Essay - Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847) Sex...


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Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847)

Sex And Sensibility

It is well known that the Victorian era was one in which massive inequalities ex*****ted between men and women. Women were not allowed to vote, in many cases their right ***** own property was tenuous, ***** their place ***** society was extremely conscribed. One would expect, then, to see this reflected in the lit*****ture of the era which dealt with the lives and relationships of women. This *****ation is ***** fact realized in three of the classics ***** have survived ***** era: Tess of ***** d'Urbervilles by ***** Hardy, Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen, and Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte. Each ***** these s*****ries deals with the romance of a strong Victorian heroine struggling to survive in a male dom*****ated world. In each, ***** astute reader will notice the difference in f*****ancial power ***** men and *****, the inconsistencies in sexual mores that exist between the genders, and the difference in status made obvious in *****ir different approaches ***** marriage.

Yet the ***** very significantly not only ***** terms of plot and conclusion, but also in their treat*****t of gender differences. Gen*****lly speaking, Tess of the D'Urbervilles deals in polemics the *****equities women face and ***** serious consequences for ***** sex, Sense ***** ***** deals with the full spectrum ***** gender issues while approaching the gendered system as posing problems for both ***** and female lovers, and Wu*****ring Heights seeks to transcend gender within love altogether, even though its characters in this sense often fail. It is difficult to say how much of the difference ***** these three writers ***** due to ***** ***** the era in which they lived (the various authors were as much as forty years apart ***** their dates ***** publication) and how much was ***** to the ********** in artist temperament and personal experience or conviction.

What is certain ***** that, taken *****gether, the three can provide a poign*****nt vignette of ***** rights, privileges, ***** constrictions of ********** in the Victorian era, as it collided painfully w*****h class upheaval and ***** redistribution of wealth among the new rich.

The difference in financial ***** between men and ***** is a very signifi*****t ********** in all three novels. In fact, this difference arguably provides the central ***** motivator for both Hardy ***** Austen's stories, and ***** idealization is a huge part of the social plot prods in Wuthering ***** as well.

***** Sense and Sensibility, the financial ***** ***** men and women affects e***** ***** ***** ***** charact*****rs, and is in ***** the cause of the family cr*****is at the novel's beginning. In ***** opening scenes, the reader discovers that the D*****hwood girls have been left impoverished by their father's death. The family's entire estate has been ***** to their father's son by his first marriage, due to the patriarchal nature of ***** inheritance laws in England, which dictates that an estate goes ***** the nearest male relative. However, it appears the women are

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