Essay - Instructional Design Offers Teachers a Number of Advantages and Disadvantages....


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Instructional Design offers teachers a number of advantages and disadvantages. Instructional design can provide a framework and allow the coordination of assessment, objectives and teaching. However, instructional ***** can be limited by weak learning objectives, and potentially supersede real concerns over learning. Despite these *****, instructional design is a valuable teaching tool.

Instructional design can ***** defined as "is the analysis of ***** needs ***** systematic development ***** instruction. Instructional design models typically specify a method, that if followed will facilitate the transfer of knowledge, skills and attitude to ***** recipient or acquirer of the instruction" (Wikipedia). While instructive, this definition does little to reveal the true nature of ********** design. A simpler definition may be of instructional design ***** "the ***** process of translating general principles ***** learning and instruction into plans f***** ***** materials ***** learning" (McNeil).

Cognitive learning theory *****s the largest single in*****luence on instructi*****al design in today's educational environment (McGr*****f). Overall, cognitive ********** have an emphasis on the learner, and focus ***** the cognitive processes and representations that occur within ***** ***** (Smith and Ragan).

Instructional ***** has a number of *****dvantages, including providing a ***** for creating learning plans, creating ***** between designers and *****, ***** allows for the designer to coordinate objectives, activities and assessments. There are some limitations to instructional design, however, as when ***** goals ***** poorly defined or not defined at all. Further, it is imp*****tant not to confuse learning w*****h building or designing through instructional design (Rieber).

Teachers can use ***** design ***** help define their curricula, from developing learning objectives, to ***** *****, to defining assessments. As such, instructional design ***** help teachers create an organized, thorough instructional experience.

***** conclusion, ***** ***** is a valuable instructional **********, despite a number ***** d**********dvantages. Overall, instructional design can be valuable in providing a framework to help teachers coordinate assessment, *****, and teaching strategies.

References

McGriff, Steven J. ISD Knowledge Base / "Theoretical" Introduction. Last Update: 10/27/2001. 26 June 2004. http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/s/j/sjm256/portfolio/kbase/Theories&Models/theoryintro.html

*****, P.L., & Ragan, T. (1999). Instructional design. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

McNeil, Sarah. 20004. What is Instructional *****? CUIN 6373, Instructional Design. College of Education, University of Houston. ***** June 2004. http://www.coe.uh.edu/courses/cuin6373/whatisid.html#definitions

*****, Lloyd. Introduction to Instructional *****. 26 June 2004. http://www.arches.uga.edu/~lrieber/edit6170/ppt/intro_to_ID-rieber.ppt

Wikipedia. Instructional design.

Last modified 20:10, 21 Mar 2004. 26 ***** 2004.

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