Essay - Integrated Curriculum Planning: Concept Based Curriculum Objective the Objective of...

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***** objective of this work is to examine integrated curriculum planning and the concept-based curriculum and ***** report studies and information published from the year 2000 to the present relating ***** planning the integrated and concept-based curriculum.


Integration ***** the *****, according to Nolan ***** Harwood at the Institute for Professional Development and Educational Research at Massey University is "the process of experiencing and understanding connections, and, because of this, seeing things whole." (2001) Integration occurs experientially as well ***** socially. Experiential integration results in "new experience...[becoming]... part of our existing knowledge and ways of seeing things. We use past experiences to help us understand and solve ***** problems. Experience whether "primary" as in gather*****g data or doing observations, or "secondary" as in processing the data and observations in a data base, is the raw material f***** developing ***** and underst*****ing and for ***** ***** applying ***** skills essential for effective learning." (Nolan and *****, 2001) Social integration involves learners ***** "the ideas and understanding they have developed to their daily lives and to the ***** of others, and ***** learn by interacting with *****. The curriculum is organized around personal and social **********, problems ***** concerns identified in, or ***** *****, the lives of the learners in ***** world in which they live." (Nolan and Harwood, 2001) The ***** of Linda Henderson (2004) entitled: "Unleashing Talent: An Examination of VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model" states that the integrated curriculum exposes students to "teaching practices ***** encourage the development ***** good thinking."

The work of Kathy Lake (2001) entitled: "***** Curriculum" ***** reported in the School Improvement Research Series (SIRS) states that the integrated curriculum "is a gre*****t gift to experienced teachers. It's like getting a new pair ***** lenses that make teaching a lot more exciting and help ***** look forward to ***** next century." The integrated curriculum is one "in which children broadly explore knowledge in various subjects related ***** certain aspects of their environment." (Lake, 2001) *****re are varied levels ***** integration within the framework of ***** integrated ***** ***** are stated by Lake to include the following:

Development ***** cross-curriculum sub-objectives within a given curriculum guide;

Development of model lessons ***** include cross-curricul*****r activities and assessments;

Development of enrichment or enhancement activities with a cross-curricular focus including suggestions for ***** 'contacts' ***** each objective;

***** of assessment activities that are cross-curricular in nature; ***** Includes sample planning wheels in all ***** guides. (*****, *****)

The work of Bhattacharya, MacIntyre, Ryan and Brears (2006) *****: "PBL Approach: A ***** ***** Integrated Curriculum" ***** that the general aims ***** the ***** curriculum are: (1) ***** of a child's independence and interdependence as efficient and motivated learners; (2) to enable children to perceive the curriculum as relevant ***** *****ir ***** needs; (3) *****cknowledge ***** attitudes and values play a pivotal role in explor*****g concepts ***** principles in all curriculum **********; and (4) To enhance teaching and learning more effectively than


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