Essay - Introduction the Problem of Counterfeit Drugs Has Reached Epic Proportions...


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Introduction

The problem of counterfeit drugs has reached epic proportions in nations throughout the world. Counterfeit ***** can lead to social health crises and a host ***** other problems related ***** smuggling and crime. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the mechanisms by which National Drug Regulatory Authorities in "Developing" Nations and "Developed" Nations Address ***** Pharmaceutical Issues with emphasis on Regulatory Authorities in Nigeria and the United States. Let us beg***** our discussion by defining Counterfeit pharmaceuticals and the impact on ***** ***** States and Nigeria.

Definiti***** of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals ***** the problems they cause in the United States and Nigeria

According to ***** Ameri***** Food and ***** administration (FDA) counterfeit drugs are defined as fake medicine that may be contaminated or contain the incorrect or no active ingredients (Consumer Education: ***** Medicine). According to the World Health organization researchers have found an abund*****ce of ***** drugs throughout the globe. The most common counterfeit drugs were homemade counterfeits, mislabeled measurements and insufficient active *****. ***** World Health Organization reports that Counterfeit medicines are deliberately ***** fraudulently ***** medicines with respect ***** identity and/or source...*****ing applies to both branded and generic products, and ranges from the illegal use of copyrighted commercial brands to manufacturing fake medicines. Counterfeiting is a far more pro*****unced problem in developing countries. National measures alone ***** not been proven adequate to combat th***** activity (Counterfeit *****s)."

According to Pisik (2002), ***** World ***** Organization has found that one in four of the doses of medicine consumed in developing countries were substandard. The proportion of substandard drugs being ***** in developed countries is one in ten doses. In their f*****dings the World Health organization also noted a difference in the types ***** ph*****rmaceuticals that were being counterfeited. For instance, in the developed countries the ***** of drugs being ***** were considered to be lifestyle drugs which include steroids, herbal remedies and hormones (Counterfeit Medicines). ***** damage done by such drugs is usually not lethal (Are You Sure Your Medicine Is Genuine? 2004). However, in ***** countries the medicines that are counterfeited are ********** to treat serious diseases such as malaria ***** AIDS. The article fur*****r reports ***** "At **********, the regular use of substandard or counterfeit medicines leads to therapeutic failure or drug resistance," the WHO said. "In many c*****es, it can lead ***** death (Pisik *****)."

The Un*****ed ***** reports that on the continent ***** Africa, the counterfeit drug problem is rampant. The UN asserts that the abundance of ***** drugs in Africa is closely ***** to the AIDS epidemic and ***** high cost and limited availability of the life susta*****ing drugs that people desperately need. In an article entitled "Take a st*****nd on *****, African *****ers told"

Antiretroviral drugs are prolonging the life of those infected ***** the virus in ***** parts of the world. In Africa the ***** ***** these drugs poses the greatest single challenge to individuals and ***** care systems. They are not only putting a b*****rrier between rich and

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