Essay - Importance of the Study of Personality Personality: A Distinctive and...

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Importance of the Study ***** Personality

Personality: a distinctive ********** relatively stable pattern of behavior, thoughts, motives and emotions that characterizes an individual.

***** use a variety ***** tests to determine ********** study a v*****st number of personality traits among groups of people. They've found that although everyone exhibits five ***** ten central traits that determine how we react to different people and various situations, not all ***** carry the same ********** in *****ir importance in someone's life. (Where you might fear speak*****g in front of a crowd, for example, I may f*****d it invigorating and fun.) We all have secondary traits, *****o (food preferences, for *****, or how we feel about a style ***** dress), but these aren't as stable as the central *****. Although secondary traits can change ***** we mature ***** grow, ***** traits generally stick with us our entire lives. The central traits that remain relatively stable throughout a ********** include whether you're an extrovert (outgoing *****d vivacious) ***** an introvert (shy or reclusive); how *****ll you handle negative emotions, such as anger, hate or guilt; ***** or not you're generally good-natured; your degree of assuming responsibility (are you conscientious, ***** a fl*****ke?); and how willing you are to accept new challenges or experiences.

It's been *****d that most of these ***** central traits ***** to do ***** our heredity, which explains how twins, possibly separated during their formative years, can meet as adults and have very similar personalities. But this isn't always the case: Two children born ***** the same p*****nts can have totally opposite personalities. How is this possible? Environment also plays a part in shaping our personalities. Not all personality ***** are equally affected by heredity or environment, and one's personality ***** rigid - it can change as we mature ***** according to life experiences. Therefore, it's important ***** remember that although genetics play an import*****t role in determining one's *****, ***** doesn't imply that certain traits are inevitable.

O*****r theorists (called "behaviorists") suggest that personality has a lot to do with situations; that positive or negative reinforcement ***** certain acts (whether it's using a napkin at the table, or committing a crime ***** getting away with it) determines and shapes personality. Behaviorists, in fact, *****n't consider th***** we ***** "traits" as much as we demonstrate certain behavior patterns (such as when a te*****cher ***** label a student ***** "bright" or "slow"; "**********" or "cooperative"). Some psychologists think this is taking the easy way out - that it suggests that under the appropriate circumstances, anyone could just as easily become a serial killer and an hum*****itarian.

What ***** culture? Some ***** say that ***** ********** are bounded by certain rules, and much of our personality is determined by how ***** are raised within that cultural framework. An interesting example is the difference in ***** people in various cultures communicate with each other - some st***** close and touch the person to whom ********** ***** speaking, but others would find this an invasion of


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