Essay - Instructional Design Offers Teachers a Number of Advantages and Disadvantages....


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Instructional Design offers teachers a number of advantages and dis*****. Instructional design can provide a framework and allow the coordination of assessment, objectives and teaching. However, instructional ***** can be limited by weak learning objectives, and potentially supersede real concerns over *****. Despite these *****advantages, instructional design is a valuable teaching tool.

Instructional design can ***** defined as "is the analysis of learning needs ***** systematic development of instruction. Instructional design models typically specify a method, that if followed will facilitate the transfer ***** knowledge, skills and attitude to the recipient or acquirer of ***** instruction" (Wikipedia). While instructive, this definition does little to reveal the true nature of ********** design. A simpler definition may be of instructional design ***** "***** ***** process of translating general principles of learning and instruction in***** plans for instructional materials ***** learning" (McNeil).

Cognitive learning theory provides the largest single influence on instructional design in today's educational environment (McGr*****f). Overall, cognitive theories have an emphasis on the learner, and focus ***** the cognitive processes and representations that occur within ***** ***** (Smith and Ragan).

Instructional ***** has a ***** ***** advantages, including providing a ***** ***** cre*****ting learning plans, creating ***** between designers and teachers, ***** *****s for the designer to coordinate objectives, activities and **********. There are some limitations to instructional design, however, as when learning goals are poorly defined or not defined at all. Further, it is important not to confuse learning w*****h building or designing through instructional design (Rieber).

Teachers can use instructional design ***** help define their curricula, from developing learning objectives, to creating *****, to defining assessments. As such, ***** design can help teachers create an organized, thorough instructional experience.

In conclusion, instructional design is a valuable ***** *****, despite a number of dis*****dvantages. *****, instructional design can be ***** in provid*****g a fr*****mework ***** help teachers coordinate assessment, objectives, and teaching strategies.

References

McGriff, Steven J. ISD Knowledge Base / "Theoretical" Introduction. Last Update: 10/27/2001. 26 June 2004. http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/s/j/sjm256/portfolio/kbase/Theories&Models/*****intro.html

*****, P.L., & Ragan, T. (1999). Instructional *****. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

McNeil, Sarah. 20004. What is ***** Design? CUIN 6373, Instructional *****. College of Education, University of Houston. ***** June 2004. http://www.coe.uh.edu/courses/cuin6373/what*****id.html#*****s

*****, Lloyd. ***** to Instructional Design. 26 June 2004. http://www.arches.uga.edu/~lrieber/edit6170/ppt/intro_*****_ID-rieber.ppt

Wikipedia. Instructional design.

***** modified 20:10, 21 Mar 2004. 26 June 2004.

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