Essay - Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847) Sex...

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Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847)

Sex And Sensibility

It is well known that the Victorian era was one in which massive inequalities ex*****ted between men ***** women. Women were not allowed to vote, in many cases *****ir right ***** own property was tenuous, and their place ***** society was extremely conscribed. One would expect, then, to see this reflected in the lit*****ture of the era which dealt with the lives ***** relationships of women. This *****ation is ***** fact realized in three of the classics which have survived ***** era: Tess of ***** d'Urbervilles by ***** Hardy, Sense and ***** by Jane Austen, and Wuthering Heights by Emily *****. Each ***** these s*****ries deals with the romance of a strong Victorian heroine struggling to survive in a male dom*****ated world. In each, the astute reader will notice the difference in f*****ancial power ***** men and women, ***** inconsistencies in sexual mores that exist between the genders, and the difference in status made obvious ***** *****ir different approaches to marriage.

Yet the ***** very significantly not only in terms ***** plot and conclusion, but also in their treatment of gender differences. Generally speaking, Tess of the D'Urbervilles deals in polemics the *****equities women face and *****ir serious consequences for the sex, ***** and Sensibility deals with the full spectrum of gender issues while approaching ***** gendered system as posing problems for both ***** and female lovers, and Wuthering ***** seeks ***** transcend gender within love altogether, even though its characters in this sense often fail. It is difficult to say how much of the difference ***** these three writers ***** due ***** differences ***** the era in which they lived (the various authors were as much ***** forty years apart ***** *****ir dates ***** publication) and how much was ***** to the ***** in artist temperament and personal experience or conviction.

What is certain is that, taken *****gether, the three can provide a poign*****nt vignette of the rights, privileges, and constrictions of ********** in ***** Victorian era, as it collided painfully with class upheaval and the red*****tribution of wealth among the new rich.

The difference in financial power between men ***** women is a very signifi*****t ********** in all three novels. In fact, this difference arguably provides the central plot motivator for both Hardy and Austen's stories, ***** its idealization is a huge part of the social plot prods in Wuthering Heights as well.

***** Sense and Sensibility, the financial ***** ***** men ***** wo***** affects e***** on***** of the characters, and is in ***** the cause of the family cr*****is at the novel's beginning. In the opening scenes, ***** reader discovers that the D*****h*****od girls have been left impoverished by their father's death. The family's entire estate has been ***** to their ***** son ***** his first marriage, due to the patriarchal nature of of inheritance laws in England, which dictates that an estate goes to the nearest male relative. However, it appears the women are


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