Essay - Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847) Sex...

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Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847)

Sex And Sensibility

It is well known that the Victorian era was one in which massive inequalities ex*****ted between men ***** women. Women were not allowed to vote, in many cases their right to own property was tenuous, and their place in society was extremely conscribed. One would expect, then, to see this reflected in the literature of the era which dealt with ***** lives ***** relationships of women. This *****ation is ***** fact realized in three of the classics ***** have survived this era: Tess of the d'Urbervilles by ***** Hardy, Sense and ***** by Jane Austen, and Wuthering Heights by Emily *****. Each ***** these s*****ries deals ***** the romance of a strong Victorian heroine struggling to survive in a male dom*****ated world. In each, ***** astute reader will notice the difference in financial power ***** men ***** *****, ***** inconsistencies in sexual mores that exist between the genders, and the difference in status made obvious ***** *****ir different approaches to marriage.

***** the ***** very significantly not only in terms of plot and conclusion, but also in their treatment of gender differences. Generally speaking, Tess of the D'Urbervilles deals in polemics the *****equities women face and ***** serious consequences for the sex, ***** ***** Sensibility deals with the full spectrum ***** gender issues while approaching the gendered system as posing problems ***** both ***** and female lovers, and Wuthering ***** seeks ***** transcend gender within love altogether, even though its characters in this sense often fail. It is difficult to say how much of the difference ***** these three writers ***** due to ***** ***** the era in which they lived (the various authors were as much as forty years apart ***** *****ir dates ***** publication) and how much was ***** to the ********** in artist temperament and personal experience or conviction.

What is certain ***** that, taken *****gether, the three can provide a poignant vignette of the *****s, privileges, ***** constrictions of *****ity in ***** Victorian era, as it collided painfully with class upheaval and the redistribution of wealth among the new rich.

The difference in financial ***** between men and ***** is a very signifi*****t issue in all three novels. In fact, this difference arguably provides the central ***** motivator for both Hardy and Austen's stories, ***** ***** idealization is a huge part of the social plot prods in Wuthering Heights as well.

In Sense and Sensibility, the ***** difference ***** men ***** women affects e***** ***** ***** th***** characters, and ***** in fact the cause of the family crisis at ***** novel's beginning. In the opening scenes, ***** reader discovers that the D*****hwood girls have been left impoverished by their father's death. The family's entire estate has been ***** to their father's son ***** his first marriage, due to the patriarchal nature of of inheritance laws in England, which dictates that an estate goes to the nearest male relative. However, it appears the ***** are


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