Essay - Importance of the Study of Personality Personality: A Distinctive and...

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Importance of the Study of Personality

*****: a distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives ***** emotions that characterizes an individual.

***** use a v*****riety of tests to determine *****d study a vast number ***** personality traits among groups of people. They've found ***** although everyone exhibits five ***** ten central traits that determine how we react to different people and various situations, not all ***** carry the same ********** in ********** importance in someone's life. (Where you might fear speak*****g in front of a crowd, for example, I may f*****d it invigorating and fun.) We all have secondary tra*****s, too (food preferences, for *****, or how we feel about a style of dress), but these aren't as stable ***** the central traits. Although secondary traits can change as we mature and grow, ***** traits generally stick with us our entire lives. The central traits that remain relatively stable throughout a *****time include whether *****'re an extrovert (outgoing and vivacious) ***** an introvert (shy or reclusive); how well you h*****dle negative emotions, such as anger, hate or guilt; whether or not you're generally good-natured; your degree of ********** responsibility (are you conscientious, or a flake?); and how willing you are to accept new challenges or experiences.

It's been *****d ***** most of ***** five ***** traits ***** to do ***** our heredity, which explains how twins, possibly separated during their *****mative years, can meet as adults ***** have very similar personalities. But this isn't always the case: Two children born to ***** same p*****nts can have totally opposite personalities. How is this possible? Environment also plays a part in shaping our personalities. Not all ***** traits are equ*****y affected by ***** or environment, and one's personality ***** rigid - it can ***** as we mature or acc*****ding to life experiences. Therefore, *****'s important ***** remember that although genetics play an important role in determining one's *****, ***** doesn't imply that certain traits are inevitable.

Other theorists (called "behaviorists") suggest that personality has a lot to do with situations; ***** positive or negative reinforcement ***** certain acts (whether it's using a napkin at the table, or committing a crime and getting away with it) determines and shapes personality. Behaviorists, in fact, *****n't consider th***** ***** have "*****" as much as we demonstrate certain behavior patterns (such as when a teacher ***** label a student ***** "bright" or "slow"; "*****ggressive" or "cooperative"). Some psychologists think this is taking the easy way out - that it suggests ***** under the appropriate circumstances, anyone could just as easily become a seri*****l killer and an humanitarian.

***** about culture? Some theorists say that certain cultures are bounded ***** certain rules, and much of our personality is determined by how ***** are raised ********** that cultural framework. An interesting example is the difference in ***** people in various ***** communicate with each o*****r - some stand close and touch the person to whom they are speaking, but others would find this an invasion of


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