Essay - Integrated Curriculum Planning: Concept Based Curriculum Objective the Objective of...

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***** objective of this work is to examine integrated curriculum planning and the concept-based curriculum and ***** report studies and information published from the year 2000 to the present relating ***** planning the integrated and concept-based *****.


Integration of ***** curriculum, according to Nolan and Harwood at the Institute for Professional Development and Educational Research at Massey University is "the process of experiencing and underst*****ing connections, and, because ***** this, seeing things whole." (2001) Integration occurs experientially as well ***** socially. Experiential integration results in "new experience...[becoming]... part of our existing knowledge and ways of seeing *****. We use past experiences to help us understand and solve ***** problems. Experience whether "primary" as in gather*****g data or doing observations, or "secondary" as in processing the ***** and observations in a d*****ta base, is the raw material ***** developing ***** and underst*****ing and f***** ***** ***** applying ***** skills essential for effective learning." (***** and *****, *****) Social integration involves learners ***** "the ideas and underst*****ing they have developed to their daily lives and to the lives of others, and they learn by interacting with others. The curriculum is organized around personal and social *****sues, problems and concerns identified in, or ***** *****, the ***** of the ***** in ***** world ***** which they live." (Nolan ***** Harwood, 2001) The work of Linda Henderson (2004) entitled: "Unleashing Talent: An Examination of VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model" states that the integrated curriculum exposes students ***** "teaching practices that enc*****age the development ***** good thinking."

***** work of Kathy Lake (2001) entitled: "Integrated Curriculum" and reported in the School Improvement Research Series (SIRS) states that the integrated curriculum "is a gre*****t gift to experienced teachers. It's like getting a new pair of lenses that make teaching a lot more exciting and help ***** look *****ward to ***** next century." The integrated ***** is one "in ***** children broadly explore knowledge in various subjects related ***** certain aspects of ***** environment." (Lake, 2001) There are varied levels ***** integration *****in the framework of ***** integrated curriculum which ***** stated by Lake to include the following:

Development ***** cross-curriculum sub-objectives within a given curriculum guide;

***** of model lessons th*****t ***** cross-curricular activities and assessments;

***** of enrichment or enhancement activities with a ***** focus including suggestions for cross-curricular 'contacts' ***** each objective;

Development of assessment activities that are cross-curricular in nature; ***** Includes sample planning wheels in all curriculum guides. (Lake, 2001)

The work of Bhattacharya, MacIntyre, Ryan and Brears (2006) entitled: "PBL Approach: A Model ***** Integrated Curriculum" ***** ***** the general aims of the integrated curriculum are: (1) ***** ***** a child's independence *****nd interdependence as efficient and motivated learners; (2) to enable children to perceive the curriculum as relevant to their ***** needs; (3) Ac***** that attitudes and values play a pivotal role in exploring concepts ***** principles in all curriculum are*****; and (4) To enhance t*****ing and learning more effectively than


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