Essay - Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847) Sex...


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Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847)

***** And Sensibility

It is well known that the Victorian era was one in which massive inequalities ex*****ted between men ***** women. Women were not allowed to vote, in many cases their right to own property was tenuous, and their place ***** society ***** extremely conscribed. One would expect, then, to see this reflected in the lit*****ture of the era which dealt with ***** lives ***** relationships of women. This ********** is in fact realized ***** three of the classics which have survived this era: Tess of ***** d'Urbervilles by ***** Hardy, Sense and ***** by Jane Austen, and Wuthering Heights by Emily *****. Each ***** these stories deals ***** the romance of a strong Victorian heroine struggling to survive in a male dominated world. In each, the astute reader will *****ice the difference in f*****ancial power ***** men and women, the inconsistencies in sexual mores that exist between the genders, and the difference in status made obvious ***** *****ir different approaches ***** marriage.

***** the ***** very significantly not only in terms ***** plot and conclusion, but also in their treatment of gender differences. Gen*****lly speaking, Tess of the D'Urbervilles deals in polemics the inequities ***** face and ***** serious consequences for the sex, ***** and Sensibility deals with the full spectrum ***** gender issues while approaching ***** gendered system as posing problems ***** both male ***** fe***** lovers, and Wuthering ***** seeks to transcend gender within love al*****gether, even though its characters in this sense often fail. It is difficult to say how much of the dif*****rence between these three writers is due ***** differences ***** the era in which *****y lived (the various authors were as much ***** forty years apart ***** their dates of publication) ***** ***** much was due to the differences in artist temperament and personal experience or conviction.

What is certain ***** that, taken *****gether, the three can provide a poign*****nt vignette of the rights, privileges, ***** constrictions of ********** in ***** Victorian era, as it collided painfully w*****h class upheaval and the redistribution of wealth among the new rich.

The difference in financial power between men ***** women is a very signifi*****t issue in all three novels. In fact, this ***** arguably provides the central plot motivator for both Hardy and Austen's stories, and its idealization is a huge part of the social plot prods in Wuthering Heights as well.

In Sense and Sensibility, the financial difference between men ***** wo***** affects e***** ***** ***** th***** characters, and ***** in ***** the cause of the family crisis at the novel's beginning. In the opening scenes, the reader discovers that the Dash*****od girls have been left impoverished by their father's death. The family's entire estate has been ***** to their ***** son ***** his first marriage, due to the patriarchal nature of ***** inheritance laws in England, which dictates that an estate goes to the nearest male relative. However, it appears the women are

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