Essay - Impact of Socialism on 19th Century Working Class Socialism is...


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IMPACT OF SOCIALISM ON 19TH CENTURY WORKING CLASS

Socialism is deeply connected with the Industrial Revolution of 18th century that resulted in emergence of a working class that had little or no rights and was ruthlessly exploited by the capitalist bourgeois. Everything was suddenly under the control of the rich business class ***** could afford to treat poor *****es in the way it deemed fit. "The Industrial ***** had many pr*****ound effects on European civilization. It rendered much of the old aristocracy irrelevant, boosted ***** bourgeoisie to economic and political power, and drafted ***** of the old peasant class ********** its factories. The result was naturally a shift in attitude toward wealth." (Paul Brians, 1998, reference 3) While it is true that because of Industrial revolution ***** many poor people were able to find better-paid jobs but we must pay attention to how *****s works in order ***** understand just why a l*****rge section of poor workers never found any change ***** their living standard. In fact most of them encountered poorer ***** conditions and even worse ***** standard when they left their villages for cities and factories. Positive economic changes create jobs in any region but when the ***** looking for work exceed the number of jobs available, those very ***** changes fail to bring about a m*****jor social trans*****mation. Th***** is exactly what happened in the Victorian age when Industrialism was at its peak, leading to a rapid increase in ***** number of urban poor.

This phenomenon gave rise ***** *****ism, a movement that focused on equal rights for all and believed ***** ownership of capital and land must rest with the state and not private *****dividuals. Thus socialism reflected ***** sentiments of the ***** poor who had been suffering at the h*****s of *****ist forces. early socialists *****re treated like radicals but gradu*****y *****ir theories and ideas gained prominence so much so that it became as big a force as capitalism. Socialism basically voiced the feelings ***** workers and *****refore working class stood to benefit the most from this movement. Worker and working class were at the core of all socialist ideals and early socialism was based on the idea that "The worker is related to the product of his labor as to an alien object. For on his premise it is clear ***** ***** more the ***** spends himself, ***** more powerful the ***** objective world becomes which he creates over-against himself, the ***** he *****—***** inner world-- becomes, the less belongs ***** him as his own. ***** is ***** same as in religion. The more man puts into God, the less he retains in *****self. The worker puts ***** life into the object; but now his life no longer belongs to him but the object." (Taken from Economic ***** Philosophical Manuscripts ***** 1844)

Socialism targeted the class system that had emerged out of industrial revolution and it ***** in the development ***** a ********** society. In the 19th century, when *****dustri*****lization had taken *****s toll

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