Essay - Importance of the Study of Personality Personality: A Distinctive and...


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Importance of the Study ***** Personality

Personality: a distinctive *****nd relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives and emotions that characterizes an individual.

***** use a variety ***** tests to determine ***** study a v*****st number of personality traits among groups of people. They've found ***** although everyone exhibits five to ten central traits that determine how we react to different people *****d various situations, not all traits carry the same weight in *****ir importance in someone's life. (Where you might fear speak*****g in front of a crowd, for example, I may f*****d it invigorating and fun.) We all have secondary *****, *****o (food preferences, for example, or how we feel about a style ***** dress), but these aren't as ***** as the central traits. Although secondary traits can change ***** we mature ***** grow, central traits generally stick with us our entire lives. The ***** traits that remain relatively stable throughout a ********** include whether you're an extrovert (outgoing *****d vivacious) ***** an introvert (shy or reclusive); how *****ll you h*****dle negative emotions, such as anger, hate or guilt; whether or ***** you're ***** good-natured; your degree of assuming responsibility (are you conscientious, or a flake?); and how willing you are to accept new challenges or experiences.

It's been *****d ***** most of ***** ***** central traits have to do with our heredity, which explains how twins, possibly separated during their formative years, can meet as adults ***** have very similar personalities. But this isn't always the case: Two children born to the same p*****nts can have totally opposite personalities. How is this possible? Environment also plays a part in shaping our personalities. Not all personality traits are equ*****y affected by heredity or environment, and one's personality ***** rigid - it can ***** as we mature ***** according to life *****. Therefore, it's important ***** remember that although genetics play an important role in determining one's *****, this doesn't imply ***** certain traits are inevitable.

O*****r theorists (called "behaviorists") suggest that personality has a lot to do with situations; that positive or negative reinforcement ***** certain acts (whether ***** using a napkin at the table, or committing a crime and getting away with it) determines and shapes personality. Behaviorists, in fact, *****n't consider that we ***** "*****" as much as ***** demonstrate certain behavior patterns (such as when a te*****cher ***** label a student as "bright" or "slow"; "aggressive" ***** "cooperative"). Some psychologists think this is taking the easy way out - that it suggests that under the appropriate circumstances, anyone could just as easily become a seri*****l killer and an hum*****itarian.

***** about culture? Some ***** say that certain ********** are bounded ***** certain rules, and ***** of our personality is determined by how we are raised within ***** cultural framework. An interesting example is the difference in ***** ***** in various cultures communicate with each o*****r - some st***** close and touch the person to whom they are speaking, but others would find ***** an invasion of

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