Essay - Intercultural Communication Essay 1 Explain How Differences in the Perception...

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Intercultural Communication

Essay 1

Explain how differences in the perception of time and the use of space affect intercultural and co-cultural communication.

Imagine this scenario. You arrive for an afternoon meeting at ***** scheduled time. ***** have just suffered a long flight from New York to P*****ris. Forty-five minutes later, the representatives from your organization's French branch sally in***** the conference room. They are still discussing ***** delightful new cafe they discovered, where they have enjoyed a two-hour lunch. 'Why didn't they leave on time ***** our c*****fully scheduled meeting,' you rage inside, 'how could they be so inc*****siderate?' Later, when you explain ***** ire to a ***** friend, he does not underst***** why less than an hour was ***** important to *****.

Imagine a**********r scenario. You are meeting the representatives ***** a Japanese organization your business hopes ***** embark upon in a jo*****t venture. The two of you ********** ***** hands to shake. *****y do so, gently, while you and ********** colleague give a firm *****hake, to show that you mean business. You sit close by these representatives at the table, ***** show your friendliness, but ***** seem stan*****ffish. You leave the meeting feeling as though things did not go well, ***** the two of you did not make a good impression. Yet despite their apparent dislike for American *****ness in physical gestures ***** friendship, you note that many Japanese citizens happily pack themselves into loaded commuter trains.

***** experiences illustrate some differences in how different cultures value time, such as *****'s premium upon ***** equating money, versus the French value upon leisure and quality of life, or ***** different protocols regarding personal space that vary between and within ***** depending on different situational contexts. A largely Muslim nation like Morocco might be quite flexible about the beginnings of ***** times, *****n its French colonial history but the ***** for prayers to Mecca are in*****. Even ***** the United States, a Southerner might be t*****ken aback by what he sees as an impatient, 'in your face' ***** Yorker. Thus cultural awareness is important, so that cultural norms are not read as rudeness or ingratitude and impede real underst*****ing between nations ***** regions.

Essay 2

What are t***** ***** in behavior exhibi*****ed ***** people who come from cultures ***** have different activity orientations?

***** orientations refer to the culture's degree on emphasis ***** 'doing' and 'being.' This stress upon what someone does is almost immediately apparent in a cocktail party in the United States. "What do you do?" is ***** first question everyone is asked, as if vocation is synonymous with identity. Pragmatic, logical, and forward-thinking approaches and an ***** on getting things done are the hallmarks ***** American business and in American society' doing one's job is synonymous with doing something of measurable *****. Someone who ***** ***** work, such as a home*****r, will often say that he or she does not work at all, even if running a household m*****y involve considerable effort.

In ***** were being or


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