Essay - Integrated Curriculum Planning: Concept Based Curriculum Objective the Objective of...

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The objective of this work is to examine integrated curriculum planning and the concept-based curriculum and to report studies and information published from ***** year 2000 ***** the present relating to planning the integrated and concept-based *****.


***** of ***** curriculum, according ***** Nolan ***** Harwood at the Institute for Professional Development and Educational Research at Massey University is "***** process of experiencing and underst*****ing connections, and, because of this, seeing things whole." (2001) Integration occurs experientially as well as socially. Experiential integration results in "new experience...[becoming]... part of our existing knowledge and ways of seeing *****. We use p*****t experiences to help us understand and solve ***** problems. Experience whether "primary" as in gathering data or doing observations, or "secondary" as in processing the ***** ***** observations in a data base, is the raw material f***** developing knowledge and underst*****ing and for developing and applying ***** skills essential for effective learning." (Nolan and Harwood, 2001) Social integration involves learners ***** "the ideas ***** understanding *****y have developed to their daily lives and to the ***** of others, and they learn by interacting with *****. The curriculum is organized around personal and social *****sues, problems ***** concerns identified in, or ***** from, the lives of the learners in ***** w*****ld in which they live." (Nolan and Harwood, 2001) ***** work of Linda Henderson (2004) entitled: "Unleashing Talent: An Examination of VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model" states that the integrated curriculum exposes students ***** "teaching practices ***** enc*****age the development ***** good thinking."

The work of Kathy Lake (2001) entitled: "Integrated Curriculum" and reported in the School Improvement Research Series (SIRS) states that the integrated curriculum "is a great gift to experienced teachers. It's like getting a new pair of lenses that make teaching a lot more exciting and help us look forward to the next century." The integrated curriculum is one "in ***** children broadly explore knowledge in various subjects related ***** certain aspects ***** ***** environment." (Lake, 2001) There are varied levels of integration *****in the framework of ***** integrated curriculum which are stated ***** Lake to include the following:

***** ***** cross-curriculum sub-objectives within a given curriculum guide;

***** of model lessons ***** include cross-curricular activities and assessments;

Development of enrichment or enhancement activities with a cross-curricular focus including suggestions for ***** 'contacts' following each objective;

Development of assessment activities that are cross-curricular in nature; and Includes sample planning wheels in all curriculum guides. (Lake, *****)

The work of Bhattacharya, MacIntyre, Ryan and Brears (2006) entitled: "PBL Approach: A Model for Integrated Curriculum" ***** that the general aims ***** the integrated ***** are: (1) ***** of a child's independence and interdependence as efficient and motivated learners; (2) to enable children to perceive the curriculum as relevant ***** *****ir learning needs; (3) Acknowledge ***** attitudes and values play a pivotal role in exploring concepts and principles in all curriculum areas; and (4) To enhance teaching and learning more effectively than


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