Essay - Instructional Design Offers Teachers a Number of Advantages and Disadvantages....


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Instructional Design offers teachers a number of advantages and disadvantages. Instructional design can provide a framework and allow the coordination of assessment, objectives and teaching. However, instructional ***** can be limited by weak learning objectives, ***** potentially supersede real concerns over *****. Despite these *****, instructional design is a valuable teaching tool.

Instructional design can ***** defined as "***** the analysis of learning needs and systematic development of instruction. Instructional design models typically specify a method, that if followed will facilitate the transfer of knowledge, skills and attitude to ***** recipient or acquirer ***** the instruction" (Wikipedia). While instructive, this definition does little to reveal the true nature of ********** design. A simpler definition may be of instructional design ***** "the ***** process of translating general principles ***** learning and instruction into plans for instructional materials and learning" (McNeil).

***** learning theory *****s the largest single influence on instructional design in today's educational environment (McGr*****f). Overall, cognitive theories have an emphasis on the learner, and focus ***** the cognitive processes and representations that occur within ***** ***** (Smith and Ragan).

***** ***** has a num*****r of *****dvantages, including providing a fr*****mework ***** creating learning plans, creating coordination between designers and teachers, ***** allows for the designer to coordinate objectives, activities and assessments. There are some limitations to instructional design, however, as when ***** goals are poorly defined or not defined at all. Further, it is important not to confuse learning with building or designing through instructional design (Rieber).

Teachers can use instructional design to help define their curricula, from developing ***** objectives, to ***** *****, to defining assessments. *****s such, ***** design ***** help teachers create an organized, thorough instructional experience.

***** conclusion, ***** design is a ***** instructional **********, despite a number of disadvantages. Over*****, instructional design can be valuable in provid*****g a fr*****mework to help teachers coordinate assessment, objectives, and teaching strategies.

References

McGriff, Steven J. ISD Knowledge Base / "Theoretical" Introduction. Last Update: 10/27/2001. 26 *****une 2004. http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/s/j/sjm256/portfolio/kbase/Theories&Models/theoryintro.html

*****, P.L., & Ragan, T. (1999). Instructional *****. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

McNeil, Sarah. 20004. What is ***** Design? CUIN 6373, Instructional Design. College ***** Education, University of Houston. 26 June 2004. http://www.coe.uh.edu/courses/cuin*****/what*****id.html#*****s

*****, Lloyd. Introduction to Instructional Design. 26 June 2004. http://www.arches.uga.edu/~lrieber/edit6170/ppt/intro_to_ID-rieber.ppt

Wikipedia. Instructional design.

***** modified 20:10, 21 Mar 2004. 26 ***** 2004.

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