Essay - Intercultural Communication Essay 1 Explain How Differences in the Perception...


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Intercultural Communication

Essay 1

Explain how differences in the perception of time and the use of space affect *****tercultural and co-cultural communication.

Imagine this scenario. You arrive for an afternoon meeting at the scheduled time. You have just suffered a long flight from New York to Paris. Forty-five minutes later, the representatives from your organization's French branch sally in***** the conference room. They are still discussing ***** delightful new cafe they discovered, where they have enjoyed a two-hour lunch. 'Why didn't ***** leave on time for our carefully scheduled meeting,' you rage inside, 'how could they be so inconsiderate?' Later, when you explain ***** ire to a French friend, he does not underst***** why less than an hour was ***** important to you.

Imagine a**********r scenario. You are meeting the representatives ***** a Japanese organization your business hopes ***** embark upon in a joint venture. The two of you ********** your hands to shake. They do so, gently, while you and ********** colleague give a firm *****hake, to show that you mean business. You sit close by these representatives at the table, to show your friendliness, but ***** seem stan*****ffish. You leave the meeting feeling as though things did not go well, th***** the two of you did not make a good impression. Yet despite ********** apparent dislike ***** American closeness in physical gestures of friendship, you note that many Japanese citizens happily pack themselves into loaded commuter trains.

These experiences illustrate some differences in how different cultures value time, such as American's premium upon time equating money, versus the ***** value upon leisure and quality of life, or the different protocols regarding personal space that vary between and within cultures depending on different situational contexts. A largely Muslim nation like Morocco might be quite flexible about the beginnings of meeting *****s, given its French colonial history but ***** times for prayers to Mecca are in*****. Even within the United States, a Southerner might be t*****ken aback by what he sees as an impatient, 'in your face' New Yorker. Thus cultural awareness is important, so ***** cultural norms are not read as rudeness or ingratitude and impede real understanding between nations ***** regions.

Essay 2

***** are the ***** in behavior exhibited by people who come from cultures that have ***** activity orientations?

Activity orientations refer to the culture's degree on emph*****is ***** 'doing' and 'being.' This stress upon what someone does is almost immediately apparent in a cockt*****il party in ***** United States. "What do you do?" is the first question everyone is asked, as if vocation ***** synonymous with identity. Pragmatic, logical, and forward-thinking approaches and an emph*****is on getting things done are the hallmarks ***** American business ***** in American society' doing one's job is ***** with doing something of measurable value. Someone who ***** ***** work, such as a homemaker, will often say that he or she does not ***** at all, even if running a household may involve considerable eff*****t.

In cultures were being or

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