Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...

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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic ***** and Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the Existential-Humanistic ***** do not agree on basic questi*****s having to do with human personality and change as a result from *****ir widely different origins. Significantly different programs of application and therapy are used by these psychologies. And they do not agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But they do agree ***** their basic approaches.

The Transpersonal Psychologies find their similarities in ***** approach to the body-m*****d relationships and transformation. Essentially *****y believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put *****r mind at peace, the body will respond. Based on the work ***** Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpersonal" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to the human condition as essentially healthy ***** full of potential, ***** as ill and diseased (Schneider,2004).

***** mind is everything to ***** Transpersonal *****. The ***** ***** just the "crust" covering ***** ***** essence, that is, the mind and soul ***** spirit ***** navigates ***** body through the world. The psychotic and unstable are seen as not having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind has. Yet the "normal" mind still has ***** reached its full potential and it is believed that there are several steps upward ***** the normal in***** disidentification from one's ***** or personal identity, with recognition of object impermanence or transiency. This stage is typified by the states of consciousness obtained ***** advanced meditat*****s. A further step in development may be obtained when the person realizes the Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), ***** the relative state of ***** reality, as ***** in saints and mystics. (C*****tright, 1997)

Similar to the *****' Transcendental Meditation," the ***** psycholog*****s study the different states ***** consciousness, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. Transpersonal psychologies believe that there ***** a mystical experience ***** becomes permanent, and through development of one's ***** or stations ***** consciousness, one can come ***** live in superconscious state continually. (Daniels, 2005)

An offspring of Freud and his successors, Jung, Rank, and Reich. Roberto Assagioli, ***** believed in a superconscious, *****s well as a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated transpersonal and depth psychology, based on the beliefs of ***** Jung. The transpersonal psychologists like to say that they may be most simply defined as spiritual *****, recognizing ***** humanity ***** both drives toward sex and aggression ***** drives ***** wholeness, toward connecting ***** and experiencing the divine. *****y believe one cannot separate the ***** and ***** psychological, as the mainstream ***** have up to this time. Originally, ***** texts of ancient India, China ***** Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated with religion. ***** in the 18th and 19th centuries formalized psychology


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