Essay - Instructional Design Offers Teachers a Number of Advantages and Disadvantages....


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Instructional Design offers teachers a number of advantages and dis*****. Instructional design can provide a framework and allow the coordination of assessment, objectives and teaching. However, instructional design can be limited by weak learning objectives, ***** potentially supersede real concerns over learning. Despite these *****advantages, instructional ***** is a valuable teaching tool.

Instructional design can ***** defined as "is the analysis of ***** needs and systematic development ***** instruction. Instructional ***** models typically specify a method, that if followed will facilitate the transfer of knowledge, skills and attitude to ***** recipient or acquirer of the instruction" (Wikipedia). While instructive, this definition does little to reveal the true nature ***** ***** design. A simpler definition may be of instructional design ***** "the ***** process of translating general principles of learning and instruction into plans for ***** materials and learning" (McNeil).

Cognitive ***** theory *****s the largest single influence on instructional design in today's educational environment (McGr*****f). Overall, cognitive theories have an emphasis on the learner, and focus on the cognitive processes and representations that occur within ***** ***** (Smith and Ragan).

***** design has a ***** of *****dvantages, including providing a ***** for creating learning plans, creating coordination *****tween designers and *****, and allows ***** the designer to coordinate objectives, activities ***** **********. There are some limitations to instructional design, however, as when ***** goals ***** poorly defined or not defined at all. Further, it is important not to confuse learning with building or designing through ***** design (Rieber).

Teachers can use instructional design ***** help define their curricula, from developing ***** objectives, to ***** *****, to defining assessments. *****s such, ***** design ***** help teachers create an organized, thorough instructional experience.

***** conclusion, instructional design is a ***** ***** *****, despite a number ***** dis*****dvantages. Over*****, instructional design can be valuable in providing a fr*****mework to ***** teachers ***** assessment, *****, and teaching strategies.

References

*****, Steven J. ISD Knowledge Base / "Theoretical" Introduction. Last Update: 10/27/2001. 26 June 2004. http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/s/j/sjm256/portfolio/kbase/Theories&Models/theoryintro.html

*****, P.L., & Ragan, T. (1999). Instructional design. New York: John Wiley ***** Sons.

*****, Sarah. 20004. What is ***** *****? CUIN 6373, Instructional Design. College of Education, University ***** Hous*****n. 26 June 2004. http://www.coe.uh.edu/courses/cuin*****/whatisid.html#*****s

Rie*****r, Lloyd. Introduction to Instructional *****. 26 June 2004. http://www.arches.uga.edu/~lrieber/edit6170/ppt/intro_to_ID-rieber.ppt

Wikipedia. Instructional design.

Last modified 20:10, 21 Mar 2004. 26 ***** 2004.

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