Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...


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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic Psychologies and Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the ***** Psychologies do not agree on basic questions having to do ***** human personality and change as a result from *****ir widely different origins. Significantly different programs ***** application and therapy are used by these psychologies. And they do not agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But they do agree ***** their basic approaches.

***** Transpersonal Psychologies find their similarities in their approach ***** the body-m*****d relationships and trans*****mation. Essentially they believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put *****r ***** at peace, ***** body will respond. Based on the work of Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpersonal" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to the ***** condition as essentially healthy ***** full of potential, ***** as ill and diseased (Schneider,2004).

***** mind is everything to ***** Transpersonal *****. The body ***** just the "crust" covering the transpersonal essence, that is, the mind and soul ***** spirit ***** navigates ***** body through the world. ***** psychotic and unstable ***** seen as not having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind has. Yet the "*****" mind st***** ***** ***** reached its full potential and it is believed that *****re are several steps upward from the normal in***** d*****identification from one's ***** or personal identity, with recognition of object impermanence ***** transiency. This stage is typified ***** the states of consciousness obtained by advanced meditators. A further step in development may be obta*****ed when the person realizes ***** Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), ***** the relative state of normal reality, as seen in saints and mystics. (Cortright, 1997)

Similar to the ********** Transcendental Meditation," the ***** psycholog*****s study the different ***** ***** consciousness, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. Transpersonal psychologies believe that there ***** a mystical experience that becomes permanent, and through development of one's ***** or stations ***** *****, one can come to live in superconscious state continu*****y. (Daniels, 2005)

***** offspring of Freud and his successors, Jung, Rank, ***** Reich. Rober***** Assagioli, ***** believed in a superconscious, *****s well as a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated transpersonal and depth psychology, based on the beliefs of Carl Jung. The transpers*****al psychologists like to say that ***** ***** be most simply defined as spiritual psychologists, ***** that humanity has both drives ********** sex ***** aggression and drives toward wholeness, toward connecting with ***** experiencing the divine. *****y believe one cannot separate the ***** and the psychological, as the mainstream ***** have up to this time. Originally, the texts of ancient India, China and Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated ***** religion. But in the 18th and 19th centuries *****malized psychology

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