Essay - Integrated Curriculum Planning: Concept Based Curriculum Objective the Objective of...

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The objective of this work is to examine integrated curriculum planning and the concept-based curriculum and to report studies and information published from ***** year 2000 to the present relating to planning the ***** and concept-based curriculum.


Integration of the curriculum, according ***** Nolan ***** Harwood at ***** Institute for Professional Development and Educational Research at Massey University is "the process of experiencing and underst*****ing connections, and, because ***** this, seeing things whole." (2001) Integration occurs experientially as well as socially. Experiential integration results in "new experience...[becoming]... part of our existing knowledge and ways of seeing things. We use p*****t experiences to help us understand and solve ***** problems. Experience whe*****r "primary" as in gathering data or doing observations, or "secondary" as in processing the ***** ***** observations in a data base, is the raw material f***** developing ***** and understanding and for ***** and applying ***** skills essential for effective learning." (Nolan and Harwood, 2001) Social integration involves learners applying "the ideas ***** understanding ********** have developed ***** their daily lives and to the lives of others, and they learn by interacting with others. The curriculum is organized around personal and social issues, problems ***** concerns identified in, or developed *****, the ***** of the ***** in ***** w*****ld ***** which they live." (Nolan and Harwood, 2001) The ***** of Linda Henderson (2004) entitled: "Unleashing Talent: An Examination of VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model" states that the integrated curriculum exposes students to "teaching practices ***** encourage the development ***** good thinking."

***** work of Kathy Lake (*****) entitled: "***** Curriculum" ***** reported in the School Improvement Research Series (SIRS) states that ***** integrated curriculum "is a great gift ***** experienced teachers. It's like getting a new pair of lenses that make teaching a lot more exciting and help us look *****ward to the next century." The integrated ***** is one "in which children broadly explore knowledge in various subjects related ***** certain aspects ***** their environment." (*****, 2001) *****re are varied levels of ***** within the framework of the integrated curriculum which are stated ***** Lake to include the following:

Development ***** cross-curriculum sub-objectives within a given curriculum guide;

***** of model lessons that ***** cross-curricular activities and assessments;

Development of enrichment or enhancement activities with a cross-curricular focus including suggestions for ***** 'contacts' following each objective;

Development of assessment activities ***** are cross-curricular in nature; and Includes sample planning wheels in all ***** guides. (Lake, 2001)

***** work of Bhattacharya, MacIntyre, Ryan and Brears (2006) entitled: "PBL Approach: A Model ***** Integrated Curriculum" ***** that the general aims ***** the integrated curriculum are: (1) ***** of a child's independence ***** interdependence *****s efficient and motivated learners; (2) to enable children to perceive the curriculum as relevant to their learning needs; (3) Acknowledge that attitudes and values play a pivotal role in exploring conce*****s ***** principles in all curriculum *****as; and (4) To enhance teaching and ***** more effectively than


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