Essay - Introduction the Problem of Counterfeit Drugs Has Reached Epic Proportions...

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The problem of counterfeit drugs has reached epic proportions in nations throughout the world. Counterfeit ***** can lead to social health crises and a host ***** o*****r problems related ***** smuggling and crime. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the mechanisms by which National Drug Regulat*****y Authorities in "Developing" Nations and "Developed" Nations Address ***** Pharmaceutical Issues with emphasis on Regulatory Authorities in Nigeria ***** the United States. Let us beg***** our discussion by defining Counterfeit pharmaceuticals and the impact on the ***** States and Nigeria.

Definition of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals and the problems they cause in the United States ***** Nigeria

According to ***** American Food and Drug administration (FDA) counterfeit drugs are defined as fake medicine that may be contaminated or contain the incorrect or no active ingredients (Consumer Education: ***** Medicine). According ***** the World Health organization researchers have found an abund*****ce of ***** drugs throughout the globe. The most common counterfeit drugs were homemade counterfeits, mislabeled measurements ***** insufficient active *****. The World Health Organization reports that Counterfeit *****s ***** deliberately and fraudulently mislabeled medicines with respect to identity and/or source...Counterfeiting applies to both branded and generic products, and ranges from ***** illegal use ***** copyrighted commercial brands to manufacturing fake medicines. Counterfeiting is a far more pronounced problem in develop*****g countries. National measures alone ***** not been proven adequate to combat th***** activity (Counterfeit Medicines)."

According to Pisik (2002), the World ***** Organization has found that one in four of the doses of medicine consumed in developing ***** were substandard. The proportion ***** substandard drugs being ***** in developed countries is one in ten doses. In *****ir f*****dings the ***** Health organization also noted a difference in the types of ***** that were being counterfeited. For instance, in the ***** countries ***** types of drugs being counterfeited ***** considered ***** be lifestyle drugs which include steroids, herbal remedies and hormones (Counterfeit Medicines). The damage done by such drugs is usually not lethal (Are You Sure Your Medicine Is Genuine? 2004). However, in developing countries the medicines that are counterfeited are used to treat serious diseases such as malaria and AIDS. The article further reports that "At best, the regular use of substandard or counterfeit medicines leads to therapeutic failure or drug resistance," the WHO said. "In many cases, it can lead to death (Pisik *****)."

The United ***** reports ***** on ***** c*****tinent of Africa, the counterfeit ***** problem is rampant. The UN asserts that the abundance of ***** drugs in Africa is closely ***** to the AIDS epidemic and the high cost and limited availability of ***** life susta*****ing drugs ***** people desperately need. In an article entitled "Take a st*****nd on *****, African *****ers told"

Antiretroviral drugs are prolonging the ***** of those infected ***** the virus in other parts of the world. In Africa the cost of these drugs poses the greatest single challenge to individuals and health care systems. They are not only putting a b*****rrier between rich and


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