Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...


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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic ***** and Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the Existential-Humanistic Psychologies do not agree on basic questi*****s having to do with human personality ***** change as a result from their widely different origins. Signific*****ntly different programs ***** application and therapy ***** used by these psychologies. And they do ***** agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But ***** do agree ***** their basic approaches.

***** Transpersonal Psychologies find their similarities in ***** approach ***** the body-m*****d relationships ***** trans*****mation. Essentially they believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put your mind at peace, ***** body will respond. Based on the work of Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpers*****al" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to ***** ***** condition as essentially healthy ***** full of potential, not as ill and diseased (Schneider,2004).

The ***** is everything to the Transpersonal psychologies. The ***** ***** just the "crust" covering the ***** essence, ***** is, the mind and soul and spirit that navigates the body through ***** world. The psychotic ***** unstable are seen as not having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind h*****. Yet the "*****" mind st***** has ***** reached its full potential and it is believed ***** *****re are several steps upward from the normal into d*****identification from one's ***** or personal identity, ***** recognition of object impermanence ***** transiency. This stage is typified ***** the states of consciousness obtained by advanced meditators. A further step in development may be obta*****ed when the person realizes ***** Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), ***** the relative state of ***** reality, as seen in saints and mystics. (Cortright, 1997)

Similar to the *****' Transcendental Meditation," the ***** psycholog*****s study the different ***** of *****, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. Transpersonal psychologies believe that there is a mystical experience that becomes permanent, and ***** development ***** one's states or stations of consciousness, one can come to live in superconscious state cont*****ually. (Daniels, 2005)

***** offspring of Freud and h***** successors, Jung, Rank, and Reich. Rober***** Assagioli, ***** believed in a superconscious, *****s well as a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated transpersonal and depth psychology, b*****ed on the beliefs of Carl Jung. The transpers*****al psychologists like to say that they may be most simply defined as spiritual *****, recognizing ***** humanity has both drives ********** sex ***** aggression and drives toward wholeness, toward connecting ***** ***** experiencing the divine. *****y believe one *****not separate the spiritual and ***** psychological, as the mainstream ***** have up to this time. Originally, ***** texts of ancient India, China and Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated with religion. But in the 18th and 19th centuries *****malized psychology

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