Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...


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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic ***** and Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the ***** ***** do not agree on basic questi*****s having to do ***** human personality and change as a result from *****ir widely different origins. Significantly different programs ***** application and therapy are used by these psychologies. And they do not agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But ***** do agree ***** their basic approaches.

***** Transpersonal Psychologies find their similarities in ***** approach ***** the body-mind relationships and transformation. Essentially they believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put your ***** at peace, the body will respond. Based on the work of Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpersonal" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to the ***** condition *****s essentially healthy and full of potential, ***** as ill and diseased (Schneider,2004).

The mind is everything to ***** Transpersonal *****. The body is just the "crust" covering ***** ***** essence, ***** is, the mind and soul ***** spirit that navigates ***** body through the world. ***** psychotic and unstable ***** seen as not having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind h*****. Yet the "*****" mind st***** has ***** reached its full potential and it is believed ***** there are several steps upward ***** the normal into d*****identification from one's personality or personal identity, with recognition ***** object impermanence or transiency. This stage is typified ***** the states of consciousness obtained by advanced meditat*****s. A further step in development may be obtained when the person realizes the Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), ***** the relative state of ***** reality, as ***** in saints and mystics. (Cortright, 1997)

Similar to the *****' Transcendental Meditation," the ***** psycholog*****s study the different states ***** *****, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. Transpersonal psychologies believe that there ***** a mystical experience that becomes permanent, and ***** development of ***** ***** or stations of consciousness, one can come ***** live in superconscious state continually. (Daniels, 2005)

An offspring of Freud and his successors, Jung, Rank, ***** Reich. Roberto Assagioli, ***** believed in a superconscious, ********** well as a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated transpersonal and depth psychology, based on the beliefs ***** Carl Jung. The transpersonal psychologists like to say that they ***** be most simply defined as spiritual psychologists, recognizing ***** humanity ***** both drives ********** sex and aggression and drives toward wholeness, toward connecting ***** ***** experiencing the divine. They believe one cannot separate the ***** and ***** psychological, as the mainstream psychologies have up to this time. Originally, ***** texts of ancient India, China and Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated with religion. But in the 18th and 19th centuries formalized *****

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