Essay - John Stuart Mill's Concept of Liberty Professes to Be Liberal...


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John Stuart Mill's concept of liberty professes to be liberal but ends up with a distinctly 'non-*****' feel when analysing the details. This paper endeavours ***** define exactly what Mills' notion of liberty is and how it should be regulated by studying h***** book "On Liberty." The main discrepancies ***** his theory will be highlighted so as to demonstrate the apparent contradiction *****tween his ideology and ***** examples he chooses to showcase ***** theory in its application.

Mill defines liberty (civil or social) as "the nature ***** limits of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual." (Chapter I - Introduct*****y; 1) The obvious wielder of this power Mill identified to ***** the government. However the ***** can be controlled or checked in turn since they are still held accountable to the people. Mill recognized ano*****r wielder ***** this control over the individual, the '*****' in question that exercises this ***** over the *****dividual is the majority or those considered to be ***** maj*****ity. However, unlike the government, which is held accountable to the people, the majority does not have those checks. ***** states that in many *****stances the ruling majority is not always the same people who have ***** power exercised on them. The majority may even wish to dominate a p*****rt of the population. Therefore, there would still need to be a limit*****tion placed on this ruling *****. (Chapter I - *****ntroduc*****ry; 4)

***** re*****on behind the importance in limiting the power and influence ***** government and 'society' over its individual constituents lies in the risk of tyranny. Society enforces ***** own rules and regulations, as well ***** punishments it metes out to whomever society deems necessary to penalize. However, if society is *****correct in ********** judgment or if ***** unjustifiably interferes in an individual citizen's affairs, it actually practices tyr*****ny. If society delves too deeply in the private affairs of individuals, ***** leaves that individual less room to maneuver, less ***** to escape such tyranny, particularly if ***** allegations of wrongdoing are unfounded. Mill identifies this type of tyranny as "enslaving the soul itself." (Chapter I - Introduct*****y; 5) Mill uses this argument to justify protection, not just from the government of the day in securing true liberty, but also from the majority. "There needs [to be] protection... against the tyranny of prevailing opinion and *****ing; ***** the tendency of society to impose, by other means than civil penalties, its ***** ideas ***** practices as rules of conduct on those who dissent ***** them; to fetter the development, and, if possible, prevent the formation, of any *****ity not in harmony with its ways, and compel characters to fashion themselves upon the model of its own." (***** I ***** *****ntroduc*****ry; 5)

The question *****comes, how can we regulate this ***** of balance between ********** and non-intervention on the part of society? Currently, the method ***** doing so is simplistic. Mill has ***** this ***** as being largely a reworking of one of the Catholic

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