Essay - Introduction the Problem of Counterfeit Drugs Has Reached Epic Proportions...


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Introduction

***** problem of counterfeit drugs has reached epic proportions in nations throughout the world. Counterfeit ***** can lead to social health crises and a host of o*****r problems related ***** smuggling and crime. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the mechanisms by which National Drug Regulatory Authorities in "Developing" Nations and "Developed" Nations Address ***** Pharmaceutical Issues with emphasis on Regulatory Authorities in Nigeria ***** the United States. Let us beg***** our discussion by defining Counterfeit pharmaceuticals and the impact on ***** ***** States and Nigeria.

Definiti***** of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals ***** the problems they cause in the United States and Nigeria

According to ***** American Food and ***** administration (FDA) counterfeit drugs are defined as fake medicine that may be contaminated or contain the incorrect or no active ingredients (Consumer Education: ***** Medicine). According to the World Health organization researchers have found an abundance of counterfeit drugs throughout the globe. The most common counterfeit drugs were homemade counterfeits, mislabeled measurements ***** insufficient active ingredients. ***** World Health Organization reports that Counterfeit medicines are deliberately and fraudulently ***** medicines with respect to identity *****/***** source...*****ing applies to both branded and generic products, and ranges from ***** illegal use ***** copyrighted commercial brands to manufacturing fake medicines. Counterfeiting is a far more pronounced problem in developing countries. National measures alone ***** not been proven adequate to combat ***** activity (Counterfeit **********)."

According to P*****ik (2002), the World ***** Organization has found that one in four of the doses of medicine consumed in developing ***** were substandard. The proportion of substandard ***** being consumed in developed countries is one in ten doses. In their f*****dings the World Health organization also noted a difference in ***** types ***** ph*****rmaceuticals that were being counterfeited. For instance, in the developed countries ***** ***** of drugs being counterfeited were considered to be lifestyle drugs ***** include steroids, herbal remedies and hormones (Counterfeit Medicines). ***** damage done by such drugs is usually not lethal (Are You Sure Your Medicine Is Genuine? 2004). However, in ***** ***** the medicines that are counterfeited are used to treat serious diseases ***** as malaria ***** AIDS. The article further reports that "At best, the regular use of substandard or counterfeit medicines leads to therapeutic failure ***** drug resistance," the WHO said. "In many cases, it can lead to death (Pisik 2002)."

***** Un*****ed ***** reports ***** on the continent ***** Africa, the counterfeit drug problem is rampant. The UN asserts that the abundance of ***** drugs in ***** is closely related to the AIDS epidemic and the high cost and limited availability of ***** life susta*****ing drugs that people desperately need. In an article entitled "Take a st*****d on *****, African leaders told"

Antiretroviral drugs are prolonging the life of those infected ***** the virus in other parts of the world. In Africa the cost of these ***** poses the greatest single challenge to individuals and health care systems. They are ***** only putting a barrier between rich and

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