Essay - Intercultural Communication Essay 1 Explain How Differences in the Perception...

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Intercultural Communication

Essay 1

Explain how differences in the perception of time and the use of space affect intercultural and co-cultural communication.

Imagine this scenario. You arrive for an afternoon meeting at ***** scheduled *****. ***** have just suffered a long flight from New York to Paris. Forty-five minutes l*****er, the representatives from your organization's French branch sally into the conference room. They are still discussing the delightful new cafe they discovered, where they have enjoyed a two-hour lunch. 'Why didn't ***** leave on time for our c*****fully scheduled meeting,' you rage inside, 'how could they be so inc*****siderate?' Later, when you explain your ire to a ***** friend, he does not understand why less than an hour was so important ***** you.

***** another scenario. You are meeting the representatives ***** a Japanese organization ***** business hopes to embark upon in a joint venture. The two of you offer your hands to shake. They do *****, gently, while you and your colleague give a firm *****hake, to show that you mean business. You sit close by ********** representatives at the table, ***** show ***** friendliness, but ***** seem standoffish. ***** leave the meeting feeling as though things did not go well, that the two of you did ***** make a good impression. Yet despite ********** apparent dislike ***** American closeness in physical gestures of friendship, you note that many ***** citizens happily pack themselves ********** loaded commuter trains.

***** experiences illustrate some differences in how different cultures value time, such ***** American's premium upon ***** equating money, versus the French value upon leisure and quality of life, or the different protocols regarding personal space that vary between and within cultures depending on different situational contexts. A largely Muslim nation like Morocco might be quite flexible about the *****ginnings of meeting times, *****n its French colonial history but ***** times for prayers to Mecca are inflexible. Even within the United States, a Southerner might be t*****ken aback by what he sees as an impatient, 'in your face' ***** Yorker. Thus cultural awareness is important, so ***** cultural norms are not read as rudeness or ingratitude and impede real underst*****ing ***** *****s or regions.

Essay 2

What are t***** ***** in behavi***** exhibited by people who come from cultures that have ***** activity orientations?

Activity orientations refer to the culture's degree on emph*****is in 'doing' and 'being.' This stress upon what someone does is almost immediately apparent in a cocktail party in the ***** States. "What do you do?" is ***** first question everyone is asked, as if vocation is synonymous with identity. Pragmatic, logical, and forward-thinking approaches and an emphasis on getting ***** ********** are the hallmarks of American business and in American society' do*****g one's job is ***** with doing something ***** measurable value. Someone who ***** ***** work, such as a homemaker, will often say that he or she does not w*****k at all, even if running a household may involve considerable effort.

***** cultures were being or


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