ***** aggression and drives ***** wholeness, toward connecting ***** and experiencing the divine. *****y believe one *****not separate the ***** and the psychological, as the mainstream ***** have up to this time. Originally, ***** texts of ancient India, China and Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated with religion. But in the 18th and 19th centuries *****malized *****


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