Essay - Instructional Design Offers Teachers a Number of Advantages and Disadvantages....


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Instructional Design offers teachers a number of advantages and dis*****. Instructional design can provide a framework and allow the coordination of assessment, objectives and teaching. However, instructional ***** can be limited by weak learning objectives, and potentially supersede real concerns over learning. Despite these disadvantages, instructional design is a valuable teaching tool.

Instructional design can ***** defined as "is the analysis of ***** needs and systematic development ***** instruction. Instructional ***** models typically specify a method, that if followed will facilitate ***** transfer of knowledge, skills and attitude to the recipient or acquirer of the instruction" (Wikipedia). While instructive, this definition does little to reveal the true nature ***** ***** design. A simpler definition may be of instructional design as "the systematic process of translating general principles of learning and instruction in***** plans f***** ***** materials ***** learning" (McNeil).

Cognitive ***** theory *****s the largest single influence on instructional design in today's educational environment (McGriff). Overall, cognitive theories have an emph*****is on the learner, *****d focus on the cognitive processes and representations that occur within ***** learner (Smith and Ragan).

***** ***** has a ***** ***** *****dvantages, including providing a framework for creating learning plans, creating coordination ********** designers and teachers, ***** *****s for the designer to coordinate objectives, activities and *****s. There are some limitations to instructional design, however, as when learning goals are poorly defined or not defined at all. Further, it is imp*****tant not to confuse learning with building or designing through instructional design (Rieber).

Teachers can use ***** design ***** help define their curricula, from developing learning objectives, to ***** activities, to defining assessments. As such, instructional design ***** help teachers create an organized, thorough instructional experience.

***** conclusion, ***** ***** is a ***** instructional tool, despite a number of disadvantages. Over*****, instructional design can be valuable in providing a framework to help teachers ***** assessment, *****, and teaching strategies.

References

McGriff, Steven J. ISD Knowledge Base / "Theoretical" Introduction. Last Update: 10/27/2001. 26 *****une 2004. http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/s/j/sjm256/portfolio/kbase/Theories&Models/theoryintro.html

*****, P.L., & *****, T. (1999). Instructional design. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

*****, Sarah. 20004. What is ***** Design? CUIN 6373, Instructional *****. College ***** Education, University of Hous*****n. 26 June 2004. http://www.coe.uh.edu/courses/cuin*****/whatisid.html#*****s

Rie*****r, Lloyd. Introduction to Instructional Design. 26 June 2004. http://www.arches.uga.edu/~lrieber/edit6170/ppt/intro_*****_ID-rieber.ppt

Wikipedia. Instructional design.

Last modified 20:10, 21 Mar 2004. 26 ***** 2004.

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