Essay - Introduction the Problem of Counterfeit Drugs Has Reached Epic Proportions...

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***** problem of counterfeit drugs has reached epic proportions in nations throughout the world. Counterfeit drugs can lead to social health crises and a host ***** other problems related ***** smuggling and crime. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the mechan*****ms by which National Drug Regulatory Authorities in "Developing" Nations and "Developed" Nations Address ***** Pharmaceutical Issues with emphasis on Regulatory Authorities in Nigeria and the United States. Let us beg***** our discussion by defining Counterfeit pharmaceuticals ***** the impact on ***** United States and Nigeria.

***** of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals and the problems they cause in the ***** States ***** Nigeria

According to the American Food and Drug administration (FDA) counterfeit drugs are defined as fake medicine that may be contaminated or contain the incorrect or no active ingredients (Consumer Education: ***** Medicine). According to the World Health organization researchers have found an abund*****ce of counterfeit drugs throughout the globe. The most common counterfeit drugs were homemade counterfeits, mislabeled me*****urements and insufficient active ingredients. ***** ***** Health Organization reports that Counterfeit *****s ***** deliberately and fraudulently ***** medicines with respect to identity *****/or source...*****ing applies to both branded and generic products, and ranges from ***** illegal use of copyrighted commercial brands to manufacturing fake medicines. Counterfeiting is a far more pro*****unced problem in develop*****g countries. National measures alone ***** not been proven adequate to combat this activity (Counterfeit Medicines)."

According to Pisik (2002), the World Health Organization has found that one in four of the doses of medicine consumed in developing countries were substandard. The proportion of substandard ***** being consumed in developed countries is one in ten doses. In their findings the World Health ***** also noted a difference in ***** types ***** pharmaceuticals that were be*****g counterfeited. For instance, in the ***** countries the ***** of drugs being ***** ***** considered ***** be lifestyle drugs which include steroids, herbal remedies and hormones (Counterfeit *****). The damage done by such drugs ***** usually not lethal (Are You Sure Your Medicine Is Genuine? 2004). However, in developing ***** the medicines that are counterfeited are used to treat serious diseases ***** as malaria and AIDS. The article fur*****r ***** ***** "At best, the regular use of substandard or counterfeit medicines leads to therapeutic failure ***** drug resistance," the WHO said. "In many c*****es, it can lead to death (Pisik *****)."

The Un*****ed Nations reports that on the continent of Africa, the counterfeit ***** problem is rampant. The UN asserts that the abundance of counterfeit drugs in ***** is closely ***** to the AIDS epidemic and ***** high cost and limited availability of the life susta*****ing drugs that people desperately need. In an article entitled "Take a st*****d on drugs, Afric*****n leaders told"

Antiretroviral drugs are prolonging the life of those infected ***** the virus in other parts of the world. In Africa the ***** of these drugs poses the greatest single challenge to individuals and health care systems. They are not only putting a barrier between rich and


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