Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...

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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic ***** and Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the ***** Psychologies do not agree on basic questions having to do ***** human personality ***** change as a result from their widely different origins. Signific*****ntly different programs of application and therapy are used by these psychologies. And they do ***** agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But they do agree ***** their basic approaches.

***** Transpersonal ***** find their similarities in ***** approach to the body-m*****d relationships ***** transformation. Essentially ********** believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put your ***** at peace, the body will respond. Based on the work ***** Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpersonal" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to ***** ***** condition *****s essentially healthy ***** full of potential, not as ill and diseased (Schneider,2004).

The mind is everything to the Transpersonal psychologies. The ***** ***** just the "crust" covering ***** ***** essence, ***** is, the mind and soul ***** spirit that navigates ***** body through the world. The psychotic and unstable ***** seen as not having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind h*****. Yet the "normal" mind st***** has not reached its full potential and it is believed ***** there are several steps upward ***** the normal in***** disidentification from one's personality or personal identity, with recognition of object impermanence ***** transiency. This stage is typified by the states of consciousness obtained by advanced meditators. A further step in development may be obtained when the person realizes the Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), ***** the relative state of normal reality, as ***** in saints and mystics. (Cortright, 1997)

Similar to the mystics' Transcendental Meditation," the ***** psycholog*****s study the different states ***** *****, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. Transpersonal psychologies believe that there ***** a mystical experience that becomes permanent, and through development of ***** states or stations ***** consciousness, one can come ***** live in superconscious state cont*****u*****y. (Daniels, 2005)

***** offspring of Freud and his successors, Jung, Rank, ***** Reich. Roberto Assagioli, ***** believed in a superconscious, *****s well as a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated transpersonal and depth psychology, b*****ed on the beliefs ***** Carl Jung. The transpers*****al psychologists like to say ***** they may be most simply defined as spiritual *****, ***** that humanity has both drives *****ward sex ***** aggression and drives toward wholeness, ***** connecting with ***** experiencing the divine. *****y believe one ********** separate the ***** and ***** psychological, as the mainstream psychologies have up to this time. Originally, ***** texts of ancient India, China ***** Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated ***** religion. ***** in the 18th and 19th centuries formalized psychology


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