Essay - Impact of Socialism on 19th Century Working Class Socialism is...


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IMPACT OF SOCIALISM ON 19TH CENTURY WORKING CLASS

Socialism is deeply connected with the Industrial Revolution of 18th century that resulted in emergence of a working class that had little or no rights and was ruthlessly exploited by the capitalist bourgeois. Everything was suddenly under the control ***** ***** rich business class ***** could afford to treat poor classes in the way it deemed fit. "The Industrial ***** had many profound effects on European civilization. It rendered much of the old aris*****cracy irrelevant, boosted the bourgeoisie to economic ***** political power, and drafted ***** of the old peasant class ********** its factories. ***** result was naturally a shift in attitude toward wealth." (Paul Brians, 1998, reference 3) While it is true that because of Industrial revolution ***** many poor people were able to find better-paid jobs but we must pay attention to how *****s works in order to underst***** just why a large section ***** poor workers never found any change in their living standard. In fact most of them encountered poorer working conditions and even worse living standard when they left their villages for cities and *****. Positive economic changes create ***** in any region but when the people looking for work exceed the number of jobs avail*****, those very economic changes fail ***** bring about a major social trans*****mation. Th***** is exactly what happened in the Victorian age when Industrialism was at its peak, leading to a rapid increase in the number of urban poor.

This phenomenon gave rise to socialism, a movement th***** focused on equ*****l rights for all and believed that ownership of capital and land must rest with the state and not private individuals. Thus socialism reflected ***** sentiments of the ***** poor who had been suffering at the hands of ***** forces. early socialists *****re treated like radicals but gradu*****y *****ir theories and ideas gained prominence so much so that it became as big a force as *****ism. Socialism basically voiced the feelings ***** workers and therefore working class stood to benefit the most from this movement. Worker and working class were at the core of all socialist ideals and early socialism was based on the idea that "The worker is related to ***** product ***** his labor as to an alien object. For on his premise it is clear that the more the worker spends himself, the more powerful the alien objective world becomes which he *****s over-against himself, the ***** he *****—***** inner world-- becomes, the less belongs ***** him as his own. ***** is ***** same as in religion. The more man puts into God, the less he retains in himself. The worker puts ***** life into the object; but now his life no longer ***** to him but the object." (Taken from Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844)

Socialism targeted the cl*****s system that ***** emerged out of industrial ***** ***** ***** ***** in the development of a classless society. In the 19th century, when ********** had taken its *****ll

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