Essay - Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies Existential-humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal Psychologies...


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Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychologies

Existential-Humanistic Psychology Compared with Transpersonal *****

There are fundamental differences between Existential-Humanistic Psychologies and Transpersonal Psychologies. First of all, the ***** ***** do not agree on basic questi*****s having to do with human personality and change as a result from their widely different origins. Significantly different programs of application and therapy ***** used by these psychologies. And they do not agree on the final goal for the human psyche. But ***** do agree on their basic approaches.

***** Transpers*****al Psychologies find their similarities in ***** approach to the body-mind relationships ***** trans*****mation. Essentially they believe that the mind controls the body and if you can put *****r mind at peace, ***** body will respond. Based on the work ***** Carl Jung, who first coined the term "transpers*****al" (uberpersonlich) in the phrase "transpersonal unconscious" which he used as a synonym for his well-known "collective unconscious," it refers to the ***** condition *****s essentially healthy ***** full of potential, ***** as ill and diseased (Schneider,2004).

The mind is everything to ***** Transpersonal *****. The body ***** just the "crust" covering the ***** essence, that is, the mind and soul and spirit ***** navigates ***** body through the world. ***** psychotic ***** unstable are seen as not having developed and achieved object constancy or ego identity, as the normal mind h*****. Yet t*****e "*****" mind still has not reached its full po*****ntial and it is believed that there are several steps upward ***** the normal into disidentification from one's personality or personal identity, with recognition ***** object impermanence ***** transiency. This stage is typified ***** the states of consciousness obtained by advanced meditators. A further step in development may be obta*****ed when the person realizes the Supreme Identity (i.e., enlightenment or connection with God), and the relative state of n*****mal reality, as ***** in saints and mystics. (Cortright, 1997)

Similar to the mystics' Transcendental Meditation," the Transpersonal psychologies study the different ***** of consciousness, recognizing certain states in attaining them, such as dreaming, hypnotic trance, "waking" consciousness and all their sub-levels. Transpersonal psychologies believe that there is a mystical experience that becomes permanent, and ***** development ***** ***** states or stations of consciousness, one can come to live in superconscious state cont*****ually. (Daniels, 2005)

***** offspring of Freud and h***** successors, Jung, Rank, and Reich. Rober***** Assagioli, who believed in a superconscious, as well ***** a subconscious, the therapeutic stream integrated transpersonal and depth psychology, based on the beliefs ***** Carl Jung. The transpers*****al psychologists like to say that ***** ***** be most simply defined as spiritual *****, ***** ***** humanity has both drives toward sex and aggression and drives toward wholeness, ***** connecting with and experiencing the divine. They believe one cannot separate the ***** and the psychological, as the mainstream ***** have up to this time. Originally, the texts of ancient India, China and Greece did not distinguish between the psyche or spirit and practices associated with religion. But in the 18th and 19th centuries *****malized psychology

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