Essay - Instructional Design Offers Teachers a Number of Advantages and Disadvantages....

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Instructional Design offers teachers a number of advantages and disadvantages. Instructional design can provide a framework and allow the coordination of assessment, objectives and teaching. However, instructional ***** can be limited by weak learning objectives, ***** potentially supersede real concerns over *****. Despite these disadvantages, instructional design is a valuable teaching tool.

Instructional design can be defined as "is the analysis of learning needs and systematic development of instruction. Instructional ***** models typically specify a method, that if followed will facilitate the transfer ***** knowledge, skills and attitude to ***** recipient or acquirer of the instruction" (Wikipedia). While instructive, this definition does little to reveal the true nature ***** *****al design. A simpler definition may be of instructional design as "***** systematic process of translating general principles of learning and instruction into plans for instructional materials ***** learning" (McNeil).

***** learning theory provides the largest single influence on instructional design in today's educational environment (McGr*****f). Overall, cognitive ********** have an emphasis on the learner, *****d focus on the cognitive processes and representations that occur within the ***** (Smith and Ragan).

***** ***** has a ***** of *****dvantages, including providing a framework ***** creating learning plans, creating ***** ********** designers and teachers, and allows for the designer to coordinate objectives, activities and assessments. There are some limitations to instructional design, however, as when ***** goals are poorly defined or not defined at all. Further, it is imp*****tant not to confuse learning w*****h building or designing through ***** design (Rieber).

Teachers can use instructional design to help define their curricula, from developing learning objectives, to ***** *****, to defining *****. As such, instructional design ***** help teachers create an organized, thorough instructional experience.

***** conclusion, instructional ***** is a valuable instructional *****ol, despite a number ***** disadvantages. Over*****, instructional design can be valuable in provid*****g a fr*****mework to help teachers coordinate assessment, objectives, and teaching strategies.


McGriff, Steven J. ISD Knowledge Base / "Theoretical" Introduction. Last Update: 10/27/2001. 26 *****une 2004.*****intro.html

*****, P.L., & *****, T. (1999). Instructional design. New York: John Wiley ***** Sons.

McNeil, Sarah. 20004. What is Instructional *****? CUIN 6373, Instructional Design. College of Education, University of Houston. ***** June *****.*****id.html#definitions

Rieber, Lloyd. Introduction to Instructional Design. 26 ***** 2004.*****_ID-rieber.ppt

Wikipedia. Instructional design.

***** modified 20:10, 21 Mar 2004. 26 June 2004.


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