Essay - Intercultural Communication Essay 1 Explain How Differences in the Perception...

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Intercultural Communication

Essay 1

Explain how differences in the perception of time and the use of space affect *****tercultural and co-cultural communication.

Imagine this scenario. You arrive for an afternoon meeting at ***** scheduled *****. ***** have just suffered a long flight from New York to Paris. Forty-five minutes later, the representatives from your organization's French branch sally into the conference room. They are still discussing the delightful new cafe they discovered, where they have enjoyed a two-hour lunch. 'Why didn't ***** leave on time for our c*****fully scheduled meeting,' you rage inside, 'how could they be so inconsiderate?' Later, when you explain ***** ire to a ***** friend, he does not understand why less than an hour was so important to *****.

Imagine anot*****r scenario. You are meeting the ***** of a Japanese organization your business hopes ***** embark upon in a joint venture. The two of you offer ***** hands to shake. *****y do so, gently, while you and ********** colleague give a firm hand*****, to show that you mean business. You sit close by these representatives at the table, to show your friendliness, but ***** seem stan*****ffish. You leave the meeting feeling as though things did not go well, ***** the two of you did not make a good impression. Yet despite their app*****nt dislike ***** American closeness in physical gestures ***** friendship, you note th***** many ***** citizens happily pack themselves into loaded commuter trains.

***** experiences illustrate some differences in how different cultures value time, such as *****'s premium upon time equating money, versus the French value upon leisure and quality of life, or the different protocols regarding personal space that vary between and within cultures depending on different situational contexts. A largely Muslim nation like Morocco might be quite flexible about the *****ginnings of meeting *****s, given its French colonial history but ***** times for prayers to Mecca are inflexible. Even within the United States, a Southerner might be taken aback by what he sees as an impatient, 'in your face' New Yorker. Thus cultural awareness is important, so ***** cultural norms are not read as rudeness or ingratitude and impede real underst*****ing ***** nations or regions.

Essay 2

What are t***** ***** in behavi***** exhibi*****ed ***** people who come from cultures that have different activity orientations?

Activity orientations refer to the culture's degree on emphasis ***** 'doing' and 'being.' This stress upon what someone does is almost immediately apparent in a cocktail party in ***** ***** States. "What do you do?" is the first question everyone is asked, as if vocation is synonymous with identity. Pragmatic, logical, and forward-thinking approaches and an ***** on getting things done are ***** hallmarks ***** American business and in American society' do*****g one's job is ***** with doing something of me*****urable *****. Someone who ***** ***** work, such as a homemaker, will often say that he or she does not work at all, even if running a household may involve considerable effort.

In cultures were being or


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