Essay - Importance of the Study of Personality Personality: A Distinctive and...

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Importance of the Study of Personality

Personality: a distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives ***** emotions that characterizes an individual.

Psychologists use a variety ***** tests to determine ********** study a v*****st number of personality traits among groups of people. They've found ***** although everyone exhibits five to ten central traits that determine how we react to different people and various situations, not all traits carry the same ********** in *****ir importance in someone's life. (Where you might fear speaking in front of a crowd, for example, I may find it invigorating and fun.) We all have secondary *****, *****o (food preferences, for *****, or how we feel about a style ***** dress), but these aren't as stable ***** the central traits. Although secondary traits can change as we mature and grow, central traits generally stick with us our entire lives. The central traits that remain relatively stable throughout a lifetime include whether you're an extrovert (outgoing ***** vivacious) ***** an introvert (shy or reclusive); how ********** you handle negative emotions, such as anger, hate or guilt; ***** or not you're ***** good-natured; your degree of assuming responsibility (are you conscientious, or a fl*****ke?); and how willing you ***** to accept new challenges or experiences.

It's been *****d ***** most of ***** five ***** traits have to do ***** our heredity, which explains how twins, possibly separated during their *****mative years, can meet as adults ***** have very similar personalities. But this isn't always the case: Two children born ***** the same parents can ***** totally opposite personalities. How is this possible? Environment also plays a part in shaping our personalities. Not all ***** traits are equ*****y affected by ***** or environment, and one's personality isn't rigid - it can ***** as we mature ***** according to life experiences. Therefore, ********** important ***** remember that although genetics play an import*****t role in determining one's personality, ***** doesn't imply ***** certain ***** are inevitable.

Other theorists (called "behaviorists") suggest that ***** has a lot to do with situations; ***** positive or negative reinforcement of certain acts (whether it's using a n*****pkin at the table, or committing a crime and getting away with it) determines and shapes personality. Behaviorists, in fact, don't consider that we have "traits" as much as ***** demonstrate certain behavior patterns (such as when a teacher ***** label a student ***** "bright" or "slow"; "aggressive" ***** "cooperative"). Some psychologists think this is taking the easy way out - that it suggests that under the appropriate circumstances, anyone could just as easily become a serial killer and an hum*****itarian.

What ***** culture? Some theorists say that certain ********** are bounded by certain rules, and ***** of our personality is determined by how we are raised within that cultural framework. An interesting example is the difference in ***** people in various cultures communicate with each o*****r - some stand close and touch the person to whom ********** ***** speaking, but others would find this an invasion *****


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