Essay - Instructional Design Offers Teachers a Number of Advantages and Disadvantages....


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Instructional Design offers teachers a number of advantages and disadvantages. Instructional design can provide a framework and allow the coordination of assessment, objectives and teaching. However, instructional ***** can be limited by weak learning objectives, ***** potentially supersede real concerns over *****. Despite these *****, instructional design is a valuable teaching tool.

Instructional design can be defined as "***** the analysis of learning needs and systematic development of instruction. Instructional design models typically specify a method, that if followed will facilitate the transfer of knowledge, skills and attitude to ***** recipient or acquirer of the instruction" (Wikipedia). While instructive, this definition does little to reveal the true nature ***** ***** design. A simpler definition may ***** of ********** design as "***** ***** process of translating general principles of learning and instruction into plans for instructional materials and learning" (McNeil).

***** learning theory provides the largest single influence on instructional design in today's educational environment (McGr*****f). Overall, cognitive theories have an emphasis on the learner, *****d focus on the cognitive processes and representations that occur within the ***** (Smith and Ragan).

***** ***** has a number ***** advantages, including providing a ***** ***** creating learning plans, creating coordination between designers and teachers, ***** allows for the designer to coordinate objectives, activities and **********. There are some limitations to instructional design, however, as when ***** goals ***** poorly defined or not defined at all. Further, it is important not to confuse learning w*****h building or designing through instructional design (Rieber).

Teachers can use ***** design ***** help define their curricula, from developing learning objectives, to ***** activities, to defining assessments. *****s such, instructional design can help teachers create an organized, thorough instructional experience.

In conclusion, instructional design is a valuable ***** tool, despite a number of d**********dvantages. Overall, instructional design can be ***** in providing a fr*****mework to help teachers coordinate assessment, objectives, and teaching strategies.

References

McGriff, Steven J. ISD Knowledge Base / "Theoretical" Introduction. Last Update: 10/27/2001. 26 June 2004. http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/s/j/sjm256/portfolio/kbase/Theories&Models/theoryintro.html

*****, P.L., & *****, T. (1999). Instructional *****. New York: John Wiley ***** Sons.

McNeil, Sarah. 20004. What is ***** Design? CUIN 6373, Instructional *****. College of Education, University of Houston. ***** June *****. http://www.coe.uh.edu/courses/cuin6373/whatisid.html#definitions

Rie*****r, Lloyd. ***** to Instructional Design. 26 June 2004. http://www.arches.uga.edu/~lrieber/edit6170/ppt/intro_to_ID-rieber.ppt

Wikipedia. Instructional design.

Last modified 20:10, 21 Mar 2004. 26 ***** 2004.

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