Essay - Intercultural Communication Essay 1 Explain How Differences in the Perception...

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Intercultural Communication

Essay 1

Explain how differences in the perception of time and the use of space affect *****tercultural and co-cultural communication.

Imagine this scenario. You arrive for an afternoon meeting at the scheduled time. ***** have just suffered a long flight from New York to P*****ris. Forty-five minutes later, the representatives from your organization's French branch sally in***** the conference room. They are still discussing ***** delightful new cafe they discovered, where they have enjoyed a two-hour lunch. 'Why didn't ***** leave on time ***** our c*****fully scheduled meeting,' you rage inside, 'how could they be so inconsiderate?' Later, when you explain ***** ire to a ***** friend, he does not underst***** why less than an hour was so important to *****.

***** anot*****r scenario. You are meeting the ***** of a Japanese organization your business hopes ***** embark upon in a jo*****t venture. The two ***** you offer ***** hands to shake. They do so, gently, while you and your colleague give a firm hand*****, to show that you mean business. You sit close by these representatives at the table, ***** show your friendliness, but they seem standoffish. ***** leave the meeting feeling as though things did not go well, ***** the two of you did ***** make a good impression. Yet despite their apparent dislike for American closeness in physical gestures of friendship, you note that many Japanese citizens happily pack themselves ********** loaded commuter trains.

***** experiences illustrate some differences in how different cultures value time, such ***** American's premium upon ***** equating money, versus the French value upon leisure and quality of life, or ***** different protocols regarding personal space that vary between and within ***** depending on different situational contexts. A largely Muslim nation like Morocco might be quite flexible about the *****ginnings of ***** times, given its French colonial history but ***** ***** for prayers to Mecca are inflexible. Even within the United States, a Southerner might be t*****ken aback by what he sees as an impatient, 'in your face' ***** Yorker. Thus cultural awareness is important, so ***** cultural norms are not read ***** rudeness or ingratitude and impede real underst*****ing ***** *****s ***** regions.

Essay 2

***** are t***** differences in behavior exhibi*****ed ***** people who come from cultures that have different activity orientations?

Activity orientations refer to the culture's degree on emphasis in 'doing' and 'being.' This stress upon what someone does is almost immediately apparent in a cocktail party in the ***** States. "What do you do?" is the first question everyone is asked, as if vocation ***** synonymous with identity. Pragmatic, logical, and forward-thinking approaches and an ***** on getting things ********** are the hallmarks ***** American business ***** in American society' doing one's job is ***** with doing something of measurable value. Someone who does not work, such as a home*****r, will often say that he or she ***** not w*****k at all, even if running a household may involve considerable effort.

In ***** were being or


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