Essay - Introduction the Problem of Counterfeit Drugs Has Reached Epic Proportions...

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***** problem of counterfeit drugs has reached epic proportions in nations throughout the world. Counterfeit drugs can lead to social health crises and a host ***** other problems related to smuggling and crime. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the mechanisms by which National Drug Regulatory Authorities in "Developing" Nations and "Developed" Nations Address ***** Pharmaceutical Issues with emphasis on Regulatory ***** in Nigeria ***** the United States. Let us beg***** our discussion by defining Counterfeit pharmaceuticals and the impact on the United States and Nigeria.

Definition of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals and the problems they cause in the ***** States and Nigeria

According to the Ameri***** Food and Drug administration (FDA) counterfeit drugs are defined as fake medicine that may be contaminated or contain the incorrect or no active ingredients (Consumer Education: ***** Medicine). According to the World Health organization researchers have found an abund*****ce of counterfeit drugs throughout the globe. The most common counterfeit ***** were homemade counterfeits, mislabeled me*****urements and insufficient active ingredients. The ***** Health Organization reports that Counterfeit *****s ***** deliberately ***** fraudulently mislabeled medicines with respect to identity and/or source...Counterfeiting applies ***** both branded and generic products, and ranges from ***** illegal use of copyrighted commercial brands to manufacturing fake medicines. Counterfeiting is a far more pronounced problem in develop*****g countries. National measures alone have not been proven adequate to combat this activity (Counterfeit *****s)."

According to Pisik (2002), the World ***** Organization has found that one in four of the doses of medicine consumed in developing countries were substandard. The proportion of substandard drugs being consumed in developed countries is ***** in ten doses. In their findings the World Health ***** also noted a difference in ***** types ***** ***** th*****t ***** being counterfeited. For instance, in the ***** countries the types of drugs being ***** were considered to be lifestyle ***** which include steroids, herbal remedies and hormones (Counterfeit Medicines). The damage done by such drugs is usually not lethal (Are You Sure Your Medicine Is Genuine? 2004). However, in ***** countries the medicines that are counterfeited are ********** to treat serious diseases such as malaria ***** AIDS. ***** article fur*****r ***** ***** "At best, the regular use of substandard or counterfeit medicines leads to therapeutic failure ***** drug resistance," the WHO said. "In many c*****es, it can lead to death (Pisik *****)."

The United Nations reports that on ***** continent of Africa, the counterfeit ***** problem is rampant. The UN asserts that the abundance of counterfeit drugs in ***** is closely ***** to the AIDS epidemic and the high cost and limited availability of ***** life sustaining drugs that people desperately need. In an article entitled "Take a stand on *****, African leaders told"

Antiretroviral drugs are prolonging the life of those infected ***** the virus in ***** parts of the world. In Africa the ***** of these drugs poses the greatest single challenge to individuals and ***** care systems. They are not only putting a b*****rrier between rich and


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