Essay - Intercultural Communication Essay 1 Explain How Differences in the Perception...


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Intercultural Communication

Essay 1

Explain how differences in the perception of time and the use of space affect intercultural and co-cultural communication.

Imagine this scenario. You arrive for an afternoon meeting at ***** scheduled *****. ***** have just suffered a long flight from New York to P*****ris. Forty-five minutes l*****er, the representatives from your organization's French branch sally into the conference room. They are still discussing the delightful new cafe they discovered, where they have enjoyed a two-hour lunch. 'Why didn't they leave on time for our carefully ***** meeting,' you rage inside, 'how could ***** be so inc*****siderate?' Later, when you explain ***** ire to a ***** friend, he does not understand why less than an hour was so important ***** *****.

Imagine anot*****r scenario. You are meeting the ***** of a Japanese organization your business hopes to embark upon in a jo*****t venture. The two ***** you offer your hands to shake. They do *****, gently, while you and *****r colleague give a firm *****hake, to show that you mean business. You sit close by ********** representatives at the table, to show your friendliness, but they seem stan*****ffish. ***** leave the meeting feeling as though things did not go well, ***** the two of you did not make a good impression. Yet despite their apparent dislike ***** American closeness in physical gestures of friendship, you note th***** many ***** citizens happily pack themselves ********** loaded commuter trains.

***** experiences illustrate some differences in how different cultures value time, such as *****'s premium upon ***** equating money, versus the French value upon leisure and quality of life, or the different protocols regarding personal space that vary between and within cultures depending on different situational contexts. A largely Muslim nation like Morocco might be quite flexible about ***** beginnings of ***** times, *****n its French colonial history but the times for prayers to Mecca are inflexible. Even ***** the United States, a Southerner might be taken aback by what he sees ***** an impatient, 'in your face' ***** Yorker. Thus cultural awareness is important, so ***** cultural norms are not read as rudeness or ingratitude and impede real underst*****ing between *****s ***** regions.

Essay 2

***** are t***** ***** in behavior exhibited by people who come from cultures that have ***** activity orientations?

***** orientations refer to the culture's degree on emphasis in 'doing' and 'being.' This stress upon what someone does is almost immediately apparent in a cocktail party in ***** United States. "What do you do?" is the first question everyone is asked, as if vocation ***** synonymous with identity. Pragmatic, logical, and forward-thinking approaches and an emphasis on getting things ********** are ***** hallmarks ***** American business and in American society' do*****g one's job is synonymous with doing something of measurable *****. Someone who ***** not work, such as a homemaker, will often say that he or she does not work at all, even if running a household may involve considerable effort.

***** cultures were being or

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