Essay - Importance of the Study of Personality Personality: A Distinctive and...

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Importance of the Study ***** Personality

Personality: a distinctive *****nd relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives and emotions that characterizes an individual.

***** use a variety of tests to determine ********** study a v*****st number of personality traits among groups of people. They've found that although everyone exhibits five ***** ten central traits ***** determine how we react to different people and various situations, not all traits carry the same ********** in their importance in someone's life. (Where you might fear speaking in front of a crowd, for example, I may find it invigorating and fun.) We all have secondary tra*****s, too (food preferences, for *****, or how we feel about a style ***** dress), but these aren't as ***** as the central traits. Although secondary traits can change ***** ***** mature ***** grow, central ***** generally stick with us our entire lives. The central traits that remain relatively stable throughout a lifetime include whether *****'re an extrovert (outgoing *****d vivacious) or an introvert (shy or reclusive); how well you handle negative emotions, such as anger, hate or guilt; whether or not you're ***** good-natured; y***** degree of assuming responsibility (are you conscientious, ***** a flake?); and how willing you are to accept new challenges or experiences.

It's been *****d that most of these ***** central traits ***** to do ***** our heredity, which explains how twins, possibly separated during their formative years, can meet as adults and have very similar personalities. But this isn't always the case: Two children born to the same parents can have totally opposite personalities. How is this possible? Environment also plays a part in shaping our personalities. Not all personality traits are equally affected by ***** or environment, and one's personality ***** rigid - it can ***** as we mature ***** according to life *****. Therefore, it's important to remember that although genetics play an important role in determining one's *****, this doesn't imply ***** certain traits are inevitable.

O*****r theorists (called "behaviorists") suggest that personality has a lot to do with situations; ***** positive or negative reinforcement of certain acts (whether it's using a napkin at the table, or committing a crime and getting away with it) determines and shapes personality. Behaviorists, in fact, don't consider that ***** have "*****" as much as we demonstrate certain behavior patterns (such as when a teacher ***** label a student *****s "bright" or "slow"; "aggressive" ***** "cooperative"). Some psychologists think this is taking the easy way out - that it suggests that under the appropriate circumstances, anyone could just as easily become a serial killer and an hum*****itarian.

***** ***** culture? Some ***** say that ***** cultures are bounded by certain rules, and ***** ***** our personality is determined by how we are raised ********** ***** cultural framework. An interesting example is the difference in ***** people ***** various ***** communicate with each other - some stand close and touch the person to whom they ***** speaking, but others would find this an invasion of


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