Essay - Intercultural Communication Essay 1 Explain How Differences in the Perception...

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Intercultural Communication

Essay 1

Explain how differences in the perception of time and the use of space affect intercultural and co-cultural communication.

Imagine this scenario. You arrive for an afternoon meeting at ***** scheduled time. You have just suffered a long flight from New York to P*****ris. Forty-five minutes l*****er, the representatives from your organization's French branch sally in***** the conference room. They are still discussing the delightful new cafe they discovered, where they have enjoyed a two-hour lunch. 'Why didn't they leave on time ***** our c*****fully ***** meeting,' you rage inside, '***** could they be so inc*****siderate?***** Later, when you explain ***** ire to a French friend, he does not underst***** why less than an hour was ***** important to you.

Imagine a*****her scenario. ***** are meeting the representatives ***** a Japanese organization your business hopes ***** embark upon in a jo*****t venture. The two of you ********** your hands to shake. *****y do so, gently, while you and *****r colleague give a firm *****hake, to show that you mean business. You sit close by *****se representatives at the table, to show your friendliness, but they seem standoffish. You leave the meeting feeling as though things did not go well, th***** the two of you did ***** make a good impression. Yet despite their app*****nt dislike for American *****ness in physical gestures of friendship, you note that many ***** citizens happily pack themselves *****to loaded commuter trains.

***** experiences illustrate some differences in how different cultures value time, such as *****'s premium upon ***** equating money, versus the French value upon leisure and quality of life, or the different protocols regarding personal space that vary between and within cultures depending on different situational contexts. A largely Muslim nation like Morocco might be quite flexible about ***** beginnings of meeting times, given its French colonial history but the times for prayers to Mecca are inflexible. Even within the United States, a Southerner might be t*****ken aback by what he sees ***** an impatient, 'in your face' ***** Yorker. Thus cultural awareness is important, so that cultural norms are not read as rudeness or ingratitude and impede real understanding ***** nations ***** regions.

Essay 2

***** are the differences in behavior exhibited by people who come from cultures ***** have ***** activity orientations?

***** orientations refer to ***** culture's degree on emph*****is ***** 'doing' and 'being.' This stress upon what someone does is almost immediately apparent in a cocktail party in the ***** States. "What do you *****?" is the first question everyone is asked, as if vocation ***** synonymous with identity. Pragmatic, logical, and forward-thinking approaches and an emphasis on getting things done are the hallmarks ***** American business ***** in American society' doing one's job is ***** with doing something of measurable *****. Someone who ***** not work, such as a homemaker, will often say that he or she does not work at all, even if running a household m*****y involve considerable effort.

***** ***** were being or


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