Essay - Integrated Curriculum Planning: Concept Based Curriculum Objective the Objective of...

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***** objective of this work is to examine integrated curriculum planning and the concept-based curriculum and to report studies and information published from the year 2000 to the present relating ***** ***** the ***** and concept-based curriculum.


Integration of the *****, according to Nolan and Harwood at the Institute for Professional Development and Educational Research at Massey University is "the process of experiencing and underst*****ing connections, and, because of this, seeing things whole." (2001) Integr*****ion occurs experientially as well as socially. Experiential integration results in "new experience...[becoming]... part of our existing knowledge and ways of seeing *****. We use p*****t experiences to help us understand and solve ***** problems. Experience whe*****r "primary" as in gather*****g data or doing observations, or "secondary" as in processing the ***** ***** observations in a d*****ta base, is the raw material for developing ***** and underst*****ing and for developing ***** applying the skills essential for effective learning." (Nolan and *****, *****) Social integration involves learners ***** "the ideas and underst*****ing they have developed to their daily lives and to the ***** of others, and they learn by interacting with others. The curriculum is organized around personal and social *****sues, problems ***** concerns identified in, or developed *****, the lives of the learners in the w*****ld ***** which they live." (Nolan and Harwood, 2001) The work of Linda Henderson (2004) entitled: "Unleashing Talent: An Examination of VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model" states that the integrated curriculum exposes students ***** "teaching practices that encourage the development of good thinking."

***** ***** of Kathy Lake (*****) entitled: "***** Curriculum" and reported in the School Improvement Research Series (SIRS) states that ***** ***** curriculum "is a gre*****t gift to experienced teachers. It's like getting a new pair of lenses that make teaching a lot more exciting and help ***** look forward to the next century." The integrated ***** is one "in which children broadly explore knowledge in various subjects related to certain aspects ***** their environment." (*****, 2001) *****re are varied levels of ***** within the framework of ***** integrated curriculum ***** ***** stated by Lake to include the following:

Development of cross-curriculum sub-objectives within a given curriculum guide;

***** of model lessons ***** include cross-curricul*****r activities and assessments;

Development of enrichment or enhancement activities with a cross-curricular focus including suggestions for cross-curricular 'contacts' ***** each objective;

Development of assessment activities that are cross-curricular in nature; and Includes sample planning wheels in all ***** guides. (*****, 2001)

***** work of Bhattacharya, MacIntyre, Ryan and Brears (2006) *****: "PBL Approach: A ***** for Integrated *****" ***** ***** the general aims of the ***** curriculum are: (1) development ***** a child's independence and interdependence as efficient and motivated learners; (2) to enable children to perceive the curriculum as relevant ***** *****ir learning needs; (3) *****cknowledge that attitudes and values play a pivotal role in exploring conce*****s ***** principles in all curriculum are*****; and (4) To enhance teaching and ***** more effectively than


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