Essay - Importance of the Study of Personality Personality: A Distinctive and...

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Importance of the Study of Personality

*****: a distinctive *****nd relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives and emotions that characterizes an individual.

***** use a v*****riety of tests to determine *****d study a vast number of personality traits among groups of people. They've found ***** although everyone exhibits five ***** ten central traits that determine how we react to different people and various situations, not all traits carry the same ********** in their importance in someone's life. (Where you might fear speak*****g in front ***** a crowd, for example, I may find it invigorating and fun.) We all have secondary *****, too (food preferences, for *****, or how we feel about a style of dress), but these aren't as ***** as the central tra*****s. Although secondary traits can change as ***** mature ***** grow, ***** ***** generally stick with us our entire lives. The central traits that remain relatively stable throughout a *****time include whether *****'re an extrovert (outgoing *****d vivacious) or an introvert (shy or reclusive); how well you handle negative emotions, such as anger, hate or guilt; whether or ***** you're generally good-natured; y***** degree of ********** responsibility (are you conscientious, ***** a fl*****ke?); and how willing you ***** to accept new challenges or experiences.

It's been determined ***** most of these ***** central traits ***** to do ***** our heredity, which explains how twins, possibly separated during their formative years, can meet as adults and have very similar personalities. But this isn't always the case: Two children born ***** the same parents can ***** totally opposite personalities. How is this possible? Environment also plays a part in shaping our personalities. Not all ***** ***** are equ*****y affected by heredity or environment, and one's personality ***** rigid - it can ***** as we mature ***** according to life *****. Therefore, it's important to remember that although genetics play an import*****t role in determining one's personality, this doesn't imply ***** certain traits are inevitable.

O*****r theorists (called "behaviorists") suggest that ***** has a lot to do with situations; that positive or negative reinforcement of certain acts (whether it's using a napkin at the table, or committing a crime and getting away with it) determines and shapes personality. Behaviorists, in fact, *****n't consider th***** ***** have "traits" as much as we demonstrate certain behavior patterns (such as when a teacher may label a student as "bright" or "slow"; "aggressive" ***** "cooperative"). Some psychologists think this is taking the easy way out - that it suggests ***** under the appropriate circumstances, anyone could just as easily become a serial killer and an humanitarian.

***** ***** culture? Some ***** say that certain ********** are bounded by certain rules, and much of our personality is determined by how we are raised ********** that cultural framework. An interesting example is the difference in how people in ***** cultures communicate with each o*****r - some st***** close and touch the person to whom they are speaking, but others would find this an invasion *****


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