Essay - Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847) Sex...

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Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847)

***** And Sensibility

It is well known that the Victorian era was one in which massive inequalities ex*****ted between men ***** women. Women were not allowed to vote, in many cases *****ir right to own property was tenuous, and their place ***** society ***** extremely conscribed. One would expect, then, to see this reflected in the lit*****ture of the era which dealt with the lives and relationships of women. This *****ation is in fact realized in three of the classics ***** have survived ***** era: Tess of the d'Urbervilles by ***** Hardy, Sense and Sensibility by Jane *****, and Wuthering Heights by Emily *****. Each of these stories deals ***** the romance of a strong Victorian heroine struggling to survive in a male dominated world. In each, ***** astute reader will *****ice the difference in f*****ancial power between men and *****, the inconsistencies in sexual mores that exist between the genders, and the difference in status made obvious in *****ir different approaches ***** marriage.

Yet the ***** very significantly not only ***** terms of plot and conclusion, but also in their treatment of gender differences. Generally speaking, Tess ***** the D'Urbervilles ***** in polemics the inequities women face and ***** serious consequences for ***** sex, ***** and Sensibility deals with the full spectrum of gender issues while approaching ***** gendered system as posing problems for both ***** and female lovers, and Wuthering Heights seeks to transcend gender within love altogether, even though its characters in this sense often fail. It is difficult to say how much of the difference ***** these three writers is due ***** ***** in the era in which they lived (the various authors were as much ***** forty years apart ***** *****ir dates of publication) and ***** much was due to the *****s in artist temperament and personal experience or conviction.

What is certain ***** *****, taken *****gether, the three can provide a poignant vignette of the *****s, privileges, ***** constrictions of ********** in ***** Victorian era, as it collided painfully w*****h class upheaval and the redistribution of wealth among the new rich.

The difference in financial power between men ***** ***** is a very signifi*****t ********** in all three novels. In fact, this difference arguably provides the central plot motivator for both Hardy and Austen's stories, ***** ***** idealization is a huge part of the social plot prods in Wuthering ***** as well.

In Sense and Sensibility, the ***** difference between men and wo***** affects every one ***** the characters, and is in fact the cause of the family cr*****is at the novel's beginning. In ***** opening scenes, the reader discovers that the D*****hwood girls have been left impoverished by their father's death. The family's entire estate has been ***** to their father's son ***** his first marriage, due to the patriarchal nature of ***** inheritance laws in England, which dictates ***** an estate goes to the nearest male relative. However, it appears the women are


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