Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...


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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal *****

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic Psychologies and Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the Existential-Humanistic Psychologies do not agree on basic questi*****s having to do with human personality ***** change as a result from their widely different origins. Signific*****ntly different programs of application and therapy are used by these psychologies. And they do not agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But they do agree on their basic approaches.

***** Transpers*****al Psychologies find their similarities in ***** approach to the body-mind relationships and transformation. Essentially they believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put your ***** at peace, ***** body will respond. Based on the work ***** Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpers*****al" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to the human condition as essentially healthy ***** full of potential, not as ill and diseased (Schneider,2004).

***** mind is everything to ***** Transpersonal *****. The body ***** just the "crust" covering ***** ***** essence, ***** is, the mind and soul and spirit that navigates the body through the world. The psychotic and unstable ***** seen as ***** having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind h*****. Yet the "*****" mind still has not reached its full potential and it is believed ***** there are several steps upward ***** the normal into d*****identification from one's personality or personal identity, with recognition ***** object impermanence or transiency. This stage is typified by the states of consciousness obtained ***** advanced meditators. A further step in development may be obta*****ed when the person realizes the Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), ***** the relative state of n*****mal reality, as ***** in saints and mystics. (Cortright, 1997)

Similar to the ********** Transcendental Meditation," the ***** psychologies study the ***** ***** of consciousness, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. Transpersonal psychologies believe that there ***** a mystical experience ***** becomes permanent, and through development of one's ***** or stations ***** *****, one can come ***** live in superconscious state continually. (Daniels, 2005)

An offspring of Freud and his successors, Jung, Rank, ***** Reich. Roberto Assagioli, ***** believed in a superconscious, ********** well as a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated transpersonal and depth psychology, b*****ed on the beliefs ***** Carl Jung. The transpersonal psychologists like to say that they may be most simply defined as spiritual *****, ***** ***** humanity has both drives *****ward sex ***** aggression and drives toward wholeness, ***** connecting ***** and experiencing the divine. *****y believe one cannot separate the spiritual and ***** psychological, as the mainstream ***** have up to this time. Originally, ***** texts of ancient India, China and Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated with religion. But in the 18th and 19th centuries formalized *****

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