Essay - Introduction the Problem of Counterfeit Drugs Has Reached Epic Proportions...

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The problem of counterfeit drugs has reached epic proportions in nations throughout the world. Counterfeit ***** can lead to social health crises and a host of other problems related ***** smuggling and crime. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the mechan*****ms by which National Drug Regulatory Authorities in "Developing" Nations and "Developed" Nations Address Counterfeit Pharmaceutical Issues with emphasis on Regulatory Authorities in Nigeria and the United States. Let us beg***** our discussion by defining Counterfeit pharmaceuticals and the impact on ***** ***** States and Nigeria.

***** of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals and the problems they cause in the United States and Nigeria

According to ***** Ameri***** Food and ***** administration (FDA) counterfeit drugs are defined as fake medicine that may be contaminated or contain the incorrect or no active ingredients (Consumer Education: ***** Medicine). According to the World Health organization researchers have found an abundance of ***** drugs throughout the globe. The most common counterfeit ***** were homemade counterfeits, mislabeled measurements and insufficient active *****. ***** ***** Health Organization reports that Counterfeit medicines ***** deliberately ***** fraudulently ***** medicines with respect to identity and/or source...*****ing applies to both branded and generic products, ***** ranges from the illegal use of copyrighted commercial brands to manufacturing fake medicines. Counterfeiting is a far more pro*****unced problem in developing countries. National measures alone ***** not been proven adequate to combat th***** activity (Counterfeit **********)."

According to Pisik (2002), ***** World Health Organization has found that one in four of the doses of medicine consumed in developing ***** were substandard. The proportion ***** substandard drugs being consumed in developed countries is ***** in ten doses. In *****ir f*****dings the World Health ***** also noted a difference in ***** types of ***** that ***** be*****g counterfeited. For instance, in the developed countries the ***** of ***** being ***** were considered ***** be lifestyle drugs which include steroids, herbal remedies and hormones (Counterfeit Medicines). The damage done by such drugs is usually not lethal (Are You Sure Your Medicine Is Genuine? 2004). However, in developing countries the medicines that are counterfeited are used to treat serious d*****eases ***** as malaria and AIDS. ***** article fur*****r reports ***** "At best, the regular use of subst*****ard or counterfeit medicines leads to therapeutic failure ***** drug resistance," the WHO said. "In many cases, it can lead ***** death (Pisik 2002)."

The United ***** reports that on ***** c*****tinent ***** Africa, the counterfeit drug problem is rampant. The UN asserts that the abundance of counterfeit drugs in ***** is closely related to the AIDS epidemic and the high cost and limited availability of ***** life sustaining drugs ***** people desperately need. In an article entitled "Take a st*****d on drugs, African leaders told"

Antiretroviral drugs are prol*****ging the ***** of those infected ***** the virus in ***** parts of the world. In Africa the cost ***** these drugs poses the greatest single challenge to individuals and health care systems. They are ***** only putting a barrier between rich and


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