Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...

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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic Psychologies ***** Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the Existential-Humanistic Psychologies do not agree on basic questions having to do ***** human personality and change as a result from their widely different origins. Significantly different programs of application and therapy are used by these psychologies. And they do ***** agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But they do agree on their basic approaches.

The Transpersonal Psychologies find their similarities in their approach to the body-mind relationships ***** trans*****mation. Essentially ********** believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put *****r ***** at peace, ***** body will respond. Based on the work of Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpersonal" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to the ***** condition as essentially healthy and full of potential, not as ill and diseased (Schneider,2004).

The mind is everything to the Transpersonal psychologies. The body is just the "crust" covering the ***** essence, that *****, the mind and soul and spirit ***** navigates ***** body through the world. The psychotic and unstable are seen as ***** having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind has. Yet the "normal" mind still has not reached its full potential and it is believed that *****re are several steps upward ***** the normal in***** d*****identification from one's personality or personal identity, with recognition ***** object impermanence ***** transiency. This stage is typified by the states of consciousness obtained by advanced meditators. A further step in development may be obta*****ed when the person realizes the Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), and the relative state of normal reality, as seen in saints and mystics. (Cortright, 1997)

Similar to the mystics' Transcendental Meditation," the ***** psycholog*****s study the different ***** ***** consciousness, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. Transpersonal psychologies believe that there ***** a mystical experience ***** becomes permanent, and through development of one's states or stations of *****, one can come to live in superconscious state continu*****y. (Daniels, 2005)

***** offspring of Freud and his successors, Jung, Rank, ***** Reich. Roberto Assagioli, ***** believed in a superconscious, as well as a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated transpersonal and depth psychology, b*****ed on the beliefs ***** Carl Jung. The transpers*****al psychologists like to say that they may be most simply defined as spiritual *****, recognizing that humanity ***** both drives *****ward sex and aggression ***** drives toward wholeness, ***** connecting with and experiencing the divine. *****y believe one ********** separate the spiritual and ***** psychological, as the mainstream ***** have up to this time. Originally, ***** texts of ancient India, China and Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated with religion. But in the 18th and 19th centuries formalized *****


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