Essay - Integrated Curriculum Planning: Concept Based Curriculum Objective the Objective of...

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***** objective of this work is to examine integrated curriculum planning and the concept-based curriculum and to report studies and information published from the year 2000 ***** the present relating to planning the integrated and concept-based curriculum.


Integration of the *****, according to Nolan ***** Harwood at the Institute for Professional Development and Educational Research at Massey University is "***** process of experiencing and understanding connections, and, because ***** this, seeing things whole." (2001) Integration occurs experientially as well ***** socially. Experiential integration results in "new experience...[becoming]... part of our existing knowledge and ways of seeing things. We use past experiences to help us understand and solve new problems. Experience whether "primary" as in gathering data or doing observations, or "secondary" as in processing the data ***** observations in a ***** b*****e, is the r*****w material for developing knowledge and underst*****ing and for developing and applying ***** skills essential for effective learning." (Nolan and *****, *****) Social integration involves learners ***** "the ideas and underst*****ing *****y have developed ***** their daily lives and to the ***** of others, and they learn by interacting with *****. The curriculum is organized around personal and social issues, problems ***** concerns identified in, or ***** *****, the lives of the ***** in ***** world ***** which they live." (Nolan and Harwood, 2001) The work of Linda Henderson (2004) entitled: "Unleashing Talent: An Examination of VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model" states that the integrated curriculum exposes students ***** "teaching practices that encourage the development of good thinking."

***** work of Kathy Lake (2001) entitled: "Integrated Curriculum" and reported in the School Improvement Research Series (SIRS) states that the ***** curriculum "is a great gift to experienced teachers. It's like getting a new pair of lenses that make teaching a lot more exciting and help us look forward to the next century." The integrated curriculum is one "in which children broadly explore knowledge in various subjects related ***** certain aspects of their environment." (*****, 2001) *****re are varied levels ***** ***** within the framework of ***** integrated curriculum ***** ***** stated ***** Lake to include the following:

Development of cross-curriculum sub-objectives within a given curriculum guide;

Development of model lessons that include cross-curricular activities and assessments;

***** of enrichment or enhancement activities with a ***** focus including suggestions for cross-curricular 'contacts' ***** each objective;

***** of assessment activities ***** are cross-curricular in nature; and Includes sample planning wheels in all ***** guides. (*****, *****)

***** work of Bhattacharya, MacIntyre, Ryan and Brears (2006) *****: "PBL Approach: A ***** ***** Integrated *****" ***** that the general aims ***** the integrated curriculum are: (1) ***** of a child's independence and interdependence as efficient and motivated learners; (2) to enable children to perceive the curriculum as relevant to *****ir ***** needs; (3) Ac***** ***** attitudes and values play a pivotal role in explor*****g concepts ***** principles in all curriculum **********; and (4) To enhance ***** and learning more effectively than


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