Essay - Integrated Curriculum Planning: Concept Based Curriculum Objective the Objective of...

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The objective of this work is to examine integrated curriculum planning and the concept-based curriculum and ***** report studies and information published from the year 2000 to the present relating ***** planning the integrated and concept-based *****.


Integration ***** ***** curriculum, according to Nolan ***** Harwood at the Institute for Professional Development and Educational Research at Massey University is "***** process of experiencing and understanding connections, and, because of this, seeing things whole." (2001) Integration occurs experientially as well ***** socially. Experiential integration results in "new experience...[becoming]... part of our existing knowledge and ways of seeing things. We use past experiences to help us understand and solve ***** problems. Experience whether "primary" as in gather*****g data or doing observations, or "secondary" as in processing the data and observations in a d*****ta b*****e, is the raw material ***** developing knowledge and underst*****ing and for ***** ***** applying the skills essential for effective learning." (***** and *****, 2001) Social integration involves learners ***** "the ideas and understanding ********** have developed ***** their daily lives and to the lives of others, and they learn by interacting with others. The curriculum is organized around personal and social **********, problems and concerns identified in, or developed *****, the lives of the learners in the w*****ld ***** which ***** live." (Nolan ***** Harwood, 2001) The work of Linda Henderson (2004) entitled: "Unleashing Talent: An Examination of VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model" states that the integrated curriculum exposes students ***** "teaching practices ***** enc*****age the development ***** good thinking."

The work of Kathy Lake (2001) entitled: "Integrated Curriculum" and reported in the School Improvement Research Series (SIRS) states that ***** ***** curriculum "is a gre*****t gift to experienced teachers. It's like getting a new pair of lenses that make teaching a lot more exciting and help us look forward to the next century." The integrated curriculum is one "in ***** children broadly explore knowledge in various subjects related ***** certain aspects of ***** environment." (*****, 2001) There are varied levels of integration *****in the framework of ***** integrated ***** which ***** stated by Lake to include the following:

***** ***** cross-curriculum sub-objectives within a given curriculum guide;

***** of model lessons that ***** cross-curricular activities and assessments;

***** of enrichment or enhancement activities with a ***** focus including suggestions for cross-curricular 'contacts' following each objective;

Development of assessment activities that are cross-curricular in nature; ***** Includes sample planning wheels in all ***** guides. (*****, *****)

***** work of Bhattacharya, MacIntyre, Ryan and Brears (2006) *****: "PBL Approach: A Model ***** Integrated Curriculum" states ***** the general aims of the ***** curriculum are: (1) ***** ***** a child's independence ***** interdependence *****s efficient and motivated learners; (2) to enable children to perceive the curriculum as relevant to their learning needs; (3) *****cknowledge that attitudes and values play a pivotal role in exploring concepts and principles in all curriculum areas; and (4) To enhance teaching and learning more effectively than


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