Essay - Integrated Curriculum Planning: Concept Based Curriculum Objective the Objective of...

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***** objective of this work is to examine integrated curriculum planning and the concept-based curriculum and to report studies and information published from the year 2000 to the present relating ***** ***** the integrated and concept-based curriculum.


Integration of the curriculum, according to Nolan and Harwood at the Institute for Professional Development and Educational Research at Massey University is "***** process of experiencing and understanding connections, and, because ***** this, seeing things whole." (2001) Integration occurs experientially as well as socially. Experiential integration results in "new experience...[becoming]... part of our existing knowledge and ways of seeing *****. We use past experiences to help us understand and solve new problems. Experience whether "primary" as in gather*****g data or doing observations, or "secondary" as in processing the data ***** observations in a d*****ta b*****e, is the raw material f***** developing ***** and understanding and for ***** and applying ***** skills essential for effective learning." (***** and *****, 2001) Social integration involves learners ***** "the ideas ***** understanding they have developed to their daily lives and to the lives of others, and they learn by interacting with others. The curriculum is organized around personal and social **********, problems and concerns identified in, or developed from, the ***** of the ***** in ***** world ***** which ***** live." (Nolan ***** Harwood, *****) ***** ***** of Linda Henderson (2004) entitled: "Unleashing Talent: An Examination of VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model" states that the integrated curriculum exposes students ***** "teaching practices that encourage the development of good thinking."

***** work of Kathy Lake (2001) entitled: "Integrated Curriculum" and reported in the School Improvement Research Series (SIRS) states that ***** ***** curriculum "is a great gift to experienced teachers. It's like getting a new pair of lenses that make teaching a lot more exciting and help us look forward to the next century." The integrated ***** is one "in ***** children broadly explore knowledge in various subjects related ***** certain aspects of ***** environment." (Lake, 2001) There are varied levels ***** integration *****in the framework of ***** integrated curriculum which are stated by Lake to include the following:

***** ***** cross-curriculum sub-objectives within a given curriculum guide;

***** of model lessons that ***** cross-curricular activities and assessments;

Development of enrichment or enhancement activities with a ***** focus including suggestions for cross-curricular 'contacts' ***** each objective;

***** of assessment activities that are cross-curricular in nature; ***** Includes sample planning wheels in all curriculum guides. (*****, *****)

The work of Bhattacharya, MacIntyre, Ryan and Brears (2006) *****: "PBL Approach: A Model ***** Integrated Curriculum" states that the general aims ***** the *****tegrated curriculum are: (1) ***** of a child's independence and interdependence as efficient and motivated learners; (2) to enable children to perceive the curriculum as relevant ***** their learning needs; (3) Acknowledge ***** attitudes and values play a pivotal role in exploring concepts and principles in all curriculum are*****; and (4) To enhance ***** and ***** more effectively than


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