Essay - Intercultural Communication Essay 1 Explain How Differences in the Perception...

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Intercultural Communication

Essay 1

Explain how differences in the perception of time and the use of space affect *****tercultural and co-cultural communication.

Imagine this scenario. You arrive for an afternoon meeting at the scheduled time. You have just suffered a long flight from New York to Paris. Forty-five minutes l*****er, the representatives from your organization's French branch sally into the conference room. They are still discussing ***** delightful new cafe they discovered, where they have enjoyed a two-hour lunch. 'Why didn't they leave on time ***** our carefully ***** meeting,' you rage inside, '***** could they be so inc*****siderate?***** Later, when you explain ***** ire to a French friend, he does not understand why less than an hour was so important ***** you.

Imagine anot*****r scenario. ***** are meeting the representatives ***** a Japanese organization your business hopes to embark upon in a jo*****t venture. The two of you ********** your hands to shake. They do so, gently, while you and *****r colleague give a firm hand*****, to show that you mean business. You sit close by *****se representatives at the table, to show your friendliness, but they seem standoffish. You leave the meeting feeling as though things did not go well, ***** the two of you did ***** make a good impression. Yet despite ********** app*****nt dislike for American closeness in physical gestures ***** friendship, you note th***** many ***** citizens happily pack themselves into loaded commuter trains.

These experiences illustrate some differences in how different cultures value time, such ***** *****'s premium upon time equating money, versus the French value upon leisure and quality of life, or the different protocols regarding personal space that vary between and within cultures depending on different situational contexts. A largely Muslim nation like Morocco might be quite flexible about ***** beginnings of ***** **********, *****n its French colonial history but the times for prayers to Mecca are in*****. Even ***** the United States, a Southerner might be t*****ken aback by what he sees as an impatient, '***** your face' ***** Yorker. Thus cultural awareness is important, so ***** cultural norms are not read ***** rudeness or ingratitude and impede real underst*****ing between nations ***** regions.

***** 2

What are the differences in behavior exhibited by people who come from cultures that have different activity orientations?

Activity orientations refer to ***** culture's degree on emphasis in 'doing' and 'being.' This stress upon what someone does is almost immediately apparent in a cocktail party in the United States. "What do you *****?" is the first question everyone is asked, as if vocation ***** synonymous with identity. Pragmatic, logical, and forward-thinking approaches and an emph*****is on getting ***** done are the hallmarks of American business ***** in American society' do*****g one's job is ***** with doing something ***** measurable value. Someone who does ***** work, such as a homemaker, will often say that he or she ***** not ***** at all, even if running a household m*****y involve considerable eff*****t.

In ***** were being or


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