Essay - Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847) Sex...

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Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847)

***** And Sensibility

It is well known that the Victorian era was one in which massive inequalities ex*****ted between men and women. Women were not allowed to vote, in many cases their right to own property was tenuous, and their place in society ***** extremely conscribed. One would expect, then, to see this reflected in the lit*****ture of the era which dealt with the lives and relationships of women. This ********** is ***** fact realized in three of the classics ***** have survived this era: Tess of the d'Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy, Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen, and Wuthering Heights by Emily *****. Each of these s*****ries deals ***** the romance of a strong Victorian heroine struggling to survive in a male dom*****ated world. In each, the astute reader will notice the difference in f*****ancial power ***** men ***** women, the inconsistencies in sexual mores that exist between the genders, and the difference in status made obvious in *****ir different approaches to marriage.

Yet the ***** very significantly not only in terms ***** plot and conclusion, but also in their treatment of gender differences. Generally speaking, Tess of the D'Urbervilles deals in polemics the inequities ***** face and ***** serious consequences for the sex, ***** ***** Sensibility deals with the full spectrum of gender issues while approaching ***** *****ed system as posing problems ***** both ***** and female lovers, and Wuthering ***** seeks ***** transcend gender within love altogether, even though its characters in this sense often fail. It is difficult to say how much of the difference ***** ***** three writers ***** due to ***** in the era in which *****y lived (the various authors were as much ***** forty years apart in *****ir dates ***** publication) and how much was ***** to the differences ***** artist temperament and personal experience or conviction.

What is certain ***** *****, taken together, the three can provide a poign*****nt vignette of ***** rights, privileges, and constrictions of ********** in the Victorian era, as it collided painfully w*****h class upheaval and the redistribution of wealth among the new rich.

The difference in financial ***** between men ***** women is a very signifi*****t ********** in all three novels. In fact, this ***** arguably provides ***** central plot motivator for both Hardy and Austen's stories, and its idealization is a huge part of the social plot prods in Wuthering Heights as well.

***** Sense and Sensibility, the financial difference ***** men ***** wo***** affects e***** on***** ***** the characters, and is in fact the cause of the family cr*****is at the novel's beginning. In ***** opening scenes, the reader discovers that the Dashwood girls have been left impoverished by their father's death. The family's entire estate has been left to their father's son ***** his first marriage, due to the patriarchal nature of of inheritance laws in England, which dictates ***** an estate goes ***** the nearest male relative. However, it appears the women are


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