Essay - Importance of the Study of Personality Personality: A Distinctive and...

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Importance of the Study of Personality

*****: a distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives ***** emotions that characterizes an individual.

Psychologists use a v*****riety of tests to determine ********** study a v*****st number of personality traits among groups of people. They've found that although everyone exhibits five to ten central traits that determine how we react to different people and various situations, not all ***** carry the same *****ight in ********** importance in someone's life. (Where you might fear speak*****g in front of a crowd, for example, I may find it invigorating and fun.) We all have secondary tra*****s, *****o (food preferences, for *****, or how we feel about a style of dress), but these aren't as stable as the central traits. Although secondary traits can change ***** ***** mature and grow, ***** traits generally stick with us our entire lives. The central traits that remain relatively stable throughout a ********** include whether *****'re an extrovert (outgoing ***** vivacious) or an introvert (shy or reclusive); how well you handle negative emotions, such as anger, hate or guilt; ***** or ***** you're ***** good-natured; your degree of assuming responsibility (are you conscientious, ***** a flake?); and how willing you ***** to accept new challenges or experiences.

It's been determined that most of these ***** central traits have to do with our heredity, which explains how twins, possibly separated during their formative years, can meet as adults and have very similar personalities. But this isn't always the case: Two children born ***** ***** same parents can ***** totally opposite personalities. How is this possible? Environment also plays a part in shaping our personalities. Not all ***** ***** are equally affected by heredity or environment, and one's personality isn't rigid - it can change as we mature ***** according to life *****. Therefore, it's important ***** remember that although genetics play an important role in determining one's personality, this doesn't imply that certain traits are inevitable.

Other theorists (called "behaviorists") suggest that ***** has a lot to do ***** situations; that positive or negative reinforcement of certain acts (whether it's using a n*****pkin at the table, or committing a crime and getting away with it) determines and shapes personality. Behaviorists, in fact, *****n't consider th***** ***** have "*****" as much as we demonstrate certain behavior patterns (such as when a teacher ***** label a student ***** "bright" or "slow"; "*****ggressive" ***** "cooperative"). Some psychologists think this is taking the easy way out - that it suggests that under the appropriate circumstances, anyone could just as easily become a seri*****l killer and an humanitarian.

***** ab***** culture? Some theorists say that certain cultures are bounded ***** certain rules, and much ***** our personality is determined by how ***** are raised within ***** cultural framework. An interesting example is the difference in how people ***** ***** ***** communicate with each o*****r - some stand close and touch the person to whom they are speaking, but others would find ***** an invasion of


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