Essay - Instructional Design Offers Teachers a Number of Advantages and Disadvantages....


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Instructional Design offers teachers a number of advantages and dis*****. Instructional design can provide a framework and allow the coordination of assessment, objectives and teaching. However, instructional ***** can be limited by weak learning objectives, ***** potentially supersede real concerns over *****. Despite these disadvantages, instructional design is a valuable teaching tool.

Instructional design can be defined as "is the analysis of learning needs and systematic development ***** instruction. Instructional design models typically specify a method, that if followed will facilitate ***** transfer of knowledge, skills and attitude to the recipient or acquirer of the instruction" (Wikipedia). While instructive, this definition does little to reveal the true nature ***** ***** design. A simpler definition may ***** of ********** design ***** "***** systematic process of translating general principles of learning and instruction in***** plans for instructional materials and learning" (McNeil).

***** learning theory provides the largest single influence on instructi*****al design in today's educational environment (McGriff). Overall, cognitive ********** have an emphasis on the learner, *****d focus ***** the cognitive processes and representations that occur within the ***** (Smith and Ragan).

***** design has a number of *****dvantages, including providing a ***** ***** cre*****ting learning plans, creating coordination between *****ers and *****, and *****s for the designer to coordinate objectives, activities ***** *****s. There are some limitations to instructional design, however, as when learning goals ***** poorly defined or not defined at all. Further, it is imp*****tant not to confuse learning with building or designing through instructional design (Rieber).

Teachers can use ***** design to help define their curricula, from developing learning objectives, ***** ***** *****, to defining assessments. *****s such, instructional design can help teachers create an organized, thorough instructional experience.

In conclusion, ***** ***** is a ***** instructional *****ol, despite a number of d*****advantages. *****, instructional design can be valuable in providing a fr*****mework to help teachers ***** assessment, objectives, and teaching strategies.

References

*****, Steven J. ISD Knowledge Base / "Theoretical" Introduction. Last Update: 10/27/2001. 26 *****une 2004. http://www.personal.psu.edu/faculty/s/j/sjm256/portfolio/kbase/Theories&Models/theoryintro.html

*****, P.L., & Ragan, T. (1999). Instructional design. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

McNeil, Sarah. 20004. What is ***** *****? CUIN 6373, Instructional Design. College ***** Education, University of Houston. ***** June 2004. http://www.coe.uh.edu/courses/cuin6373/whatisid.html#definitions

*****, Lloyd. Introduction to Instructional Design. 26 June 2004. http://www.arches.uga.edu/~lrieber/edit6170/ppt/intro_*****_ID-rieber.ppt

Wikipedia. Instructional design.

***** modified 20:10, 21 Mar 2004. 26 ***** 2004.

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