Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...


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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic ***** and Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the ***** ***** do not agree on basic questions having to do with human personality and change as a result from *****ir widely different origins. Significantly different programs ***** application and therapy are used by these psychologies. And they do not agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But they do agree ***** their basic approaches.

***** Transpersonal Psychologies find their similarities in their approach ***** the body-m*****d relationships and trans*****mation. Essentially ********** believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put *****r ***** at peace, the body will respond. Based on the work of Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpers*****al" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to the ***** condition *****s essentially healthy and full of potential, ***** as ill and diseased (Schneider,2004).

The mind is everything to the Transpersonal psychologies. The ***** ***** just the "crust" covering the ***** essence, that is, the mind and soul ***** spirit that navigates ***** body through the world. The psychotic and unstable are seen as not having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind has. Yet the "*****" mind st***** ***** not reached its full potential and it is believed that *****re are several steps upward ***** the normal into disidentification from one's personality or personal identity, ***** recognition ***** object impermanence ***** transiency. This stage is typified ***** the states of consciousness obtained by advanced meditators. A further step in development may be obta*****ed when the person realizes the Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), and the relative state of normal reality, as ***** in saints and mystics. (Cortright, 1997)

Similar to the *****' Transcendental Meditation," the ***** psychologies study the different states ***** consciousness, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. Transpersonal psychologies believe that there ***** a mystical experience ***** becomes permanent, and through development of one's ***** or stations of consciousness, one can come to live in superconscious state continually. (Daniels, 2005)

An offspring of Freud and his successors, Jung, Rank, and Reich. Rober***** Assagioli, who believed in a superconscious, as well as a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated transpersonal and depth psychology, based on the beliefs ***** Carl Jung. The transpers*****al psychologists like to say that they may be most simply defined as spiritual psychologists, ***** that humanity has both drives toward sex ***** aggression and drives toward wholeness, toward connecting ***** and experiencing the divine. *****y believe one *****not separate the ***** and ***** psychological, as the mainstream ***** have up to this time. Originally, ***** texts of ancient India, China ***** Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated with religion. But in the 18th and 19th centuries formalized *****

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