Essay - Importance of the Study of Personality Personality: A Distinctive and...


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Importance of the Study ***** Personality

*****: a distinctive and relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives ***** emotions that characterizes an individual.

Psychologists use a variety ***** tests to determine ********** study a v*****st number of personality traits among groups of people. They've found that although everyone exhibits five ***** ten central traits that determine how we react to different people and various situations, not all traits carry the same ********** in *****ir importance in someone's life. (Where you might fear speaking in front of a crowd, for example, I may f*****d it invigorating and fun.) We all have secondary *****, too (food preferences, for *****, or how we feel about a style of dress), but these aren't as ***** as the central tra*****s. Although secondary traits can change as we mature and grow, ***** ***** generally stick with us our entire lives. The central traits that remain relatively stable throughout a lifetime include whether you're an extrovert (outgoing ***** vivacious) ***** ***** introvert (shy or reclusive); how well you handle negative emotions, such as anger, hate or guilt; whether or not you're ***** good-natured; your degree of assuming responsibility (are you conscientious, ***** a flake?); and how willing you ***** to accept new challenges or experiences.

It's been determined that most of ***** five central traits ***** to do with our heredity, which explains how twins, possibly separated during their formative years, can meet as adults ***** have very similar personalities. But this isn't always the case: Two children born ***** the same parents can ***** totally opposite personalities. How is this possible? Environment also plays a part in shaping our personalities. Not all ***** ***** are equally affected by heredity or environment, and one's personality ***** rigid - it can ***** as we mature or acc*****ding to life *****. Therefore, *****'s important ***** remember that although genetics play an important role in determining one's *****, this doesn't imply that certain traits are inevitable.

O*****r theorists (called "behaviorists") suggest that personality has a lot to do ***** situations; ***** positive or negative reinforcement ***** certain acts (whether it's using a napkin at the table, or committing a crime ***** getting away with it) determines and shapes personality. Behaviorists, in fact, *****n't consider that ***** have "traits" as much as we demonstrate certain behavior patterns (such as when a te*****cher ***** label a student ***** "bright" or "slow"; "aggressive" ***** "cooperative"). Some psychologists think this is taking the easy way out - that it suggests ***** under the appropriate circumstances, anyone could just as easily become a serial killer and an humanitarian.

***** ab***** culture? Some theorists say that ***** *****s are bounded by certain rules, and much of our personality is determined by how ***** are raised within that cultural framework. An interesting example is the difference in ***** people in various cultures communicate with each o*****r - some stand close and touch the person to whom they ***** speaking, but others would find this an invasion *****

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