Essay - Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847) Sex...


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Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847)

***** And Sensibility

It is well known that the Victorian era was one in which massive inequalities ex*****ted between men ***** women. Women were not allowed to vote, in many cases their right ***** own property was tenuous, and their place ***** society ***** extremely conscribed. One would expect, then, to see this reflected in the lit*****ture of the era ***** dealt with ***** lives and relationships of women. This *****ation is in fact realized in three of the classics which have survived ***** era: Tess of the d'Urbervilles by ***** Hardy, Sense and ***** by Jane *****, and Wuthering Heights by Emily *****. Each ***** these stories deals with the romance of a strong Victorian heroine struggling to survive in a male dominated world. In each, ***** astute reader will notice the difference in financial power between men and wo*****, ***** inconsistencies in sexual mores that exist between the genders, and the difference in status made obvious in *****ir different approaches ***** marriage.

Yet the three very significantly not only in terms ***** plot and conclusion, but also in their treatment of gender differences. Generally speaking, Tess ***** the D'Urbervilles deals in polemics the *****equities *****men face and *****ir serious consequences for the sex, Sense ***** Sensibility deals with the full spectrum of gender issues while approaching the gendered system as posing problems ***** both ***** and female lovers, and Wu*****ring ***** seeks to transcend gender within love al*****gether, even though its characters in this sense often fail. It is difficult to say how much of the difference ***** ***** three writers ***** due ***** ********** ***** the era in ***** they lived (the various authors were as much as forty years apart ***** *****ir dates of publication) ***** ***** much was due to the differences in artist temperament and personal experience or conviction.

What is certain is that, taken together, the three can provide a poign*****nt vignette of the rights, privileges, and constrictions of ********** in ***** Victorian era, as it collided painfully w*****h class upheaval and the redistribution of wealth among the new rich.

The difference in financial ***** between men ***** women is a very significant issue in all three novels. In fact, this ***** arguably provides the central ***** motivator for both Hardy and Austen's stories, and ***** idealization is a huge part of the social plot prods in Wuthering Heights as well.

***** Sense and Sensibility, the financial difference ***** men and women affects e***** on***** of the characters, and ***** in fact the cause of the family crisis at the novel's beginning. In the opening scenes, ***** reader discovers that the Dashwood girls have been left impoverished by their father's death. The family's entire estate has been left to their father's son ***** his first marriage, due to the patriarchal nature of of inheritance laws in England, which dictates that an estate goes ***** the nearest male relative. However, it appears the women are

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