Essay - Integrated Curriculum Planning: Concept Based Curriculum Objective the Objective of...

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The objective of this work is to examine integrated curriculum planning and the concept-based curriculum and to report studies and information published from ***** year 2000 to the present relating ***** planning the integrated and concept-based curriculum.


***** ***** ***** *****, according to Nolan and Harwood at the Institute for Professional Development and Educational Research at Massey University is "the process of experiencing and underst*****ing connections, and, because ***** this, seeing things whole." (2001) Integr*****ion occurs experientially as well as socially. Experiential integration results in "new experience...[becoming]... part of our existing knowledge and ways of seeing things. We use past experiences to help us understand and solve ***** problems. Experience whe*****r "primary" as in gather*****g data or doing observations, or "secondary" as in processing the ***** and observations in a data base, is the raw material for developing knowledge and understanding and for ***** and applying ***** skills essential for effective learning." (***** and Harwood, *****) Social integration involves learners ***** "the ideas and underst*****ing ********** have developed ***** their daily lives and to the lives of others, and they learn by interacting with others. The curriculum is organized around personal and social **********, problems and concerns identified in, or developed *****, the ***** of the learners in the world ***** which ***** live." (Nolan and Harwood, 2001) The ***** of Linda Henderson (2004) entitled: "Unleashing Talent: An Examination of VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model" states that the integrated curriculum exposes students to "teaching practices that encourage the development of good thinking."

The work of Kathy Lake (2001) entitled: "Integrated Curriculum" and reported in the School Improvement Research Series (SIRS) states that ***** ***** curriculum "is a gre*****t gift ***** experienced teachers. It's like getting a new pair ***** lenses that make teaching a lot more exciting and help ***** look forward to the next century." The integrated ***** is one "in ***** children broadly explore knowledge in various subjects related to certain aspects of ***** environment." (*****, 2001) There are varied levels of ***** within the framework of ***** integrated curriculum which ***** stated ***** Lake to include the following:

***** of cross-curriculum sub-objectives within a given curriculum guide;

Development ***** model lessons ***** include cross-curricul*****r activities and assessments;

***** of enrichment or enhancement activities with a cross-curricular focus including suggestions for cross-curricular 'contacts' ***** each objective;

***** of assessment activities that are cross-curricular in nature; ***** Includes sample planning wheels in all curriculum guides. (*****, *****)

***** work of Bhattacharya, MacIntyre, Ryan and Brears (2006) entitled: "PBL Approach: A Model ***** Integrated *****" states that the general aims ***** the *****tegrated ***** are: (1) ***** of a child's independence and interdependence as efficient and motivated learners; (2) to enable children to perceive the curriculum as relevant to *****ir ***** needs; (3) Ac***** that attitudes and values play a pivotal role in explor*****g concepts ***** principles in all curriculum are*****; and (4) To enhance t*****ing and learning more effectively than


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