Essay - Intercultural Communication Essay 1 Explain How Differences in the Perception...


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Intercultural Communication

Essay 1

Explain how differences in the perception of time and the use of space affect intercultural and co-cultural communication.

Imagine this scenario. You arrive for an afternoon meeting at ***** scheduled *****. You have just suffered a long flight from New York to Paris. Forty-five minutes later, the representatives from your organization's French branch sally into the conference room. They are still discussing ***** delightful new cafe they discovered, where they have enjoyed a two-hour lunch. 'Why didn't ***** leave on time ***** our carefully ***** meeting,' you rage inside, '***** could they be so inconsiderate?***** Later, when you explain *****r ire to a French friend, he does not underst***** why less than an hour was so important ***** you.

***** a**********r scenario. You are meeting the ***** of a Japanese organization your business hopes to embark upon in a joint venture. The two of you offer ***** hands to shake. *****y do so, gently, while you and ********** colleague give a firm hand*****, to show that you mean business. You sit close by these representatives at the table, to show your friendliness, but ***** seem standoffish. You leave the meeting feeling as though things did not go well, th***** the two of you did ***** make a good impression. Yet despite their app*****nt dislike for American closeness in physical gestures of friendship, you note that many Japanese citizens happily pack themselves into loaded commuter trains.

***** experiences illustrate some differences in how different cultures value time, such ***** American's premium upon time equating money, versus the French value upon leisure and quality of life, or ***** different protocols regarding personal space that vary between and within cultures depending on different situational contexts. A largely Muslim nation like Morocco might be quite flexible about the beginnings of ***** times, *****n its French colonial history but the times for prayers to Mecca are inflexible. Even within the United States, a Southerner might be t*****ken aback by what he sees as an impatient, 'in your face' New Yorker. Thus cultural awareness is important, so that cultural norms are not read ***** rudeness or ingratitude and impede real underst*****ing ***** nations ***** regions.

***** 2

***** are the ***** in behavior exhibited ***** people who come from cultures that have ***** activity orientations?

***** orientations refer to the culture's degree on emphasis ***** 'doing' and 'being.' This stress upon what someone does is almost immediately apparent in a cockt*****il party in the United States. "What do you do?" is the first question everyone is asked, as if vocation ***** synonymous with identity. Pragmatic, logical, and forward-thinking approaches and an emph*****is on getting things ********** are ***** hallmarks ***** American business ***** in American society' doing one's job is ***** with doing something of measurable value. Someone who ***** ***** work, such as a home*****r, will often say that he or she does not ***** at all, even if running a household m*****y involve considerable effort.

In ***** were being or

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