Essay - Introduction the Problem of Counterfeit Drugs Has Reached Epic Proportions...


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Introduction

The problem of counterfeit drugs has reached epic proportions in nations throughout the world. Counterfeit drugs can lead to social health crises and a host of o*****r problems related to smuggling and crime. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the mechan*****ms by which National Drug Regulatory Authorities in "Developing" Nations and "Developed" Nations Address ***** Pharmaceutical Issues with emphasis on Regulatory Authorities in Nigeria and the United States. Let us beg***** our discussion by defining Counterfeit pharmaceuticals ***** the impact on ***** ***** States and Nigeria.

***** of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals and the problems they cause in the United States and Nigeria

According to ***** Ameri***** Food and Drug administration (FDA) counterfeit drugs are defined as fake medicine that may be contaminated or contain the incorrect or no active ingredients (Consumer Education: Counterfeit Medicine). According ***** the World Health organization researchers have found an abund*****ce of counterfeit drugs throughout the globe. The most common counterfeit ***** were homemade counterfeits, mislabeled measurements ***** insufficient active ingredients. The ***** Health Organization reports that Counterfeit *****s are deliberately and fraudulently mislabeled medicines with respect to identity *****/***** source...Counterfeiting applies to both branded and generic products, ***** ranges from ***** illegal use ***** copyrighted commercial brands to manufacturing fake medicines. Counterfeiting is a far more pro*****unced problem in developing countries. National measures alone ***** not been proven adequate to combat th***** activity (Counterfeit **********)."

According to Pisik (2002), the World Health Organization has found that one in four of the doses of medicine consumed in developing countries were substandard. The proportion ***** substandard drugs being ***** in developed countries is one in ten doses. In *****ir findings the ***** Health organization also noted a difference in ***** types of ***** th*****t were be*****g counterfeited. For instance, in the developed countries ***** ***** of drugs being counterfeited were considered ***** be lifestyle drugs ***** include steroids, herbal remedies and hormones (Counterfeit Medicines). The damage done by such drugs is usually not lethal (Are You Sure Your Medicine Is Genuine? 2004). However, in developing countries the medicines that are counterfeited are used to treat serious d*****eases ***** as malaria and AIDS. The article fur*****r ***** that "At best, the regular use of substandard or counterfeit medicines leads to therapeutic failure or drug resistance," the WHO said. "In many c*****es, it can lead to death (Pisik 2002)."

***** Un*****ed ***** reports that on ***** continent ***** Africa, the counterfeit drug problem is rampant. The UN asserts that the abundance of ***** drugs in ***** is closely ***** to the AIDS epidemic and ***** high cost and limited availability of the life susta*****ing drugs that people desperately need. In an article entitled "Take a st*****nd on *****, African *****ers told"

Antiretroviral drugs are prolonging the ***** ***** those infected ***** the virus in other parts of the world. In Africa the ***** of these drugs poses the greatest single challenge to individuals and ***** care systems. They are not only putting a b*****rrier between rich and

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