Essay - Impact of Socialism on 19th Century Working Class Socialism is...


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IMPACT OF SOCIALISM ON 19TH CENTURY WORKING CLASS

Socialism is deeply connected with the Industrial Revolution of 18th century that resulted in emergence of a working class that had little or no rights and was ruthlessly exploited by ***** capital*****t bourgeois. Everything was suddenly under the control of ***** rich business class that could afford to treat poor *****es in the way it deemed fit. "The Industrial ***** had many pr*****ound effects on European civilization. It rendered much of the old aristocracy irrelevant, boosted ***** bourgeoisie to economic ***** political power, and drafted ***** of the old peasant class *****to its factories. ***** result was naturally a shift in attitude toward wealth." (Paul Brians, 1998, reference 3) While it is true that because of Industrial revolution that ***** poor people were able to find better-paid jobs but we must pay attention to how economics works in order ***** underst***** just why a large section of poor workers never found any change in *****ir living standard. In fact most of them encountered *****er working conditions and even worse ***** standard when they left their villages for cities and *****. Positive economic changes create jobs in any region but when the people look*****g for work exceed the number of jobs available, those very economic changes fail to bring about a major social trans*****mation. This is exactly what happened in the Victorian age when ********** was at its peak, leading to a rapid increase in ***** ***** of urban poor.

***** phenomenon gave rise to socialism, a movement th*****t focused on equal rights for all and believed that ownership of capital and land must rest with the state and not private individuals. Thus socialism reflected ***** sentiments of the urban poor who had been suffering at the hands of capitalist forces. early socialists *****re treated like radicals but gradu*****y *****ir theories and ideas gained prominence so much so that it became as big a force as capitalism. Socialism basically voiced the feelings ***** workers and *****refore working class s*****od to benefit the ***** from this movement. Worker ***** ***** class were at the core of all socialist ideals and early socialism was based ***** ***** idea that "The worker is related to the product ***** his labor as to an alien object. For on his premise it is clear that ***** more the worker spends himself, ***** more powerful the alien objective world becomes which he *****s over-against himself, the poorer he *****—***** inner world-- becomes, the less belongs ***** him as his own. ***** is ***** same as in religion. The more man puts into God, the less he retains in *****self. The worker ***** ***** life into the object; but now his life no longer belongs to him but the object." (Taken from Economic ***** Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844)

Socialism targeted the class system that had emerged out of industrial ***** and ***** believed in the development ***** a cl*****ssless society. In the 19th century, when *****dustrialization had taken its *****ll

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