Essay - Introduction the Problem of Counterfeit Drugs Has Reached Epic Proportions...


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Introduction

***** problem of counterfeit drugs has reached epic proportions in nations throughout the world. Counterfeit ***** can lead to social health crises and a host of o*****r problems related to smuggling and crime. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the mechan*****ms by which National Drug Regulatory Authorities in "Developing" Nations and "Developed" Nations Address ***** Pharmaceutical Issues with emphasis on Regulatory ***** in Nigeria ***** the United States. Let us beg***** our discussion by defining Counterfeit pharmaceuticals and the impact on the ***** States and Nigeria.

Definition of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals ***** the problems they cause in the United States and Nigeria

According to the Ameri***** Food and Drug administration (FDA) counterfeit drugs are defined as fake medicine that may be contaminated or contain the incorrect or no active ingredients (Consumer Education: ***** Medicine). According to the World Health organization researchers have found an abundance of ***** drugs throughout the globe. The most common counterfeit drugs were homemade counterfeits, mislabeled measurements ***** insufficient active *****. ***** ***** Health Organization reports that Counterfeit medicines are deliberately and fraudulently mislabeled medicines with respect to identity *****/or source...Counterfeiting applies ***** both branded and generic products, and ranges from the illegal use of copyrighted commercial brands to manufacturing fake medicines. Counterfeiting is a far more pronounced problem in develop*****g countries. National measures alone have not been proven adequate to combat this activity (Counterfeit *****s)."

According to Pisik (2002), ***** World Health Organization has found that one in four of the doses of medicine consumed in developing ***** were substandard. The proportion of substandard ***** being ***** in developed countries is one in ten doses. In their findings the ***** Health ***** also noted a difference in ***** types ***** ph*****rmaceuticals that ***** be*****g counterfeited. For instance, in the ***** countries the types of drugs being ***** were considered to be lifestyle drugs which include steroids, herbal remedies and hormones (Counterfeit Medicines). ***** damage done by such drugs is usually not lethal (Are You Sure Your Medicine Is Genuine? 2004). However, in developing ***** the medicines that ***** counterfeited are *****d to treat serious diseases ***** as malaria ***** AIDS. The article further reports that "At best, the regular use of substandard or counterfeit medicines leads to therapeutic failure ***** drug resistance," the WHO said. "In many cases, it can lead to death (Pisik 2002)."

***** United Nations reports ***** on ***** continent ***** Africa, the counterfeit ***** problem is rampant. The UN asserts that the abundance of ***** drugs in ***** is closely related to the AIDS epidemic and ***** high cost and limited availability of the life susta*****ing drugs ***** people desperately need. In an article entitled "Take a stand on *****, African leaders told"

Antiretroviral drugs are prolonging the ***** ***** those infected ***** the virus in other parts of the world. In Africa the ***** of these drugs poses the greatest single challenge to individuals and ***** care systems. They are ***** only putting a b*****rrier between rich and

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