Essay - Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847) Sex...

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Jane Austen (1811), Thomas Hardy, and Emily Bronte (1847)

***** And Sensibility

It is well known that the Victorian era was one in which massive inequalities ex*****ted between men ***** women. Women were not allowed to vote, in many cases their right ***** own property was tenuous, and their place ***** society was extremely conscribed. One would expect, then, to see this reflected in the literature of the era which dealt with ***** lives and relationships of women. This *****ation is in fact realized in three of the classics which have survived this era: Tess of ***** d'Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy, Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen, and Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte. Each of these s*****ries deals with the romance of a strong Victorian heroine struggling to survive in a male dom*****ated world. In each, ***** astute reader will notice the difference in financial power ***** men and *****, ***** inconsistencies in sexual mores that exist between the genders, and the difference in status made obvious ***** *****ir different approaches ***** marriage.

***** the three very significantly not only in terms ***** plot and conclusion, but also in their treat*****t of gender differences. Generally speaking, Tess of the D'Urbervilles deals in polemics the inequities women face and *****ir serious consequences for the sex, Sense ***** ***** deals with the full spectrum of gender issues while approaching ***** gendered system as posing problems ***** both male and fe***** lovers, and Wuthering ***** seeks to transcend gender within love al*****gether, even though its characters in this sense often fail. It is difficult to say how much of the difference between ***** three writers is due to differences in the era in which *****y lived (the various authors were as much as forty years apart in *****ir dates ***** publication) ***** ***** much w***** due to the differences in artist temperament and personal experience or conviction.

What is certain ***** that, taken *****gether, the three can provide a poign*****nt vignette of the rights, privileges, and constrictions of *****ity in ***** Victorian era, as it collided painfully w*****h class upheaval and the redistribution of wealth among the new rich.

The difference in financial ***** between men ***** women is a very signifi*****t ********** in all three novels. In fact, this ***** arguably provides ***** central plot motivator for both Hardy and Austen's stories, and its idealization is a huge part of the social plot prods in Wuthering Heights as well.

In Sense and Sensibility, the ***** difference ***** men ***** women affects e***** on***** of ***** characters, and is in fact the cause ***** the family crisis at the novel's beginning. In ***** opening scenes, the reader discovers that the D*****hwood girls have been left impoverished by their father's death. The family's entire estate has been ***** to their ***** son ***** his first marriage, due to the patriarchal nature of of inheritance laws in England, which dictates ***** an estate goes to the nearest male relative. However, it appears the women are


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