Essay - Instructional Design Offers Teachers a Number of Advantages and Disadvantages....


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Instructional Design offers teachers a number of advantages and dis*****. Instructional design can provide a framework and allow the coordination of assessment, objectives and teaching. However, instructional ***** can be limited by weak learning objectives, ***** potentially supersede real concerns over *****. Despite these disadvantages, instructional design is a valuable teaching tool.

Instructional design can be defined as "is the analysis of learning needs and systematic development ***** instruction. Instructional design models typically specify a method, that if followed will facilitate ***** transfer of knowledge, skills and attitude to the recipient or acquirer ***** the instruction" (Wikipedia). While instructive, this definition does little to reveal the true nature of ***** design. A simpler definition may be of ********** design as "***** systematic process of translating general principles of learning and instruction in***** plans for instructional materials ***** learning" (McNeil).

Cognitive ***** theory *****s the largest single influence on instructi*****al design in today's educational environment (McGriff). Overall, cognitive *****ories have an emph*****is on the learner, and focus on the cognitive processes and representations that occur within ***** learner (Smith and Ragan).

***** design has a ***** of *****dvantages, including providing a framework ***** creating learning plans, creating ***** between designers and *****, ***** *****s for the designer to coordinate objectives, activities and assessments. There are some limitations to instructional design, however, as when learning goals are poorly defined or not defined at all. Further, it is imp*****tant not to confuse learning w*****h building or designing through instructional design (Rieber).

Teachers can use instructional design ***** help define their curricula, from developing learning objectives, to creating activities, to defining *****. *****s such, ***** design ***** help teachers create an organized, thorough instructional experience.

In conclusion, instructional design is a valuable instructional *****, despite a number ***** dis*****dvantages. Overall, instructional design can be valuable in providing a framework ***** help teachers coordinate assessment, objectives, and teaching strategies.

References

McGriff, Steven J. ISD Knowledge Base / "Theoretical" Introduction. Last Update: 10/27/2001. 26 June 2004. http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/s/j/sjm256/portfolio/kbase/Theories&Models/theoryintro.html

*****, P.L., & *****, T. (1999). Instructional *****. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

McNeil, Sarah. 20004. What is ***** *****? CUIN 6373, Instructional Design. College of Education, University of Houston. 26 June 2004. http://www.coe.uh.edu/courses/cuin*****/whatisid.html#*****s

Rieber, Lloyd. ***** to Instructional *****. 26 June 2004. http://www.arches.uga.edu/~lrieber/edit6170/ppt/intro_*****_ID-rieber.ppt

Wikipedia. Instructional design.

Last modified 20:10, 21 Mar 2004. 26 June 2004.

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