Essay - Introduction the Problem of Counterfeit Drugs Has Reached Epic Proportions...

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The problem of counterfeit drugs has reached epic proportions in nations throughout the world. Counterfeit drugs can lead to social health crises and a host of o*****r problems related ***** smuggling ***** crime. The purpose of this discussion is to analyze the mechan*****ms by which National Drug Regulat*****y Authorities in "Developing" Nations and "Developed" Nations Address Counterfeit Pharmaceutical Issues with emphasis on Regulatory Authorities in Nigeria ***** the United States. Let us begin our discussion by defining Counterfeit pharmaceuticals and the impact on ***** ***** States and Nigeria.

Definition of Counterfeit Pharmaceuticals ***** the problems they cause in the United States and Nigeria

According to the American Food and Drug administration (FDA) counterfeit drugs are defined as fake medicine that may be contaminated or contain the incorrect or no active ingredients (Consumer Education: ***** Medicine). According to the World Health organization researchers have found an abund*****ce of ***** drugs throughout the globe. The most common counterfeit drugs were homemade counterfeits, mislabeled measurements ***** insufficient active *****. The ***** Health Organization reports that Counterfeit *****s ***** deliberately and fraudulently mislabeled medicines with respect to identity *****/***** source...Counterfeiting applies ***** both branded and generic products, ***** ranges from ***** illegal use ***** copyrighted commercial brands to manufacturing fake medicines. Counterfeiting is a far more pronounced problem in developing countries. National measures alone have not been proven adequate to combat ***** activity (Counterfeit Medicines)."

According to P*****ik (2002), the World Health Organization has found that one in four of the doses of medicine consumed in developing ***** were substandard. ***** proportion ***** substandard drugs being consumed in developed countries is one in ten doses. In their f*****dings the World Health ***** also noted a difference in the types of ph*****rmaceuticals that were be*****g counterfeited. For instance, in the ***** countries the types of drugs being counterfeited were considered to be lifestyle drugs ***** include steroids, herbal remedies and hormones (Counterfeit *****). The damage done by such ***** is usually not lethal (Are You Sure Your Medicine Is Genuine? 2004). However, in ***** countries the medicines that are counterfeited are *****d to treat serious diseases ***** as malaria ***** AIDS. The article further reports ***** "At best, the regular use of substandard or counterfeit medicines leads to therapeutic failure or drug resistance," the WHO said. "In many cases, it can lead to death (Pisik 2002)."

The United Nations reports that on ***** c*****tinent ***** Africa, the counterfeit ***** problem is rampant. The UN asserts that the abundance of counterfeit drugs in ***** is closely ***** to the AIDS epidemic and the high cost and limited availability of ***** life sustaining drugs ***** people desperately need. In an article entitled "Take a st*****d on drugs, African *****ers told"

Antiretroviral drugs are prolonging the ***** of those infected with the virus in other parts of the world. In Africa the cost of these ***** poses the greatest single challenge to individuals and ***** care systems. They are not only putting a barrier between rich and


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