Essay - Intercultural Communication Essay 1 Explain How Differences in the Perception...

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Intercultural Communication

Essay 1

Explain how differences in the perception of time and the use of space affect *****tercultural and co-cultural communication.

Imagine this scenario. You arrive for an afternoon meeting at ***** scheduled *****. ***** have just suffered a long flight from New York to P*****ris. Forty-five minutes l*****er, the representatives from your organization's French branch sally into the conference room. They are still discussing the delightful new cafe they discovered, where they have enjoyed a two-hour lunch. 'Why didn't ***** leave on time ***** our carefully scheduled meeting,' you rage inside, 'how could they be so inc*****siderate?' Later, when you explain ********** ire to a French friend, he does not understand why less than an hour was ***** important ***** you.

***** anot*****r scenario. You are meeting the representatives ***** a Japanese organization your business hopes to embark upon in a joint venture. The two of you *****fer ***** hands to shake. They do so, gently, while you and your colleague give a firm *****hake, to show that you mean business. You sit close by ********** representatives at the table, ***** show ***** friendliness, but ***** seem stan*****ffish. ***** leave the meeting feeling as though things did not go well, that the two of you did ***** make a good impression. Yet despite ********** apparent dislike for American closeness in physical gestures of friendship, you note that many ***** citizens happily pack themselves *****to loaded commuter trains.

***** experiences illustrate some differences in how different cultures value time, such as American's premium upon ***** equating money, versus the ***** value upon leisure and quality of life, or ***** different protocols regarding personal space that vary between and within cultures depending on different situational contexts. A largely Muslim nation like Morocco might be quite flexible about the *****ginnings of meeting times, *****n its French colonial history but ***** ***** for prayers to Mecca are inflexible. Even ***** the United States, a Southerner might be t*****ken aback by what he sees ***** an impatient, 'in your face' New Yorker. Thus cultural awareness is important, so ***** cultural norms are not read as rudeness or ingratitude and impede real understanding ***** nations ***** regions.

Essay 2

What are the ***** in behavior exhibited ***** people who come from cultures that have ***** activity orientations?

Activity orientations refer to ***** culture's degree on emphasis in 'doing' and 'being.' This stress upon what someone does is almost immediately apparent in a cocktail party in the United States. "What do you *****?" is ***** first question everyone is asked, as if vocation ***** synonymous with identity. Pragmatic, logical, and forward-thinking approaches and an emph*****is on getting ***** done are the hallmarks ***** American business ***** in American society' do*****g one's job is ***** with doing something of measurable *****. Someone who does not work, such as a homemaker, will often say that he or she does not ***** at all, even if running a household m*****y involve considerable effort.

***** ***** were being or


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