Essay - Intercultural Communication Essay 1 Explain How Differences in the Perception...


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Intercultural Communication

Essay 1

Explain how differences in the perception of time and the use of space affect intercultural and co-cultural communication.

Imagine this scenario. You arrive for an afternoon meeting at the scheduled *****. You have just suffered a long flight from New York to Paris. Forty-five minutes l*****er, the representatives from your organization's French branch sally in***** the conference room. They are still discussing ***** delightful new cafe they discovered, where they have enjoyed a two-hour lunch. 'Why didn't they leave on time for our c*****fully scheduled meeting,' you rage inside, 'how could they be so inconsiderate?' Later, when you explain ***** ire to a French friend, he does not understand why less than an hour was ***** important ***** you.

***** a*****her scenario. ***** are meeting the representatives of a Japanese organization your business hopes to embark upon in a joint venture. The two ***** you offer ***** hands to shake. *****y do so, gently, while you and *****r colleague give a firm handshake, to show that you mean business. You sit close by these representatives at the table, to show your friendliness, but they seem stan*****ffish. ***** leave the meeting feeling as though things did not go well, ***** the two of you did not make a good impression. Yet despite their app*****nt dislike for American closeness in physical gestures of friendship, you note that many Japanese citizens happily pack themselves ********** loaded commuter trains.

***** experiences illustrate some differences in how different cultures value time, such ***** *****'s premium upon ***** equating money, versus the ***** value upon leisure and quality of life, or ***** different protocols regarding personal space that vary between and within cultures depending on different situational contexts. A largely Muslim nation like Morocco might be quite flexible about the beginnings of ***** times, given its French colonial history but the ***** for prayers to Mecca are inflexible. Even ***** the United States, a Southerner might be taken aback by what he sees as an impatient, 'in your face' ***** Yorker. Thus cultural awareness is important, so ***** cultural norms are not read as rudeness or ingratitude and impede real understanding ***** nations or regions.

Essay 2

***** are t***** ***** in behavior exhibited by people who come from cultures that have ***** activity orientations?

***** orientations refer to the culture's degree on emph*****is in 'doing' and 'being.' This stress upon what someone does is almost immediately apparent in a cockt*****il party in the United States. "What do you *****?" is ***** first question everyone is asked, as if vocation ***** synonymous with identity. Pragmatic, logical, and forward-thinking approaches and an emph*****is on getting things done are the hallmarks of American business and in American society' doing one's job is synonymous with doing something ***** measurable value. Someone who ***** not work, such as a home*****r, will often say that he or she does not w*****k at all, even if running a household m*****y involve considerable effort.

In ***** were being or

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