Essay - Integrated Curriculum Planning: Concept Based Curriculum Objective the Objective of...

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The objective of this work is to examine integrated curriculum planning and the concept-based curriculum and ***** report studies and information published from the year 2000 to the present relating to planning the integrated and concept-based curriculum.


***** ***** ***** *****, according to Nolan ***** Harwood at the Institute for Professional Development and Educational Research at Massey University is "***** process of experiencing and underst*****ing connections, and, because of this, seeing things whole." (2001) Integration occurs experientially as well as socially. Experiential integration results in "new experience...[becoming]... part of our existing knowledge and ways of seeing things. We use p*****t experiences to help us understand and solve new problems. Experience whether "primary" as in gathering data or doing observations, or "secondary" as in processing the data and observations in a ***** base, is the raw material f***** developing knowledge and understanding and for developing and applying the skills essential for effective learning." (Nolan and *****, 2001) Social integration involves learners ***** "the ideas and underst*****ing they have developed to their daily lives and to the lives of others, and ***** learn by interacting with others. The curriculum is organized around personal and social **********, problems ***** concerns identified in, or developed *****, the lives of the ***** in the w*****ld ***** which they live." (Nolan and Harwood, *****) ***** ***** of Linda Henderson (2004) entitled: "Unleashing Talent: An Examination of VanTassel-Baska's Integrated Curriculum Model" states that the integrated curriculum exposes students to "teaching practices that encourage the development of good thinking."

The work of Kathy Lake (2001) entitled: "Integrated Curriculum" and reported in the School Improvement Research Series (SIRS) states that the ***** curriculum "is a great gift ***** experienced teachers. It's like getting a ***** pair ***** lenses that make teaching a lot more exciting and help ***** look *****ward to the next century." The integrated curriculum is one "in which children broadly explore knowledge in various subjects related ***** certain aspects of their environment." (Lake, 2001) There are varied levels ***** integration within the framework of ***** integrated ***** ***** are stated ***** Lake to include the following:

Development of cross-curriculum sub-objectives within a given curriculum guide;

Development of model lessons ***** ***** cross-curricular activities and assessments;

***** of enrichment or enhancement activities with a ***** focus including suggestions for cross-curricular 'contacts' ***** each objective;

Development of assessment activities that are cross-curricular in nature; ***** Includes sample planning wheels in all curriculum guides. (Lake, 2001)

***** work of Bhattacharya, MacIntyre, Ryan and Brears (2006) *****: "PBL Approach: A Model ***** Integrated *****" states that the general aims of the ********** curriculum are: (1) ***** of a child's independence ***** interdependence as efficient and motivated learners; (2) to enable children to perceive the curriculum as relevant to their learning needs; (3) Ac***** that attitudes and values play a pivotal role in explor*****g concepts and principles in all curriculum areas; and (4) To enhance ***** and learning more effectively than


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