Essay - Integrated Curriculum Planning: Concept Based Curriculum Objective the Objective of...

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The objective of this work is to examine integrated curriculum planning and the concept-based curriculum and to report studies and information published from the year 2000 ***** the present relating to planning the integrated and concept-based *****.


Integration of the curriculum, according ***** Nolan and Harwood at the Institute for Professional Development and Educational Research at Massey University is "***** process of experiencing and understanding connections, and, because ***** this, seeing things whole." (2001) Integr*****ion occurs experientially as well ***** socially. Experiential integration results in "new experience...[becoming]... part of our existing knowledge and ways of seeing *****. We use past experiences to help us understand and solve ***** problems. Experience whether "primary" as in gather*****g data or doing observations, or "secondary" as in processing the ***** and observations in a data b*****e, is the raw material ***** developing knowledge and underst*****ing and f***** ***** ***** applying the skills essential for effective learning." (Nolan and Harwood, 2001) Social integration involves learners applying "the ideas ***** understanding they have developed ***** their daily lives and to the lives of others, and ***** learn by interacting with *****. The curriculum is organized around personal and social issues, problems and concerns identified in, or ***** *****, the ***** of the ***** in the world in which they live." (Nolan and Harwood, *****) The work of Linda Henderson (2004) entitled: "Unleashing Talent: An Examination of VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model" states that the integrated curriculum exposes students ***** "teaching practices ***** enc*****age the development ***** good thinking."

***** ***** of Kathy Lake (2001) entitled: "Integrated Curriculum" ***** reported in the School Improvement Research Series (SIRS) states that the integrated curriculum "is a great gift to experienced teachers. It's like getting a new pair of lenses that make teaching a lot more exciting and help us look forward to ***** next century." The integrated curriculum is one "in which children broadly explore knowledge in various subjects related ***** certain aspects of their environment." (Lake, 2001) There are varied levels ***** ***** within the framework of ***** integrated ***** which ***** stated by Lake to include the following:

Development ***** cross-curriculum sub-objectives within a given curriculum guide;

***** of model lessons ***** include cross-curricul*****r activities and assessments;

Development of enrichment or enhancement activities with a cross-curricular focus including suggestions for cross-curricular 'contacts' following each objective;

***** of assessment activities that are cross-curricular in nature; and Includes sample planning wheels in all ***** guides. (Lake, 2001)

***** work of Bhattacharya, MacIntyre, Ryan and Brears (2006) entitled: "PBL Approach: A Model ***** Integrated Curriculum" ***** that the general aims of the ***** curriculum are: (1) development of a child's independence and interdependence as efficient and motivated learners; (2) to enable children to perceive the curriculum as relevant ***** their learning needs; (3) Acknowledge ***** attitudes and values play a pivotal role in exploring concepts and principles in all curriculum are*****; and (4) To enhance teaching and learning more effectively than


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