Essay - Importance of the Study of Personality Personality: A Distinctive and...

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Importance of the Study of Personality

*****: a distinctive *****nd relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives and emotions that characterizes an individual.

***** use a v*****riety ***** tests to determine *****d study a vast number of personality traits among groups of people. They've found ***** although everyone exhibits five ***** ten central traits that determine how we react to different people and various situations, not all ***** carry the same *****ight in ********** importance in someone's life. (Where you might fear speaking in front of a crowd, for example, I may find it invigorating and fun.) We all have secondary tra*****s, too (food preferences, for *****, or how we feel about a style ***** dress), but these aren't as stable ***** the central traits. Although secondary traits can change as we mature ***** grow, central ***** generally stick with us our entire lives. The ***** traits that remain relatively stable throughout a *****time include whether you're an extrovert (outgoing and vivacious) or an introvert (shy or reclusive); how ********** you h*****dle negative emotions, such as anger, hate or guilt; ***** or ***** you're ***** good-natured; y***** degree of assuming responsibility (are you conscientious, or a flake?); and how willing you ***** to accept new challenges or experiences.

It's been determined ***** most of these ***** central traits ***** to do with our heredity, which explains how twins, possibly separated during their formative years, can meet as adults ***** have very similar personalities. But this isn't always the case: Two children born to ***** same parents can have totally opposite personalities. How is this possible? Environment also plays a part in shaping our personalities. Not all ***** ***** are equally affected by heredity or environment, and one's personality isn't rigid - it can ***** as we mature ***** according to life experiences. Therefore, *****'s important to remember that although genetics play an import*****t role in determining one's *****, ***** doesn't imply ***** certain traits are inevitable.

Other theorists (called "behaviorists") suggest that personality has a lot ***** do ***** situations; ***** positive or negative reinforcement of certain acts (whether it's using a napkin at the table, or committing a crime ***** getting away with it) determines and shapes personality. Behaviorists, in fact, *****n't consider th***** ***** have "*****" as much as we demonstrate certain behavior patterns (such as when a te*****cher ***** label a student as "bright" or "slow"; "aggressive" or "cooperative"). Some psychologists think this is taking the easy way out - that it suggests that under the appropriate circumstances, anyone could just as easily become a serial killer and an hum*****itarian.

***** about culture? Some theorists say that ***** ********** are bounded by certain rules, and ***** ***** our personality is determined by how ***** are raised within that cultural framework. An interesting example is the difference in how ***** ***** ***** cultures communicate with each other - some stand close and touch the person to whom ********** ***** speaking, but others would find this an invasion of


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