Essay - Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847) Sex...

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Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847)

***** And Sensibility

It is well known that the Victorian era was one in which massive inequalities ex*****ted between men and women. Women were not allowed to vote, in many cases their right to own property was tenuous, and their place in society was extremely conscribed. One would expect, then, to see this reflected in the lit*****ture of the era ***** dealt with the lives and relationships of women. This expectation is in fact realized in three of the classics which have survived ***** era: Tess of the d'Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy, Sense and Sensibility by Jane *****, and Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte. Each ***** these s*****ries deals ***** the romance of a strong Victorian heroine struggling to survive in a male dominated world. In each, ***** astute reader will notice the difference in f*****ancial power ***** men ***** *****, the inconsistencies in sexual mores that exist between the genders, and the difference in status made obvious in their different approaches to marriage.

Yet the three very significantly not only in terms of plot and conclusion, but also in their treat*****t of gender differences. Generally speaking, Tess ***** the D'Urbervilles ***** in polemics the *****equities women face and their serious consequences for the sex, Sense and Sensibility deals with the full spectrum of gender issues while approaching the *****ed system as posing problems ***** both male and female lovers, and Wu*****ring Heights seeks ***** transcend gender within love altogether, even though its characters in this sense often fail. It is difficult to say how much of the difference ***** these three writers ***** due ***** *****s in the era in which *****y lived (the various authors were as much as forty years apart ***** *****ir dates ***** publication) ***** ***** much w***** due to the differences in artist temperament and personal experience or conviction.

What is certain ***** *****, taken *****gether, the three can provide a poign*****nt vignette of the rights, privileges, ***** constrictions of ********** in ***** Victorian era, as it collided painfully **********h class upheaval and the redistribution of wealth among the new rich.

The difference in financial ***** between men and ***** is a very signifi*****t ********** in all three novels. In fact, this difference arguably provides ***** central plot motivator for both Hardy ***** Austen's stories, and its idealization is a huge part of the social plot prods in Wuthering Heights as well.

***** Sense and Sensibility, the ***** ***** ***** men ***** wo***** affects every ***** of the characters, and ***** in ***** the cause of the family crisis at ***** novel's beginning. In the opening scenes, ***** reader discovers that the D*****hwood girls have been left impoverished by their father's death. The family's entire estate has been ***** to their ***** son ***** his first marriage, due to the patriarchal nature of ***** inheritance laws in England, which dictates that an estate goes ***** the nearest male relative. However, it appears the women are


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