Essay - Impact of Socialism on 19th Century Working Class Socialism is...


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IMPACT OF SOCIALISM ON 19TH CENTURY WORKING CLASS

Socialism is deeply connected with the Industrial Revolution of 18th century that resulted in emergence of a working class that had little or no rights and was ruthlessly exploited by ***** capitalist bourgeois. Everything was suddenly under the control of the rich business class ***** could afford to treat poor *****es in the way it deemed fit. "The Industrial ***** had many profound effects on European civilization. It rendered much of the old aristocracy irrelevant, boosted ***** bourgeoisie to eco*****mic and political power, and drafted much of the old peasant class ********** its factories. ***** result was naturally a shift in attitude toward wealth." (Paul Brians, 1998, reference 3) While it is true that because of Industrial revolution ***** many ***** people were able to find better-paid jobs but we must pay attention to how economics works in order to understand just why a large section ***** poor workers never found any change in their liv*****g standard. In fact most of them encountered ********** ***** conditions and even worse living standard when they left their villages for cities and *****. Positive economic changes create jobs in any region but ***** the ***** look*****g for work exceed the number of jobs avail*****, those very ***** changes fail to bring about a major social trans*****mation. This is exactly what happened in the Victorian age when Industrialism was at its peak, leading to a rapid increase in the number of urban poor.

***** phenomenon gave rise ***** *****ism, a movement that focused on equal rights for all and believed ***** ownership of capital and land must rest with the state and not private *****dividuals. Thus socialism reflected the sentiments of the urban poor who had been suffering at the hands of ***** forces. early socialists *****re treated like radicals but gradu*****y their theories and ideas gained prominence so much so that it became as big a force as **********. Socialism basically voiced the feelings of workers and therefore working class stood to benefit the ***** from this movement. Worker and ***** class were at the core ***** all socialist ideals and early socialism was based ***** ***** idea ***** "The worker is related to the product of his labor as to an alien object. For on his premise it is clear that the more the ***** spends himself, the more powerful ***** alien objective world becomes which he creates over-against himself, the poorer he *****—his inner world-- becomes, the less belongs to him as his own. ***** is ***** same as in religion. The more man puts into God, the less he retains in *****self. The worker puts his life into the object; but now ***** life no longer ***** to him but the object." (Taken from Economic ***** Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844)

Socialism targeted the cl*****s system that ***** emerged out of industrial ***** and ***** believed in the development of a classless society. In the 19th century, when industrialization had taken its *****ll

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