Essay - Importance of the Study of Personality Personality: A Distinctive and...

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Importance of the Study ***** Personality

Personality: a distinctive ********** relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives and emotions that characterizes an individual.

***** use a v*****riety ***** tests to determine ***** study a v*****st number of personality traits among groups of people. They've found that although everyone exhibits five to ten central traits ***** determine how we react to different people and various situations, not all ***** carry the same weight in *****ir importance in someone's life. (Where you might fear speak*****g in front of a crowd, for example, I may find it invigorating and fun.) We all have secondary tra*****s, too (food preferences, for example, or how we feel about a style ***** dress), but these aren't as ***** ***** the central traits. Although secondary traits can change as ***** mature ***** grow, ***** traits generally stick with us our entire lives. The central traits that remain relatively stable throughout a lifetime include whether you're an extrovert (outgoing *****d vivacious) ***** an introvert (shy or reclusive); how well you handle negative emotions, such as anger, hate or guilt; whether or not you're ***** good-natured; y***** degree of ********** responsibility (are you conscientious, or a fl*****ke?); and how willing you are to accept new challenges or experiences.

It's been determined ***** most of ***** five ***** traits ***** to do with our heredity, which explains how twins, possibly separated during their formative years, can meet as adults and have very similar personalities. But this isn't always the case: Two children born to ***** same parents can have totally opposite personalities. How is this possible? Environment also plays a part in shaping our personalities. Not all ***** ***** are equally affected by heredity or environment, and one's personality ***** rigid - it can change as we mature or according to life experiences. Therefore, it's important to remember that although genetics play an important role in determining one's *****, ***** doesn't imply that certain traits are inevitable.

Other theorists (called "behaviorists") suggest ***** personality has a lot ***** do ***** situations; that positive or negative reinforcement of certain acts (whether ***** using a n*****pkin at the table, or committing a crime ***** getting away with it) determines and shapes personality. Behaviorists, in fact, *****n't consider that we have "*****" as much as we demonstrate certain behavior patterns (such as when a te*****cher ***** label a student ***** "bright" or "slow"; "**********" ***** "cooperative"). Some psychologists think this is taking the easy way out - that it suggests that under the appropriate circumstances, anyone could just as easily become a serial killer and an humanitarian.

***** ab***** culture? Some theorists say that ***** ********** are bounded by certain rules, and much ***** our personality is determined by how ***** are raised within that cultural framework. An interesting example is the difference in ***** people in ***** cultures communicate with each o*****r - some st***** close and touch the person to whom they are speaking, but others would find ***** an invasion of


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