Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...


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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic Psychologies and Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the Existential-Humanistic Psychologies do not agree on basic questions having to do ***** human personality and change as a result from their widely different origins. Signific*****ntly different programs of application and therapy ***** used by these psychologies. And they do ***** agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But ***** do agree on their basic approaches.

***** Transpersonal ***** find their similarities in their approach ***** the body-m*****d relationships ***** transformation. Essentially *****y believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put *****r mind at peace, the body will respond. Based on the work of Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpers*****al" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to the ***** condition *****s essentially healthy ***** full of potential, not as ill and diseased (Schneider,2004).

***** ***** is everything to ***** Transpersonal *****. The body is just the "crust" covering the ***** essence, that is, the mind and soul and spirit that navigates ***** body through the world. The psychotic ***** unstable are seen as not having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind h*****. Yet t*****e "*****" mind st***** has ***** reached its full po*****ntial and it is believed that there are several steps upward ***** the normal into disidentification from one's ***** or personal identity, with recognition ***** object impermanence or transiency. This stage is typified by the states of consciousness obtained by advanced meditators. A further step in development may be obta*****ed when the person realizes ***** Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), ***** the relative state of ***** reality, as seen in saints and mystics. (Cortright, 1997)

Similar to the ********** Transcendental Meditation," the Transpersonal psycholog*****s study the ***** ***** ***** *****, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. Transpersonal psychologies believe that there ***** a mystical experience ***** becomes permanent, and through development of one's ***** or stations of *****, one can come to live in superconscious state continu*****y. (Daniels, 2005)

An offspring of Freud and his successors, Jung, Rank, and Reich. Roberto Assagioli, who believed in a superconscious, ********** well as a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated transpersonal and depth psychology, b*****ed on the beliefs of Carl Jung. The transpers*****al psychologists like to say that they ***** be most simply defined as spiritual *****, recognizing ***** humanity ***** both drives *****ward sex ***** aggression and drives toward wholeness, toward connecting with ***** experiencing the divine. They believe one *****not separate the spiritual and ***** psychological, as the mainstream psychologies have up to this time. Originally, ***** texts of ancient India, China ***** Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated with religion. ***** in the 18th and 19th centuries formalized *****

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