Essay - John Stuart Mill's Concept of Liberty Professes to Be Liberal...

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John Stuart Mill's concept of liberty professes to be liberal but ends up with a distinctly 'non-liberal' feel when analysing the details. This paper endeavours to define exactly what Mills' notion of liberty is and how it should be regulated by studying h***** book "On Liberty." The main discrepancies of his theory will be highlighted so as to demonstrate the apparent contradiction *****tween his ideology and ***** examples he chooses to showcase ***** ***** in its application.

Mill defines liberty (civil or *****cial) as "the nature ***** lim***** ***** the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual." (Chapter I - Introductory; 1) The obvious wielder of this power Mill identified to ***** ***** government. However the ***** can be controlled or checked in turn since they are still held accountable to the people. Mill recognized another wielder of this control over the individual, the '*****' in question that exercises this ***** over ***** individual is the majority or those considered to be ***** maj*****ity. However, unlike the g*****nment, which is held accountable to the people, the majority does not have those checks. ***** states that in many instances the ruling majority is not always the same people who ***** ***** power exercised on them. The majority may even wish to dominate a part of the population. Therefore, there would ***** need ***** ***** a *****itation placed on this ruling *****. (Chapter I ***** Introductory; 4)

The reason behind the importance in limiting the power and influence ***** government and 'society' over its individual constituents lies in the risk of tyranny. Society enforces ***** own rules and regulations, as well as punishments it metes out to *****mever society deems necessary to penalize. However, if society is ********** in its judgment or if ***** unjustifiably interferes in an individual citizen's affairs, it actually practices tyr*****ny. If society delves *****o deeply in the private affairs of individuals, it leaves that individual less room to maneuver, less ***** to escape such tyranny, particularly if ***** allegations of wrongdoing are unfounded. Mill ident*****ies this type of ***** as "enslaving the soul itself." (Chapter I - ***** 5) Mill uses this argument to justify protection, not just from the ***** of the day in securing true *****, but also ***** ***** maj*****ity. "There needs [to be] protection... against the tyranny of prevailing opinion ***** *****ing; ***** the tendency of society to impose, by other means than civil penalties, its own ideas and ***** as rules of conduct on those who dissent from *****; to fetter the development, *****, if possible, pr*****t the formati*****, ***** any individuality ***** in harmony ***** its ways, and compel characters to f*****hion themselves upon the model of its *****." (***** I ***** ********** *****)

The question becomes, how can we regulate this type of balance between intervention and non-***** on ***** part of society? Currently, the method of doing so is simpl*****tic. Mill has identified this method as being largely a reworking of one of the Catholic


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