Essay - John Stuart Mill's Concept of Liberty Professes to Be Liberal...


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John Stuart Mill's concept of liberty professes to be liberal but ends up with a distinctly 'non-liberal' feel when analysing the details. This paper endeavours ***** define exactly what Mills' notion of ***** is and how it should be regulated by studying h***** book "On Liberty." The main discrepancies of his theory will be highlighted so as to demonstrate the apparent contradiction *****tween his ideology and ***** examples he chooses ***** showcase his theory in its application.

Mill defines liberty (civil or *****cial) as "the nature ***** limits ***** the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over ***** individual." (Chapter I - Introductory; 1) The obvious wielder of this power Mill identified to ***** the government. However the ***** can be controlled or checked in turn since ********** are still held accountable to the people. Mill recognized another wielder ***** this control over the individual, ***** 'society' in question that exercises this ***** over the ********** is the majority or those considered to be ***** majority. However, unlike the g*****nment, ***** is held accountable to the people, the majority does not have those checks. ***** states ***** in many *****stances the ruling majority is not always the same people who have ***** power exercised on them. The majority may even wish to dominate a p*****rt of the population. Therefore, there would ***** need ***** be a limitation placed on this ***** *****. (***** I - *****ntroductory; 4)

The re*****on behind the importance in limiting the power and influence of government and 'society' over its individual constituents lies in the risk of tyranny. Society enforces ***** own rules and regulations, as well as punishments it metes out to whomever society deems necessary to penalize. However, if society is incorrect in ********** judgment or if ***** unjustifiably interferes in an individual citizen's affairs, it actually practices *****. If society delves *****o deeply in the private affairs of individuals, ***** leaves that individual less room to maneuver, less ***** to escape such tyranny, particularly if the allegations of wrongdoing are unfounded. Mill ident*****ies this type of ***** as "enslaving the soul itself." (Chapter I - Introduct*****y; 5) Mill uses this argument to justify protection, not just from the ***** of the day in securing true liberty, but also from ***** majority. "There needs [to be] protection... against the tyranny of prevailing opinion ***** *****ing; ***** the tendency of society to impose, by other means than civil penalties, its own ideas and ***** as rules of conduct on those who dissent from them; to fetter the development, *****, if possible, pr*****t ***** formati*****, of any individuality not in harmony with its ways, and compel characters ***** f*****hion themselves upon the model ***** its own." (Chapter I ***** Introductory; 5)

The question becomes, how ***** we regulate this type of balance between intervention and non-intervention on the part of *****? Currently, the method of doing so is simpl*****tic. Mill has identified this ***** as being largely a reworking of one ***** the C*****tholic

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