Essay - Intercultural Communication Essay 1 Explain How Differences in the Perception...

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Intercultural Communication

Essay 1

Explain how differences in the perception of time and the use of space affect *****tercultural and co-cultural communication.

Imagine this scenario. You arrive for an afternoon meeting at the scheduled *****. ***** have just suffered a long flight from New York to P*****ris. Forty-five minutes later, the representatives from your organization's French branch sally in***** the conference room. They are still discussing ***** delightful new cafe they discovered, where they have enjoyed a two-hour lunch. 'Why didn't ***** leave on time for our carefully ***** meeting,' you rage inside, 'how could they be so inconsiderate?' Later, when you explain ***** ire to a French friend, he does not underst***** why less than an hour was ***** important ***** *****.

Imagine a**********r scenario. You are meeting the ***** of a Japanese organization your business hopes to embark upon in a joint venture. The two of you ********** your hands to shake. They do so, gently, while you and your colleague give a firm *****hake, to show that you mean business. You sit close by these representatives at the table, to show ***** friendliness, but ***** seem standoffish. ***** leave the meeting feeling as though things did not go well, ***** the two of you did not make a good impression. Yet despite their app*****nt dislike for American *****ness in physical gestures ***** friendship, you note th***** many Japanese citizens happily pack themselves *****to loaded commuter trains.

***** experiences illustrate some differences in how different cultures value time, such as American's premium upon ***** equating money, versus the French value upon leisure and quality of life, or the different protocols regarding personal space that vary between and within ***** depending on different situational contexts. A largely Muslim nation like Morocco might be quite flexible about the *****ginnings of ***** times, given its French colonial history but ***** ***** for prayers to Mecca are inflexible. Even ***** the United States, a Southerner might be t*****ken aback by what he sees ***** an impatient, 'in your face' ***** Yorker. Thus cultural awareness is important, so ***** cultural norms are not read as rudeness or ingratitude and impede real understanding between *****s or regions.

***** 2

***** are the ***** in behavi***** exhibited ***** people who come from cultures that have different activity orientations?

Activity orientations refer to ***** culture's degree on emph*****is in 'doing' and 'being.' This stress upon what someone does is almost immediately apparent in a cockt*****il party in the ***** States. "What do you *****?" is ***** first question everyone is asked, as if vocation is synonymous with identity. Pragmatic, logical, and forward-thinking approaches and an emphasis on getting ***** done are the hallmarks ***** American business and in American society' doing one's job is synonymous with doing something of measurable *****. Someone who ***** not work, such as a homemaker, will often say that he or she does not w*****k at all, even if running a household m*****y involve considerable effort.

***** ***** were being or


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