Essay - Introduction the Problem of Counterfeit Drugs Has Reached Epic Proportions...


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Introduction

***** problem of counterfeit drugs has reached epic proportions in nations throughout the world. Counterfeit drugs can lead to social health crises and a host of other problems related to smuggling ***** crime. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the mechanisms by which National Drug Regulatory Authorities in "Developing" Nations and "Developed" Nations Address Counterfeit Pharmaceutical Issues with emphasis on Regulatory Authorities in Nigeria ***** the United States. Let us begin our discussion by defining Counterfeit pharmaceuticals and the impact on the United States and Nigeria.

********** of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals and the problems they cause in the ***** States ***** Nigeria

According to the Ameri***** Food and ***** administration (FDA) counterfeit drugs are defined as fake medicine that may be contaminated or contain the incorrect or no active ingredients (Consumer Education: ***** Medicine). According ***** the World Health organization researchers have found an abund*****ce of ***** drugs throughout the globe. The most common counterfeit drugs were homemade counterfeits, mislabeled measurements ***** insufficient active ingredients. The World Health Organization reports that Counterfeit *****s are deliberately and fraudulently mislabeled medicines with respect to identity and/or source...Counterfeiting applies ***** both branded and generic products, ***** ranges from ***** illegal use of copyrighted commercial brands to manufacturing fake medicines. Counterfeiting is a far more pro*****unced problem in develop*****g countries. National measures alone have not been proven adequate to combat this activity (Counterfeit **********)."

According to Pisik (2002), the World ***** Organization has found that one in four of the doses of medicine consumed in developing ***** were substandard. ***** proportion of substandard drugs being consumed in developed countries is one in ten doses. In *****ir findings the World Health ***** also noted a difference in ***** types ***** ***** that ***** be*****g counterfeited. For instance, in the developed countries ***** types of ***** being ***** were considered ***** be lifestyle drugs which include steroids, herbal remedies and hormones (Counterfeit Medicines). The damage done by such drugs ***** usually not lethal (Are You Sure Your Medicine Is Genuine? 2004). However, in ***** ***** the medicines that are counterfeited are *****d to treat serious diseases such as malaria ***** AIDS. ***** article fur*****r ***** that "At *****st, the regular use of substandard or counterfeit medicines leads to therapeutic failure ***** drug resistance," the WHO said. "In many c*****es, it can lead ***** death (Pisik *****)."

The United Nations reports that on ***** c*****tinent of Africa, the counterfeit ***** problem is rampant. The UN asserts that the abundance of ***** drugs in ***** is closely ***** to the AIDS epidemic and ***** high cost and limited availability of the life sustaining drugs that people desperately need. In an article entitled "Take a st*****d on *****, African *****ers told"

Antiretroviral drugs are prol*****ging the ***** of those infected with the virus in ***** parts of the world. In Africa the ***** ***** these drugs poses the greatest single challenge to individuals and health care systems. They are not only putting a b*****rrier between rich and

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