Essay - Introduction the Problem of Counterfeit Drugs Has Reached Epic Proportions...

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The problem of counterfeit drugs has reached epic proportions in nations throughout the world. Counterfeit drugs can lead to social health crises and a host ***** other problems related to smuggling ***** crime. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the mechan*****ms by which National Drug Regulatory Authorities in "Developing" Nations and "Developed" Nations Address ***** Pharmaceutical Issues with emphasis on Regulatory ***** in Nigeria and the United States. Let us begin our discussion by defining Counterfeit pharmaceuticals ***** the impact on the United States and Nigeria.

***** of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals and the problems they cause in the United States ***** Nigeria

According to ***** Ameri***** Food and ***** administration (FDA) counterfeit drugs are defined as fake medicine that may be contaminated or contain the incorrect or no active ingredients (Consumer Education: Counterfeit Medicine). According ***** the World Health organization researchers have found an abundance of ***** drugs throughout the globe. The most common counterfeit drugs were homemade counterfeits, mislabeled measurements ***** insufficient active *****. ***** ***** Health Organization reports that Counterfeit *****s ***** deliberately and fraudulently ***** medicines with respect to identity *****/***** source...Counterfeiting applies ***** both branded and generic products, and ranges from the illegal use ***** copyrighted commercial brands to manufacturing fake medicines. Counterfeiting is a far more pronounced problem in develop*****g countries. National measures alone ***** not been proven adequate to combat ***** activity (Counterfeit Medicines)."

According to P*****ik (2002), the World ***** Organization has found that one in four of the doses of medicine consumed in developing ***** were substandard. The proportion of substandard ***** being ***** in developed countries is ***** in ten doses. In ********** f*****dings the World Health ***** also noted a difference in the types of pharmaceuticals that ***** being counterfeited. For instance, in the developed countries the ***** of drugs being counterfeited were considered to be lifestyle drugs ***** include steroids, herbal remedies and hormones (Counterfeit Medicines). ***** damage done by such drugs ***** usually not lethal (Are You Sure Your Medicine Is Genuine? 2004). However, in developing countries the medicines that are counterfeited are ********** to treat serious diseases ***** as malaria and AIDS. The article further reports that "At **********, the regular use of subst*****ard or counterfeit medicines leads to therapeutic failure ***** drug resistance," the WHO said. "In many cases, it can lead to death (Pisik *****)."

The United Nations reports ***** on ***** c*****tinent of Africa, the counterfeit drug problem is rampant. The UN asserts that the abundance of ***** drugs in ***** is closely ***** to the AIDS epidemic and the high cost and limited availability of the life susta*****ing drugs that people desperately need. In an article entitled "Take a st*****d on drugs, African leaders told"

Antiretroviral drugs are prol*****ging the life ***** those infected with the virus in ***** parts of the world. In Africa the ***** ***** these drugs poses the greatest single challenge to individuals and ***** care systems. They are ***** only putting a b*****rrier between rich and


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